ethnia.org   
 

1904-JAN-01

Zones: Timeline


HSING-CHUNG-HUEI (Honolulu xExile Revive China Society : HSING CHUNG HUEI : Sun Yat-Sen
CHINA (Peking) De facto Independent Great Ching Empire : Great Manchu Empire of CHINA : Emperor Kwang-Hsu Tsai-Tien

Other Entities with similar names

Great Ching Empire : Great Manchu Empire of CHINA
(Peking)

Great Ching Empire : Great Manchu Empire of CHINA

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01*
TA CH´ING Ti-Kuo : 大清帝国 (zh) + DAICING Gurun : ᡩᠠᡳ᠌ᠴᡳᠩ ᡤᡠᡵᡠᠨ (mnc) De facto Independent
Emblem or Symbol*

Emperor Kwang-Hsu Tsai-Tien
(ruler of CHINA since 1900-01-01)
 
 
 
 
Capitals & administrative places*: Peking
(Pei-Ching)
Official & national languages: Manchu (mnc) . Chinese (zh) .

Mainland:


CHINA Great Manchu CHINESE Empire  (Peking)

6 Federated Divisions:

HUKWANG Viceroyalty of HUKWANG  (Wuchang)Local: HU-KUANG Sheng : 湖廣省 (zh)  (Wu-Ch´ang)
KIANGSI KIANGSI Province  (Nanchang)Local: CHIANG-HSI Sheng : 江西省 (zh)  (Nan-Ch´ang)
PEICHIHLI PEICHIHLI Province [Directly administered Territory of the Viceroyalty of Chihli Honan and Shantung]  (Tientsin)Local: PEI-CHIH-LI Sheng : 北直隶省 (zh)  (Tien-Chin)
SHENKAN Viceroyalty of SHENKAN Province  (Hsian-Foo)Local: SHAN-KAN Sheng : 陝甘省 (zh)  (Hsian-Fu)
SINKIANG Viceroyalty of SINKIANG Province  (Urumtsi)Local: HSIN-CHIANG Sheng : 新疆省 (zh)  (Ti-Hua)
SZECHWAN Viceroyalty of SZECHWAN Province  (Chengtu)Local: SZU-CH´UAN Sheng : 四川省 (zh)  (C´heng-Tu)



3 Assisted Entities

MUSTANG Kingdom of MUSTANG [Kingdom of Lo under Nepalese Suzerainty]  (Lo Manthang) King Jambian Pelbar
NEPAUL Kingdom of NEPAUL [British Protectorate under Chinese Suzerainty]  (Kathmandu) Maharajah Prithivi Bir Bikram Shah Dev
THIBET Kingdom of THIBET [under Sino-Nepalese Suzerainty]  (Lhasa) Dalai Lama Thubten Gyatso



7 Territories:

CHAKHAR CHANGYUAN Special Region : Chakhar Eight Banners Territory  (Kalgan)Local: CHANG-YUAN T´e-Ch´ü : 張垣特區 (zh)  (Wan-Ch´üan)
INNER MONGOLIA Leagues of INNER MONGOLIA  (Chihfeng)Local: NEI-MENG-KU Lien-Meng : 內蒙古聯盟 (zh) + ÖVÖR MONGOL Chuulghan : ᠥᠪᠦᠷ ᠮᠣᠩᠭ᠋ᠤᠯ (mn)  (Ch´ih-Feng)
OUTER MONGOLIA Bogd Khanate of OUTER MONGOLIA  (Urga)Local: WAI MENG-KU Po-K´o-To Han-Kuo : 外蒙古 博克多汗 (zh) + Alr Mongol Bogd Haan - GADAAD MONGOL : ᠠᠷᠤ ᠮᠣᠩᠭ᠋ᠣᠯ ᠪᠣᠭᠳᠠ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ - ᠭᠠᠳᠠᠭᠠᠳᠤ ᠮᠣᠩᠭ᠋ᠣᠯ (mn) + TÜLERGI MONGGO : ᡨᡠᠯᡝᡵᡤᡳ ᠮᠣᠩᡤᠣ (mnc)  (Ikk Khüree)
PEKING Directly administered Territory of PEKING  (Peking)Local: PEI-CHING Shih : 北京市 (zh)  (Pei-Ching)
SUIYUAN Military Territory of SUIYUAN  (Kweihua)Local: SUI-YUAN Chün Ch´ü : 綏遠準出 (zh)  (Kuei-Hua)
TANNU-URIANKHAY Unorganized Autonomous Region of TANNU-URIANKHAY  (Kyzyl)Local: Tang-Nu WU-LIANG-HAI : 唐努烏梁海 (zh) + Tandy Tannu-Urjanchai : TANNU-URJANHAJ (tyv)  (Kitzule)
TAOHSI MONGOLIA TAOHSI MONGOLIA Region  (Tingyuanying)Local: TAO-HSI MENG-KU Ti-Ch´ü : 桃溪蒙古地區 (zh)  (Ting-Yuan-Ying)

14 Condominiums:

BHOOTAN State of BHOOTAN [British Indian Protectorate of the Regency of Bhutan Tributary of Sino-Nepalese Thibet]  (Paro a + Punakha w + Thimbu s)Local: State of BHOOTAN (en) + Druk Gyal-Khab : DRUK-YUL : འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ : འབྲུག་ཡུལ་ (dz)  (Paro + Punakha + Thimphu)
CHEFOO Settlement of CHEFOO  (Chefoo)Local: Settlement of CHEFOO (en) + Établissement de TCHÉ-FOU (fr) + CHE-FU : 浙輻 (zh)  (Chefoo)
FOOCHOW AND ARSENAL PAGODA French Settlements in FOOCHOW AND ARSENAL PAGODA  (Arsenal Pagoda)Local: Établissements français à FOUTCHÉOU ET ARSENAL PAGODA (fr) + Fa-Kuo Tsi-Kou FU-CHOU A-SEN-NA PAO-T´A : 法國機構福州阿森納寶塔 (zh)  (Arsenal Pagoda)
FRENCH AMOY French Settlement of AMOY  (Amoy)Local: Établissement français d´AMOY (fr)  (Amoy)
FRENCH CHUNGKING French Marine Establishment in CHUNGKING  (Wangchiato)Local: Établissement de la Marine française à TCHONG-KING (fr)  (Wang-Chia-T´o)
FUKIEN FUKIEN Region [Japanese Sphere of Influence part of Minche Viceroyalty]  (Foochow)Local: FU-CHIEN Ti-Ch´ü : 福建地區 (zh)  (Fu-Chou)
INNER MANCHURIA Protectorate of MANCHURIA [Russian Protectorate and Occupation in Inner Manchuria]  (Aigunov)Local: MANCHZHURIYA Territoriya : МАНЬЧЖУРИЯ Территория (ru) + HEI-LUNG-CHIANG : 黑龍江 (zh)  (Aigunov)
KOWLOON WALLED CITY Enclave of KOWLOON WALLED CITY  (Kowloon Walled City)Local: CHIU-LUNG CHAI CH´ENG : 九龍寨城 (zh) + GAU LUNG ZAAI SENG : 九龍寨城 (yue) + KOWLOON Walled City (en)  (Chiu-Lung Chai Ch´eng)
KULANGSU INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT Municipal Council of the KULANGSU INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Kulangsu)Local: KULANGSU International Koncession (da) + Internationale Konzession von KULANGSU (de) + KULANGSU International Concession (en) + Concesión Internacional de KULANGSU (es) + Concession internationale de KOULANGSEU (fr) + Concessione internazionale di KULANGSU (it) + KORONSU no Kokusai Sokai : コロンスの国際租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van KULANGSU (nl) + KULANGSU Internasjonale Konsesjon (no) + Concessão Internacional de KULANGSU (pt) + KULANGSU International Koncession (sv) + KU-LANG-YÜ Kuo-Tsì T´e-Hsü Ching-Ying : 鼓浪嶼國際特許經營 (zh)  (Kulangyu)
MANCHULI MANCHURIA Settlement  (Manchuria)Local: MANCHZURIYA Poseleniye : МАНЬЧЖУРИЯ Поселение (ru) + MAN-CHOU-LI Ts´un : 滿洲里村 (zh)  (Manchzhuriya)
PEKING LEGATIONS PEKING LEGATION Quarter  (Peking Legation Quarter)Local: PEKING LEGATION Quarter (en) + Quartier des LÉGATIONS DE PÉKIN (fr) + TUNG CHIAO MIN Hsiang : 東交民巷 (zh)  (Tung Chiao-Min Hsiang)
SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT International Concession of Shanghai Municipal Council : SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Shanghai International Settlement)Local: SHANGHAI International Settlement (en) + SHANGHAI International Koncession (da) + SCHANGHAI Internationalen Konzessionen (de) + Concesión Internacional de SHANGHÁI (es) + Concession Internationale de CHANGHAÏ (fr) + Concessione Internazionale di SCIANGAI (it) + SHIYANHAI Kiyoudou Sokai : 上海共同租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van SHANGHAI (nl) + SHANGHAI International Settlement (no) + Concessão Internacional de XANGAI (pt) + SHANHAYSKIY Mezhdunarodny Settlment : ШАНХАЙСКИЙ международный сеттльмент (ru) + SHANGHAI International Settlement (sv) + SHANG-HAI Kung-Kung Tsu-Chieh : 上海公共租界 (zh)  (Shanghai International Settlement)
SOUTHERN CHINA French Sphere of Influence in SOUTHERN CHINA  (Yunnan-Fu)Local: CHUNG-HUA NAN-FANG Ti-Ch´ü : 中國南方地區 (zh) + Zone de CHINE DU SUD (fr)  (Yun-Nan-Fu)
SOUTHERN SHANTUNG SOUTHERN SHANTUNG Zone [German Sphere of Influence]  (Linyi)Local: SHAN-TUNG NAN-PU Ou : 山東南部區 (zh) + Gebiet des SÜDLICHEN SCHANTUNG (de)  (Linyi)

Dependent Protectorate:

KUMUL KUMUL Khanate [Principality of Kumul Vassal of Sinkiang]  (Khamil)Local: QUMUL Xanliqi (ug) + HA-MI Kuo : 郭哈密 (zh)  (Ha-Mi)



3 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


CHOYON Treaty of the Teaching of the Tantric Tibetan Buddhism : CHO-YON  (Lhasa)
CONFUCIANISM Way of Life Teaching : CONFUCIANISM  (Chufu)
SEA International Marine Conference : IMC  (Washington-District of Columbia)



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

THIBET Kingdom of THIBET [under Sino-Nepalese Suzerainty]  (Lhasa)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AIGUN AIGUN Russian Concession  (Aigunov)
AMICHOW Independent State of AMICHOW  (Malipo)
AMOY ISLAND British Concession of AMOY ISLAND  (Siming)
AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Austro-Hungarian Concession  (Tientsin Austro-Hungarian Concession)
BELGIAN TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Belgian Concession  (Tientsin Belgian Concession)
BERI BERI State  (Beri)
BRITISH FOOCHOW British Concession at FOOCHOW  (Foochow British Concession)
BRITISH HANKOW British Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow British Concession)
BRITISH SHAMEEN British Concession of SHAMEEN  (Shameen)
BRITISH TIENTSIN TIENTSIN British Concession  (Tientsin British Concession)
CHEFOO Settlement of CHEFOO  (Chefoo)
CHINA EASTERN RAILWAY ZONE China Eastern Railroad Zone : CER [Russian Far East Administration]  (Kharbin)
CHINKIANG British Concession at CHINKIANG  (Chinkiang)
CHOUTSUN CHOUTSUN Foreign Settlement  (Choutsun)
DRANGO DRANGO State  (Hsintu)
FOOCHOW AND ARSENAL PAGODA French Settlements in FOOCHOW AND ARSENAL PAGODA  (Arsenal Pagoda)
FORMOSA ISLAND Dependency of FORMOSA [Taiwan]  (Taipeh)
FRENCH AMOY French Settlement of AMOY  (Amoy)
FRENCH CHUNGKING French Marine Establishment in CHUNGKING  (Wangchiato)
FRENCH HANKOW French Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow French Concession)
FRENCH SHAMEEN French Concession of SHAMEEN  (Shameen French Concession)
FRENCH SHANGHAI Municipal Council of the FRENCH CONCESSION OF SHANGHAI  (Shanghai French Concession)
FRENCH TIENTSIN TIENTSIN French Concession  (Tientsin French Concession)
FUKIEN FUKIEN Region [Japanese Sphere of Influence part of Minche Viceroyalty]  (Foochow)
GERMAN HANKOW German Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow German Concession)
GERMAN TIENTSIN TIENTSIN German Concession  (German Tientsin Concession)
HAINAM ISLAND CHIUNG-YA Circuit  (Hoi How)
HONGKONG British Crown Colony of HONGKONG  (City of Victoria)
HORPA STATES Hor States : HORPA STATES  (Dartsedo + Batang)
HSUCHOW HSU-CHOW Circuit  (Hsuchow)
INNER MANCHURIA Protectorate of MANCHURIA [Russian Protectorate and Occupation in Inner Manchuria]  (Aigunov)
ITALIAN TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Italian Concession  (Tientsin Italian Concession)
JAPANESE CHUNGKING Japanese Concession at CHUNGKING  (Chungking Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE FOOCHOW Japanese Concession at FOOCHOW  (Foochow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE HANGCHOW Japanese Concession in HANGCHOW  (Hangchow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE HANKOW Japanese Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE SOOCHOW Japanese Concession at SOOCHOW  (Soochow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Japanese Concession  (Amatsu)
KHAM KHAM Province  (Dartsedo + Batang)
KHANGSAR KHANGSAR State  (Khangsar)
KHINGAN KHINGAN League  (Wangyehmiao)
KIAOCHAU German Leased Territory of KIAO-CHAU  (Tsingtao)
KIUKIANG British Concession at KIUKIANG  (Kiukiang)
KOWLOON WALLED CITY Enclave of KOWLOON WALLED CITY  (Kowloon Walled City)
KULANGSU INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT Municipal Council of the KULANGSU INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Kulangsu)
KWANGCHOWAN Leased Territory of KWANGCHOWAN  (Fort Bayard)
KWANTUNG Province of KWANTUNG  (Dalny)
LIANGKIANG Viceroyalty of LIANGKIANG Province  (Soochow)
LIANGKWANG Viceroyalty of LIANGKWANG Province  (Canton)
LOWER YANGTZE LOWER YANGTZE Zone [British Sphere of Influence]  (Chinkiang)
MACAO Portuguese Overseas Colony of MACAO  (Macao)
MANCHULI MANCHURIA Settlement  (Manchuria)
MATSU ISLANDS MATSU ISLANDS part of Lienkiang County  (Nankan)
MAZUR MAZUR State  (Mazur)
MINCHE Viceroyalty of MIN-CHE : Province of Che-Kiang  (Hangchow)
NANKING INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT NANKING General Foreign Settlement  (Nanking International Settlement)
NGOLOK NGOLOK Tribal Region  (Machin)
PAKHOI Foreign Settlements of PAKHOI  (Pakhoi)
PARACEL ISLANDS PARACEL ISLANDS Group  (Woody Island)
PEKING LEGATIONS PEKING LEGATION Quarter  (Peking Legation Quarter)
PRATAS ISLANDS Atoll of PRATAS ISLANDS  (Tungsha)
QUEMOY ISLANDS QUEMOY ISLANDS Group  (Chinsheng)
RUSSIAN HANKOW Russian Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow Russian Concession)
RUSSIAN TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Russian Concession  (Tientsin Russian Concesion)
SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT International Concession of Shanghai Municipal Council : SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Shanghai International Settlement)
SOUTHERN CHINA French Sphere of Influence in SOUTHERN CHINA  (Yunnan-Fu)
SOUTHERN SHANTUNG SOUTHERN SHANTUNG Zone [German Sphere of Influence]  (Linyi)
TALUNGTAN TALUNGTAN Protectorate  (Chaoyang)
TEHUNG TEHUNG Region  (Kanfang)
TREHOR TREHOR State  (Dartsedo + Batang)
TSINANFU TSINANFU Foreign Settlement  (Tsinan-Fu)
WEIHAIWEI British Leased Territory of WEIHAIWEI  (Port Edward)
WEIHSIEN WEIHSIEN Foreign Settlement  (Weihsien)
WUHU WUHU General Foreign Settlement  (Wuhu)
YANGTZE RIVER YANGTZE RIVER Zone [British Sphere of Influence]  (Hankow + Shanghai)
YUNNAN YUNNAN Province : Viceroyalty of Yunkwei  (Yunnan-Fu)
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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