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2022-JUN-22

Zones: Timeline


NORTH SYRIA (Azaz)  NORTH SYRIA Safe Zone : Syrian Turkmen Council : Muhammed Vecih Cuma
SYRIA-KURDISTAN (Rakka)  Syro-Kurd Joint Control Areas of NORTHERN SYRIA :
SYRIA-IDLIB (Idlib) RebellionDe facto Semi-Independent SYRIAN Salvation Government : Fawaz Hilal
IRANIAN KURDISTAN (London) Exile Democratic Party of IRANIAN KURDISTAN : Mustafa Hijri
TURKISH KURDISTAN (Qandil Mountains) Rebellion Union of Communities in Kurdistan : KCK : Murat Karayilan
KURDESTAN (Sanandaj)  KURDISTAN Province :
KURDISTAN (Arbel) De facto Semi-Independent KURDISTAN Regional Government : President Nechirvan Barzani
FREE SYRIA (Istanbul x + Jerablus g + Idlib gRebellionExile National Coalition of Syrian Revolution and Opposition Forces : SYRIAN Interim Government of the Syrian Arab Republic : President Salem Al-Meslet
SYRIA (Damascus) UNO Member SYRIAN Arab Republic [Russian Military Assistance] : President Bashar Al-Assad
NORTHERN SYRIA BUFFER ZONE (Murik)  Turkey-Russia Demilitarized Zone : NORTHERN SYRIA BUFFER ZONE :
SYRIAN DESERT (Al-Tanf) Rebellion Revolutionary Commando Army : SYRIAN DESERT Area : Muthanna Tala
NORTH AND EAST SYRIA (Kamishli) De facto Semi-Independent Self-Administration of North and East Syria : SANES : Executive Council of North and East Syria

Other Entities with similar names

TURKISH KURDISTAN  SYRIA  NORTH AND EAST SYRIA 
   
(Qandil Mountains) - (Damascus) - (Kamishli) -

Self-Administration of North and East Syria : SANES

Flag or logo since 2019-10-09*
Rêveberiya Xweser a BAKUR Û ROJHILATÊ SÛRIYEYÊ (ku) + Al-´Idarat al-Dhatiat li SHAMAL WA SHARQ SURIYA : الإدارة الذاتية لشمال وشرق سوريا (ar) + Mdabronuṯo Yoṯayto l-GARBYO W-MADNḥYO D-SURIYA : ܡܕܰܒܪܳܢܘܬ݂ܳܐ ܝܳܬ݂ܰܝܬܳܐ ܠܓܰܪܒܝܳܐ ܘܡܰܕܢܚܳܐ ܕܣܘܪܝܰܐ (syc) De facto Semi-Independent
Emblem or Symbol*

Murat Karayilan
(ruler of TURKISH KURDISTAN since 1999-02-15)

President Bashar Al-Assad
(ruler of SYRIA since 2000-07-17)

Executive Council of North and East Syria
(ruler of NORTH AND EAST SYRIA since 2018-09-06)
 
 
 
 
Capitals & administrative places*: Kamishli
(Qamişlo)
Official & national languages: Arabic (ar) . Kurdish (ku) . Syriac (syc) .

Mainland:


NORTH AND EAST SYRIA Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria : NES  (Kamishli)

3 Federated Divisions:

DEIR-EZZOR DEIR EZ-ZOR Region  (Busayrah)Local: Herêma DÊRA ZORÊ : اقليم ديز الزو (ku) + Iqlim DAYR AZ-ZAWR : اقليم ديز الزو (ar) + Ponyotho d´DERA ZORA : ܦܢܝܬܐ ܕܕܝܪ ܐܠ ܙܘܪ (syc)  (Al-Busayrah)
SHADDADI SHADDADI Sub-District : Jazira Region  (Shaddadi)Local: Herêma CIZÎRÊ : مقاطعة الجزيرة (ku) + Iqlim AL-JAZIRAH : إقليم الجزيرة (ar) + Ponyotho d´GOZARTO : ܦܢܝܬܐ ܕܓܙܪܬܐ (syc)  (Ash-Shaddadah)
TABQA TABQA Region [Enclave]  (Tabqah)Local: Herêma TEBQAYÊ : قليم الطبقة (ku) + Iqlim AT-TABQAH : قليم الطبقة (ar) + Ponyotho d´TABQA : ܦܢܝܬܐ ܕܛܒܩܗ (syc)  (Aṭ-Tabqah)




3 Condominiums:

HASEKE Governorate of HASEKE [Enclave]  (Kamishli-South)Local: Muhafazah AL-HASAKAH : محافظة الحسكة (ar)  (Qamishli Al-Janub)
NORTHERN SYRIA BUFFER ZONE Turkey-Russia Demilitarized Zone : NORTHERN SYRIA BUFFER ZONE  (Murik)Local: Al-Mintaqat al-Eazilat fi SHAMAL SURIYA : المنطقة العازلة في شمال سوريا (ar) + Bufernaya zona SEVERNOY SIRII : Буферная Зона СЕВЕРНОЙ СИРИИ (ru) + KUZEY SURIYE´nin Tampon Bölgesi (tr)  (Murak)
SYRIA-KURDISTAN Syro-Kurd Joint Control Areas of NORTHERN SYRIA  (Rakka)Local: Mintaqat as-Saytarat al-Mushtarakat fi SHAMAL SURIYA : منطقة السيطرة المشتركة في شمال سوريا (ar) + Qada Kontrola Hevbeş a li BAKURÊ SÛRIYÊ (ku)  (Ar-Raqqah)



Military entity abroad, special or locally shared:

CHAMMAL-SYRIA French Forces of the Chammal Operation in SYRIA  (Ayn Al-Arab-Kobane + Sarrin + Ayn Issa)Local: Forces françaises de l´Opération Chammal en SYRIE (fr)  (´Ayn al-´Arab-Kobanî + Sarrin + Ayn Issa)



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

FREE SYRIA National Coalition of Syrian Revolution and Opposition Forces : SYRIAN Interim Government of the Syrian Arab Republic  (Istanbul x + Jerablus g + Idlib g)
ISLAMIC STATE Caliphate of the ISLAMIC STATE  (Dubayat)
PALESTINIAN FRONT Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command : PFLP-GC  (Al-Rihanen + Deir Znun)
SYRIA SYRIAN Arab Republic [Russian Military Assistance]  (Damascus)
SYRIA-IDLIB SYRIAN Salvation Government  (Idlib)
SYRIAN TURKMENS SYRIAN TURKMEN Assembly-in-Exile  (Al-Rai-Cobanbey + Istanbul)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

ABUKAMAL BASE Iranian Military Base of ABUKAMAL  (Abukamal Base)
AFRIN AFRIN Region [Syro-Kurd Control]  (Tell Rifaat)
ALEPPO Governorate of ALEPPO  (Aleppo)
ATARIB ATARIB District  (Atarib)
CHAMMAL-SYRIA French Forces of the Chammal Operation in SYRIA  (Ayn Al-Arab-Kobane + Sarrin + Ayn Issa)
DAMASCUS CITY Governorate of DAMASCUS CITY  (Damascus)
DAMASCUS COUNTRYSIDE Governorate of DAMASCUS COUNTRYSIDE  (Babbila)
DEIR EZ-ZOR Governorate of DEIR EZ-ZOR  (Deir Ez-Zor)
DERA Governorate of DERA  (Dera)
EUPHRATES Syro-Kurd Controlled EUPHRATES Region  (Ayn Al-Arab-Kobane)
FREE IDLIB National Front for Liberation of SYRIA : Liberated Governorate of Idlib  (Ariha)
FREE LEVANT Organization for the Liberation of the Levant : Levant Liberation Committee : HETESH  (Idlib)
GADOT GADOT Zone part of Upper Galilee Region  (Gadot)
GOLAN GOLAN Sub-District [Israeli Annexion]  (Katzrin)
HAMA Governorate of HAMA  (Hama)
HASEKE Governorate of HASEKE [Enclave]  (Kamishli-South)
HIMS Islamic Province of HOMS  (Dubayat)
HOMS Governorate of HOMS  (Homs)
HOULA PLAIN Syrian Turkmens of HOULA PLAIN Region : Taldou District  (Taldou)
IDLIB Governorate of IDLIB  (Maarat Al-Numaan)
ISLAM ARMY Army of Islam : JAYSH AL-ISLAM  (Jerablus)
JAZIRA Syro-Kurd Controlled JAZIRA Region  (Kamishli)
KAMISHLI Enclave of KAMISHLI District  (Kamishli-South)
KHMEIMIM Russian Leased Military Base of Latakia : KHMEIMIM Air Base  (Khmeimim)
KISWA BASE KISWA Iranian Military Base  (Kiswa Base)
LATAKIA Governorate of LATAKIA  (Latakia)
MANBIJ Syro-Kurd Controlled MANBIJ Region  (Manbij)
NORTH SYRIA NORTH SYRIA Safe Zone : Syrian Turkmen Council  (Azaz)
NORTHEAST SYRIA BASES American Bases in NORTHEAST SYRIA  (Northeast Syrian Bases)
NORTHERN SYRIA BUFFER ZONE Turkey-Russia Demilitarized Zone : NORTHERN SYRIA BUFFER ZONE  (Murik)
PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN SYRIA PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN SYRIA : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Dera Camp)
RAKKA Syro-Kurd Controlled RAKKA Region  (Rakka)
RAKKA Governorate of RAKKA  (Maadan)
RAS AL-AYN RAS AL-AYN District  (Ras Al-Ayn)
SENIR Israeli Occupied SENIR Demilitarized Zone part of Upper Galilee Region  (Senir)
SHAYRAT Syro-Russian Airbase of AL-SHAYRAT  (Al-Shayrat)
SHEBAA FARMS SHEBAA FARMS Area  (Mugr Shebaa)
SOUTH MOUNT SIMEON SOUTH MOUNT SIMEON District  ((Aleppo) + Mount Simeon Central)
SULEYMAN SHAH TOMB Enclave of the Territory of the Turk´s Tomb in Manbij District : TOMB OF SULEYMAN SHAH  (Tomb of Suleyman Shah)
SUSITA SUSITA Area  (Ein Gev)
SUWEIDA Governorate of SUWEIDA  (Suweida)
SYRIA-KURDISTAN Syro-Kurd Joint Control Areas of NORTHERN SYRIA  (Rakka)
SYRIAN DESERT Revolutionary Commando Army : SYRIAN DESERT Area  (Al-Tanf)
TAFAS Enclave of TAFAS [Rebels and Syrian Government Control]  (Tafas)
TARTUS Governorate of TARTUS  (Tartus)
TARTUS BASE Russian Naval Facility of TARTUS  (Tartus Base)
TELL ABYAD TELL ABYAD District  (Tell Abyad)
TIYAS TIYAS Military Airbase  (Tiyas)
UNDOF ZONE United Nations Disengagement Observer Force : UNDOF ZONE  (Quneitra)
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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