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1945-APR-01

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International Organization AFGHANISTAN  ARGENTINE  AUSTRALIA  BELGIUM  BULGARIA  BOLIVIA  CANADA  SWITZERLAND  COLOMBIA  CZECHOSLOVAKIA IN EXILE  CUBA  DOMINICAN  ECUADOR  LATVIA IN EXILE  EGYPT  ETHIOPIA  FREE ESTONIA  FINLAND  FRANCE  GREECE  EIRE  INDIA  IRAQ  IRAN  LIBERIA  LUXEMBURG IN EXILE  MEXICO  NETHERLANDS IN EXILE  NORWAY IN EXILE  NEW ZEALAND  PANAMA  FIGHTING POLAND  PORTUGAL  SWEDEN  THAILAND  TURKEY  CHINA  UNITED KINGDOM  URUGUAY  YUGOSLAVIA  SOUTH AFRICA  LITHUANIA IN EXILE 

League of Nations Covenant : LON

Flag or logo since 1945-04-01*
Société des Nations : SDN (fr) + League of Nations : LON (en) + Sociedad de Naciones : SDN (es) Organisation
Emblem or Symbol*

SG Sean Lester (ie)
(since 1940-08-31)
Capital:Geneva - (Genève)
Official languages: English (en) . Spanish (es) . French (fr) .

Organisation:


LEAGUE OF NATIONS League of Nations Covenant : LON  (Geneva)

6 Organs or similar:

BRETTON WOODS BRETTON WOODS Conference  (Washington-District of Columbia)Local: BRETTON WOODS Conference (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia)
IPB International Peace Bureau : IPB  (Berne)Local: Bureau International de la Paix : BIP (fr) + International Peace Bureau : IPB (en)  (Bern)
LON League of Nations Secretariat : LON  (Geneva)Local: LEAGUE OF NATIONS Secretariat (en) + Secrétariat de la SOCIÉTÉ DES NATIONS (fr) + Secretaría de la SOCIEDAD DE LAS NACIONES (es)  (Genève)
PMC Permanent Mandates Commission : PMC  (Geneva)Local: Permanent Mandates Commission : PMC (en) + Commission Permanente des Mandats : CPM (fr)  (Genève)
WORLD BANK Bretton Woods System : WORLD BANK Group  (Bretton Woods)Local: Bretton Woods System : WORLD BANK Group (en)  (Bretton Woods)
WPC International Committee of WORLD PEACE CAPITAL  (Navy Island)Local: International Committee of WORLD PEACE CAPITAL (en)  (Navy Island)



2 Assisted Entities

PALESTINE British Mandate for PALESTINE [League of Nations Mandate]  (Jerusalem) King George VI
TRANSJORDAN TRANSJORDAN Emirate [League of Nations Mandate under British Protectorate]  (Amman) Emir Abdallah I



10 Territories:

CIVIL AVIATION Chicago Convention on International CIVIL AVIATION  (Chicago)Local: Chicago Convention on International CIVIL AVIATION (en) + Convention de Chicago relative à l''AVIATION CIVILE Internationale (fr)  (Chicago)
CTO Communications and Transit Organisation : CTO  (Geneva)Local: Communications and Transit Organisation : CTO (en) + Organisation pour la Communication et le Transit : OCT (fr) + Organización para la Comunicación y de Tránsito : OCT (es)  (Genève)
EFO Economic and Financial Organization of the League of Nations : EFO  (Brusells)Local: Economic and Financial Organization of the League of Nations : EFO (en) + Organisation Financière et Économique de la Société des Nations : OFÉ (fr) + Organización Económica y Financiera de la Sociedad de Naciones : OEF (es)  (Bruxelles)
IGCR High Commission for Refugees : Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees : IGCR  (Berne)Local: High Commission for Refugees : Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees : IGCR (en) + Haut-Commissariat pour les Réfugiés : Comité intergouvernemental sur les Réfugiés : CIGR  (Bern)
IHB International Hydrographic Bureau : IHB Specialized Agency  (Monaco)Local: Bureau Hydrographique International : Agence spécialisée du BHI (fr) + International Hydrographic Bureau : IHB Specialized Agency (en)  (Monaco)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)Local: International Labour Organization : ILO (en) + Organisation Internationale du Travail : OIT (fr) + Organización Internacional del Trabajo : OIT (es)  (Montréal)
LNHO League of Nations Health Organization : LNHO  (Geneva)Local: League of Nations Health Organization : LNHO (en) + Organisation d''Hygiène de la Société des Nations : OHSN (fr) + Organización de Higiene de la Sociedad de las Naciones : OHSN (es)  (Genève)
OIC Organization of Intellectual Cooperation : OIC  (Geneva)Local: Organization of Intellectual Cooperation : OIC (en) + Organisation de Coopération Intellectuelle : OCI (fr) + Organización de Cooperación Intelectual: OIC (es)  (Genève)
PCIJ Permanent Court of International Justice : PCIJ  (The Hague)Local: Permanent Court of International Justice : PCIJ (en) + Cour Permanente de Justice Internationale : CPJI (fr)  (Den Haag)
PCNB Permanent Central Narcotics Board : PCNB  (Geneva)Local: Permanent Central Narcotics Board : PCNB (en) + Organe Central Permanent des Stupéfiants : OCPS (fr) + Junta Central Permanente del Estupefacientes : JCPE (es)  (Genève)

9 Condominiums:

BRITISH CAMEROONS League of Nations Mandate of BRITISH CAMEROONS administered from Nigeria  (Buea)Local: League of Nations Mandate of BRITISH CAMEROONS (en)  (Buea)
BRITISH TOGOLAND Administration of BRITISH TOGOLAND [League of Nations Mandate administered from Gold Coast]  (Ho)Local: Administration of BRITISH TOGOLAND (en)  (Ho)
FRENCH CAMEROON Autonomous Territory of FRENCH CAMEROON [League of Nations Mandate under French Administration]  (Duala)Local: Territoire autonome du CAMEROUN (fr)  (Douala)
FRENCH LEVANT Mandate for Syria and Lebanon : FRENCH LEVANT  ((Beirut))Local: Mandat pour la Syrie et le Liban : LEVANT FRANÇAIS (fr) + Residency for Lebanon and Syria : FRENCH LEVANT (en)  ((Beyrouth))
FRENCH TOGO FRENCH TOGO Territory  (Lome)Local: Territoire du TOGO FRANÇAIS (fr)  (Lomé)
RUANDA-URUNDI Province of RUANDA-URUNDI [League of Nations Mandate administered from Belgian Congo]  (Usumbura)Local: Province du RUANDA-URUNDI (fr) + Provincie ROEANDA-OEROENDI (nl)  (Usumbura)
SOUTH WEST AFRICA Mandate of SOUTH WEST AFRICA [League of Nations Mandate under South African administration]  (Windhoek)Local: Mandaat van SUIDWES-AFRIKA (af) + Mandate of SOUTH WEST AFRICA (en) + Mandaatgebied van ZUIDWEST-AFRIKA (nl) + Mandatsgebiet SÜDWESTAFRIKA (de)  (Windhoek)
TANGANYIKA League of Nations Mandate of TANGANYIKA Territory  (Daressalam)Local: TANGANYIKA Territory (en)  (Daressalam)
WESTERN SAMOA Territory of WESTERN SAMOA [League of Nations Mandate under New Zealand Administration]  (Apia)Local: Territory of WESTERN SAMOA (en) + Teritori o SAMOA I SISIFO (sm)  (Apia)



42 Members (excluding the associate or suspended members but including the countries represented on their behalf)   [The rulers are not necessarily the representatives in the organisation. ] :

AFGHANISTAN (Kabul) King Mohammad Zahir Shah
ARGENTINE (Buenos Aires) President Edelmiro Julian Farrell
AUSTRALIA (Canberra) King George VI
BELGIUM (Brussels) Regent Prince Charles
BULGARIA (Sofia) Kimon Georgiev
BOLIVIA (Sucre + La Paz) President Gualberto Villarroel
CANADA (Ottawa) King George VI
SWITZERLAND (Berne + Lausanne) President Eduard von Steiger
COLOMBIA (Bogota) President Alfonso Lopez Pumarejo
CZECHOSLOVAKIA IN EXILE (Kosice + London) President Edvard Benes
CUBA (Havana) President Ramon Grau San Martin
DOMINICAN (Ciudad Trujillo) President Generalissimo Rafael Leonidas Trujillo
ECUADOR (San Francisco of Quito) President Jose Maria Velasco Ibarra
LATVIA IN EXILE (London + Stockholm) President Pauls Kalnins
EGYPT (Cairo) King Farouk I
ETHIOPIA (Addis Ababa) Emperor Ras Tafari Haile Selassie I
FREE ESTONIA (London) August Torma
FINLAND (Helsinki + Kultaranta) President Carl Gustaf Mannerheim
FRANCE (Paris) General Charles de Gaulle
GREECE (Athens) Regent Archbishop Damaskinos
EIRE (Dublin) President Douglas Hyde
INDIA (New Delhi + Simla) Viceroy Archibald Wavell
IRAQ (Baghdad) King Faysal II
IRAN (Tehran) Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
LIBERIA (Monrovia) President William Tubman
LUXEMBURG IN EXILE (Montreal) Grand Duchess Charlotte
MEXICO (Mexico City) President Manuel Avila Camacho
NETHERLANDS IN EXILE (London + Breda) Queen Wilhelmina
NORWAY IN EXILE (London) King Haakon VII
NEW ZEALAND (Wellington) King George VI
PANAMA (Panama City) President Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia
FIGHTING POLAND (London + Polish Resistance) President Wladyslaw Raczkiewicz
PORTUGAL (Lisbon) President Oscar Carmona
SWEDEN (Stockholm) King Gustav V
THAILAND (Bangkok) King Rama VIII Ananda Mahidol
TURKEY (Ankara) President Ismet Inonu
CHINA (Chungking) Chiang Kai-Shek
UNITED KINGDOM (London + Westminster) King George VI
URUGUAY (Montevideo) President Juan Jose de Amezaga
YUGOSLAVIA (Belgrade) Marshal Josip Broz Tito
SOUTH AFRICA (Pretoria + Cape Town) King George VI
LITHUANIA IN EXILE (Berne) Stasys Lozoraitis Senior



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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