Coordination of the Movements of Azawad : CMA [Republic of Azawad]

Coordination of the Movements of Azawad : CMA
[Republic of Azawad]

Flag or logo since 2014-06-14*
Coordination des Mouvement de l´Azawad : CMA (fr) + Al-Harakat al-Arabiat al-´Azwadia : HAA – الحركة العربية الأزوادية (ar) + AZAWD : ⴰⵣⴰⵓⴷ (taq) RebellionDe facto Independent
Emblem or Symbol*

Alghabass ag Intalla
(ruler of AZAWAD since 2016-12-16)
Capitals & administrative places*: Kidal
Official & national languages: Arabic (ar) . French (fr) . Tamasheq (taq) .


AZAWAD AZAWAD Movements Coordination  (Kidal)

3 Federated Divisions:

ARAB AZAWAD Arab Movement of AZAWAD  (Telemsi + Tinafareg)Local: Mouvement Arabe de l´Azawad : MAA (fr) + Al-Harakat al-Arabiat al-´Azwadia : HAA – الحركة العربية الأزوادية (ar)  (Telemsi + Tinafareg)
FREE AZAWAD National Movement for the Liberation of AZAWAD  (Kidal)Local: AZAWĀD : الحركة الوطنية لتحرير أزواد (ar) + Tankra n Tumast ḍ Aslalu n AZAWD : ⵜⴰⵏⴾⵔⴰ ⵏ ⵜⵓⵎⴰⵙⵜ ⴹ ⴰⵙⵏⵏⴰⵏⵏⵓ ⵏ ⴰⵣⴰⵓⴷ (taq) + Mouvement National pour la Libération de l´AZAWAD (fr)  (Kidal)
IFOGHAS High Council for the Unity of Azawad in North Kidal Zone : Touaregs of IFOGHAS  (Kidal-North)Local: Haut Conseil pour l´Unité de l´Azawad : HCUA (fr) + ADRAR N IFOGHAS : ⴰⴷⵔⴰⵔ ⵏ ⵉⴼⵓⵖⴰⵙ (tmh) + ADRAR N IFORAS : أدرار إيفوغاس (ar)  (Kidal-Nord)

2 Condominiums:

KIDAL KIDAL Region Interim Authorities  (Kidal)Local: Autorités intérimaires de la Région de KIDAL (fr) + KIDAL : ⴾⴸⵍ (tmh) + As-Sulutat al-Muaqatat fi Mintaqat KIDAL : السلطات المؤقتة في منطقة كيدال (ar)  (Kidal)
TAOUDENNI TAOUDENIT Zone [Aqim and the Arab Movement of Azawad Control]  ((Taoudenit))Local: Zone de TAOUDENNI (fr) + TAUDENI : تودني (ar) + TAWDENNI (tmh)  ((Taoudenni))

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2023's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

ISLAMIC WEST AFRICA Group to Support Islam and Muslims : GSIM [Al-Qaeda in West Africa]  (Tinzawaten)
MALI Republic of MALI [Transition Government – United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission-MINUSMA]  (Bamako)

Other Territories or Entities within the 2023's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

BELLAH Malian Association for the Preservation of BELLAH Culture  (Niono)
FREE MACINA MACINA Liberation Movement  ((Konna))
GAO GAO Region  (Gao)
GREAT SAHARA Islamic State in the Great Sahara : ISGS  (Transaharan Zone)
ISLAMIC SAHARA SAHARA Islamic Emirate  (Taoudenit gz)
KAYES KAYES Region  (Kayes)
KIDAL KIDAL Region Interim Authorities  (Kidal)
KULIKORO KULIKORO Region  (Kulikoro)
MENAKA MENAKA Region [Transitional Council]  (Menaka)
MOPTI MOPTI Region  (Mopti)
SEGU SEGU Region  (Segu)
SIKASSO SIKASSO Region  (Sikasso)
TAOUDENNI TAOUDENIT Zone [Aqim and the Arab Movement of Azawad Control]  ((Taoudenit))
TIMBUKTU TIMBUKTU Region  (Timbuktu)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.


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