ethnia.org
 

1941-APR-10

Zones:

ITALIAN Colonial Empire : Fascist Italy
(Rome + Addis Ababa)

ITALIAN Colonial Empire : Fascist Italy

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01*
Regno d''ITALIA : Impero coloniale italiano (it) PCA Member
Emblem or Symbol*

King Victor Emmanuel III
(ruler of ITALY since 1900-07-29)
Capital:Rome + Addis Ababa - (Roma + Addis Abbeba)
Official languages: Italian (it) .

Mainland:


ITALY ITALIAN Colonial Empire : Fascist Italy  (Rome + Addis Ababa)


3 Largely Autonomous or Semi-Independent Polities

ALBANIA Viceroyalty of the ALBANIAN Kingdom  (Tirana) Viceroy Francesco Jacomoni di San Savino
ITALIA Kingdom of ITALY : Fascist Italy  (Rome) Duce Benito Mussolini
ITALIAN EAST AFRICA Viceroyalty of Italian Eastern Africa : Federation of ITALIAN EAST AFRICA  (Addis Ababa) King Victor Emmanuel III


5 Assisted Entities

CROATIA Independent State of CROATIA : Ustashi Croatia  (Zagreb) Poglavnik Ante Pavelich
HOLY SEE State of Vatican City : HOLY SEE  (Vatican) Pope Pius XII
MOUNT ATHOS Autonomous Monastic State of the HOLY MOUNTAIN OF ATHOS  (Karyes) Patriarch Benjamin I
SAINT JOHN OF JERUSALEM Order of the Knights Hospitaller of SAINT JOHN OF JERUSALEM  (Palace of Malta + Via Condotti) Grandmaster Ludovico Chigi Albani Della Rovere
SAN MARINO Republic of SAN MARINO [Italian Protectorate]  (San Marino) Captains-Regent



7 Territories:

AEGEAN SEA ISLANDS Italian Possessions of AEGEAN SEA ISLANDS  (Rhodes)Local: Possedimenti italiani delle ISOLE DELL''EGEO (it)  (Rodi)
CENTRAL DALMATIAN ISLANDS Archipelago of CENTRAL DALMATIAN ISLANDS  (Sali)Local: Arcipelago di ISOLE DELLA DALMAZIA CENTRALE (it)  (Sale)
CYCLADES Italian Occupied CYCLADES Prefecture  (Hermoupolis)Local: Nomarchia delle CICLADI (it)  (Ermopoli)
EPIRUS Italian Occupied EPIRUS Region  (Jannena)Local: Regione dell''EPIRO (it)  (Giànnina)
IONIAN ISLANDS IONIAN ISLANDS Region  (Corcyra)Local: Regione dell''ISOLE IONIE (it)  (Kérkyra)
ITALIAN LIBYA Territories of ITALIAN LIBYA  (Sabha)Local: Territorio di LIBIA ITALIANA (it)  (Sebha)
ITALIAN TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Italian Concession  (Tientsin Italian Concession)Local: Concessione di TIENTSIN (it)  (Tientsin)

7 Condominiums:

DRAVA Italian-German Occupied Territory of DRAVA  (Lubiana)Local: Territorio della DRAVA (it)  (Laybach)
FRANCO-ITALIAN DEMILITARIZED ZONE FRANCO-ITALIAN DEMILITARIZED ZONE Territory  (Rhone)Local: Territoire de la ZONE DÉMILITARISÉE FRANCO-ITALIENNE (fr) + Territorio della ZONA DEMILITARIZZATA FRANCO-ITALIANA (it)  (Rhône)
KULANGSU ISLAND International Settlement of KULANGSU ISLAND  (Kulangsu)Local: KULANGSU Internationalen Abwicklungs (de) + KULANGSU International Settlement (en) + Institución Internacional de KULANGSU (es) + Établissement international de KOULANGSEU (fr) + Istituzione Internazionale di KULANGSU (it) + Kokusai Kikan KORONSU : 国際機関コロンス (ja) + Instituição Internacional de KULANGSU (pt) + KU-LANG-YÛ Kung-Kung Tsu-Chieh : 鼓浪嶼公共租界 (zh)  (Kulangyu)
NORTHERN GREECE German-Italian Occupied GREECE  (Thessalonica)Local: NORD-GRIECHENLAND  (Thessalonich)
PALACE FARNESE French Embassy in Italy : PALACE FARNESE  (Palace Farnese)Local: Ambassade de France en Italie : PALAIS FARNÈSE (fr) + Ambasciata di Francia in Italia : PALAZZO FARNESE (it)  (Palazzo Farnese)
PEKING LEGATION QUARTER Chinese Controlled Joint Administrative Commission of the Diplomatic Quarter : PEKING LEGATION QUARTER  (Peking Legation Quarter)Local: TUNG CHIAO MIN Hsiang : 東交民巷 (zh)  (Tung Chiao-Min Hsiang)
SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT International Concession of Shanghai Municipal Council : SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Shanghai International Settlement)Local: SHANGHAI International Settlement (en) + SHANGHAI International Koncession (da) + SCHANGHAI Internationalen Konzessionen (de) + Concesión Internacional de SHANGHÁI (es) + Concession Internationale de CHANGHAÏ (fr) + Concessione Internazionale di SCIANGAI (it) + SHIYANHAI Kiyoudou Sokai : 上海共同租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van SHANGHAI (nl) + Concessão Internacional de XANGAI (pt) + SHANHAYSKIY Mezhdunarodny Settlment : ШАНХАЙСКИЙ международный сеттльмент (ru) + SHANGHAI International Settlement (sv) + SHANG-HAI Kung-Kung Tsu-Chieh : 上海公共租界 (zh)  (Shanghai International Settlement)



1 Government in Exile

LITHUANIA IN EXILE Republic of LITHUANIA IN EXILE  (Rome) Stasys Lozoraitis Senior



Military entity abroad or locally shared:

NORTH AFRICA Axis Forces in NORTH AFRICA : German Africa Corps Division  (Tripoli)Local: Territori militari italiani del AFRICA SETTENTRIONALE (it) + Deutsches AFRIKAKORPS (de)  (Tripoli)


26 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


AFRICAN NATURE Convention Relative to the Preservation of Fauna and Flora in their Natural State : LONDON CONVENTION  (London)
AIR SPORTS World Air Sports Federation : WASF  (Lausanne)
AXIS POWERS Tripartite Pact : AXIS PACT  (Berlin + Rome + Tokyo)
CENTRAL BANK Bank for International Settlements : BIS  (Basle)
GENEVA CONVENTION GENEVA Convention  (Geneva)
GENOA AGREEMENT GENOA Economic Agreement on the Global Monetary Order  (Genoa)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property : UIBPIP  (Berne)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION Inter-Parliamentary Union : IPU  (Geneva)
INTERNATIONAL LAW Institute of International Law : IIL  (Ghent)
INTERNATIONAL POLICE International Criminal Police Commission : ICPC  (Vienna)
LEAGUE OF RED CROSS League of Red Cross Societies : LORCS  (Geneva)
MARITIME LAW International Maritime Committee : IMC  (Antwerp)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
PACT OF STEEL Pact of Friendship and Alliance between Germany and Italy : PACT OF STEEL  (Berlin)
PANEUROPA PANEUROPEAN Movement : Paneuropean Union in Exile  (Washington-District of Columbia)
PCIJ Permanent Court of International Justice : PCIJ  (The Hague)
PUBLIC HEALTH International Office of Public Health : IOPH  (Paris)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
REFRIGERATION International Institute of Refrigeration : IIR  (Paris)
ROMAN CATHOLICISM ROMAN CATHOLIC Church  (Vatican)
STANDARDS International Federation of the National Standardizing Associations : ISA  (New York City + Geneva)
TELECOMMUNICATION International Telecommunication Union : ITU  (Berne)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)
WORLD BUSINESS International Chamber of Commerce : ICC [The Word Business Organization]  (Paris)



* The emblems shown for the sub-territories may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

ITALIA Kingdom of ITALY : Fascist Italy  (Rome)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AOSTA Duchy of AOSTA  (Aosta)
CAMPIONE OF ITALY Enclave of the Commune of CAMPIONE OF ITALY  (Campione of Italy)
FRENCH ESTABLISHMENT IN LORETO Pious French Establishment in Loreto : National Chaplaincy of France in LORETO  (National Chaplaincy of France in Loreto)
GENOA Dukedom of GENOA  (Genoa)
HOLY HOUSE OF LORETO Papal Basilica of Major Sanctuary of THE HOLY HOUSE OF LORETO  (Holy House of Loreto)
HOLY SEE IN THE REST OF ITALY Properties of HOLY SEE IN THE REST OF ITALY  (Saint Francis of Assisi)
INNER CARNIOLA Traditional Region of INNER CARNIOLA  (Postumia)
LIVIGNO Enclave of the Commune of LIVIGNO  (Livigno)
LODI Dukedom of LODI  (Lodi)
PALACE FARNESE French Embassy in Italy : PALACE FARNESE  (Palace Farnese)
PELAGIAN ISLANDS Commune of Lampedusa and Linosa : PELAGIAN ISLANDS Archipelago  (Lampedusa + Linosa)
SAINT ANTHONY OF PADUA Pontifical Basilica of SAINT ANTHONY OF PADUA  (Saint Anthony of Padua)
SAINT FRANCIS OF ASSISI Major Papal Basilica of SAINT FRANCIS OF ASSISI  (Saint Francis of Assisi)
SAINT ROSARY OF POMPEII Pontifical Basilica of the Major Sanctuary of the Holy Virgin of the SAINT ROSARY OF POMPEII  (Saint Rosary of Pompeii)
SARDINIA Region of SARDINIA  (Cagliari)
SICILY Region of SICILY  (Palermo)
TAVOLARA Kingdom of TAVOLARA  (The Point of the Canon)
VILLA MEDICI French Academy in Rome : French Possession of VILLA MEDICI  (Villa Medici)
- ethnia.org -
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2020-NOV-21.