ethnia.org   
 

2021-JAN-14

Zones: Timeline Search

Republic of IRAQ
(Baghdad)

Republic of IRAQ

Flag or logo since 2008-01-22*
Jumhūriyat AL-''IRĀQ : جمهورية ألعراق (ar) + Komar-i ''ÊRAQ : كۆماری عێراق (ku) UNO Member
Emblem or Symbol*

President Barham Salih
(ruler of IRAQ since 2018-10-02)
Capital:Baghdad - (Baghdad)
Official languages: Arabic (ar) . Kurdish (ku) .

Mainland:


IRAQ Republic of IRAQ  (Baghdad)

15 Federated Mainland Divisions:

ANBAR ANBAR Governorate  (Ramadi)Local: Muhafazah AL-''ANBÂR : محافظة الأنبار (ar)  (Ar-Ramādī)
BABEL BABEL Governorate : Babylon Governorate  (Hillah)Local: Muhafazah BÂBIL : محافظة بابل (ar)  (Al-Hillah)
BAGHDAD BAGHDAD Governorate  (Baghdad)Local: Muhafazah BAGHDAD : محافظة بغداد (ar)  (Baghdad)
BASSORAH BASSORAH Governorate  (Bassorah)Local: Muhafazah AL-BASRAH : محافظة البصرة (ar)  (Al-Basrah)
DHI QAR DHI QAR Governorate  (Nasiriyah)Local: Muhafazah DHI QAR : محافظة ذي قار (ar)  (An-Nasiriyah)
DIYALA Semi-Autonomous Region of DIYALA Governorate  (Bakuba)Local: Muhafazah DIYÂLÂ : محافظة ديالى (ar) + Parêzgeha DIYALE : ديالى (ku)  (Ba‘qūbah)
KADISIYAH KADISIYAH Governorate  (Diwaniyah)Local: Muhafazah AL-QĀDISIYYAH : محافظة القادسية (ar)  (Ad-Dīwānīyah)
KERBALA KERBALA Governorate  (Kerbala)Local: Muhafazah AL-KARBALĀ’ : محافظة كربلاء (ar)  (Karbalā'' Al-Muqaddasah)
KIRKUK KIRKUK Governorate  (Kirkuk)Local: Muhafazah KIRKUK : محافظة كركوك (ar) + Parêzgeha KERKUKÊ : پارێزگای کەرکووک (ku)  (Karkuk)
MAYSAN MAYSAN Governorate  (Amara)Local: Muhafazah MAYSAN : محافظة ميسان (ar)  (Al-''Amarâh)
MUTHANNA MUTHANNA Governorate  (Samawah)Local: Muhafazah AL-MUTHANNA : المثنى محافظة (ar)  (As-Samawah)
NAJAF NAJAF Governorate  (Najaf)Local: Muhafazah AN-NAJAF : محافظة النجف (ar)  (An-Najaf)
NINEVEH NINEVEH Governorate  (Mosul)Local: Muhafazah NINAWA : محافظة نينوى (ar) + Parêzgeha NEYNEWA : نینوى‎‎ (ku) + Daŝta D''NINWĔ : ܕܫܬܐ ܕܢܝܢܘܐ (syc)  (Al-Mawsil)
SALADIN Semi-Autonomous Region of SALADIN Governorate  (Tikrit)Local: Muhafazah SALÂH-AD-DÎN : محافظة صلاح الدين (ar) + Parêzgeh SELAHEDÎN : صلاح الدين (ku)  (Tikrît)
WASIT WASIT Governorate  (Kut El Amara)Local: Muhafazah WASIT : محافظة واسط (ar)  (Kût Al-Imara)


1 Largely Autonomous or Semi-Independent Polity

KURDISTAN KURDISTAN Regional Government  (Arbel) President Nechirvan Barzani


1 Assisted Entity

TURKMENLAND Iraqi National Turkmen Party for an autonomous IRAQI TURKMEN Region  ((Tell Afar)) Sadettin Arkej



3 Condominiums:

HASHED AL-SHAABI Committee of the Popular Mobilization Forces : HASHED AL-SHAABI  ((Najaf))Local: Al-Ḥašd ash-Ša''biyy : AL-HASHD ASH-SHAABI - الحشد الشعبي‎ (ar)  ((An-Najaf))
KUWAIT-IRAQ BARRIER KUWAIT-IRAQ BARRIER Zone  (Um-Qasir)Local: Mintaqah HUDUD AL-''IRĀQ-AL-KUWAYT : حدود العراق-الكويت (ar)  (Umm Qasr)
UNAMI ZONE United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq : UNAMI  (Camp Liberty)Local: United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq : UNAMI (en)  (Camp Hurriya)



Military entities abroad or locally shared:

AMERICAN BASES IN IRAQ American Bases in IRAQ  (Habbaniyah Station + Al-Taqadoum)Local: American Bases in IRAQ (en)  (Habbaniyah Station + Al-Taqadoum)
CHAMMAL-IRAQ French Forces of the Chammal Operation in IRAQ  (Kuwait Base)Local: Forces françaises de l''Opération Chammal en IRAQ (fr)  (Base de Koweït)
HASHED AL-SHAABI Committee of the Popular Mobilization Forces : HASHED AL-SHAABI  ((Najaf))Local: Al-Ḥašd ash-Ša''biyy : AL-HASHD ASH-SHAABI - الحشد الشعبي‎ (ar)  ((An-Najaf))
NATO IRAQ NATO Mission Iraq : NMI  (Forward Operation Base Union Three)Local: NATO Mission Iraq (en)  (Forward Operation Base Union Three)
QODS-IRAQ QODS Force and Iranian Bases and Facilities in Iraq  (Al-Rashid + Samarra + Camp Speicher)Local: Sepāh-e QODS : سپاه قدس (fa)  (Al-Rasheed + Samarra + Speicher)
ZLICAN Turkish Camp ZLICAN  (Zlican)Local: ZLICAN Türk Kampı (tr) + Mukhayam ZLIJAN : مخيم زليجان (ar)  (Zlican)


64 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


AIR SPORTS World Air Sports Federation : WASF  (Lausanne)
ARAB LEAGUE League of Arab States : ARAB LEAGUE  (Cairo)
ASIA-AFRICA Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization : AALCO  (New Delhi)
ASIAN STATES Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia : CICA  (Alma-Ata)
CHEMICAL WEAPONS PROHIBITION Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons : OPCW  (The Hague)
COMMON FUND Common Fund for Commodities : CFC  (Geneva)
CUSTOMS World Customs Organization : WCO  (Brussels)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Rome)
GENEVA CONVENTION GENEVA Convention  (Geneva)
GLOBAL FUND The Global Fund to Fight Aids Tuberculosis and Malaria : GFATM  (Vernier-Geneva)
GREATER ARABIA Greater Arab Free Trade Area : GAFTA  (Cairo)
GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN Coalition of Developing Countries : GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN  (New York City)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency : IAEA Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development : IFAD Specialized Agency  (Rome)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IMF International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)
IMO International Maritime Organization : IMO Specialized Agency  (London)
IMSO International Mobile Satellite Organization : IMSO  (London)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION Inter-Parliamentary Union : IPU  (Grand Saconnex)
INTERPOL International Criminal Police Organization : ICPO  (Lyons)
IRENA International Renewable Energy Agency : IRENA  (Masdar City)
ISESCO Islamic World Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : ISESCO  (Rabat)
ISLAM Organization of Islamic Cooperation : OIC  (Jeddah)
ISLAMIC BANK Islamic Development Bank : IDB  (Jeddah)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
NON-ALIGNED Non-Aligned Movement : NAM - Advancing South South Cooperation  (Baku + New York City)
NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty : NPT  (New York City)
NUCLEAR TEST BAN Provisional Secretariat of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Organization : CTBTO  (Vienna)
OHCHR Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights : OHCHR Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries : OPEC  (Vienna)
OPEC FUND Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries Fund for International Development : OFID  (Vienna)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies : IFRCS  (Geneva)
SEABED Secretariat of the International Seabed Authority : ISA  (Kingston)
SOUTH CENTRE SOUTH CENTRE Organization  (Geneva)
STANDARDIZATION International Organization for Standardization : ISO  (Geneva)
TELECOMMUNICATIONS SATELLITE International Telecommunications Satellite Organization : ITSO  (Washington-District of Columbia)
TRIBUNAL OF THE SEA International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea : ITLOS  (Hamburg)
UN-HABITAT United Nations Human Settlements Programme : UN-HABITAT Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development : UNCTAD  (Geneva)
UNDP United Nations Development Programme : UNDP Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNEP United Nations Environmental Programme : UNEP Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change : UNFCCC  (New York City)
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR Agency  (Geneva)
UNICEF United Nations International Children''s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization : UNIDO Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
UNITED NATIONS United Nations Organization : UNO  (New York City)
UNODA Conference on Disarmament : United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs : UNODA  (Geneva)
UNODC United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime : UNODC Agency  (Vienna)
UNOOSA Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : OUTER SPACE Treaty  (Vienna)
UNWTO World Tourism Organization : UNWTO Specialized Agency  (Madrid)
UPEACE University for Peace : UPEACE  (Ciudad Colon)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres + Saint Cloud)
WFP World Food Programme : WFP  (Rome)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Pregny-Chambesy)
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization : WIPO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WMO World Meteorological Organization : WMO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2021's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

KURDISTAN KURDISTAN Regional Government  (Arbel)
TURKMENLAND Iraqi National Turkmen Party for an autonomous IRAQI TURKMEN Region  ((Tell Afar))


Other Territories or Entities within the 2021's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AMERICAN BASES IN IRAQ American Bases in IRAQ  (Habbaniyah Station + Al-Taqadoum)
ARBEL ARBEL Governorate  (Arbel)
BASHIQA BASHIQA District : Shabaki Region  (Bashiqa)
CHAMMAL-IRAQ French Forces of the Chammal Operation in IRAQ  (Kuwait Base)
DAHUK DAHUK Governorate  (Dahuk)
HALABJA HALABJA Governorate  (Halabja)
HASHED AL-SHAABI Committee of the Popular Mobilization Forces : HASHED AL-SHAABI  ((Najaf))
KUWAIT-IRAQ BARRIER KUWAIT-IRAQ BARRIER Zone  (Um-Qasir)
NATO IRAQ NATO Mission Iraq : NMI  (Forward Operation Base Union Three)
QODS-IRAQ QODS Force and Iranian Bases and Facilities in Iraq  (Al-Rashid + Samarra + Camp Speicher)
SINJAR SINJAR District  (Sinjar)
SULEIMANIA SULEIMANIA Governorate  (Suleimania)
UNAMI ZONE United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq : UNAMI  (Camp Liberty)
ZLICAN Turkish Camp ZLICAN  (Zlican)
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




Please feel free to send your own informations or suggestions to .


 Drawn with Inkscape  Written with Notepad++  Powered by Apache  ethnia.org Creative Commons License CC-BY Archived since 2003 by Internet Archives
Thank you.
LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2020-DEC-22.