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1946-DEC-07

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International Organization AFGHANISTAN  ARGENTINE  AUSTRALIA  BELGIUM  BOLIVIA  BRAZIL  BYELORUSSIA  CANADA  CHILE  COLOMBIA  COSTA RICA  CZECHOSLOVAKIA  CUBA  DOMINICAN  DENMARK  ECUADOR  EGYPT  ETHIOPIA  FRENCH UNION  GREECE  GUATEMALA  HONDURAS  HAITI  INDIA  IRAQ  IRAN  ICELAND  LEBANON  LIBERIA  LUXEMBOURG  MEXICO  NICARAGUA  NETHERLANDS  NORWAY  NEW ZEALAND  PANAMA  PERU  PHILIPPINES  POLAND  PARAGUAY  SAUDI ARABIA  SWEDEN  SOVIET UNION  EL SALVADOR  SYRIA  TURKEY  CHINA  UKRAINE  UNITED KINGDOM  AMERICA  URUGUAY  VENEZUELA  YUGOSLAVIA  SOUTH AFRICA 

United Nations Organization : UNO

Flag or logo since 1946-12-07
United Nations Organization : UNO (en) + Organisation des Nations-Unies : ONU (fr) + Organización de las Naciones Unidas : ONU (es) + Organizatsiya Obedinnenyh Naziy : OON - Организация Объединённых Наций : OOH (ru) + Lien Ho-Kuo Tsu-Chih: LHK - 聯合國 組織 (zh) Organisation
Emblem or Symbol

SG Trygve Lie (no)
(since 1946-02-02)
Capital:London + Geneva - (London + Genève)
Official languages: English (en) . Spanish (es) . French (fr) . Russian (ru) . Chinese (zh) .

Organization:


UNITED NATIONS UNITED NATIONS Organization continuing the League of Nations  (London + Geneva)

6 Organs or similar:

ECOSOC United Nations Economic and Social Council : ECOSOC  (New York City + Geneva)Local: United Nations Economic and Social Council : ECOSOC (en) + Conseil Économique et Social des Nations-Unies : CÉSNU (fr) + Consejo Económico y Social de las Naciones Unidas : CESNU (es) + Ekonomicheskiy i Sotsial''nyy Sovet Organizatsii Ob''yedinonnykh Natsiy : ESSOON - Экономический и Социальный Совет Организации Объединённых Наций : ЭССООН (ru) + Lien-Ho-Kuo Ching-Chi chi She-Huei Li-Shih Huei : 聯合國經濟及社會理​​事會 (zh)  (New York City + Genève)
UNEO United Nations European Office : UNEO  (Geneva)Local: Office Européen des Nations-Unies : OENU (fr) + United Nations European Office : UNEO (en)  (Genève)
UNNY United Nations Headquarters in New York City : UNNY  (New York City)Local: United Nations Headquarters in New York City : UNNY (en) + Quartier Général des Nations-Unies à New York : UNNY (fr) + Sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York : UNNY (es) + Tsentral''nyye Uchrezhdeniya Organizatsii Ob''yedinennykh Natsiy : TSUOON - Центральные Учреждения Организации Объединенных Наций : ЦУOOH (ru) + Lien-Ho-Kuo Tsung-Pu Ta-Lou : 聯合國總部大樓 (zh)  (New York City)
UNS United Nations Secretariat : UNS  (New York City)Local: United Nations Secretariat : UNS (en) + Secrétariat général des Nations-Unies : SGNU (fr) + Secretaría General de Naciones Unidas : SGNU (es) + Sekretariat Organizatsii Ob''yedinonnykh Natsiy : SOON - Секретариат Организации Объединённых Наций : COOH (ru) + Lien-Ho-Kuo Mi-Shu Ch''u : 聯合國秘書處 (zh)  (New York City)
UNSC United Nations Security Council : UNSC  (Westminster)Local: United Nations Security Council : UNSC (en) + Consejo de Seguridad de las Naciones Unidas : CSNU (es) + Conseil de Sécurité des Nations-Unies : CSNU (fr) + Sovet Bezopasnosti Organizatsii Ob''yedinonnykh Natsiy : SOON - Совет Безопасности Организации Объединённых Наций : СБOO (ru) + Lien-Ho-Kuo An-Ch''üan Li-Shih Huei : LATH - 聯合國安全理事會 (zh)  (Westminster)
UNTT United Nations Trust Territories : UNTT  (London + Geneva)Local: United Nations Trust Territories : UNTT (en) + Territoires sous Tutelle des Nations-Unies : TTNU (fr)  (London + Genève)



1 Assisted Entity

PALESTINE High Commission of PALESTINE  (Jerusalem) King George VI



13 Territories:

CTO Communications and Transit Organisation : CTO  (Geneva)Local: Communications and Transit Organisation : CTO (en) + Organisation pour la Communication et le Transit : OCT (fr) + Organización para la Comunicación y de Tránsito : OCT (es)  (Genève)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Quebec City)Local: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO (en) + Organisation des Nations-Unies pour l''Alimentation et l''Agriculture : ONUAA (fr) + Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura : FAO (es) + Prodovolstvennaya i Selskohozyaystvennaya Organizatsiya Obedinennyh Natsy : FAO - Продовольственная и сельскохозяйственная организация Объединенных Наций : ФАО (ru) + Lian-Ho-Kuo Liang-Shih-chi Nung-Yeh Tsu-Chih : 聯合國糧食及農業組織 (zh)  (Quebec City)
HEALTH HEALTH Organization  (New York City)Local: HEALTH Organization (en) + Organisation de la SANTÉ (fr)  (New York City)
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)Local: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD (en) + Banque Internationale de Reconstruction et de Développement : BIRD (fr) + Banco Internacional de Reconstrucción y Desarrollo : BIRD (es) + Mezhdunarodnyy Bank Rekonstruktsii i Razvitiya : Международный Банк Реконструкции и Развития : МБРР (ru) + Kuo-Chi Fu-Hsing ho K''ai-Fa Yin-Hang : SHIH-CHIEH YIN-HANG - 國際復興和開發銀行: 世界銀行 (zh)  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)Local: International Court of Justice : ICJ (en) + Cour Internationale de Justice : CIJ (fr)  (''s-Gravenhage)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)Local: International Labour Organization : ILO (en) + Organisation Internationale du Travail : OIT (fr) + Organización Internacional del Trabajo : OIT (es)  (Montréal)
IMF Agreement for International Monetary Fund : IMF  (Washington-District of Columbia)Local: Agreement for International Monetary Fund : IMF (en) + Accord du Fonds Monétaire International : FMI (fr) + Convenio Constitutivo del Fondo Monetario Internacional : IMF (es)  (Washington-District of Columbia)
IRO International Refugee Organization : IRO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)Local: International Refugee Organization : IRO (en) + Organisation Internationale pour les Réfugiés : OIR (fr)  (Genève)
LEAGUE OF NATIONS REFUGEES High Commission for Refugees under the Protection of THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS  (Geneva)Local: High Commission for Refugees under the Protection of THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS (en) + Haut-Commissariat pour les Réfugiés sous la Protection de la SOCIÉTÉ DES NATIONS (fr) + Alto Comisionado para los Refugiados bajo la protección de LIGA DE NACIONES (es)  (Genève)
PCNB Permanent Central Narcotics Board : PCNB  (Geneva)Local: Permanent Central Narcotics Board : PCNB (en) + Organe Central Permanent des Stupéfiants : OCPS (fr) + Junta Central Permanente del Estupefacientes : JCPE (es)  (Genève)
PICAO Provisional International Civil Aviation Organization : PICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)Local: Provisional International Civil Aviation Organization : PICAO Specialized Agency (en) + Organisation de l''Aviation Civile Internationale Provisoire : Agence spécialisée de l''OACIP (fr)  (Montréal)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)Local: United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO (en) + Organisation des Nations-Unies pour l''Éducation la Science et la Culture : UNESCO (fr) + Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Educación la Ciencia y la Cultura : UNESCO (es) + Organizatsiya Obedinennyh Natsiy po Voprosam ObrazovanIa Nauki i Kultury : UNESKO - Организация Объединённых Наций по вопросам образования науки и культуры : ЮНЕСКО (ru) + Lien-Ho-Kuo Chia-Yü K''o-Hsüeh-Chi Wen-Hua Tsu-Chih : UNESCO - 聯合國教育、科學及文化組織'' (zh)  (Paris)
UNRRA United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration : UNRRA  (Washington-District of Columbia)Local: United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration : UNRRA (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia)

10 Condominiums:

BRITISH CAMEROONS League of Nations Mandate of BRITISH CAMEROONS administered from Nigeria  (Buea)Local: League of Nations Mandate of BRITISH CAMEROONS (en)  (Buea)
BRITISH TOGOLAND League of Nations Mandate of BRITISH TOGOLAND administered from Gold Coast  (Ho)Local: League of Nations Mandate of BRITISH TOGOLAND (en)  (Ho)
FRENCH CAMEROON League of Nations Mandate of the Autonomous Territory of FRENCH CAMEROON  (Duala)Local: Territoire autonome du CAMEROUN (fr)  (Douala)
FRENCH LEVANT Mandate for Syria and Lebanon : FRENCH LEVANT  ((Beirut))Local: Mandat pour la Syrie et le Liban : LEVANT FRANÇAIS (fr)  ((Beyrouth))
FRENCH TOGO FRENCH TOGO Territory  (Lome)Local: Territoire du TOGO FRANÇAIS (fr)  (Lomé)
PRATAS ISLANDS Territory of PRATAS ISLANDS [part of Kwangtung Province and mandated by the United Nations]  (Tungsha)Local: Territory of PRATAS ISLANDS (en) + TUNG-SHA Ch''iun-Tao : 東沙群島 (zh)  (Tung-Sha)
RUANDA-URUNDI League of Nations Mandate of RUANDA-URUNDI Province of Belgian Congo  (Usumbura)Local: Mandat de la Société des Nations du RUANDA-URUNDI (fr) + Belgisch Mandaatgebied van ROEANDA-OEROENDI (nl)  (Usumbura)
SOUTH WEST AFRICA South African administered League of Nations Mandate of SOUTH WEST AFRICA  (Windhoek)Local: Mandaat van SUIDWES-AFRIKA (af) + Mandate of SOUTH WEST AFRICA (en) + Mandaatgebied van ZUIDWEST-AFRIKA (nl) + Mandatsgebiet SÜDWESTAFRIKA (de)  (Windhoek)
TANGANYIKA League of Nations Mandate of TANGANYIKA Territory  (Daressalam)Local: TANGANYIKA Territory (en)  (Daressalam)
WESTERN SAMOA New Zealand administered League of Nations Mandate on WESTERN SAMOA  (Apia)Local: League of Nations Mandate on WESTERN SAMOA (en) + Teritori o SAMOA I SISIFO (sm)  (Apia)


54 Members (excluding the associate or suspended members but including the countries represented on their behalf)   [The rulers are not necessarily the representatives in the organization. ] :

AFGHANISTAN (Kabul) King Mohammad Zahir Shah
ARGENTINE (Buenos Aires) President Juan Peron
AUSTRALIA (Canberra) King George VI
BELGIUM (Brussels) Regent Prince Charles
BOLIVIA (Sucre + La Paz) Tomas Monje
BRAZIL (Rio of Janeiro) President Eurico Gaspar Dutra
BYELORUSSIA (Minsk) Panteleimon Ponomarenko
CANADA (Ottawa) King George VI
CHILE (Santiago of Chile + Valparaiso) President Gabriel Gonzalez Videla
COLOMBIA (Bogota) President Mariano Ospina Perez
COSTA RICA (San Jose) President Teodoro Picado Michalski
CZECHOSLOVAKIA (Prague) President Edvard Benes
CUBA (Havana) President Ramon Grau San Martin
DOMINICAN (Ciudad Trujillo) President Generalissimo Rafael Leonidas Trujillo
DENMARK (Copenhagen) King Christian X
ECUADOR (San Francisco of Quito) President Jose Maria Velasco Ibarra
EGYPT (Cairo) King Farouk I
ETHIOPIA (Addis Ababa) Emperor Ras Tafari Haile Selassie I
FRENCH UNION (Paris) Georges Bidault
GREECE (Athens) King George II
GUATEMALA (Guatemala City) President Juan Jose Arevalo
HONDURAS (Tegucigalpa + Comayaguela) President Tiburcio Carias Andino
HAITI (Port Au Prince) President Jean Dumarsais Estime
INDIA (New Delhi + Simla) Viceroy Archibald Wavell
IRAQ (Baghdad) King Faysal II
IRAN (Tehran) Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
ICELAND (Reykjavik) President Sveinn Bjornsson
LEBANON (Beirut) President Bechara El-Khoury
LIBERIA (Monrovia) President William Tubman
LUXEMBOURG (Luxembourg) Grand Duchess Charlotte
MEXICO (Mexico City) President Miguel Aleman Valdez
NICARAGUA (Managua) President Anastasio Somoza Garcia
NETHERLANDS (Amsterdam + The Hague) Queen Wilhelmina
NORWAY (Oslo) King Haakon VII
NEW ZEALAND (Wellington) King George VI
PANAMA (Panama City) President Enrique Adolfo Jimenez Brin
PERU (Lima) President Jose Luis Bustamante y Rivero
PHILIPPINES (Manila + Baguio City) President Manuel Roxas
POLAND (Warsaw) Wladyslaw Gomulka
PARAGUAY (Assumption) President Higinio Morinigo
SAUDI ARABIA (Riyadh) King Abdul Aziz bin Saud
SWEDEN (Stockholm) King Gustav V
SOVIET UNION (Moscow) Joseph Stalin
EL SALVADOR (San Salvador) President Salvador Castaneda Castro
SYRIA (Damascus) President Shukri al-Kuwatli
TURKEY (Ankara) President Ismet Inonu
CHINA (Nanking) Chiang Kai-Shek
UKRAINE (Kiev) Nikita Khrushchev
UNITED KINGDOM (London + Westminster) King George VI
AMERICA (Washington-District of Columbia) President Harry Truman
URUGUAY (Montevideo) President Juan Jose de Amezaga
VENEZUELA (Caracas) Romulo Betancourt
YUGOSLAVIA (Belgrade) Marshal Josip Broz Tito
SOUTH AFRICA (Pretoria + Cape Town) King George VI



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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Martucci Dave, DMA (US). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2020-FEB-20.