Turkmenistan Timeline - ethnia.org -
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2003-MAY-17


Polity Timeline

TURKMENISTAN



































































Flag or logo changes:

1900-01-01:

TRANSCASPIAN Oblast  (Askabad a + Merv m)   -   TRANSCASPIAN

1914-11-19:

TRANSCASPIAN Oblast  (Askhabad a + Merv m)   -   TRANSCASPIAN

1917-09-14:

TRANSCASPIAN Oblast  (Askhabad a + Merv m)   -   TRANSCASPIAN

1918-04-30:

TRANSCASPIAN Oblast  (Askhabad)   -   TRANSCASPIAN

1918-07-11:

TRANSCASPIAN Oblast [rebellion]  (Askhabad)   -   TRANSCASPIAN

1920-02-06:

Turkmen Territory of TRANSCASPIA [Soviet Occupation]  (Poltoratsk)   -   TRANSCASPIAN

1921-04-30:

TRANSCASPIAN Oblast [Poltoratsk Province]  (Poltoratsk)   -   TRANSCASPIAN

1922-12-30:

TURKMEN Oblast  (Poltoratsk)   -   TURKMENIA

1924-10-27:

Turkmen Socialist Soviet Republic : TSSR  (Poltoratsk)   -   TURKMENIA

1927-03-30:

Turkmen Socialist Soviet Republic : TSSR  (Ashkhabad)   -   TURKMENIA

1927-05-20:

Turkmen Socialist Soviet Republic : TSSR  (Ashkhabad)   -   TURKMENIA

1937-03-02:

Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic : TSSR  (Ashkhabad)   -   TURKMENIA

1940-01-02:

Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic : TSSR  (Ashkhabad)   -   TURKMENIA

1953-08-01:

Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic : TSSR  (Ashkhabad)   -   TURKMENIA

1974-09-22:

Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic : TSSR  (Ashkhabad)   -   TURKMENIA

1991-10-27:

Independent State of the Republic of TURKMENISTAN  (Ashkhabad)   -   TURKMENISTAN

1992-02-19:

Republic of TURKMENISTAN  (Ashkhabad)   -   TURKMENISTAN

1997-02-01:

Republic of TURKMENISTAN  (Ashgabat)   -   TURKMENISTAN

2001-01-25:

Republic of TURKMENISTAN  (Ashgabat)   -   TURKMENISTAN



































Emblem or Symbol changes:

1900-01-01:

TRANSCASPIAN Oblast  (Askabad a + Merv m)   -   TRANSCASPIAN

1917-07-21:

TRANSCASPIAN Oblast  (Askhabad a + Merv m)   -   TRANSCASPIAN

1918-04-30:

TRANSCASPIAN Oblast  (Askhabad)   -   TRANSCASPIAN

1918-11-01:

Turkmen TRANSCASPIAN Provisional Government [Askhabad Executive Committee – under British Protection]  (Askhabad)   -   TRANSCASPIAN

1924-10-27:

Turkmen Socialist Soviet Republic : TSSR  (Poltoratsk)   -   TURKMENIA

1925-05-13:

Turkmen Socialist Soviet Republic : TSSR  (Poltoratsk)   -   TURKMENIA

1928-01-02:

Turkmen Socialist Soviet Republic : TSSR  (Ashkhabad)   -   TURKMENIA

1937-03-02:

Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic : TSSR  (Ashkhabad)   -   TURKMENIA

1992-02-19:

Republic of TURKMENISTAN  (Ashkhabad)   -   TURKMENISTAN

2003-07-01:

Republic of TURKMENISTAN  (Ashgabat)   -   TURKMENISTAN




































Sovereignty changes:

1900-01-01:

RUSSIA

1917-11-08:

WHITE RUSSIA

1918-04-30:

SOVIET RUSSIA

1918-07-14:

TRANSCASPIAN

1918-07-16:

TRANSCASPIAN +

UNITED KINGDOM +

1919-04-06:

TRANSCASPIAN

1920-02-06:

SOVIET RUSSIA

1922-12-30:

RUSSIA +

SOVIET UNION +

1924-10-27:

SOVIET UNION +

TURKMENIA +

1991-12-25:

TURKMENISTAN





































Capital Local Name changes:


1900-01-01:

  Ashkhabad + Merv

1918-04-01:

  Ashkhabad

1919-04-06:

  Poltoratsk

1919-07-09:

  Krasnovodsk

1920-02-06:

  Poltoratsk

1927-01-01:

  Ashkhabad

1991-12-25:

  Ashgabat

1992-03-02:

  Aşgabat





































Local Name of Country changes:


1900-01-01:

  ZAKASPIYA

1921-08-07:

  TURKMENSTAN

1990-08-22:

  TYURKMENISTAN

1991-12-25:

  TÜRKMENISTAN





































Status changes:


1900-01-01:

TRANSCASPIAN Oblast

1918-07-11:

TRANSCASPIAN Oblast [rebellion]

1918-07-14:

TRANSCASPIAN Oblast [Askhabad Executive Committee]

1918-07-23:

SOVIET TRANSCASPIAN Region [Askhabad Executive Committee]

1918-07-31:

Turkmen Independent Administration of TRANSCASPIA [Askhabad Executive Committee – under British Protection]

1918-11-01:

Turkmen TRANSCASPIAN Provisional Government [Askhabad Executive Committee – under British Protection]

1919-01-02:

Turkmen TRANSCASPIAN Provisional Government [under British Protection]

1919-04-06:

TRANSCASPIAN Provisional Government

1919-07-09:

Turkmen Government of TRANSCASPIA

1920-02-06:

Turkmen Territory of TRANSCASPIA [Soviet Occupation]

1920-09-01:

TRANSCASPIAN Oblast [Poltoratsk Province]

1921-08-07:

TURKMEN Oblast

1924-10-27:

Turkmen Socialist Soviet Republic : TSSR

1936-12-05:

Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic : TSSR

1990-08-22:

Sovereign State of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic : TSSR

1991-10-27:

Independent State of the Republic of TURKMENISTAN

1991-12-25:

Republic of TURKMENISTAN





































Ruler changes:

1918-07-11:

TRANSCASPIAN Oblast [rebellion]  (Askhabad)   -    Fyodor Funtikov
         (Fyodor Andrianovich Funtikov)

1918-07-14:

TRANSCASPIAN Oblast [Askhabad Executive Committee]  (Askhabad)   -    Fyodor Funtikov
         (Fyodor Andrianovich Funtikov)

1919-07-09:

Turkmen Government of TRANSCASPIA  (Krasnovodsk)   -    Muhammad-Kurban Junaid Khan
         (Muhammet-Kurban Serdar Jüneýit Han – Muhammad-Kurban Serdar Dzhunayd Khan)

1920-02-06:

Turkmen Territory of TRANSCASPIA [Soviet Occupation]  (Poltoratsk)   -   
         ()

1924-10-27:

Turkmen Socialist Soviet Republic : TSSR  (Poltoratsk)   -    Khalmurad Sakhatmuradov
         (Khalmurad Sakhatmuradov)

1924-11-19:

Turkmen Socialist Soviet Republic : TSSR  (Poltoratsk)   -    Ivan Mezhlauk
         (Ivan Ivanovich Mezhlauk)

1926-06-01:

Turkmen Socialist Soviet Republic : TSSR  (Poltoratsk)   -    Shaymardan Ibragimov
         (Shaymardan Nurimanovich Ibragimov)

1928-05-01:

Turkmen Socialist Soviet Republic : TSSR  (Ashkhabad)   -    Nikolay Paskutsky
         (Nikolay Antonovich Paskudsky)

1928-05-11:

Turkmen Socialist Soviet Republic : TSSR  (Ashkhabad)   -    Grigory Aronshtam
         (Grigory Naumovich Aronshtam)

1930-08-02:

Turkmen Socialist Soviet Republic : TSSR  (Ashkhabad)   -    Yakov Popok
         (Yakov Abramovich Popok)

1937-04-15:

Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic : TSSR  (Ashkhabad)   -    Anna Mukhamedov
         (Karajaev Anna Muhammedov)

1937-10-02:

Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic : TSSR  (Ashkhabad)   -    Yakov Chubin
         (Yakov Abramovich Chubin)

1939-11-02:

Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic : TSSR  (Ashkhabad)   -    Mikhail Fonin
         (Mikhail Makarovich Fonin)

1947-03-02:

Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic : TSSR  (Ashkhabad)   -    Shadzha Batyrov
         (Shadzha Batyrovich Batyrov)

1951-07-02:

Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic : TSSR  (Ashkhabad)   -    Sukhan Babayev
         (Sukhan Babayevich Babayev)

1958-12-14:

Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic : TSSR  (Ashkhabad)   -    Dzhuma Karayev
         (Dzhuma Durdy Karayev)

1960-05-04:

Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic : TSSR  (Ashkhabad)   -    Nurberdy Bairamov
         (Nurberdy Bairamov)

1960-06-13:

Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic : TSSR  (Ashkhabad)   -    Balysh Ovezov
         (Balysh Ovezovich Ovezov)

1969-12-24:

Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic : TSSR  (Ashkhabad)   -    Muhammadnazar Gapurov
         (Muhammadnazar Gapurovich Gapurov)

1985-12-21:

Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic : TSSR  (Ashkhabad)   -    Saparmurat Niyazov
         (Saparmurat Atajevich Niyazov)

1990-11-02:

Sovereign State of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic : TSSR  (Ashkhabad)   -    President Saparmurat Niyazov
         (Prezident Saparmurat Atajevich Niyazov)

1993-10-01:

Republic of TURKMENISTAN  (Ashgabat)   -    President Turkmenbashi Saparmurat Niyazov
         (Prezident Türkmenbaşy Saparmyrat Ataýewiç Nyýazow)

2006-12-21:

Republic of TURKMENISTAN  (Ashgabat)   -    President Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov
         (Prezident Gurbanguly Mälikgulyýewiç Berdimuhamedow)

2007-02-14:

Republic of TURKMENISTAN  (Ashgabat)   -    President Arkadag Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov
         (Prezident Arkadag Gurbanguly Mälikgulyýewiç Berdimuhamedow)

2022-03-19:

Republic of TURKMENISTAN  (Ashgabat)   -    President Serdar Berdymukhammedov
         (Prezident Serdar Gurbanguliyevich Berdimuhamedow)





































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UPDATED ON: ~ 2024-JUN-09 ~ .