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1991-OCT-16

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United Nations Organization : UNO

Flag or logo since 1946-12-07
United Nations Organization : UNO (en) + Organisation des Nations-Unies : ONU (fr) + Organización de las Naciones Unidas : ONU (es) + Organizatsiya Obedinnenyh Naziy : OON - Организация Объединённых Наций : OOH (ru) + Lian He-Guo Zuzhi : LHZ - 联合国 组织 (zh) + Al-Manazemeh al-Umam al-Mutahidha : MUM - منظمة الأمم المتحدة لل (ar) Organisation
Emblem or Symbol

SG Javier Perez de Cuellar (pe)
(since 1982-01-01)
Capital:New York City - (New York City)
Official languages: Arabic (ar) . English (en) . Spanish (es) . French (fr) . Russian (ru) . Chinese (zh) .

Organization:


UNITED NATIONS UNITED NATIONS Organization  (New York City)

13 Organs or similar:

ECOSOC United Nations Economic and Social Council : ECOSOC  (New York City + Geneva)Local: United Nations Economic and Social Council : ECOSOC (en) + Conseil Économique et Social des Nations-Unies : CÉSNU (fr) + Consejo Económico y Social de las Naciones Unidas : CESNU (es) + Ekonomicheskiy i Sotsial''nyy Sovet Organizatsii Ob''yedinonnykh Natsiy : ESSOON - Экономический и Социальный Совет Организации Объединённых Наций : ЭССООН (ru) + Liánhéguó Jīngjì jí Shèhuì Lǐshì Huì : LJSLH - 联合国经济及社会理事会 (zh) + Al-Majlis al-Aiqtisadi wal-Aijtimaei lil''Umam al-Muttahida : MAAUM - المجلس الاقتصادي والاجتماعي للأمم المتحدة (ar)  (New York City + Genève)
INCB Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs : International Narcotics Control Board : INCB  (New York City)Local: International Narcotics Control Board : INCB (en) + Organe International de Contrôle des Stupéfiants : OICS (fr) + Junta Internacional de Fiscalización de Estupefacientes : JIFE (es)  (New York City)
SOUTH SOUTH Commission  (Caracas)Local: SOUTH Commission (en) + Comisión del SUR (es) + Commission SUD (fr)  (Santiago de León de Caracas)
UNCLOS United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea : UNCLOS  (Montego Bay)Local: United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea : UNCLOS (en) + Convención de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Derecho del Mar : CONVEMAR (es) + Convention des Nations-Unies sur le Droit de la Mer : CNUDM (fr)   (Montego Bay)
UNDC United Nations Conference on Disarmament : UNDC  (New York City)Local: United Nations Conference on Disarmament : UNDC (en) + Conférence des Nations-Unies sur le Désarmement : CDNU (fr)  (New York City)
UNFPA United Nations Population Fund : UNFPA  (New York City)Local: United Nations Population Fund : UNFPA (en) + Fonds des Nations-Unies pour la Population : FNUAP (fr) + Fondo de Población de las Naciones Unidas : FPNU (es)  (New York City)
UNGA United Nations General Assembly : UNGA  (New York City)Local: United Nations General Assembly : UNGA (en) + Assemblée Générale des Nations-Unies : AGNU (fr) + Asamblea General de las Naciones Unidas : AGNU (es) + General''naya Assambleya Organizatsii Ob''yedinonnykh Natsiy : GAOON - Генеральная Ассамблея Организации Объединённых Наций : ГAOOH (ru) + Liánhéguó Dàhuì : LD - 联合国大会 (zh) + Al-Jameiat al-Eammat lil''Umam al-Muttahida : JEUM - الجمعية العامة للأمم المتحدة (ar)  (New York City)
UNNY United Nations Headquarters in New York City : UNNY  (New York City)Local: United Nations Headquarters in New York City : UNNY (en) + Siège des Nations-Unies à New York : UNNY (fr) + Sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York : UNNY (es) + Tsentral''nyye Uchrezhdeniya Organizatsii Ob''yedinennykh Natsiy : TSUOON - Центральные Учреждения Организации Объединенных Наций : ЦУOOH (ru) + Liánhéguó Zǒngbù Dàlóu : 联合国总部大楼 (zh) + Maqarr al-''Umam al-Muttahida : مقر الأمم المتحدة (ar)  (New York City)
UNOG United Nations Office at Geneva : UNOG  (Geneva)Local: Office des Nations-Unies à Genève : ONUG (fr) + United Nations Office at Geneva : UNOG (en)  (Genève)
UNON United Nations Office at Nairobi : UNON  (Nairobi)Local: United Nations Office at Nairobi : UNON (en)  (Nairobi)
UNOV United Nations Office at Vienna : UNOV  (Vienna)Local: United Nations Office at Vienna : UNOV (en) + Office des Nations-Unies à Vienne : ONUV (fr) + Oficina de las Naciones Unidas en Viena : ONUV (es) + Upravleniye Organizatsii Ob''yedinennykh Natsiy v Vene : OONV - Управление Организации Объединенных Наций в Вене : УOOH (ru) + Liánhéguó Wéiyěnà Bànshì Chù : LWBC - 联合国维也纳办事处 (zh)  (Wien)
UNS United Nations Secretariat : UNS  (New York City)Local: United Nations Secretariat : UNS (en) + Secrétariat général des Nations-Unies : SGNU (fr) + Secretaría General de Naciones Unidas : SGNU (es) + Sekretariat Organizatsii Ob''yedinonnykh Natsiy : SOON - Секретариат Организации Объединённых Наций : COOH (ru) + Liánhéguó Mìshū Chù : LMC - 联合国秘书处 (zh) + Al-''Amanat al-Eammat li-Hayyat al-''Umam al-Muttahida : AEHUM - الأمانة العامة لهيئة الأمم المتحدة (ar)  (New York City)
UNSC United Nations Security Council : UNSC  (New York City)Local: United Nations Security Council : UNSC (en) + Consejo de Seguridad de las Naciones Unidas : CSNU (es) + Conseil de Sécurité des Nations-Unies : CSNU (fr) + Sovet Bezopasnosti Organizatsii Ob''yedinonnykh Natsiy : SOON - Совет Безопасности Организации Объединённых Наций : СБOO (ru) + Liánhéguó Anquán Lǐshì Huì : LATH - 联合国安全理事会 (zh) + UNSC : مجلس أمن الأمم المتحدة (ar)  (New York City)



8 Assisted Entities

ANGOLA People''s Republic of ANGOLA [United Nations Angola Verification Mission-UNAVEM I]  (Luanda) President Jose Eduardo dos Santos
CAMBODIA State of CAMBODIA [United Nations Advance Mission in Cambodia-UNAMIC]  (Phnom Penh) Heng Samrin
EL SALVADOR Republic of EL SALVADOR [United Nations Observer Mission in El Salvador-ONUSAL]  (San Salvador) President Alfredo Felix Cristiani Burkard
FREE KASHMIR Free State of Jammu and Kashmir : FREE KASHMIR [United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan-UNMOGIP]  (Muzaffarabad) President Sardar Sikandar Hayat Khan
PACIFIC ISLANDS Territory of THE PACIFIC ISLANDS  (Koror) President George Herbert Walker Bush
PALAU Freely Associated State of the Republic of PALAU  (Koror) President Ngiratkel Etpison
RWANDA RWANDAN Republic [Neutral Military Observer Group-NMOG]  (Kigali) President Juvenal Habyarimana
WESTERN SAHARA Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic : SADR [United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara-MINURSO]  (Tifariti + Bir Lehlu + Camp Laayoune) President Mohamed Abdelaziz



29 Territories:

FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Rome)Local: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO (en) + Organisation des Nations-Unies pour l''Alimentation et l''Agriculture : ONUAA (fr) + Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura : FAO (es) + Prodovolstvennaya i Selskohozyaystvennaya Organizatsiya Obedinennyh Natsy : FAO - Продовольственная и сельскохозяйственная организация Объединенных Наций : ФАО (ru) + Lianheguo Liangshi-ji Nongye Zuzhi : 联合国粮食及农业组织 (zh) + FAO : منظمة الأغذية والزراعة للأمم المتحدة (ar)  (Roma)
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency : IAEA Specialized Agency  (Vienna)Local: International Atomic Energy Agency : IAEA (en) + Agence Internationale de l''Énergie Atomique : AIÉA (fr) + Organismo Internacional de Energía Atómica : OIEA (es) + Mezhdunarodnoe Agentstvo po Atomnoy Energii : MAGATE - Международное агентство по атомной энергии : МАГАТЭ (ru) + Guoji Yuanzi-Neng Jigou : GYNJ - 国际原子能机构 (zh) + IAEA : الوكالة الدولية للطاقة الذرية (ar)  (Wien)
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)Local: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD (en) + Banque Internationale de Reconstruction et de Développement : BIRD (fr) + Banco Internacional de Reconstrucción y Desarrollo : BIRD (es) + Mezhdunarodnyy Bank Rekonstruktsii i Razvitiya : Международный Банк Реконструкции и Развития : МБРР (ru) + Guoji Fuxing he Kaifa Yinhang : SHIJIE YINHANG - 国际复兴和开发银行 : 世界银行 (zh) + Al-Bank AL-PENNEKATA : البنك الدولي للإنشاء والتعمير (ar)  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)Local: International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency (en) + Organisation de l''Aviation Civile Internationale : Agence spécialisée de l''OACI (fr)  (Montréal)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)Local: International Court of Justice : ICJ (en) + Cour Internationale de Justice : CIJ (fr)  (''s-Gravenhage)
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development : IFAD Specialized Agency  (Rome)Local: International Fund for Agricultural Development : IFAD (en) + Fondo Internazionale per lo Sviluppo Agricolo : FISA (it)  (Roma)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)Local: International Labour Organization : ILO (en) + Organisation Internationale du Travail : OIT (fr) + Organización Internacional del Trabajo : OIT (es)  (Genève)
IMF International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)Local: International Monetary Fund : IMF (en) + Fonds Monétaire International : FMI (fr) + Fondo Monetario Internacional : FMI (es)  (Washington-District of Columbia)
IMO International Maritime Organization : IMO Specialized Agency  (London)Local: International Maritime Organization : IMO (en) + Organisation Maritime Internationale : OMI (fr)  (London)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)Local: International Telecommunication Union : ITU (en) + Union Internationale des Télécommunications : UIT (fr) + Unión Internacional de Telecomunicaciones: UIT (es) + Mezhdunarodnyy Soyuz Elektrosvyazi : MSE - Международный Союз Электросвязи : МСЭ (ru) + Guoji Dianxin Lianmeng : GDL - 国际电信联盟 (zh) + ITU : الاتحاد الدولي للاتصالات (ar)  (Genève)
IUCN World Conservation Union : International Union for Conservation of Nature : IUCN  (Gland)Local: World Conservation Union : International Union for Conservation of Nature : IUCN (en) + Union Mondiale pour la Conservation : Union Internationale pour la Conservation de la Nature : UICN (fr)  (Gland)
MOON Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : MOON TREATY  (New York City)Local: Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : MOON TREATY (en) + Acuerdo que Gobierna las Actividades de los Estados en la Luna y Otros Cuerpos Celestiales : TRATADO DE LA LUNA (es) + Accord régissant les activités des États sur la Lune et les autres corps célestes : TRAITÉ SUR LA LUNE (fr) + Soglasheniye o deyatel''nosti gosudarstv na Lune i drugikh nebesnykh telakh : LUNA DOGOVOR - Соглашение о деятельности государств на Луне и других небесных телах : ЛУНА ДОГОВОР (ru) + YUÈQIÚ TIÁOYUĒ : 月球条约 (zh) + HILAL - اتفاقية تنظيم نشاط الدول على القمر أو الأجسام الفضائية الأخرى : إتفاقية القمر (ar)  (New York City)
PAHO Pan-American Health Organization : PAHO  (Washington-District of Columbia)Local: Pan-American Health Organization : PAHO (en) + Organización Panamericana de la Salud : OPS (es) + Organisation Panaméricaine de la Santé : OPS (fr)  (Washington-District of Columbia)
UN-HABITAT United Nations Human Settlements Programme : UN-HABITAT Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)Local: United Nations Human Settlements Programme : UN-HABITAT (en) + Programme des Nations-Unies pour les Établissements Humains : ONU-HABITAT (fr) + Programa de Naciones Unidas para los Asentamientos Humanos : ONU-HABITAT (es) + Programma Organizatsiya Obedinnenyh Naziy po Naselennym Punktam : Программа Организация Объединённых Наций по Hаселённым Пунктам : ООН-ХАБИТАТ (ru) + UN-HABITAT : برنامج الأمم المتحدة للمستوطنات البشرية (ar)  (Nairobi)
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development : UNCTAD  (Geneva)Local: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development : UNCTAD (en) + Conférence des Nations-Unies sur le Commerce Et le Développement : CNUCED (fr)  (Genève)
UNDDA Conference on Disarmament : United Nations Department for Disarmament Affairs : UNDDA  (Geneva)Local: United Nations Department for Disarmament Affairs : UNDDA (en) + Département des Affaires du Désarmement des Nations-Unies : DADNU (fr)  (Genève)
UNDP United Nations Development Programme : UNDP Specialized Agency  (New York City)Local: United Nations Development Programme : UNDP (en) + Programme des Nations-Unies pour le Développement : PNUD (fr) + Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo : PNUD (es)  (New York City)
UNEP United Nations Environmental Programme : UNEP Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)Local: United Nations Environmental Programme : UNEP (en) + Programme des Nations-Unies pour l''Environnement : PNUE (fr) + Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Medio Ambiente : PNUMA (es) + Programma Organizatsiya Obedinnenyh Naziy po Okruzhayuschey Srede : POOS - Программа Организация Объединённых Наций по Окружающей Cреде : ПООC (ru) + Lianheguo Huanjing Shu : LHS - 联合国环境署 (zh) + UNEP : برنامج الأمم المتحدة للبيئة (ar)  (Nairobi)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)Local: United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO (en) + Organisation des Nations-Unies pour l''Éducation la Science et la Culture : UNESCO (fr) + Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Educación la Ciencia y la Cultura : UNESCO (es) + Organizatsiya Obedinennyh Natsiy po Voprosam ObrazovanIa Nauki i Kultury : UNESKO - Организация Объединённых Наций по вопросам образования науки и культуры : ЮНЕСКО (ru) + Lianheguo Jiayu Kexue-Ji Wenhua Zuzhi : UNESCO - 联合国教育、科学及文化组织'' (zh) + UNESCO : منظمة الأمم المتحدة للتربية والعلم والثقافة (ar)  (Paris)
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR Agency  (Geneva)Local: United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR (en) + Haut-Commissariat des Nations-Unies pour les Réfugiés : HCR (fr) + Alto Comisionado de las Naciones Unidas para los Refugiados : ACNUR (es) + Upravlenie Verhovnogo Komissara Organizatsiya Obedinnenyh Naziy po Delam Bezhentsev : UVKB - Управление Верховного комиссара Организации Объединённых Наций по делам беженцев : УВКБ (ru) + Lianheguo Nanmin Shiwu Gaojizhuanyuan Banshichu : NSGB - 联合国难民事务高级专员办事处 (zh) + UNHCR : المفوضية العليا للأمم المتحدة لشؤون اللاجئين (ar)  (Genève)
UNICEF United Nations International Children''s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Specialized Agency  (New York City)Local: United Nations International Children''s Emergency Fund : UNICEF (en) + Fonds des Nations-Unies pour l''Enfance : UNICEF (fr) + Fondo de Naciones Unidas para la Infancia : UNICEF (es) + Detskiy Fond Organizatsii Obedinennyh Natsiy : UNICEF - Детский фонд Организации Объединённых Наций : ЮНИСЕ (ru) + Lien-He-Guo Er-Tong Ji-Jin-Hui : 联合国儿童基金会 (zh) + صندوق الأمم المتحدة للطفولة (ar)  (New York City)
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization : UNIDO Specialized Agency  (Vienna)Local: United Nations Industrial Development Organization : UNIDO (es) + Organisation des Nations-Unies pour le Développement Industriel : ONUDI (fr) + Organización de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo Industrial : ONUDI (es)  (Wien)
UNOOSA Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : OUTER SPACE Treaty  (Vienna)Local: Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : OUTER SPACE Treaty (en) + Tratado sobre los principios que deben regir las actividades de los Estados en la exploración y utilización del espacio ultraterrestre incluso la Luna y otros cuerpos celestes : TRATADO SOBRE EL ESPACIO ULTRATERRESTRE (es) + Traité sur les principes régissant les activités des États en matière d''exploration et d''utilisation de l''espace extra-atmosphérique y compris la Lune et les autres corps célestes : TRAITÉ DE L''ESPACE (fr) + Dogovor o printsipakh deyatel''nosti gosudarstv po issledovaniyu i ispol''zovaniyu kosmicheskogo prostranstva vklyuchaya Lunu i drugiye nebesnyye tela : DOGOVOR O KOSMOSE - Договор о принципах деятельности государств по исследованию и использованию космического пространства включая Луну и другие небесные тела : ДОГОВОР О КОСМОСЕ (ru) + Guānyú gèguó tànsuǒ hé lìyòng bāokuò yuèqiú hé qítā tiāntǐ de wàicéng kōngjiān huódòng suǒ yīng zūnshǒu yuánzé de tiáoyuē : WÀI KŌNG TIÁOYUĒ - 关于各国探索和利用包括月球和其他天体的外层空间活动所应遵守原则的条约 : 外空条约 (zh)  (Wien)
UNRWA United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East : UNRWA  (Gaza + Amman)Local: UNRWA : وكالة الأمم المتحدة لإغاثة وتشغيل اللاجئين الفلسطينيين (ar) + United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East : UNRWA (en) + Office de Secours et de Travaux des Nations-Unies pour les Réfugiés de Palestine dans le Proche-Orient : UNRWA (fr)  (''Azza + Amman)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)Local: Union Postale Universelle : UPU (fr)  (Bern)
WFP World Food Programme : WFP  (Rome)Local: Programme Alimentaire Mondial : PAM (fr) + World Food Programme : WFP (en) + Programa Mundial de Alimentos : PMA (es) + Vsemirnaya Prodovolstvennaya Programma : VPP - Всемирная Продовольственная Программа : ВПП (ru) + Shijie Liangshi Jihua Shu : SLJ - 世界糧食計劃署 (zh) + WFP : برنامج الأغذية العالمي (ar) + Programma Alimentare Mondiale : PAM (it)  (Roma)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)Local: World Health Organization : WHO (en) + Organización Mundial de la Salud : OMS (es) + Organisation Mondiale de la Santé : OMS (fr) + Vsemirnaya Organizatsiya Zdravoohraneniya : VOZ - Всемирная Oрганизация Здравоохранения : BOЗ (ru) + Shijie Weisheng Zuzhi : SWZ - 世界卫生组织 (zh) + منظمة الصحة العالمية (ar)  (Genève)
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization : WIPO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)Local: Organisation Mondiale de la Propriété Intellectuelle : OMPI (fr) + World Intellectual Property Organization : WIPO (en) + Organización Mundial de la Propiedad Intelectual : OMPI (es) + Vsemirnaya Organizatsiya Intellektualnoy Sobstvennosti : VOIS - Всемирная Oрганизация Интеллектуальной Cобственности : ВОИС (ru) + Shijie Zhishi Chanquan Zuzhi : WIPO - 世界知识产权组织 (zh) + WIPO : المنظمة العالمية للملكية الفكرية (ar)  (Genève)
WMO World Meteorological Organization : WMO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)Local: World Meteorological Organization : WMO (en) + Organisation Météorologique Mondiale : OMM (fr) + Organización Meteorológica Mundial : OMM (es) + Vsemirnaya Meteorologicheskaya Organizatsiya : VMO - Всемирная Метеорологическая Организация : BMO (ru) + Shijie Qixiang Zuzhi : SQZ - 世界气象组织 (zh) + WMO : المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد (ar)  (Genève)

18 Condominiums:

CONTRA NICARAGUAN Resistance [United Nations Observer Group in Central America-ONUCA]  (New Nicaragua)Local: Resistencia NICARAGÜENSE (es)  (Nuevo Nicaragua)
CYPRUS BUFFER ZONE United Nations Monitored Buffer Zone on Attila Line : United Nations Peacekeeping Forces in Cyprus-UNFICYP  (Nicosia-Blue Beret Camp)Local: United Nations Peacekeeping Forces in Cyprus : UNFICYP (en) + Force des Nations-Unies chargée du maintien de la paix à Chypre : UNFICYP (fr) + Paremvallómeni̱ Grammí̱ tou Organismós I̱no̱méno̱n Ethnó̱n sti̱n Kýpro : NEKRI ZONI - Παρεμβαλλόμενη γραμμή του Οργανισμός Ηνωμένων Εθνών στην Κύπρο : NEKPH ZῼNH (el) + Kıbrıs''taki Birleşmiş Milletler Barış Gücü : ATTILA HATTI (tr)  (Nicosia-Blue Beret Camp)
JAMMU AND KASHMIR State of JAMMU AND KASHMIR [United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan-UNMOGIP at Srinagar]  (Jammu + Srinagar)Local: State of JAMMU AND KASHMIR (en) + JAMMU O-KASHMIR : مقبوضہ کشمیر (ur) + JAMMU O KAHSMIR : جۄم تٕ کٔشېر (ks)  (Jammu + Srinagar)
KOREAN DEMILITARIZED ZONE Buffer Zone of the KOREAN DEMILITARIZED ZONE [United Nations Command Military Armistice Commission-UNCMAC]  (Panmunjom)Local: United Nations Command Military Armistice Commission : UNCMAC (en) + Hanbando Bimujangjidae : HANBANDOBIMUJANGJIDAE - 한반도 비무장지대 : 韓半島非武裝地帶 (ko)  (P''anmunjŏm)
LAGOUIRA LAGOUIRA Territory  (Lagouira + Guerguerat)Local: Territorio de LA GÜERA (es) + Iqlim LAGHWIRA : إقليم لاغويرا (ar) + Territoire de LAGOUIRA (fr)  (Lagouira + Guergarat)
MINURSO Western Sahara Restricted Area : United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara-MINURSO  (Umm Dreiga + Auserd)Local: Zone restreinte du Sahara Occidental : Mission des Nations-Unies pour l''Organisation d''un Référendum au Sahara Occidental-MINURSO (fr) + Misión de las Naciones Unidas para la Organización de un Referéndum en el Sáhara Occidental : MINURSO (es) + Baethat al''-Umam al-Muttahidat li-Tanzim Aistifta'' fi al-Sahra'' al-Gharbia : MINURSO - بعثة الأمم المتحدة لتنظيم استفتاء في الصحراء الغربية (ar) + United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara : MINURSO (en)  (Oum Dreyga + Awsard)
MOROCCAN SAHARA Southern Provinces of the MOROCCAN SAHARA [United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara-MINURSO]  (Laayoune)Local: Wilayat AS-ṢAḥRĀ'' AL-MAGHRIBIYYA : محافظات الصحراء المغربية (ar)  (Laâyoune)
PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN GAZA STRIP PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN GAZA STRIP : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Beach Camp)Local: PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN GAZA STRIP : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Al-Shati)
PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN JORDAN PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN JORDAN : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Amman New Camp)Local: PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN JORDAN : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Wihdat)
PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN LEBANON PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN LEBANON : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Burj El Barajneh)Local: CAMPS DE RÉFUGIÉS PALESTINIENS AU LIBAN : UNRWA-Office de secours et de travaux des Nations unies pour les réfugiés de Palestine dans le Proche-Orient  (Burj Al-Barajinah)
PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN SYRIA PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN SYRIA : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Dera Camp)Local: PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN SYRIA : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Dara''â)
PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN WEST BANK PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN WEST BANK : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Aqabat Jaber)Local: PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN WEST BANK : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Aqabat Jabr)
POLISARIO Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia El-Hamra and Rio de Oro : POLISARIO  (Camp Rabouni)Local: Ŷabhet el-Šaebiyah el-Tahrir Saquiyah El-Hamra'' O-Wodi Al-Daheb - AL-BOLISARIU : الجبهة الشعبية لتحرير ساقية الحمراء و وادي الذهب‎ - البوليساريو (ar) + Frente Popular de Liberación de Saguía el Hamra y Río de Oro : POLISARIO (es)  (Rabouni)
UNDOF ZONE United Nations Disengagement Observer Force : UNDOF ZONE  (Quneitra)Local: United Nations Disengagement Observer Force : UNDOF ZONE (en) + Force des Nations-Unies chargée d’Observer le Désengagement : ZONE FNUOD (fr) + UNDOF : أندوف (ar)  (Al-Qunaytirah'')
UNIFIL ZONE United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon : UNIFIL  (Naqura)Local: Force Intérimaire des Nations-Unies au Liban : FINUL (fr) + United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon : UNIFIL (en) + Quat al-''Umam al-Mutahidat al-Muaqatat fi Lubnan : UNIFIL - قوة الأمم المتحدة المؤقتة في لبنان (ar)  (Naqoura)
UNIKOM ZONE United Nations Iraq–Kuwait Observation Mission : UNIKOM Demilitarized Zone  (Um-Qasir)Local: United Nations Iraq–Kuwait Observation Mission : UNIKOM Demilitarized Zone  (Umm Qasr)
UNITED NATIONS MEMORIAL CEMETERY Commission for the United Nations Memorial Cemetery in Korea : CUNMCK  (Tanggok)Local: Commission for the United Nations Memorial Cemetery in Korea : CUNMCK (en) + Jaehahn Yuen Ginyeomgongwon : JYG - 재한유엔기념공원 (ko) + Birleşmiş Milletler Anıt Mezarlığı Komisyonu : BMAMK (tr)  (Tanggok)
UNTSO United Nations Truce Supervision Organization : UNTSO  (Government House of Jerusalem)Local: United Nations Truce Supervision Organization : UNTSO (en) + Organisme des Nations-Unies chargé de la Surveillance de la Trêve : ONUST (fr) + UNTSO : ארגון הפיקוח על הפסקת אש של האומות המאוחדות (he) + ONUST : هيئة الأمم المتحدة لمراقبة (ar)  (Government House of Jerusalem)


166 Members (excluding the associate or suspended members but including the countries represented on their behalf)   [The rulers are not necessarily the representatives in the organization. ] :

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES (Abu Dhabi + Al Karama) President Sheikh Zayed II bin Sultan Al Nahyan
AFGHANISTAN (Kabul) President Mohammad Najibullah
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA (Saint John''s) Queen Elizabeth II
ALBANIA (Tirana) President Ramiz Alia
ANGOLA (Luanda) President Jose Eduardo dos Santos
ARGENTINE (Buenos Aires) President Carlos Menem
AUSTRIA (Vienna) President Kurt Waldheim
AUSTRALIA (Canberra) Queen Elizabeth II
BARBADOS (Bridgetown) Queen Elizabeth II
BENGLADESH (Dhaka) President Abdur Rahman Biswas
BELGIUM (Brussels) King Baudoin I
BURKINA FASO (Ouagadougou) President Blaise Compaore
BULGARIA (Sofia) President Zhelyu Zhelev
BAHRAIN (Manamah) Emir Sheikh Isa II bin Salman Al Khalifah
BURUNDI (Bujumbura) President Pierre Buyoya
BENIN (Porto Novo + Cotonou) President Nicephore Soglo
BRUNEI DARUSSALAM (Bandar Seri Begawan) Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah
BOLIVIA (Sucre + La Paz) President Jaime Paz Zamora
BRAZIL (Brasilia) President Fernando Collor de Mello
BAHAMAS (Nassau) Queen Elizabeth II
BHUTAN (Thimphu) King Jigme Singye Wangchuk
BOTSWANA (Gaborone) President Quett Masire
BYELORUSSIA (Minsk) Stanislav Shushkyevich
BELIZE (Belmopan) Queen Elizabeth II
CANADA (Ottawa) Queen Elizabeth II
ZAIRE (Kinshasa) President Mobutu Sese Seko
CENTRAL-AFRICA (Bangui) President Andre-Dieudonne Kolingba
CONGO-BRAZZAVILLE (Brazzaville) President Denis Sassou-Nguesso
IVORY COAST (Yamoussoukro + Abidjan) President Felix Houphouet-Boigny
CHILE (Santiago of Chile + Valparaiso) President Patricio Aylwin
CAMEROON (Yaounde) President Paul Biya
CHINA (Beijing) Deng Xiaoping the Little Helmsman
COLOMBIA (Santafe of Bogota) President Cesar Gaviria
COSTA RICA (San Jose) President Rafael Angel Calderon Fournier
CZECHIA AND SLOVAKIA (Prague) President Vaclav Havel
CUBA (Havana) Supreme Leader Fidel Castro
CAPE VERDE (Praia) President Antonio Mascarenhas Monteiro
CYPRUS (Nicosia) President Georgios Vasiliou
GERMANY (Berlin + Bonn + Karlsruhe) Bundespresident Richard von Weizsaecker
JIBUTI (Jibuti) President Hassan Gouled Aptidon
DOMINICA (Roseau) President Sir Clarence Augustus Seignoret
DOMINICAN (Santo Domingo de Guzman) President Joaquin Balaguer
DENMARK (Copenhagen) Queen Margaret II
ALGERIA (Algiers) President Chadli Bendjedid
ECUADOR (San Francisco of Quito) President Rodrigo Borja Cevallos
ESTONIA (Tallinn) Arnold Ruutel
EGYPT (Cairo) President Hosni Mubarak
SPAIN (Madrid) King Juan Carlos I
ETHIOPIA (Addis Ababa) President Meles Zenawi
FINLAND (Helsinki + Kultaranta) President Mauno Koivisto
FIJI (Suva) President Ratu Sir Penaia Ganilau
MICRONESIA (Palikir) President Bailey Olter
FRANCE (Paris) President Francois Mitterrand
GABON (Libreville) President Omar Bongo
GRENADA (Saint George''s) Queen Elizabeth II
GHANA (Accra) Jerry Rawlings
GAMBIA (Banjul) President Sir Dawda Jawara
GUINEA (Conakry) President Lansana Conte
EQUATORIAL GUINEA (Malabo) President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
GREECE (Athens) President Constantine Karamanlis
GUATEMALA (Guatemala City) President Jorge Serrano Elias
GUINEA-BISSAU (Bissau) President Joao Bernardo Vieira
GUYANA (Georgetown) President Desmond Hoyte
HONDURAS (Tegucigalpa + Comayaguela) President Rafael Leonardo Callejas
HAITI (Port Au Prince) Raoul Cedras
HUNGARY (Budapest) President Arpad Goncz
INDONESIA (Jakarta) President Suharto
IRELAND (Dublin) President Mary Robinson
ISRAEL (Jerusalem + Tel Aviv-Jaffa) President Chaim Herzog
INDIA (New Delhi) President Ramaswamy Venkataraman
IRAQ (Baghdad) President Saddam Hussein al-Tikriti
IRAN (Tehran) Leader Ayatollah Sayyed Mohammed Ali Khamenei
ICELAND (Reykjavik) President Vigdis Finnbogadottir
ITALY (Rome) President Francesco Cossiga
JAMAICA (Kingston) Queen Elizabeth II
JORDAN (Amman) King Hussein I
JAPAN (Tokyo) Emperor Akihito
KENYA (Nairobi) President Daniel Arap Moi
COMOROS (Moroni) President Said Mohamed Djohar
SAINT CHRISTOPHER AND NEVIS (Basseterre) Queen Elizabeth II
NORTH KOREA (Pyongyang) Kim Il-Sung
SOUTH KOREA (Seoul) President Roh Tae-Woo
KUWAIT (Kuwait City) Emir Sheikh Jabir III Al Ahmad Al Jabir Al Sabah
LAOS (Vientiane) Kaysone Phomvihane
LEBANON (Beirut) President Elias Hrawi
SAINT LUCIA (Castries) Queen Elizabeth II
LIECHTENSTEIN (Vaduz) Prince Hans-Adam II
SRI LANKA (Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte + Colombo) President Ranasinghe Premadasa
LIBERIA (Monrovia) President Amos Sawyer
LESOTHO (Maseru) King Letsie III
LITHUANIA (Vilnius) Vytautas Landsbergis
LUXEMBOURG (Luxembourg) Grand Duke Jean
LATVIA (Riga) Anatolijs Gorbunovs
LIBYA (Tripoli) Guide Muammar Gaddafi
MOROCCO (Rabat) King Hassan II
MADAGASCAR (Tananarive) President Didier Ratsiraka
MARSHALL ISLANDS (Dalap-Uliga-Darrit on Majuro) President Amata Kabua
MALI (Bamako) Amadou Toumani Toure
MYANMAR (Yangon) Saw Maung
MONGOLIA (Ulan-Bator) President Punsalmaagiyn Ochirbat
MAURITANIA (Nouakchott) Colonel Maaouya Ould Sid''Ahmed Taya
MALTA (Valletta) President Censu Tabone
MAURITIUS (Port Louis) Queen Elizabeth II
MALDIVES (Male) President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom
MALAWI (Lilongwe + Zomba) President Hastings Banda
MEXICO (Mexico City) President Carlos Salinas de Gortari
MALAYSIA (Kuala Lumpur) Sultan Azlan Muhibuddin Shah
MOZAMBIQUE (Maputo) President Joaquim Chissano
NAMIBIA (Windhoek) President Sam Nujoma
NIGER (Niamey) President Ali Saibou
NIGERIA (Lagos + Abuja) President Ibrahim Babangida
NICARAGUA (Managua) President Violeta Chamorro
NETHERLANDS (Amsterdam + The Hague) Queen Beatrix
NORWAY (Oslo) King Harald V
NEPAL (Kathmandu) Maharajah Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev
NEW ZEALAND (Wellington) Queen Elizabeth II
OMAN (Muscat) Sultan Qaboos bin Said
PANAMA (Panama City) President Guillermo Endara Galimany
PERU (Lima) President Alberto Fujimori
PAPUA NEW GUINEA (Port Moresby) Queen Elizabeth II
PHILIPPINES (Manila + Quezon City + Pasay City) President Cory Aquino
PAKISTAN (Islamabad) President Ghulam Ishaq Khan
POLAND (Warsaw) President Lech Walesa
PORTUGAL (Lisbon) President Mario Soares
PARAGUAY (Assumption) President Andres Rodriguez Pedotti
QATAR (Doha) Emir Sheikh Khalifah bin Hamad Al Thani
ROMANIA (Bucharest) President Ion Iliescu
RWANDA (Kigali) President Juvenal Habyarimana
SAUDI ARABIA (Riyadh) King Fahd
SOLOMON ISLANDS (Honiara) Queen Elizabeth II
SEYCHELLES (Port Victoria) President France-Albert Rene
SUDAN (Khartoum) Omar Al-Bashir
SWEDEN (Stockholm) King Charles XVI Gustav
SINGAPORE (Singapore) President Wee Kim Wee
SIERRA LEONE (Freetown) President Joseph Saidu Momoh
SENEGAL (Dakar) President Abdou Diouf
SOMALIA (Mogadishu) President Ali Mahdi Muhammad
SURINAM (Paramaribo) President Ronald Venetiaan
SAINT THOMAS AND PRINCE (Saint Thomas) President Miguel Trovoada
SOVIET UNION (Moscow) Mikhail Gorbachev
EL SALVADOR (San Salvador) President Alfredo Felix Cristiani Burkard
SYRIA (Damascus) President Hafez Al-Assad
SWAZILAND (Mbabane + Lobamba) King Mswati III
CHAD (Ndjamena) President Idriss Deby
TOGO (Lome) President Gnassingbe Eyadema
THAILAND (Bangkok) King Rama IX Bhumibol Adulyadej
TUNISIA (Tunis) President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
TURKEY (Ankara) President Turgut Ozal
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO (Port-of-Spain) President Noor Hassanali
TANZANIA (Dar Es Salaam) President Ali Hassan Mwinyi
UKRAINE (Kiev) Leonid Kravchuk
UGANDA (Kampala) President Yoweri Museveni
UNITED KINGDOM (London + Westminster) Queen Elizabeth II
AMERICA (Washington-District of Columbia) President George Herbert Walker Bush
URUGUAY (Montevideo) President Luis Alberto Lacalle
SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES (Kingstown) Queen Elizabeth II
VENEZUELA (Caracas) President Carlos Andres Perez
VIETNAM (Hanoi) Do Muoi
VANUATU (Port Vila) President Frederick Timakata
WESTERN SAMOA (Apia) Malietoa Tanumafili II
CAMBODIA IN EXILE (Beijing + Anlong Veng) President Norodom Sihanouk
YEMEN (Sanaa) President Ali Abdullah Saleh
YUGOSLAVIA (Belgrade) Branko Kostich
SOUTH AFRICA (Pretoria + Cape Town + Bloemfontein) State President Frederik Willem de Klerk
ZAMBIA (Lusaka) President Kenneth Kaunda
ZIMBABWE (Harare) President Robert Mugabe



Ѻ Ѻ Ѻ
   
Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Martucci Dave, DMA (US). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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