(Sokoto) - (Yola) -

Fulbe State of the Lamidate of ADAMAWA Vassal of Sokoto

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01*
Baban-Lamido ADAMAWA : اميدو أداماوا (fub) De facto Semi-Independent
Emblem or Symbol*

Sultan Abd ar-Rahman dan Abi Bakar
(ruler of SOKOTO since 1900-01-01)

Lamido Zubeiru bi Adama
(ruler of ADAMAWA since 1900-01-01)
Capitals & administrative places*: Yola
Official & national languages: Adamawa Fulbe (fub) .


ADAMAWA Fulbe State of the Lamidate of ADAMAWA  (Yola)

3 Federated Divisions:

GARUA Fulbe Lamidate of GARUA  (Garua)Local: Lamido GARUA : لاميدو غاروا (fub)  (Garua)
NGAUNDERE NGAUNDERE Lamidate  (Ngaundere)Local: Lamido N´GAUNDERE (fub)  (Ngaundere)
YOLA Emirate of YOLA  (Yola)Local: Lamido YOLA : لمده يولاه (fub)  (Yola)

4 Territories:

BIBEMI BIBEMI Sultanate  (Bibemi)Local: Sultanat BIBEMI  (Bibemi)
MARUA MARUA Sultanate  (Marua)Local: Sultanat MARUA : سلطنة مروة (fub)  (Marua)
MUBI Fulbe State of MUBI  (Mubi)Local: Emirat MUBI : إميرات موبي (ff) + Emirat MUBI : إميرات موبي (ar)  (Mubi)
TIBATI Vute Lamidate of TIBATI  (Tibati)Local: Lamido TIBATI (fub) + Lamido TIBATI (vut)  (Tibati)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2023's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

ARO ARO Confederacy  (Arochukwu)
BAUCHI Fulbe State of BAUCHI Lamidate [Bauchi Emirate under Sokoto Suzerainty]  (Bauchi)
BAURE Hausa State of the Daura Sultanate of BAURE  (Baure)
DAURA Hausa State of the Daura Emirate of DAURA  (Daura)
GANDO Fulbe State of GANDO Emirate  (Birnin Kebbi)
HADEJIA Fulbe Hausa State of HADEJIA Emirate  (Hadeja)
IGALA Igala Kingdom of IDAH State  (Idda)
KEBBI Emirate of KEBBI : Argungu State  (Argungu)
MURI Fulbe State of MURI Emirate [French Zone of Influence]  (Hamarua)
NUPE Nupe State of BIDA Emirate  (Bida)
SOKOTO Fulani Empire of the SOKOTO Caliphate  (Sokoto)
ZANGO Hausa State of the Daura Emirate of ZANGO  (Zango)

Other Territories or Entities within the 2023's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

ABEOKUTA City-State of ABEOKUTA  (Abeokuta)
ABUJA State of ABUJA Emirate  (Abuja)
AGAIE Emirate of AGAIE  (Agaie)
AGBON Ika Igbo Kingdom of AGBON  (Ominije)
ARO-OKIGBO Igbo Kingdom of ARO-OKIGBO  (Arochukwu)
BEDDE BEDDE State  (Gashua)
BONNY Regency of BONNY  (Bonny)
BORNU Kingdom of BORNU  (Dikwa)
BRITISH NIGERIA Protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria : BRITISH NIGERIAN Colonies  (Duke Town a + Lagos a + Lokoja a)
BUSSA Borgu Emirate of BUSSA  (Bussa)
DUTSE Fulbe State of DUTSE Emirate  (Dutse)
EBIRALAND Igbirra State : EBIRALAND  (Okene)
EGBALAND EGBA United Government [British Protectorate]  (Abeokuta)
FIKA FIKA State  (Fika)
GOMBE Fulbe State of GOMBE Emirate  (Gombe)
GUMMEL Hausa State of the Emirate of GUMMEL  (Gummel)
IDOANI Yoruba State of IDOANI  (Idoani)
IFE Yoruba Kingdom of IFE  (Ile-Ife)
IJEBU Yoruba State of IJEBU Kingdom  (Ijebu Ode)
IJEBU-REMO Ijebu Yoruba Vassal State of IJEBU-REMO  (Remo)
IJESHA Yoruba Kingdom of IJESHA  (Iyemogun)
ILORIN Fulani Emirate of ILORIN  (Ilorin)
ITSEKIRI Yoruba Regency of ITSEKIRI  (Warri)
IWO Yoruba Kingdom of IWO  (Iwo)
JAMAARE Fulbe State of JAMAARE Emirate  (Jamaare)
JEMAAN DARORO Fulbe State of JEMAAN DARORO Emirate  (Kafanchan)
JOS Chiefdom of JOS  (Jos)
KAIAMA Borgu State of KAIAMA  (Kaiama)
KALABARI Atakpa Kingdom : KALABARI City-State : Efik Eburutu  (Kalabar)
KANO Fulbe Hausa State of KANO Emirate  (Kano)
KATAGUM Fulbe State of KATAGUM Emirate  (Katagum)
KATSINA Fulbe Hausa State of KATSINA Emirate  (Katsina)
KAZAURE Fulbe State of KAZAURE Emirate  (Kazaure)
KEFFI Fulbe State of KEFFI Emirate  (Keffi)
KONTAGORA Fulbe State of KONTAGORA Emirate  (Kontagora)
KOTON KARIFI Ebira State of KOTON KARIFI  (Koton Karifi)
KWOTTO Emirate of Nasarawa : State of KWOTTO  (Anassarawa)
LAFIAGI Emirate of LAFIAGI  (Lafiagi)
LAGOS LAGOS Colony and Protectorate  (Lagos)
LAGOS HINTERLAND LAGOS Protectorate  (Lagos)
LAPAI Emirate of LAPAI  (Lapai)
MISAU Bornuan State of MISAU Emirate  (Misau)
NINGI Authority of NINGI State  (Ningi)
NNEWI Igbo State of NNEWI  (Nnewi)
NORTHERN NIGERIA British Protectorate of NORTHERN NIGERIA  (Lokoja)
OBIOKO OBIOKO Kingdom of Creek Town : Esit Edik  (Creek Town)
OGONI OGONI Kingdoms  (Bori)
OKE-ONA Egba State of OKE-ONA  (Oke-Ona)
OKPE Chiefdom of OKPE  (Okpe)
OKRIKA Regency of OKRIKA  (Okrika)
ONITSHA Igbo State of ONITSHA  (Onitsha)
OPOBO Kingdom of OPOBO  (Opobo Town)
OSHOGBO Yoruba Kingdom of OSHOGBO  (Oshogbo)
OWO Yoruba State of OWO  (Owo)
OYO Yoruba Empire of OYO  (Oyo-Ile)
PATEGI PATEGI State  (Pategi)
SABON BIRNI Hausa Gober State of SABON BIRNI  (Sabon Birni)
SOKKOTO Fulani Empire of the Sultanate of SOKOTO  (Sokoto)
SOUTHERN NIGERIA British Protectorate of SOUTHERN NIGERIA  (Duke Town)
UGHELLI Kingdom of UGHELLI  (Ughelli)
UMUNEDE Ika Igbo Kingdom of UMUNEDE  (Umunede)
VIYU VIYU State  (Biu)
WASE WASE State  (Wase)
WUKARI Jukun State of WUKARI  (Wukari)
YAURI Fulani Emirate of YAURI Tributary State of Gando  (Yelwa)
YORUBALAND OYO Empire [British Protectorate of Oyo in Yorubaland]  (Oyo-Ile)
ZANFARA ZANFARA Emirate  (Zurmi)
ZARIA Fulbe Hausa State of ZARIA : Emirate of Zazzau  (Zaria)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.


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UPDATED ON: ~ 2023-JUN-05 ~ .