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1988-DEC-20

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League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies : LORCS

Flag or logo since 1929-07-27*
Ligue des Sociétés de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge : LSCR (fr) Organisation
Emblem or Symbol*

President Mario Enrique Villarroel Lander (ve)
(since 1987-09-06)
 
 
 
 
Capitals & administrative places*: Geneva
(Genève)
Official & national languages: French (fr) .

Organisation:


LEAGUE OF RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies : LORCS  (Geneva)






145 Members (excluding the associate or suspended members but including the countries represented on their behalf)   [The rulers are not necessarily the representatives in the organisation. ] :

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES (Abu Dhabi ar + Al Karama f) President Sheikh Zayed II bin Sultan Al Nahyan
AFGHANISTAN (Kabul) President Mohammad Najibullah
ALBANIA (Tirana) Ramiz Alia
ANGOLA (Luanda) President Jose Eduardo dos Santos
ARGENTINE (Buenos Aires a + Olivos r) President Raul Alfonsin
AUSTRIA (Vienna) President Kurt Waldheim
AUSTRALIA (Canberra) Sir Ninian Stephen
BARBADOS (Bridgetown) Queen Elizabeth II
BANGLADESH (Dhaka) President Hossain Mohammad Ershad
BELGIUM (Brussels) King Baudoin I
BURKINA FASO (Ouagadougou) President Blaise Compaore
BULGARIA (Sofia) Todor Zhivkov
BAHRAIN (Manamah) Emir Sheikh Isa II bin Salman Al Khalifah
BURUNDI (Bujumbura) President Pierre Buyoya
BOLIVIA (Sucre cj + La Paz eir) President Victor Paz Estenssoro
BRAZIL (Brasilia) President Jose Sarney
BAHAMAS (Nassau) Queen Elizabeth II
BOTSWANA (Gaborone) President Quett Masire
BYELORUSSIA (Minsk) Yefrem Sokolov
BELIZE (Belmopan) Queen Elizabeth II
CANADA (Ottawa) Queen Elizabeth II
ZAIRE (Kinshasa) President Mobutu Sese Seko
CENTRAL-AFRICA (Bangui) President Andre-Dieudonne Kolingba
CONGO (Brazzaville a + Pointe Noire n) President Denis Sassou-Nguesso
SWITZERLAND (Berne q + Lausanne j) President Otto Stich
COTE D´IVOIRE (Yamoussoukro a + Abidjan dln) President Felix Houphouet-Boigny
CHILE (Santiago of Chile a + Valparaiso l + Vina del Mar s) Augusto Pinochet
CAMEROON (Yaounde) President Paul Biya
CHINA (Beijing) Deng Xiaoping the Little Helmsman
COLOMBIA (Bogota) President Virgilio Barco Vargas
COSTA RICA (San Jose) President Oscar Arias Sanchez
CZECHOSLOVAKIA (Prague a) Milous Jakes
CUBA (Havana) Supreme Leader Fidel Castro
CAPE VERDE (Praia) President Aristides Pereira
EAST GERMANY (East Berlin) Erich Honecker
WEST GERMANY (Bonn ar + Carlsruhe d) Bundespresident Richard von Weizsaecker
JIBUTI (Jibuti) President Hassan Gouled Aptidon
DENMARK (Copenhagen) Queen Margaret II
DOMINICAN (Santo Domingo de Guzman) President Joaquin Balaguer
ALGERIA (Algiers a + El Biar d + El Mouradia r) President Chadli Bendjedid
ECUADOR (San Francisco of Quito) President Rodrigo Borja Cevallos
EGYPT (Cairo a + Alexandria r) President Hosni Mubarak
SPAIN (Madrid) King Juan Carlos I
ETHIOPIA (Addis Ababa) President Mengistu Haile Mariam
FINLAND (Helsinki a + Kultaranta s) President Mauno Koivisto
FIJI (Suva) President Ratu Sir Penaia Ganilau
FRANCE (Paris) President Francois Mitterrand
GRENADA (Saint George´s) Queen Elizabeth II
GHANA (Accra) Jerry Rawlings
GAMBIA (Banjul) President Sir Dawda Jawara
GUINEA (Conakry) President Lansana Conte
GREECE (Athens a) President Christos Sartzetakis
GUATEMALA (Guatemala City) President Marco Vinicio Cerezo Arevalo
GUINEA-BISSAU (Bissau) President Joao Bernardo Vieira
GUYANA (Georgetown) President Desmond Hoyte
HONDURAS (Tegucigalpa a + Comayaguela c) President Jose Azcona del Hoyo
HAITI (Port Au Prince) President Prosper Avril
HUNGARY (Budapest) Karoly Grosz
INDONESIA (Jakarta a + Bogor r + Chipanas r + Yogyakarta r + Tampaksiring r) President Suharto
IRELAND (Dublin) President Patrick John Hillery
INDIA (New Delhi a + Simla s + Bolarum w) President Ramaswamy Venkataraman
IRAQ (Baghdad) President Saddam Hussein al-Tikriti
IRAN (Tehran) Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
ICELAND (Reykjavik a + Alftanes r) President Vigdis Finnbogadottir
ITALY (Rome) President Francesco Cossiga
JAMAICA (Kingston) Queen Elizabeth II
JORDAN (Amman) King Hussein I
JAPAN (Tokyo) Emperor Hirohito
KENYA (Nairobi) President Daniel Arap Moi
NORTH KOREA (Pyongyang a) Kim Il-Sung
SOUTH KOREA (Seoul a) President Roh Tae-Woo
KUWAIT (Kuwait City) Emir Sheikh Jabir III Al Ahmad Al Jabir Al Sabah
LAOS (Vientiane) Kaysone Phomvihane
LEBANON (Beirut-East) Selim Ahmed Al-Hoss
SAINT LUCIA (Castries) Queen Elizabeth II
LIECHTENSTEIN (Vaduz) Prince Franz Joseph II
SRI LANKA (Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte al + Colombo ejnr + Kandy r) President Junius Richard Jayawardene
LIBERIA (Monrovia) President Samuel Doe
LESOTHO (Maseru) King Moshoeshoe II
LUXEMBOURG (Luxembourg City) Grand Duke Jean
LIBYA (Tripoli a) Guide Muammar Gaddafi
MOROCCO (Rabat a) King Hassan II
MONACO (Monaco q) Prince Rainier III
MADAGASCAR (Tananarive) President Didier Ratsiraka
MALI (Bamako) President Moussa Traore
BURMA (Rangoon) Saw Maung
MONGOLIA (Ulan-Bator) Jambyn Batmonkh
MAURITANIA (Nouakchott) Colonel Maaouya Ould Sid´Ahmed Taya
MAURITIUS (Port Louis a + Reduit in Moka r) Queen Elizabeth II
MALAWI (Lilongwe a + Zomba b) President Hastings Banda
MEXICO (Mexico City) President Carlos Salinas de Gortari
MALAYSIA (Kuala Lumpur) Sultan Mahmud Iskandar
NIGER (Niamey) Ali Saibou
NIGERIA (Lagos a + Abuja f) President Ibrahim Babangida
NICARAGUA (Managua) President Daniel Ortega
NETHERLANDS (Amsterdam a + The Hague jlr + Wassenaar r) Queen Beatrix
NORWAY (Oslo) King Olav V
NEPAL (Kathmandu) Maharajah Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev
NEW ZEALAND (Wellington) Queen Elizabeth II
PANAMA (Panama City) General Manuel Noriega
PERU (Lima a + Arequipa d) President Alan Garcia
PAPUA NEW GUINEA (Port Moresby) Queen Elizabeth II
PHILIPPINES (Manila acr + Quezon City b + Pasay City b) President Cory Aquino
PAKISTAN (Islamabad) President Ghulam Ishaq Khan
POLAND (Warsaw) Wojciech Jaruzelski
PORTUGAL (Lisbon) President Mario Soares
PARAGUAY (Assumption) President Alfredo Stroessner
QATAR (Doha) Emir Sheikh Khalifah bin Hamad Al Thani
ROMANIA (Bucharest) Nicolae Ceausescu
RWANDA (Kigali) President Juvenal Habyarimana
SAUDI ARABIA (Riyadh) King Fahd
SUDAN (Khartoum) Ahmad Al-Mirghani
SWEDEN (Stockholm) King Charles XVI Gustav
SINGAPORE (Singapore) President Wee Kim Wee
SIERRA LEONE (Freetown) President Joseph Saidu Momoh
SAN MARINO (San Marino) Captains-Regent
SENEGAL (Dakar) President Abdou Diouf
SOMALIA (Mogadishu) President Muhammad Siad Barre
SURINAME (Paramaribo) President Ramsewak Shankar
SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE (Sao Tome) President Manuel Pinto da Costa
SOVIET UNION (Moscow) Mikhail Gorbachev
EL SALVADOR (San Salvador) President Jose Napoleon Duarte
SYRIA (Damascus) President Hafez Al-Assad
SWAZILAND (Mbabane aj + Lobamba lr) King Mswati III
TOGO (Lome) President Gnassingbe Eyadema
THAILAND (Bangkok) King Rama IX Bhumibol Adulyadej
TUNISIA (Tunis) President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
TONGA (Nukualofa) King Taufa´ahau Tupou IV
TURKEY (Ankara a) President Kenan Evren
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO (Port-of-Spain) President Noor Hassanali
TANZANIA (Dar Es Salaam a + Dodoma f) President Ali Hassan Mwinyi
UGANDA (Kampala a + Entebbe r) President Yoweri Museveni
UNITED KINGDOM (London a + Westminster lr + Edinburgh s + Windsor r) Queen Elizabeth II
AMERICA (Washington-District of Columbia) President Ronald Reagan
URUGUAY (Montevideo) President Julio Maria Sanguinetti Coirolo
VENEZUELA (Caracas) President Jaime Lusinchi
VIETNAM (Hanoi) Nguyen Van Linh
WESTERN SAMOA (Apia) Malietoa Tanumafili II
KAMPUCHEA-IN-EXILE (Beijing) President Norodom Sihanouk
SOUTH YEMEN (Aden) Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas
NORTH YEMEN (Sanaa) President Ali Abdullah Saleh
YUGOSLAVIA (Belgrade) President Stipe Shuvar
SOUTH AFRICA (Pretoria ae + Cape Town l + Bloemfontein j) State President Pieter Willem Botha
ZAMBIA (Lusaka) President Kenneth Kaunda
ZIMBABWE (Harare) President Robert Mugabe



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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