ethnia.org   
 

1900-JAN-01

Zones: Timeline

International Organization ARGENTINE  AUSTRIA  BOSNIA  BELGIUM  BULGARIA  BOLIVIA  BRAZIL  CANADA  CONGO  SWITZERLAND  CHILI  COLOMBIA  COSTA RICA  GERMANY  DENMARK  DOMINICAN  ECUADOR  EGYPT  SPAIN  FRANCE  GREECE  GUATEMALA  HONDURAS  HAYTI  HUNGARY  INDIA  PERSIA  ITALY  JAPAN  KOREA  LIBERIA  LUXEMBURG  MONTENEGRO  MEXICO  NICARAGUA  NETHERLANDS  NORWAY  PERU  PORTUGAL  PARAGUAY  RUMANIA  SERVIA  RUSSIA  SWEDEN  SALVADOR  SIAM  TUNISIA  OTTOMAN TURKEY  UNITED KINGDOM  AMERICA  URUGUAY  VENEZUELA  SOUTH-AFRICA  ORANGE FREE STATE  ZANZIBAR 

Universal Postal Union : UPU

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01*
Union Postale Universelle : UPU (fr) Organisation
Emblem or Symbol*

Director Eugene Ruffy (ch)
(since 1900-01-01)
 
 
 
 
Capitals & administrative places*: Berne
(Bern)
Official & national languages: French (fr) .






55 Members (excluding the associate or suspended members but including the countries represented on their behalf)   [The rulers are not necessarily the representatives in the organisation. ] :

ARGENTINE (Buenos Ayres a) President Julio Argentino Roca
AUSTRIA (Vienna) Emperor Francis Joseph I
BOSNIA (Sarajevo)
BELGIUM (Brussels) King Leopold II
BULGARIA (Sofia) Prince Ferdinand I
BOLIVIA (Sucre cj + La Paz eir) President Jose Manuel Pando
BRAZIL (Rio of Janeiro) President Manuel Ferraz de Campos Sales
CANADA (Ottawa) Queen Victoria
CONGO (Boma) King Leopold II
SWITZERLAND (Berne q + Lausanne j) President Walter Hauser
CHILI (Santiago of Chili a + Valparaiso ls) President Federico Errazuriz Echaurren
COLOMBIA (Bogota) President Manuel Antonio Sanclemente
COSTA RICA (San Jose) President Rafael Yglesias Castro
GERMANY (Berlin a) Emperor William II
DENMARK (Copenhagen) King Christian IX
DOMINICAN (Santo Domingo) President Juan Isidro Jimenes
ECUADOR (San Francisco of Quito) President Eloy Alfaro
EGYPT (Cairo a + Alexandria r) Khedive Abbas II Hilmi Pasha
SPAIN (Madrid) King Alfonso XII
FRANCE (Paris) President Emile Loubet
GREECE (Athens a) King George I
GUATEMALA (Guatemala City) President Manuel Jose Estrada
HONDURAS (Tegucigalpa) President Terencio Sierra Romero
HAYTI (Port Au Prince) President Tiresias Simon-Sam
HUNGARY (Budapest) Emperor Francis Joseph I
INDIA (Calcutta) Viceroy George Curzon
PERSIA (Tehran) Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Kajar
ITALY (Rome) King Humbert I
JAPAN (Tokyo) Emperor Mutsuhito
KOREA (Seoul a) Emperor Kojong
LIBERIA (Monrovia) President William David Coleman
LUXEMBURG (Luxemburg City) Grand Duke Adolphe
MONTENEGRO (Cetinje) Prince Nicholas I Petrovich-Njegosh
MEXICO (Mexico City) President Porfirio Diaz
NICARAGUA (Managua) President Jose Santos Zelaya
NETHERLANDS (Amsterdam a + The Hague jlr + Wassenaar r) Queen Wilhelmina
NORWAY (Christiania) King Oscar II
PERU (Lima) President Eduardo Lopez de Romana
PORTUGAL (Lisbon) King Carlos I the Diplomat
PARAGUAY (Assumption) President Emilio Aceval
RUMANIA (Bucharest) King Carol I
SERVIA (Belgrade) King Alexander I Obrenovich
RUSSIA (Saint Petersburg) Tsar Nicholas II
SWEDEN (Stockholm) King Oscar II
SALVADOR (San Salvador) President Tomas Regalado
SIAM (Bankok) King Rama V Chulalongkorn the Great
TUNISIA (Tunis) Ali III Muddat bin Al-Husayn Bey
OTTOMAN TURKEY (Constantinople a) Sultan Abdulhamit II Gazi the Sublime Khan
UNITED KINGDOM (London a + Westminster lr + Edinburgh s + Windsor r) Queen Victoria
AMERICA (Washington-District of Columbia) President William McKinley
URUGUAY (Montevideo) President Juan Lindolfo Cuestas
VENEZUELA (Caracas) Cipriano Castro
SOUTH-AFRICA (Pretoria) State President Paul Kruger
ORANGE FREE STATE (Bloemfontein) State President Marthinus Steyn
ZANZIBAR (Zanzibar Stone Town) Sultan Sidi Hamud bin Muhammad



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.

 




Please feel free to send your own informations or suggestions to .


 Drawn with Inkscape  Written with Notepad++  Powered by Apache  ethnia.org Creative Commons License CC-BY Archived since 2003 by Internet Archives
Thank you.
LAST MODIFICATIONS : ~ 2022-SEP-08 ~ .