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2022-JUN-22

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(New York City)

Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : OUTER SPACE Treaty

Flag or logo since 2020-02-27*
Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : OUTER SPACE Treaty (en) + Tratado sobre los principios que deben regir las actividades de los Estados en la exploración y utilización del espacio ultraterrestre incluso la Luna y otros cuerpos celestes : TRATADO SOBRE EL ESPACIO ULTRATERRESTRE (es) + Traité sur les principes régissant les activités des États en matière d´exploration et d´utilisation de l´espace extra-atmosphérique y compris la Lune et les autres corps célestes : TRAITÉ DE L´ESPACE (fr) + Dogovor o printsipakh deyatel´nosti gosudarstv po issledovaniyu i ispol´zovaniyu kosmicheskogo prostranstva vklyuchaya Lunu i drugiye nebesnyye tela : DOGOVOR O KOSMOSE - Договор о принципах деятельности государств по исследованию и использованию космического пространства включая Луну и другие небесные тела : ДОГОВОР О КОСМОСЕ (ru) + Guānyú gèguó tànsuǒ hé lìyòng bāokuò yuèqiú hé qítā tiāntǐ de wàicéng kōngjiān huódòng suǒ yīng zūnshǒu yuánzé de tiáoyuē : WÀI KŌNG TIÁOYUĒ - 关于各国探索和利用包括月球和其他天体的外层空间活动所应遵守原则的条约 : 外空条约 (zh) Organisation
Emblem or Symbol*

Director Simonetta Di Pippo (it)
(since 2014-03-01)
 
 
 
 
Capitals & administrative places*: Vienna
(Wien)
Official & national languages: English (en) . Spanish (es) . French (fr) . Russian (ru) . Chinese (zh) .






131 Members (excluding the associate or suspended members but including the countries represented on their behalf)   [The rulers are not necessarily the representatives in the organisation. ] :

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES (Abu Dhabi ar) President Sheikh Muhammad ibn Zayed Al Nahyan
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA (Saint John´s q) Queen Elizabeth II
ALBANIA (Tirana) President Ilir Meta
ARGENTINE (Buenos Aires a + Olivos r) President Alberto Fernandez
AUSTRIA (Vienna) President Alexander Van der Bellen
AUSTRALIA (Canberra) David Hurley
AZERBAIJAN (Baku) President Iham Aliyev
BARBADOS (Bridgetown) President Dame Sandra Mason
BANGLADESH (Dhaka) President Abdul Hamid
BELGIUM (Brussels) King Philippe
BURKINA FASO (Ouagadougou) Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba
BULGARIA (Sofia) President Rumen Radev
BURUNDI (Gitega a + Bujumbura dnq) President Evariste Ndayishimiye
BENIN (Porto Novo a + Cotonou lnq) President Patrice Talon
BOLIVIA (Sucre cj + La Paz eir) President Luis Arce
BRAZIL (Brasilia) President Jair Bolsonaro
BAHAMAS (Nassau) Queen Elizabeth II
BOTSWANA (Gaborone) President Mokgweetsi Masisi
BELARUS (Minsk) President Alexander Lukashenko
CANADA (Ottawa) Queen Elizabeth II
CONGO-KINSHASA (Kinshasa) President Felix Tshisekedi
CENTRAL-AFRICA (Bangui) President Faustin-Archange Touadera
SWITZERLAND (Berne q + Lausanne j) President Ignazio Cassis
CHILE (Santiago of Chile a + Valparaiso l + Vina del Mar s) President Gabriel Boric
CAMEROON (Yaounde) President Paul Biya
CHINA (Beijing) Xi Jinping
COLOMBIA (Bogota) President Ivan Duque Marquez
CUBA (Havana) Miguel Diaz-Canel
CYPRUS (Nicosia) President Nicos Anastasiades
CZECHIA (Prague elr + Brno dj + Lany r) President Milos Zeman
GERMANY (Berlin ar + Bonn lr + Carlsruhe d) Bundespresident Frank-Walter Steinmeier
DENMARK (Copenhagen) Queen Margaret II
DOMINICAN (Santo Domingo de Guzman) President Luis Abinader
ALGERIA (Algiers a + El Biar d + El Mouradia r) President Abdelmadjid Tebboune
ECUADOR (San Francisco of Quito) President Guillermo Lasso
ESTONIA (Tallinn a + Tartu b) President Alar Karis
EGYPT (Cairo a + Alexandria r + Almasa New Capital City f) President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
SPAIN (Madrid) King Philip VI
ETHIOPIA (Addis Ababa) President Sahle-Work Zewde
FINLAND (Helsinki a + Kultaranta r) President Sauli Niinisto
FIJI (Suva) President Wiliame Katonivere
FRANCE (Paris) President Emmanuel Macron
GAMBIA (Banjul) President Adama Barrow
EQUATORIAL GUINEA (City of Peace fl + Malabo a) President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
GREECE (Athens a) President Ekaterini Sakellaropoulou
GUINEA-BISSAU (Bissau) President Umaro Sissoco Embalo
GUYANA (Georgetown) President Mohamed Irfaan Ali
HONDURAS (Tegucigalpa a + Comayaguela c) President Xiomara Castro
HAITI (Port Au Prince) Ariel Henry
HUNGARY (Budapest) President Katalin Novak
INDONESIA (Jakarta a + Nusantara f + Bogor r + Chipanas r + Yogyakarta r + Tampaksiring r) President Joko Widodo
IRELAND (Dublin) President Michael Daniel Higgins
ISRAEL (Jerusalem aru + Tel Aviv-Jaffa i) President Isaac Herzog
INDIA (New Delhi a + Simla s + Bolarum w) President Ram Nath Kovind
IRAQ (Baghdad) President Barham Salih
IRAN (Tehran) Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei
ICELAND (Reykjavik a + Alftanes r) President Gudhni Thorlacius Johannesson
ITALY (Rome) President Sergio Mattarella
JAMAICA (Kingston) Queen Elizabeth II
JORDAN (Amman) King Abdullah II
JAPAN (Tokyo) Emperor Naruhito
KENYA (Nairobi) President Uhuru Kenyatta
NORTH KOREA (Pyongyang a) Kim Jong-Un
SOUTH KOREA (Seoul adknr + Sejong b) President Yoon Suk-Yeol
KUWAIT (Kuwait City) Emir Sheikh Nawaf Al Ahmad Al Jabir Al Sabah
KAZAKHSTAN (Nur-Sultan) President Kasym-Zhomart Tokayev
LAOS (Vientiane) Thongloun Sisoulith
LEBANON (Beirut a + Hadeth d) President Michel Aoun
SRI LANKA (Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte al + Colombo ejn + Kandy r) President Gotabaya Rajapaksa
LESOTHO (Maseru) King Letsie III
LITHUANIA (Vilnius) President Gitanas Nauseda
LUXEMBOURG (Luxembourg City) Grand Duke Henri
LIBYA (Tripoli) Muhammad Younus Al-Menfi
MOROCCO (Rabat) King Muhammad VI
MONTENEGRO (Podgoritsa a + Cetinje hr) President Milo Djukanovich
MADAGASCAR (Tananarive) President Andry Rajoelina
MALI (Bamako) Assimi Goita
MYANMAR (Naypyidaw a + Rangoon b) General Min Aung Hlaing
MONGOLIA (Ulan-Bator) President Ukhnaagiin Khurelsukh
MAURITIUS (Port Louis a + Reduit in Moka r) President Prithvirajsing Pradeep Roopun
MEXICO (Mexico City) President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador
MALAYSIA (Putrajaya aj + Kuala Lumpur ejlry) Sultan Abdullah Shah
NIGER (Niamey) President Mohamed Bazoum
NIGERIA (Abuja) President Muhammadu Buhari
NICARAGUA (Managua) President Daniel Ortega
NETHERLANDS (Amsterdam a + The Hague jlr + Wassenaar r) King Willem-Alexander
NORWAY (Oslo) King Harald V
NEPAL (Kathmandu) President Bidhya Devi Bhandari
NEW ZEALAND (Wellington) Queen Elizabeth II
PANAMA (Panama City) President Laurentino Cortizo Cohen
PERU (Lima a + Arequipa d + Cusco h) President Pedro Castillo
PAPUA NEW GUINEA (Port Moresby) Queen Elizabeth II
PHILIPPINES (Manila acr + Quezon City b + Pasay City b) President Rodrigo Duterte
PAKISTAN (Islamabad) President Arif Alvi
POLAND (Warsaw) President Andrzej Duda
PORTUGAL (Lisbon) President Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
PARAGUAY (Assumption) President Mario Abdo Benitez
QATAR (Doha) Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani
ROMANIA (Bucharest) President Klaus Iohannis
SERBIA (Belgrade) President Alexandar Vuchich
RUSSIA (Moscow a + Saint Petersburg d) President Vladimir Putin
RWANDA (Kigali) President Paul Kagame
SAUDI ARABIA (Riyadh) King Salman
SEYCHELLES (Port Victoria) President Wavel Ramkalawan
SWEDEN (Stockholm) King Charles XVI Gustav
SINGAPORE (Singapore) President Halimah Yacob
SLOVAKIA (Bratislava a + Kosice d) President Zuzana Caputova
SIERRA LEONE (Freetown) President Julius Maada Wonie Bio
SAN MARINO (San Marino) Captains-Regent
SOMALIA (Mogadishu-Hamar Weyne) President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud
EL SALVADOR (San Salvador) President Nayib Bukele
SYRIA (Damascus) President Bashar Al-Assad
TOGO (Lome) President Faure Gnassingbe
THAILAND (Bangkok) King Rama X Vajiralongkorn
TUNISIA (Tunis a + Bardois df) President Kais Saied
TONGA (Nukualofa) King Ahoeitu Tupou VI
TURKIYE (Ankara) President Recep Tayyip Erdogan
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO (Port-of-Spain) President Paula-Mae Weeke
CHINA-TAIPEI (Taipei a) President Tsai Ing-Wen
UKRAINE (Kiev) President Volodymyr Zelensky
UGANDA (Kampala a + Entebbe r) President Yoweri Museveni
UNITED KINGDOM (London a + Westminster lr) Queen Elizabeth II
AMERICA (Washington-District of Columbia) President Joe Biden
URUGUAY (Montevideo) President Luis Alberto Lacalle Pou
HOLY SEE (Vatican City) Pope Francis I
SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES (Kingstown) Queen Elizabeth II
VENEZUELA (Caracas) President Nicolas Maduro
VIETNAM (Hanoi) Nguyen Phu Trong
YEMEN (Riyadh x) Rashad al-Alimi
SOUTH AFRICA (Pretoria ae + Cape Town l + Bloemfontein j + Johannesburg d) President Cyril Ramaphosa
ZAMBIA (Lusaka) President Hakainde Hichilema



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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