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1911-NOV-30

Zones: Timeline


CHINESE ALLIANCE (Wuchang g + Shanghai tRebellion Central Military Government of the Republic of CHINA [United Provinces of China] : General Li Yuan-Hung
CHINESE LEAGUE (Wuchang gDe facto Semi-Independent Chinese Revolutionary Alliance : TUNG MENG HUEI : Sun Yat-Sen
CHINA (Peking) PCA Member Great Ching Empire : Great Manchu Empire of CHINA : Emperor Hsuan-Tung Pu-Yi

Other Entities with similar names

Great Ching Empire : Great Manchu Empire of CHINA
(Peking)

Great Ching Empire : Great Manchu Empire of CHINA

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01*
TA CH´ING Ti-Kuo : 大清帝国 (zh) + DAICING Gurun : ᡩᠠᡳ᠌ᠴᡳᠩ ᡤᡠᡵᡠᠨ (mnc) PCA Member
Emblem or Symbol*

Emperor Hsuan-Tung Pu-Yi
(ruler of CHINA since 1908-12-02)
 
 
 
 
Capitals & administrative places*: Peking
(Pei-Ching)
Official & national languages: Manchu (mnc) . Chinese (zh) .

Mainland:


CHINA Great Manchu CHINESE Empire  (Peking)

4 Federated Divisions:

FENGTIEN Military Province of FENGTIEN  (Mukden)Local: FENG-T´IEN Sheng : 奉天省 (zh)  (Feng-Tien-Fu)
KIRIN Military Province of KIRIN  (Kirin)Local: CHI-LIN Sheng : 吉林省 (zh)  (Chi-Lin)
MANCHURIA Province of HEILUNGKIANG in the Viceroyalty of Manchuria  (Kharbin)Local: HEI-LUNG-CHIANG Sheng : 黑龍江省 (zh)  (Ha´erh-Pin)
PEICHIHLI PEICHIHLI Province [Directly administered Territory of the Viceroyalty of Chihli Honan and Shantung]  (Tientsin)Local: PEI-CHIH-LI Sheng : 北直隶省 (zh)  (Tien-Chin)



2 Assisted Entities

BARGUT MONGOLIA BARGUT MONGOLIAN Independent Province [Pro-Mongolian Province]  (Khailar) Jasrangiyn Chun Van Damdinsuren
THIBET Kingdom of THIBET [Chinese Suzerainty under Occupation]  (Lhasa) Gaden Tripa Ngawang Lobsang Gyaltsen Tenpey



8 Territories:

AMDO AMDO Administrative Region  (Zining)Local: AMDO : ཨ༌མདོ (bo) + AN-TUO Hsien Hsin-Cheng : 安多縣的行政區 (zh)  (Zining)
CHAKHAR CHANGYUAN Special Region : Chakhar Eight Banners Territory  (Kalgan)Local: CHANG-YUAN T´e-Ch´ü : 張垣特區 (zh)  (Wan-Ch´üan)
ILI Governorate-General of ILI  (Suidun)Local: YI-LI  (Sui-Ting)
INNER MONGOLIA Leagues of INNER MONGOLIA  (Chihfeng)Local: NEI-MENG-KU Lien-Meng : 內蒙古聯盟 (zh) + ÖVÖR MONGOL Chuulghan : ᠥᠪᠦᠷ ᠮᠣᠩᠭ᠋ᠤᠯ (mn)  (Ch´ih-Feng)
OUTER MONGOLIA Bogd Khanate of OUTER MONGOLIA  (Urga)Local: WAI MENG-KU Po-K´o-To Han-Kuo : 外蒙古 博克多汗 (zh) + Alr Mongol Bogd Haan - GADAAD MONGOL : ᠠᠷᠤ ᠮᠣᠩᠭ᠋ᠣᠯ ᠪᠣᠭᠳᠠ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ - ᠭᠠᠳᠠᠭᠠᠳᠤ ᠮᠣᠩᠭ᠋ᠣᠯ (mn) + TÜLERGI MONGGO : ᡨᡠᠯᡝᡵᡤᡳ ᠮᠣᠩᡤᠣ (mnc)  (Ikk Khüree)
PEIKING Directly administered Territory of Peking : HSUNTIEN District  (Peking)Local: SHUN-T´IEN Ch´ü : 順天區 (zh)  (Pei-Ching)
SUIYUAN Military Territory of SUIYUAN  (Kweihua)Local: SUI-YUAN Chün Ch´ü : 綏遠準出 (zh)  (Kuei-Hua)
TANNU-URIANKHAY Unorganized Autonomous Region of TANNU-URIANKHAY  (Kyzyl)Local: Tang-Nu WU-LIANG-HAI : 唐努烏梁海 (zh) + Tandy Tannu-Urjanchai : TANNU-URJANHAJ (tyv)  (Kitzule)

4 Condominiums:

KULANGSU INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT Municipal Council of the KULANGSU INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Kulangsu)Local: KULANGSU International Koncession (da) + Internationale Konzession von KULANGSU (de) + KULANGSU International Concession (en) + Concesión Internacional de KULANGSU (es) + Concession internationale de KOULANGSEU (fr) + Concessione internazionale di KULANGSU (it) + KORONSU no Kokusai Sokai : コロンスの国際租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van KULANGSU (nl) + KULANGSU Internasjonale Konsesjon (no) + Concessão Internacional de KULANGSU (pt) + KULANGSU International Koncession (sv) + KU-LANG-YÜ Kuo-Tsì T´e-Hsü Ching-Ying : 鼓浪嶼國際特許經營 (zh)  (Kulangyu)
MANCHULI MANCHURIA Settlement  (Manchuria)Local: MANCHZURIYA Poseleniye : МАНЬЧЖУРИЯ Поселение (ru) + MAN-CHOU-LI Ts´un : 滿洲里村 (zh)  (Manchzhuriya)
NORTHERN MANCHURIA AMUR RIVER Province [Russian Protectorate of Heilungkiang in Inner Manchuria]  (Aigun)Local: PRIAMURYE Territoriya : ПРИАМУРЬЕ Территория (ru) + HEI-LUNG-CHIANG Sheng : 黑龍江省 (zh)  (Aihun)
PEKING LEGATIONS PEKING LEGATION Quarter  (Peking Legation Quarter)Local: PEKING LEGATION Quarter (en) + Quartier des LÉGATIONS DE PÉKIN (fr) + TUNG CHIAO MIN Hsiang : 東交民巷 (zh)  (Tung Chiao-Min Hsiang)



6 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


CHOYON Treaty of the Teaching of the Tantric Tibetan Buddhism : CHO-YON  (Lhasa)
CONFUCIANISM Way of Life Teaching : CONFUCIANISM  (Chufu)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
NAVIGATION International Congress of Navigation : ICN  (Saint Petersburg)
OPIUM International Opium Commission : IOC  (Shanghai International Settlement)
REFRIGERATION International Association of Refrigeration : IAR  (Paris)



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

BARGUT MONGOLIA BARGUT MONGOLIAN Independent Province [Pro-Mongolian Province]  (Khailar)
CHINESE ALLIANCE Central Military Government of the Republic of CHINA [United Provinces of China]  (Wuchang g + Shanghai t)
CHINESE LEAGUE Chinese Revolutionary Alliance : TUNG MENG HUEI  (Wuchang g)
KWANGTUNG Military Province of KWANGTUNG  (Canton)
SZECHWAN Great Han Military Government of SZECHWAN  (Chengtu)
THIBET Kingdom of THIBET [Chinese Suzerainty under Occupation]  (Lhasa)
UIGHURISTAN Republic of UIGHURISTAN  (Kashgar)
YUNNAN Military Province of YUNNAN [Warlordship of the Yunnan Clique]  (Yunnan-Fu)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AIGUN AIGUN Russian Concession  (Aigun)
AMOY ISLAND British Concession of AMOY ISLAND  (Siming)
ANHWEI AN-HWEI Province  (Hwaining)
AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Austro-Hungarian Concession  (Tientsin Austro-Hungarian Concession)
BELGIAN TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Belgian Concession  (Tientsin Belgian Concession)
BERI BERI State  (Beri)
BRITISH FOOCHOW British Concession at FOOCHOW  (Foochow British Concession)
BRITISH HANKOW British Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow British Concession)
BRITISH SHAMEEN British Concession of SHAMEEN  (Shameen)
BRITISH TIENTSIN TIENTSIN British Concession  (Tientsin British Concession)
CHANGSHA CHANGSHA General Foreign Settlement  (Changsha Settlement)
CHEFOO Settlement of CHEFOO  (Chefoo)
CHEKIANG Military Province of CHEKIANG  (Hangchow)
CHINA EASTERN RAILWAY ZONE China Eastern Railroad Zone : CER [Russian Administration]  (Kharbin)
CHINKIANG British Concession at CHINKIANG  (Chinkiang)
CHOUTSUN CHOUTSUN Foreign Settlement  (Choutsun)
CHUNGKING SZECHWAN Military Government at Chungking  (Chungking)
CHWANPIEN CHWANPIEN Special Administrative District  (Tachienlu)
DRANGO DRANGO State  (Hsintu)
FORMOSA ISLAND Dependency of FORMOSA [Taiwan]  (Taipeh)
FRENCH AMOY French Settlement of AMOY  (Amoy)
FRENCH CHUNGKING French Marine Establishment in CHUNGKING  (Wangchiato)
FRENCH HANKOW French Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow French Concession)
FRENCH SHAMEEN French Concession of SHAMEEN  (Shameen French Concession)
FRENCH SHANGHAI Municipal Council of the FRENCH CONCESSION OF SHANGHAI  (Shanghai French Concession)
FRENCH TIENTSIN TIENTSIN French Concession  (Tientsin French Concession)
FUKIEN Military Province of FUKIEN  (Foochow)
GERMAN HANKOW German Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow German Concession)
GERMAN TIENTSIN TIENTSIN German Concession  (German Tientsin Concession)
HAINAN HAINAN Circuit  (Hai Hao)
HONGKONG British Crown Colony of HONGKONG  (City of Victoria)
HORPA STATES Hor States : HORPA STATES  (Tachienlu)
HSUCHOW HSU-CHOW Circuit  (Hsuchow)
HUEICHOW HUEICHOW Revolutionary Army  (Canton)
HUNAN Military Province of HUNAN  (Changsha)
HUPEH Military Province of HUPEH  (Wuchang)
ITALIAN TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Italian Concession  (Tientsin Italian Concession)
JAPANESE CHUNGKING Japanese Concession at CHUNGKING  (Chungking Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE FOOCHOW Japanese Concession at FOOCHOW  (Foochow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE HANGCHOW Japanese Concession in HANGCHOW  (Hangchow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE HANKOW Japanese Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE SOOCHOW Japanese Concession at SOOCHOW  (Soochow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Japanese Concession  (Amatsu)
KHANGSAR KHANGSAR State  (Khangsar)
KHINGAN KHINGAN League  (Wangyehmiao)
KIANGSI Military Province of KIANGSI  (Nanchang)
KIANGSU Military Province of KIANGSU  (Soochow)
KIAOCHAU German Leased Territory of KIAO-CHAU  (Tsingtao)
KIUKIANG British Concession at KIUKIANG  (Kiukiang)
KOWLOON WALLED CITY Enclave of KOWLOON WALLED CITY  (Kowloon Walled City)
KULANGSU INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT Municipal Council of the KULANGSU INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Kulangsu)
KUMUL KUMUL Khanate [Principality of Kumul Vassal of Sinkiang]  (Khamil)
KWANGCHOWAN Leased Territory of KWANGCHOWAN  (Fort Bayard)
KWANGSI Military Province of KWANGSI  (Kweichow)
KWANTUNG Territory of KWANTUNG [Japanese Military Administration of the Chinese Leased Territory to Japan]  (Port Arthur)
KWEICHOW Military Province of KWEICHOW  (Kweiyang)
MACAO Portuguese Overseas Colony of MACAO  (Macao)
MANCHULI MANCHURIA Settlement  (Manchuria)
MATSU ISLANDS MATSU ISLANDS part of Lienkiang County  (Nankan)
MAZUR MAZUR State  (Mazur)
NANKING INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT NANKING General Foreign Settlement  (Nanking International Settlement)
NINGSIA Warlordship of NINGSIA  (Ningsia)
NORTHERN MANCHURIA AMUR RIVER Province [Russian Protectorate of Heilungkiang in Inner Manchuria]  (Aigun)
PAKHOI Foreign Settlements of PAKHOI  (Pakhoi)
PARACEL ISLANDS PARACEL ISLANDS Group  (Woody Island)
PEKING LEGATIONS PEKING LEGATION Quarter  (Peking Legation Quarter)
PRATAS ISLANDS Atoll of PRATAS ISLANDS  (Tungsha)
QUEMOY ISLANDS QUEMOY ISLANDS Group  (Chinsheng)
RUSSIAN HANKOW Russian Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow Russian Concession)
RUSSIAN KHARBIN Russian Concession of KHARBIN  (Kharbin Russian Concession)
RUSSIAN TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Russian Concession  (Tientsin Russian Concesion)
SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT International Concession of Shanghai Municipal Council : SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Shanghai International Settlement)
SHANTUNG Military Province of SHANTUNG  (Tsinan-Fu)
SHENKAN SHENKAN Province  (Sian)
SINKIANG SINKIANG Province  (Tihwa)
SOUTH MANCHURIAN RAILWAY ZONE South Manchuria Railway Company : SMR  (Dairen)
TEHUNG TEHUNG Region  (Kanfang)
TREHOR TREHOR State  (Tachienlu)
TSINANFU TSINANFU Foreign Settlement  (Tsinan-Fu)
TUNGCHWAN TUNGCHWAN Circuit  (Tzuyang)
WEIHAIWEI British Leased Territory of WEIHAIWEI  (Port Edward)
WEIHSIEN WEIHSIEN Foreign Settlement  (Weihsien)
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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