w.ethnia.org
 

2020-FEB-14

.. or a geo zone >>

International Organization ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA  AUSTRALIA  BARBADOS  BENGLADESH  BRUNEI DARUSSALAM  BAHAMAS  BOTSWANA  BELIZE  CANADA  CAMEROON  CYPRUS  DOMINICA  FIJI  GRENADA  GHANA  GAMBIA  GUYANA  INDIA  JAMAICA  KENYA  KIRIBATI  SAINT CHRISTOPHER AND NEVIS  SAINT LUCIA  SRI LANKA  LESOTHO  MALTA  MAURITIUS  MALDIVES  MALAWI  MALAYSIA  MOZAMBIQUE  NAMIBIA  NIGERIA  NAURU  NEW ZEALAND  PAPUA NEW GUINEA  PAKISTAN  RWANDA  SOLOMON ISLANDS  SEYCHELLES  SINGAPORE  SIERRA LEONE  ESWATINI  TONGA  TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO  TUVALU  TANZANIA  UGANDA  UNITED KINGDOM  SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES  VANUATU  SAMOA  SOUTH AFRICA  ZAMBIA 

THE COMMONWEATH Secretariat

Flag or logo since 2013-10-02
THE COMMONWEATH Secretariat (en) OrganisationUNO Observer
Emblem or Symbol

SG Patricia Scotland (dm)
(since 2016-04-01)
Capital:Westminster - (Westminster)
Official languages: English (en) .





54 Members (excluding the associate or suspended members but including the countries represented on their behalf)   [The rulers are not necessarily the representatives in the organization. ] :

ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA (Saint John''s) Queen Elizabeth II
AUSTRALIA (Canberra) Queen Elizabeth II
BARBADOS (Bridgetown) Queen Elizabeth II
BENGLADESH (Dhaka) President Abdul Hamid
BRUNEI DARUSSALAM (Bandar Seri Begawan) Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah
BAHAMAS (Nassau) Queen Elizabeth II
BOTSWANA (Gaborone) President Mokgweetsi Masisi
BELIZE (Belmopan) Queen Elizabeth II
CANADA (Ottawa) Queen Elizabeth II
CAMEROON (Yaounde) President Paul Biya
CYPRUS (Nicosia) President Nicos Anastasiades
DOMINICA (Roseau) President Charles Savarin
FIJI (Suva) President George Konrote
GRENADA (Saint George''s) Queen Elizabeth II
GHANA (Accra) President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo
GAMBIA (Banjul) President Adama Barrow
GUYANA (Georgetown) President David Arthur Granger
INDIA (New Delhi) President Ram Nath Kovind
JAMAICA (Kingston) Queen Elizabeth II
KENYA (Nairobi) President Uhuru Kenyatta
KIRIBATI (South Tarawa) President Taneti Maamau
SAINT CHRISTOPHER AND NEVIS (Basseterre) Queen Elizabeth II
SAINT LUCIA (Castries) Queen Elizabeth II
SRI LANKA (Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte + Colombo) President Maithripala Sirisena
LESOTHO (Maseru) King Letsie III
MALTA (Valletta) President George Vella
MAURITIUS (Port Louis) President Prithvirajsing Pradeep Roopun
MALDIVES (Male) President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih
MALAWI (Lilongwe) President Peter Mutharika
MALAYSIA (Kuala Lumpur + Putrajaya) Sultan Abdullah Shah
MOZAMBIQUE (Maputo) President Filipe Nyusi
NAMIBIA (Windhoek) President Hage Geingob
NIGERIA (Abuja) President Muhammadu Buhari
NAURU (Yaren + Aiwo) President Lionel Aingimea
NEW ZEALAND (Wellington) Queen Elizabeth II
PAPUA NEW GUINEA (Port Moresby) Queen Elizabeth II
PAKISTAN (Islamabad) President Arif Alvi
RWANDA (Kigali) President Paul Kagame
SOLOMON ISLANDS (Honiara) Queen Elizabeth II
SEYCHELLES (Port Victoria) President Danny Faure
SINGAPORE (Singapore) President Halimah Yacob
SIERRA LEONE (Freetown) President Julius Maada Wonie Bio
ESWATINI (Mbabane + Lobamba) King Mswati III
TONGA (Nukualofa) King Ahoeitu Tupou VI
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO (Port-of-Spain) President Paula-Mae Weeke
TUVALU (Vaiaku on Fongafale in Funafuti) Queen Elizabeth II
TANZANIA (Dar Es Salaam + Dodoma) President John Magufuli
UGANDA (Kampala) President Yoweri Museveni
UNITED KINGDOM (London + Westminster) Queen Elizabeth II
SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES (Kingstown) Queen Elizabeth II
VANUATU (Port Vila) President Tallis Obed Moses
SAMOA (Apia) Vaaletoa Sualauvi II
SOUTH AFRICA (Pretoria + Cape Town + Bloemfontein + Johannesburg) President Cyril Ramaphosa
ZAMBIA (Lusaka) President Edgar Lungu



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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Martucci Dave, DMA (US). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2020-FEB-20.