w.ethnia.org
 

1961-SEP-19

.. or a geo zone >>

International Organization AFGHANISTAN  ALBANIA  ARGENTINE  AUSTRIA  AUSTRALIA  BELGIUM  UPPER VOLTA  BULGARIA  DAHOMEY  BOLIVIA  BRAZIL  BYELORUSSIA  CANADA  CONGO-LEOPOLDVILLE  CENTRAL-AFRICAN  CONGO-BRAZZAVILLE  IVORY COAST  CHILE  CAMEROON  COLOMBIA  COSTA RICA  CZECHOSLOVAKIA  CUBA  CYPRUS  DOMINICAN  DENMARK  ECUADOR  UNITED ARAB  SPAIN  ETHIOPIA-ERITREA  FINLAND  FRANCE  GABON  GHANA  GUINEA  GREECE  GUATEMALA  HONDURAS  HAITI  HUNGARY  INDONESIA  IRELAND  ISRAEL  INDIA  IRAQ  IRAN  ICELAND  ITALY  JORDAN  JAPAN  CAMBODIA  LAOS  LEBANON  CEYLON  LIBERIA  LUXEMBOURG  LIBYA  MOROCCO  MADAGASCAR  MALI  BURMA  MEXICO  MALAYA  NIGER  NIGERIA  NICARAGUA  NETHERLANDS  NORWAY  NEPAL  NEW ZEALAND  PANAMA  PERU  PHILIPPINES  PAKISTAN  POLAND  PORTUGAL  PARAGUAY  RUMANIA  SAUDI ARABIA  SUDAN  SWEDEN  SENEGAL  SOMALIA  SOVIET UNION  EL SALVADOR  CHAD  TOGO  THAILAND  TUNISIA  TURKEY  CHINA  UKRAINE  UNITED KINGDOM  AMERICA  URUGUAY  VENEZUELA  YEMEN  YUGOSLAVIA  SOUTH AFRICA 

United Nations Organization : UNO

Flag or logo since 1946-12-07
United Nations Organization : UNO (en) + Organisation des Nations-Unies : ONU (fr) + Organización de las Naciones Unidas : ONU (es) + Organizatsiya Obedinnenyh Naziy : OON - Организация Объединённых Наций : OOH (ru) + Lien Ho-Kuo Tsu-Chih: LHK - 聯合國 組織 (zh) Organisation
Emblem or Symbol

Interregnum
(since 1961-09-19)
Capital:New York City - (New York City)
Official languages: English (en) . Spanish (es) . French (fr) . Russian (ru) . Chinese (zh) .

Organization:


UNITED NATIONS UNITED NATIONS Organization  (New York City)

10 Organs or similar:

ECOSOC United Nations Economic and Social Council : ECOSOC  (New York City + Geneva)Local: United Nations Economic and Social Council : ECOSOC (en) + Conseil Économique et Social des Nations-Unies : CÉSNU (fr) + Consejo Económico y Social de las Naciones Unidas : CESNU (es) + Ekonomicheskiy i Sotsial''nyy Sovet Organizatsii Ob''yedinonnykh Natsiy : ESSOON - Экономический и Социальный Совет Организации Объединённых Наций : ЭССООН (ru) + Lien-Ho-Kuo Ching-Chi chi She-Huei Li-Shih Huei : 聯合國經濟及社會理​​事會 (zh)  (New York City + Genève)
INCB Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs : International Narcotics Control Board : INCB  (New York City)Local: International Narcotics Control Board : INCB (en) + Organe International de Contrôle des Stupéfiants : OICS (fr) + Junta Internacional de Fiscalización de Estupefacientes : JIFE (es)  (New York City)
UNCLOS United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea : UNCLOS  (Geneva)Local: United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea : UNCLOS (en) + Convención de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Derecho del Mar : CONVEMAR (es) + Convention des Nations-Unies sur le Droit de la Mer : CNUDM (fr)   (Genève)
UNDC United Nations Disarmament Commission : UNDC  (New York City)Local: United Nations Disarmament Commission : UNDC (en) + Commssion du Désarmement des Nations-Unies : CDNU (fr)  (New York City)
UNEO United Nations European Office : UNEO  (Geneva)Local: Office Européen des Nations-Unies : OENU (fr) + United Nations European Office : UNEO (en)  (Genève)
UNGA United Nations General Assembly : UNGA  (New York City)Local: United Nations General Assembly : UNGA (en) + Assemblée Générale des Nations-Unies : AGNU (fr) + Asamblea General de las Naciones Unidas : AGNU (es) + General''naya Assambleya Organizatsii Ob''yedinonnykh Natsiy : GAOON - Генеральная Ассамблея Организации Объединённых Наций : ГAOOH (ru) + Lien-Ho-Kuo Ta-Huei : LT - 聯合國大會 (zh)  (New York City)
UNNY United Nations Headquarters in New York City : UNNY  (New York City)Local: United Nations Headquarters in New York City : UNNY (en) + Siège des Nations-Unies à New York : UNNY (fr) + Sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York : UNNY (es) + Tsentral''nyye Uchrezhdeniya Organizatsii Ob''yedinennykh Natsiy : TSUOON - Центральные Учреждения Организации Объединенных Наций : ЦУOOH (ru) + Lien-Ho-Kuo Tsung-Pu Ta-Lou : 聯合國總部大樓 (zh)  (New York City)
UNS United Nations Secretariat : UNS  (New York City)Local: United Nations Secretariat : UNS (en) + Secrétariat général des Nations-Unies : SGNU (fr) + Secretaría General de Naciones Unidas : SGNU (es) + Sekretariat Organizatsii Ob''yedinonnykh Natsiy : SOON - Секретариат Организации Объединённых Наций : COOH (ru) + Lien-Ho-Kuo Mi-Shu Ch''u : 聯合國秘書處 (zh)  (New York City)
UNSC United Nations Security Council : UNSC  (New York City)Local: United Nations Security Council : UNSC (en) + Consejo de Seguridad de las Naciones Unidas : CSNU (es) + Conseil de Sécurité des Nations-Unies : CSNU (fr) + Sovet Bezopasnosti Organizatsii Ob''yedinonnykh Natsiy : SOON - Совет Безопасности Организации Объединённых Наций : СБOO (ru) + Lien-Ho-Kuo An-Ch''üan Li-Shih Huei : LATH - 聯合國安全理事會 (zh)  (New York City)
UNTT United Nations Trust Territories : UNTT  (New York City)Local: United Nations Trust Territories : UNTT (en) + Territoires sous Tutelle des Nations-Unies : TTNU (fr)  (New York City)



4 Assisted Entities

CONGO-LEOPOLDVILLE Republic of THE CONGO [United Nations Organization in the Congo-ONUC]  (Leopoldville) President Joseph Kasavubu
FREE KASHMIR Free State of Jammu and Kashmir : FREE KASHMIR [United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan-UNMOGIP]  (Muzaffarabad) President Khurshid Hasan Khurshid
PALESTINE Interim Administration of PALESTINE [United Nations Emergency Forces-UNEF]   (Gaza + (East Jerusalem)) Yasser Arafat
SWAPO South West African People''s Organization : SWAPO [United Nations Mandate of Occupied South West Africa]  (New York City) President Sam Nujoma



19 Territories:

FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Rome)Local: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO (en) + Organisation des Nations-Unies pour l''Alimentation et l''Agriculture : ONUAA (fr) + Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura : FAO (es) + Prodovolstvennaya i Selskohozyaystvennaya Organizatsiya Obedinennyh Natsy : FAO - Продовольственная и сельскохозяйственная организация Объединенных Наций : ФАО (ru) + Lian-Ho-Kuo Liang-Shih-chi Nung-Yeh Tsu-Chih : 聯合國糧食及農業組織 (zh)  (Roma)
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency : IAEA Specialized Agency  (Vienna)Local: International Atomic Energy Agency : IAEA (en) + Agence Internationale de l''Énergie Atomique : AIÉA (fr) + Organismo Internacional de Energía Atómica : OIEA (es) + Mezhdunarodnoe Agentstvo po Atomnoy Energii : MAGATE - Международное агентство по атомной энергии : МАГАТЭ (ru) + Kuo-Chi Yuan-Tze-Neng Chi-Kou : KYNC - 國際原子能機構 (zh)  (Wien)
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)Local: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD (en) + Banque Internationale de Reconstruction et de Développement : BIRD (fr) + Banco Internacional de Reconstrucción y Desarrollo : BIRD (es) + Mezhdunarodnyy Bank Rekonstruktsii i Razvitiya : Международный Банк Реконструкции и Развития : МБРР (ru) + Kuo-Chi Fu-Hsing ho K''ai-Fa Yin-Hang : SHIH-CHIEH YIN-HANG - 國際復興和開發銀行: 世界銀行 (zh)  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)Local: International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency (en) + Organisation de l''Aviation Civile Internationale : Agence spécialisée de l''OACI (fr)  (Montréal)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)Local: International Court of Justice : ICJ (en) + Cour Internationale de Justice : CIJ (fr)  (''s-Gravenhage)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)Local: International Labour Organization : ILO (en) + Organisation Internationale du Travail : OIT (fr) + Organización Internacional del Trabajo : OIT (es)  (Genève)
IMCO Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization : IMCO Specialized Agency  (London)Local: Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization : IMCO (en) + Organisation Maritime Consultative Intergouvernementale : OMCI (fr)  (London)
IMF International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)Local: International Monetary Fund : IMF (en) + Fonds Monétaire International : FMI (fr) + Fondo Monetario Internacional : FMI (es)  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)Local: International Telecommunication Union : ITU (en) + Union Internationale des Télécommunications : UIT (fr) + Unión Internacional de Telecomunicaciones: UIT (es) + Mezhdunarodnyy Soyuz Elektrosvyazi : MSE - Международный Союз Электросвязи : МСЭ (ru) + Kuo-Chi Tien-Hsin Lien-Meng : KTL - 國際電信聯盟 (zh)  (Genève)
IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature : IUCN  (Brussels)Local: International Union for Conservation of Nature : IUCN (en) + Union Internationale pour la Conservation de la Nature : UICN (fr)  (Bruxelles)
PAHO Pan-American Health Organization : PAHO  (Washington-District of Columbia)Local: Pan-American Health Organization : PAHO (en) + Organización Panamericana de la Salud : OPS (es) + Organisation Panaméricaine de la Santé : OPS (fr)  (Washington-District of Columbia)
TNCD Ten Nation Committee on Disarmament : TNCD  (Geneva)Local: Ten Nation Committee on Disarmament : TNCD (en) + Comité du Désarmement des Dix Nations : CDDN (fr) + Desyat Gosudarstv po Razoruzheniyu : DGR - Десять Государств по Pазоружению: ДГP (ru)  (Genève)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)Local: United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO (en) + Organisation des Nations-Unies pour l''Éducation la Science et la Culture : UNESCO (fr) + Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Educación la Ciencia y la Cultura : UNESCO (es) + Organizatsiya Obedinennyh Natsiy po Voprosam ObrazovanIa Nauki i Kultury : UNESKO - Организация Объединённых Наций по вопросам образования науки и культуры : ЮНЕСКО (ru) + Lien-Ho-Kuo Chia-Yü K''o-Hsüeh-Chi Wen-Hua Tsu-Chih : UNESCO - 聯合國教育、科學及文化組織'' (zh)  (Paris)
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR Agency  (Geneva)Local: United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR (en) + Haut-Commissariat des Nations-Unies pour les Réfugiés : HCR (fr) + Alto Comisionado de las Naciones Unidas para los Refugiados : ACNUR (es) + Upravlenie Verhovnogo Komissara Organizatsiya Obedinnenyh Naziy po Delam Bezhentsev : UVKB - Управление Верховного комиссара Организации Объединённых Наций по делам беженцев : УВКБ (ru) + Lien-Ho-Kuo Nan-Min Shih-Wu Kao-Chi-Chuan-Yuan Pan-Shih-Ch''u : NSKC - 聯合國難民事務高級專員辦事處 (zh)  (Genève)
UNICEF United Nations International Children''s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Specialized Agency  (New York City)Local: United Nations International Children''s Emergency Fund : UNICEF (en) + Fonds des Nations-Unies pour l''Enfance : UNICEF (fr) + Fondo de Naciones Unidas para la Infancia : UNICEF (es) + Detskiy Fond Organizatsii Obedinennyh Natsiy : UNICEF - Детский фонд Организации Объединённых Наций : ЮНИСЕ (ru) + Lien-He-Guo Er-Tong Ji-Jin-Hui : 联合国儿童基金会 (zh)  (New York City)
UNRWA United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East : UNRWA  (Gaza + Amman)Local: UNRWA : وكالة الأمم المتحدة لإغاثة وتشغيل اللاجئين الفلسطينيين (ar) + United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East : UNRWA (en) + Office de Secours et de Travaux des Nations-Unies pour les Réfugiés de Palestine dans le Proche-Orient : UNRWA (fr)  (Gazzah + Amman)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)Local: Union Postale Universelle : UPU (fr)  (Bern)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)Local: World Health Organization : WHO (en) + Organización Mundial de la Salud : OMS (es) + Organisation Mondiale de la Santé : OMS (fr) + Vsemirnaya Organizatsiya Zdravoohraneniya : VOZ - Всемирная Oрганизация Здравоохранения : BOЗ (ru) + Shih-Chieh Wei-Sheng Tsu-Chih : SWT - 世界衛生組織 (zh)  (Genève)
WMO World Meteorological Organization : WMO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)Local: World Meteorological Organization : WMO (en) + Organisation Météorologique Mondiale : OMM (fr) + Organización Meteorológica Mundial : OMM (es) + Vsemirnaya Meteorologicheskaya Organizatsiya : VMO - Всемирная Метеорологическая Организация : BMO (ru) + Shih-Chieh Ch''i-Hsiang Tsu-Chih : SCT - 世界氣象組織 (zh)  (Genève)

14 Condominiums:

JAMMU AND KASHMIR Indian State of JAMMU AND KASHMIR [United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan-UNMOGIP at Srinagar]  (Jammu + Srinagar)Local: State of JAMMU AND KASHMIR (en) + JAMMU O-KASHMIR : مقبوضہ کشمیر (ur) + Riyasat JAMMU O KAHSMIR : جۄم تٕ کٔشېر (ks)  (Jammu + Srinagar)
KOREAN DEMILITARIZED ZONE Buffer Zone of the KOREAN DEMILITARIZED ZONE [United Nations Command Military Armistice Commission-UNCMAC]  (Panmunjom)Local: United Nations Command Military Armistice Commission : UNCMAC (en) + Hanbando Bimujangjidae : HANBANDOBIMUJANGJIDAE - 한반도 비무장지대 : 韓半島非武裝地帶 (ko)  (P''anmunjŏm)
NAURU United Nations Trust Territory of NAURU Local Government Council  (Makwa)Local: Trust Territory of NAURU : Nauru Local Government Council (en)  (Makwa)
NORTH-EAST NEW GUINEA United Nations Trust Territory for NORTH-EAST NEW GUINEA part of Papua and New Guinea  (Rabaul)Local: United Nations Trust Territory for NORTH-EAST NEW GUINEA (en)  (Rabaul)
PACIFIC ISLANDS United Nations Trust Territory of THE PACIFIC ISLANDS  (Garapan on Saipan)Local: United Nations Trust Territory of THE PACIFIC ISLANDS (en)  (Garapan on Saipan)
PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN GAZA STRIP PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN GAZA STRIP : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Beach Camp)Local: PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN GAZA STRIP : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Al-Shati)
PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN JORDAN PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN JORDAN : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Amman New Camp)Local: PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN JORDAN : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Wihdat)
PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN LEBANON PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN LEBANON : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Burj El Barajneh)Local: CAMPS DE RÉFUGIÉS PALESTINIENS AU LIBAN : UNRWA-Office de secours et de travaux des Nations unies pour les réfugiés de Palestine dans le Proche-Orient  (Bourj El-Barajneh)
PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN SYRIA PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN SYRIA : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Jaramana)Local: PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN SYRIA : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Jaramana)
PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN WEST BANK PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN WEST BANK : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Aqabat Jaber)Local: PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN WEST BANK : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Aqabat Jabr)
RUANDA-URUNDI United Nations Trust Territory of RUANDA-URUNDI Residency  (Usumbura)Local: Territoire sous tutelle des Nations-Unies du RUANDA-URUNDI (fr) + Belgisch Mandaatgebied van ROEANDA-OEROENDI (nl)  (Usumbura)
SINAI PENINSULA United Nations Emergency Force in Sinai Peninsula : UNEF  (Gaza)Local: United Nations Emergency Force in Sinai Peninsula : UNEF (en) + Force d''Urgence des Nations-Unies dans la Péninsule du Sinaï : FUNU (fr) + Muḥāfaẓat SĪNĀ'' : واسط سيناء (ar)  (Gazzah)
UNTSO United Nations Truce Supervision Organization : UNTSO  (Government House of Jerusalem)Local: United Nations Truce Supervision Organization : UNTSO (en) + Organisme des Nations-Unies chargé de la Surveillance de la Trêve : ONUST (fr)  (Government House of Jerusalem)
WESTERN SAMOA United Nations Trust Territory of WESTERN SAMOA  (Apia)Local: United Nations Trust Territory of WESTERN SAMOA (en) + Teritori o SAMOA I SISIFO (sm)  (Apia)


99 Members (excluding the associate or suspended members but including the countries represented on their behalf)   [The rulers are not necessarily the representatives in the organization. ] :

AFGHANISTAN (Kabul) King Mohammad Zahir Shah
ALBANIA (Tirana) Enver Hoxha
ARGENTINE (Buenos Aires) President Arturo Frondizi
AUSTRIA (Vienna) President Adolf Schaerf
AUSTRALIA (Canberra) Queen Elizabeth II
BELGIUM (Brussels) King Baudoin I
UPPER VOLTA (Ouagadougou) President Maurice Yameogo
BULGARIA (Sofia) Todor Zhivkov
DAHOMEY (Porto Novo + Cotonou) President Hubert Maga
BOLIVIA (Sucre + La Paz) President Victor Paz Estenssoro
BRAZIL (Brasilia) President Joao Goulart
BYELORUSSIA (Minsk) Kirill Mazurov
CANADA (Ottawa) Queen Elizabeth II
CONGO-LEOPOLDVILLE (Leopoldville) President Joseph Kasavubu
CENTRAL-AFRICAN (Bangui) President David Dacko
CONGO-BRAZZAVILLE (Brazzaville) President Father Fulbert Youlou
IVORY COAST (Abidjan) President Felix Houphouet-Boigny
CHILE (Santiago of Chile + Valparaiso) President Jorge Alessandri
CAMEROON (Yaounde) President Ahmadou Ahidjo
COLOMBIA (Bogota) President Alberto Lleras Camargo
COSTA RICA (San Jose) President Mario Echandi Jimenez
CZECHOSLOVAKIA (Prague) Antonin Novotny
CUBA (Havana) Supreme Leader Fidel Castro
CYPRUS (Nicosia) President Archbishop Makarios III
DOMINICAN (Santo Domingo de Guzman) President Joaquin Balaguer
DENMARK (Copenhagen) King Frederick IX
ECUADOR (San Francisco of Quito) President Jose Maria Velasco Ibarra
UNITED ARAB (Cairo) President Gamal Abdel Nasser
SPAIN (Madrid) Caudillo Francisco Franco
ETHIOPIA-ERITREA (Addis Ababa) Emperor Ras Tafari Haile Selassie I
FINLAND (Helsinki + Kultaranta) President Urho Kekkonen
FRANCE (Paris) President Charles de Gaulle
GABON (Libreville) President Leon Mba
GHANA (Accra) President Kwame Nkrumah
GUINEA (Conakry) President Ahmed Sekou Toure
GREECE (Athens) King Paul I
GUATEMALA (Guatemala City) President Miguel Ydigoras Fuentes
HONDURAS (Tegucigalpa + Comayaguela) President Ramon Villeda Morales
HAITI (Port Au Prince) President Francois Duvalier Papa Doc
HUNGARY (Budapest) Janos Kadar
INDONESIA (Jakarta) President Ahmad Sukarno
IRELAND (Dublin) President Eamon de Valera
ISRAEL (West Jerusalem + Tel Aviv-Jaffa) President Yitzhak Ben-Zvi
INDIA (New Delhi) President Rajendra Prasad
IRAQ (Baghdad) Muhammad Najib Al-Rubai
IRAN (Tehran) Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
ICELAND (Reykjavik) President Asgeir Asgeirsson
ITALY (Rome) President Giovanni Gronchi
JORDAN (Amman) King Hussein I
JAPAN (Tokyo) Emperor Hirohito
CAMBODIA (Phnom Penh) Prince Norodom Sihanouk
LAOS (Luangphrabang + Vientiane) King Savang Vatthana
LEBANON (Beirut) President Fuad Chehab
CEYLON (Colombo) Queen Elizabeth II
LIBERIA (Monrovia) President William Tubman
LUXEMBOURG (Luxembourg) Grand Duchess Charlotte
LIBYA (Tripoli + Benghazi + Al Bayda + Tobruk) King Idris I
MOROCCO (Rabat) King Hassan II
MADAGASCAR (Tananarive) President Philibert Tsiranana
MALI (Bamako) President Modibo Keita
BURMA (Rangoon) President Win Maung
MEXICO (Mexico City) President Adolfo Lopez Mateos
MALAYA (Kuala Lumpur) Raja Syed Harrun II Putra Al-Haj
NIGER (Niamey) President Hamani Diori
NIGERIA (Lagos) Queen Elizabeth II
NICARAGUA (Managua) President Luis Somoza Debayle
NETHERLANDS (Amsterdam + The Hague) Queen Juliana
NORWAY (Oslo) King Olav V
NEPAL (Kathmandu) Maharajah Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev
NEW ZEALAND (Wellington) Queen Elizabeth II
PANAMA (Panama City) President Roberto Francisco Chiari
PERU (Lima) President Manuel Prado Ugarteche
PHILIPPINES (Quezon City + Baguio City) President Carlos Garcia
PAKISTAN (Rawalpindi) President Mohammad Ayub Khan
POLAND (Warsaw) Wladyslaw Gomulka
PORTUGAL (Lisbon) President Americo Thomaz
PARAGUAY (Assumption) President Alfredo Stroessner
RUMANIA (Bucharest) Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej
SAUDI ARABIA (Riyadh) King Saud
SUDAN (Khartoum) General Ibrahim Abboud
SWEDEN (Stockholm) King Gustav VI Adolphe
SENEGAL (Dakar) President Leopold Sedar Senghor
SOMALIA (Mogadishu) President Aden Abdullah Osman Daar
SOVIET UNION (Moscow) Nikita Khrushchev
EL SALVADOR (San Salvador) Civic-Military Directory
CHAD (Fort Lamy) President Francois Tombalbaye
TOGO (Lome) President Sylvanus Olympio
THAILAND (Bangkok) King Rama IX Bhumibol Adulyadej
TUNISIA (Tunis) President Habib Bourguiba
TURKEY (Ankara) Cemal Gursel
CHINA (Taipeh) President Chiang Kai-Shek
UKRAINE (Kiev) Nikolai Podgorny
UNITED KINGDOM (London + Westminster) Queen Elizabeth II
AMERICA (Washington-District of Columbia) President John Fitzgerald Kennedy
URUGUAY (Montevideo) President Eduardo Victor Haedo
VENEZUELA (Caracas) President Romulo Betancourt
YEMEN (Taiz) Imam and King Ahmad IV ash-Shams
YUGOSLAVIA (Belgrade) President Josip Broz Tito
SOUTH AFRICA (Pretoria + Cape Town + Bloemfontein) State President Charles Robberts Swart



Ѻ Ѻ Ѻ
   
Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Martucci Dave, DMA (US). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





Any suggestion or correction is welcome and can be sent to .


  Creative Commons License Licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2020-FEB-20.