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1944-SEP-20

Zones: Timeline

International Organization AFGHANISTAN  ARGENTINE  AUSTRALIA  BELGIUM  BULGARIA  BOLIVIA  CANADA  SWITZERLAND  COLOMBIA  CZECHOSLOVAKIA-IN-EXILE  CUBA  DOMINICAN  ECUADOR  LATVIA-IN-EXILE  EGYPT  ETHIOPIA  FREE ESTONIA  FINLAND  FRANCE  GREECE-IN-EXILE  EIRE  INDIA  IRAQ  IRAN  LIBERIA  LUXEMBURG-IN-EXILE  MEXICO  NETHERLANDS-IN-EXILE  NORWAY-IN-EXILE  NEW ZEALAND  PANAMA  FIGHTING POLAND  PORTUGAL  SWEDEN  THAILAND  TURKEY  CHINA  UNITED KINGDOM  URUGUAY  YUGOSLAVIA  SOUTH AFRICA  LITHUANIA-IN-EXILE 

League of Nations Covenant : LON

Flag or logo since 1939-12-11*
Société des Nations : SDN (fr) + League of Nations : LON (en) + Sociedad de Naciones : SDN (es) Organisation
Emblem or Symbol*

SG Sean Lester (ie)
(since 1940-08-31)
 
 
 
 
Capitals & administrative places*: Geneva
(Genève)
Official & national languages: English (en) . Spanish (es) . French (fr) .

Organisation:


LEAGUE OF NATIONS League of Nations Covenant : LON  (Geneva)

6 Organs or similar:

BRETTON WOODS BRETTON WOODS Conference  (Washington-District of Columbia)Local: BRETTON WOODS Conference (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia)
IPB International Peace Bureau : IPB  (Berne)Local: Bureau International de la Paix : BIP (fr) + International Peace Bureau : IPB (en)  (Bern)
LON League of Nations Secretariat : LON  (Geneva)Local: LEAGUE OF NATIONS Secretariat (en) + Secrétariat de la SOCIÉTÉ DES NATIONS (fr) + Secretaría de la SOCIEDAD DE LAS NACIONES (es)  (Genève)
LONNY League of Nations in NEW YORK  (New York City)Local: League of Nations Convention in NEW YORK (en) + Convention de la SOCIÉTÉ DES NATIONS à New York (fr) + Convención de la SOCIEDAD DE NACIONES en Nueva York (es)  (New York City)
PMC Permanent Mandates Commission : PMC  (Geneva)Local: Permanent Mandates Commission : PMC (en) + Commission Permanente des Mandats : CPM (fr)  (Genève)
WORLD BANK Bretton Woods System : WORLD BANK Group  (Bretton Woods)Local: Bretton Woods System : WORLD BANK Group (en)  (Bretton Woods)



2 Assisted Entities

PALESTINE British Mandate for PALESTINE [League of Nations Mandate]  (Jerusalem) King George VI
TRANSJORDAN TRANSJORDAN Emirate [League of Nations Mandate under British Protectorate]  (Amman) Emir Abdallah I



10 Territories:

EFO Economic and Financial Organization of the League of Nations : EFO  (Brusells)Local: Economic and Financial Organization of the League of Nations : EFO (en) + Organisation Financière et Économique de la Société des Nations : OFÉ (fr) + Organización Económica y Financiera de la Sociedad de Naciones : OEF (es)  (Bruxelles)
ICAN International Commission for Air Navigation : ICAN  (Paris)Local: Commission Internationale de la Navigation Aérienne : CINA (fr)  (Paris)
IGCR High Commission for Refugees : Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees : IGCR  (Berne)Local: High Commission for Refugees : Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees : IGCR (en) + Haut-Commissariat pour les Réfugiés : Comité intergouvernemental sur les Réfugiés : CIGR  (Bern)
IHB International Hydrographic Bureau : IHB Specialized Agency  (Monaco)Local: Bureau Hydrographique International : Agence spécialisée du BHI (fr) + International Hydrographic Bureau : IHB Specialized Agency (en)  (Monaco)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)Local: International Labour Organization : ILO (en) + Organisation Internationale du Travail : OIT (fr) + Organización Internacional del Trabajo : OIT (es)  (Montréal)
LNHO League of Nations Health Organization : LNHO  (Geneva)Local: League of Nations Health Organization : LNHO (en) + Organisation d´Hygiène de la Société des Nations : OHSN (fr) + Organización de Higiene de la Sociedad de las Naciones : OHSN (es)  (Genève)
OCT Organization for Communication and Transit : OCT  (Geneva)Local: Organisation for Communication and Transit : OCT (en) + Organisation pour la Communication et le Transit : OCT (fr) + Organización para la Comunicación y de Tránsito : OCT (es)  (Genève)
OIC Organization of Intellectual Cooperation : OIC  (Geneva)Local: Organization of Intellectual Cooperation : OIC (en) + Organisation de Coopération Intellectuelle : OCI (fr) + Organización de Cooperación Intelectual: OIC (es)  (Genève)
PCIJ Permanent Court of International Justice : PCIJ  (The Hague)Local: Permanent Court of International Justice : PCIJ (en) + Cour Permanente de Justice Internationale : CPJI (fr)  (Den Haag)
PCOB Permanent Central Opium Board : PCOB  (Geneva)Local: Permanent Central Opium Board : PCOB (en) + Organe Central Permanent de l´Opium : OCPO (fr) + Junta Central Permanente del Opio : JCPO (es)  (Genève)

10 Condominiums:

BRITISH CAMEROONS BRITISH CAMEROONS Territory [League of Nations Mandate administered from Nigeria]  (Buea)Local: League of Nations Mandate of BRITISH CAMEROONS (en)  (Buea)
BRITISH TOGOLAND Administration of BRITISH TOGOLAND [League of Nations Mandate administered from Gold Coast]  (Ho)Local: Administration of BRITISH TOGOLAND (en)  (Ho)
FRENCH CAMEROON Autonomous Territory of FRENCH CAMEROON [League of Nations Mandate under French Administration]  (Duala)Local: Territoire autonome du CAMEROUN (fr)  (Douala)
FRENCH LEVANT Mandate for Syria and Lebanon : FRENCH LEVANT  ((Beirut))Local: Mandat pour la Syrie et le Liban : LEVANT FRANÇAIS (fr) + Residency for Lebanon and Syria : FRENCH LEVANT (en)  ((Beyrouth))
FRENCH TOGO FRENCH TOGO Territory  (Lome)Local: Territoire du TOGO FRANÇAIS (fr)  (Lomé)
RUANDA-URUNDI Province of RUANDA-URUNDI [League of Nations Mandate administered from Belgian Congo]  (Usumbura)Local: Province du RUANDA-URUNDI (fr) + Provincie ROEANDA-OEROENDI (nl)  (Usumbura)
RUSSIAN COMPOUND OF JERUSALEM RUSSIAN COMPOUND of Jerusalem  (Holy Trinity Cathedral of Jerusalem)Local: CENTRAL SECURITY Zone (en) + Al-Maskubiat ´aw al-Mjmme ar-Ruwsiu fi Al-Quds : المسكوبية أو المجمّع الروسي في القدس (ar) + Migraš ha-Rusim - MEGRASH HARUSIM : מגרש הרוסים (he)  (Holy Trinity Cathedral of Jerusalem)
SOUTH WEST AFRICA Mandate of SOUTH WEST AFRICA [League of Nations Mandate under South African administration]  (Windhoek)Local: Mandaat van SUIDWES-AFRIKA (af) + Mandate of SOUTH WEST AFRICA (en) + Mandaatgebied van ZUIDWEST-AFRIKA (nl) + Mandatsgebiet SÜDWESTAFRIKA (de)  (Windhoek)
TANGANYIKA TANGANYIKA Territory [League of Nations Mandate under British administration]  (Daressalam)Local: TANGANYIKA Territory (en)  (Daressalam)
WESTERN SAMOA Territory of WESTERN SAMOA [League of Nations Mandate under New Zealand Administration]  (Apia)Local: Territory of WESTERN SAMOA (en) + Teritori o SAMOA I SISIFO (sm)  (Apia)



42 Members (excluding the associate or suspended members but including the countries represented on their behalf)   [The rulers are not necessarily the representatives in the organisation. ] :

AFGHANISTAN (Kabul) King Mohammad Zahir Shah
ARGENTINE (Buenos Aires a + Olivos r) President Edelmiro Julian Farrell
AUSTRALIA (Canberra) King George VI
BELGIUM (Brussels) Regent Prince Charles
BULGARIA (Sofia) Kimon Georgiev
BOLIVIA (Sucre cj + La Paz eir) President Gualberto Villarroel
CANADA (Ottawa) King George VI
SWITZERLAND (Berne q + Lausanne j) President Walter Stampfli
COLOMBIA (Bogota) President Alfonso Lopez Pumarejo
CZECHOSLOVAKIA-IN-EXILE (London x) President Edvard Benes
CUBA (Havana) President Fulgencio Batista
DOMINICAN (Ciudad Trujillo) President Generalissimo Rafael Leonidas Trujillo
ECUADOR (San Francisco of Quito) President Jose Maria Velasco Ibarra
LATVIA-IN-EXILE (London) President Pauls Kalnins
EGYPT (Cairo a + Alexandria r) King Farouk I
ETHIOPIA (Addis Ababa) Emperor Ras Tafari Haile Selassie I
FREE ESTONIA (London) August Torma
FINLAND (Helsinki a + Kultaranta r) President Carl Gustaf Mannerheim
FRANCE (Paris) General Charles de Gaulle
GREECE-IN-EXILE (Salerno x) King George II
EIRE (Dublin) President Douglas Hyde
INDIA (New Delhi a + Simla s) Viceroy Sir Archibald Wavell
IRAQ (Baghdad) King Faysal II
IRAN (Tehran) Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
LIBERIA (Monrovia) President William Tubman
LUXEMBURG-IN-EXILE (Montreal x) Grand Duchess Charlotte
MEXICO (Mexico City) President Manuel Avila Camacho
NETHERLANDS-IN-EXILE (London x + Ottawa rx) Queen Wilhelmina
NORWAY-IN-EXILE (London x) King Haakon VII
NEW ZEALAND (Wellington) King George VI
PANAMA (Panama City) President Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia
FIGHTING POLAND (London x + Polish Resistance z) President Wladyslaw Raczkiewicz
PORTUGAL (Lisbon) President Oscar Carmona
SWEDEN (Stockholm) King Gustav V
THAILAND (Bangkok) King Rama VIII Ananda Mahidol
TURKEY (Ankara) President Ismet Inonu
CHINA (Chungking t) Chiang Kai-Shek
UNITED KINGDOM (London a + Westminster lr) King George VI
URUGUAY (Montevideo) President Juan Jose de Amezaga
YUGOSLAVIA (Vis g) Marshal Josip Broz Tito
SOUTH AFRICA (Pretoria ae + Cape Town l) King George VI
LITHUANIA-IN-EXILE (Berne) Stasys Lozoraitis Senior



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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