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2018-NOV-09

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Republic of TURKEY
(Ankara)

Republic of TURKEY

Flag or logo since 1936-06-05
TÜRKIYE Cumhuriyeti (tr)
Emblem or Symbol

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan
(ruler of TURKEY since 2014-08-28)
Population:
Area:
Capital:Ankara(Ankara)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()

Metropole:


TURKEY TURKISH Republic  (Ankara)

7 Metropolitan Divisions:

AEGEAN AEGEAN Region  (Izmir)Local: EGE Bölgesi (tr)  (İzmir)
BLACK SEA BLACK SEA Region  (Trebizond)Local: KARADENIZ Bölgesi (tr)  (Trabzon)
CENTRAL ANATOLIA CENTRAL ANATOLIA Region  (Ankara)Local: İÇ ANADOLU Bölgesi (tr)  (Ankara)
EASTERN ANATOLIA EASTERN ANATOLIA Region  (Erzerum)Local: DOĞU ANADOLU Bölgesi (tr)  (Erzurum)
MARMARA MARMARA Region  (Istambul)Local: MARMARA Bölgesi (tr)  (İstanbul)
MEDITERRANEAN MEDITERRANEAN Region  (Adana)Local: AKDENIZ Bölgesi (tr)  (Adana)
SOUTHEASTERN ANATOLIA SOUTHEASTERN ANATOLIA Region  (Diyarbakir)Local: GÜNEYDOĞU ANADOLU Bölgesi (tr)  (Diyarbakır)



7 Assisted Entities

FREE SYRIA National Coalition of Syrian Revolution and Opposition Forces : SYRIAN Interim Government of the Syrian Arab Republic  (Istambul + Jerablus + Idlib) President Abdurrahman Mustafa
HAMAS Islamic Resistance Movement : HAMAS  (Doha + Gaza + Istambul) Ismail Haniyeh
ISLAM ARMY Army of Islam : JAYSH AL-ISLAM  (Jerablus) Mohammed Alloush
NORTHERN CYPRUS Turkish Republic of NORTHERN CYPRUS  (Nicosia-North) President Mustafa Akinci
SYRIAN FRONT SYRIAN Liberation Front  (Babsaqa) Abu al-Bara Hassan Soufan
SYRIAN TURKMENIA SYRIAN TURKMEN Assembly in Exile  (Istambul) Abdurrahman Mustafa
TURKMENELI Iraqi National Turkmen Party : IRAQI TURKMEN  (Maasla) Sadettin Arkej



1 Condominium, co-administered or disputed territory in Africa:

MOGADISHU BASE Turkish Base in SOMALIA  (Mogadishu Base)Local: SOMALI Türk Bankası (tr)  (Mogadişu)

2 Territories in Asia:

TOMB OF SULEYMAN SHAH Enclave of the Territory of the Turk''s Tomb in Manbij District : TOMB OF SULEYMAN SHAH  (Tomb of Suleyman Shah)Local: Süleyman Şah Saygı Karakolu : SÜLEYMAN ŞAH TÜRBESI (tr)  (Süleyman Şah Türbesi)
TURKISH CYPRUS Cyprus Turkish Peace Force Command : Turkish military forces in NORTHERN CYPRUS  (Kyrenia)Local: Kıbrıs Türk Barış Kuvvetleri Komutanlığı : KIBRIS''TAKI TÜRK Silahlı Kuvvetleri (tr)  (Girne)

6 Condominiums, co-administered or disputed territories in Asia:

INCIRLIK BASE INCIRLIK Air Base  (Incirlik Air Base)Local: INCIRLIK Air Base (en) + İNCIRLIK Hava Üssü (tr)  (İncirlik Hava Üssü)
LANDCOM Allied Land Command : LANDCOM  (Izmir Air Station)Local: Allied Land Command : LANDCOM (en)  (İzmir Hava İstasyonu)
NORTH ALEPPO Free Syrian and Turkish Controlled North Aleppo Border Pocket : Turkish Buffer Zone of NORTHERN SYRIA  (Al-Bab)Local: KUZEY SURIYE''nin Güvenli Bölge (tr) + SHAMAL SURIYAH Hizam al''-Amn : شمال سوريا حزام الأمن (ar)  (Al-Bab)
NORTHWESTERN IDLIB NORTHWESTERN IDLIB Safe Zone of De-escalation  (Al-Dana)Local: Mintaqat li-Takhfif Hidat al-Taseid SHAMAL GHARB IDLIB : منطقة لتخفيف حدة التصعيد شمال غرب ادلب (ar)  (Ad-Dana)
TURKEY-QATAR Turkish Base in Qatar : TURKISH-QATARI Military Agreement  (Turkish Base in Qatar)Local: TÜRKIYE VE KATAR Arasındaki Askeri Anlaşma (tr) + Al-Ittifaq al-Askari bayn TURKIA WA QATAR : الاتفاق العسكري بين تركيا وقطر (ar)  (Türk Askeri Üs)
ZLICAN Turkish Camp ZLICAN  (Zlican)Local: ZLICAN Türk Kampı (tr) + Mukhayam ZLIJAN : مخيم زليجان (ar)  (Zlican)

Other notable Territories in Asia:

ASIAN ISTAMBUL Districts of ASIAN ISTAMBUL  (Skutari)Local: ANADOLU İSTANBUL İlçeleri (tr)  (Üsküdar)
DARDANELLES CHANAKKALE Province : Dardanelles Province  (Chanakkale)Local: ÇANAKKALE Il (tr)  (Çanakkale)
HAKKARI HAKKARI Province  (Hakkari)Local: HAKKÂRI Il (tr)  (Hakkâri)
HATAY HATAY Province  (Antioch)Local: HATAY Ili (tr)  (Antakya)
SOUTHEASTERN ANATOLIA SOUTHEASTERN ANATOLIA Region  (Diyarbakir)Local: GÜNEYDOĞU ANADOLU Bölgesi (tr)  (Diyarbakır)
TURKISH HEZBOLLAH Turkish Hezbollah : KURDISH HEZBOLLAH  (Diyarbakir + Melitene)Local: Türk Hızbullahı : HIZBULLAH (tr) + Hizbullahî Kurdî : HIZBULLAH (ku)  (Diyarbakır + Malatya)

2 Condominiums, co-administered or disputed territories in Europe:

NATO TURKEY Nato Rapid Deployable Corps TURKEY  (Ayazaga)Local: Nato Rapid Deployable Corps TURKEY (en)  (Ayazağa)
PASHALIMAN PASHALIMAN Naval Base  (Pashaliman)Local: PASHALIMAN Baza e Kantierit (sq) + LIMAN PAŞA Baz (tr) + VLORA Naval Shipyard (en)  (Pashaliman)

Other notable Territories in Europe:

DEV SOL Turkish People''s Liberation Party-Front Revolutionary Coordination Unity : DEV SOL  (Istambul)Local: Türkiye Halk Kurtuluş Partisi-Cephesi Devrimci Koordinasyon Birliği : THKP-C DKB (tr)  (İstanbul)
EUROPEAN DARDANELLES European Part of CHANAKKALE  (Gallipoli)Local: ÇANAKKALE Avrupa Parçası (tr)  (Gelibolu)
MARMARA MARMARA Region  (Istambul)Local: MARMARA Bölgesi (tr)  (İstanbul)




4 Governments in Exile

CIRCASSIA World Wide Circassian Assembly : International CIRCASSIAN Association  (Istambul) Cihan Candemir
FREE SYRIA National Coalition of Syrian Revolution and Opposition Forces : SYRIAN Interim Government of the Syrian Arab Republic  (Istambul + Jerablus + Idlib) President Abdurrahman Mustafa
HAMAS Islamic Resistance Movement : HAMAS  (Doha + Gaza + Istambul) Ismail Haniyeh
SYRIAN TURKMENIA SYRIAN TURKMEN Assembly in Exile  (Istambul) Abdurrahman Mustafa




103 Organizations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


AFRICAN BANK African Development Bank : AFDB  (Tunis)
ANTARCTICA Antarctic Treaty System : ATS  (Buenos Aires)
ASIA-AFRICA Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization : AALCO  (New Delhi)
ASIAN BANK Asian Development Bank : ADB  (Mandaluyong City)
ASIAN INFRASTRUCTURE BANK Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank : AIIB  (Beijing)
ASIAN STATES Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia : CICA  (Alma-Ata)
ATLANTIC TUNA International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas : ICCAT  (Madrid)
BLACK SEA Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation : BSEC  (Istambul)
BLACK SEA BANK Black Sea Trade and Development Bank : BSTDB  (Thessalonica)
BLACKSEAFOR Black Sea Naval Co-operation Task Group : BLACKSEAFOR  (Ankara)
BRICS PLUS BRICS PLUS Block  (Beijing)
CENTRAL BANK Bank for International Settlements : BIS  (Basle)
CHEMICAL WEAPONS PROHIBITION Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons : OPCW  (The Hague)
CIVIL STATUS International Commission of Civil Status : ICCS  (Strasbourg)
CUSTOMS World Customs Organization : WCO  (Brussels)
EAST-WEST Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe : OSCE  (Vienna)
ECONOMIC COOPERATION Secretariat of the Economic Cooperation Organization : ECO  (Tehran)
ENERGY International Energy Charter : IEC  (Woluwe-Saint Lambert)
EUMETSAT European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites : EUMETSAT  (Darmstadt)
EURO-ATLANTIC Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council : EAPC  (Sintra)
EUROCONTROL European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation : EUROCONTROL  (Brussels-Haren)
EUROPE Council of Europe : CE  (Strasbourg)
EUROPEAN BANK European Bank for Reconstruction and Development : EBRD  (London)
EUROPEAN PATENT European Patent Organisation : EPORG  (Munich)
EUROPEAN SCIENCE European Science Foundation : ESF  (Strasbourg)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Rome)
FIEP Association of the European and Mediterranean Police Forces and Gendarmeries with Military Status : FIEP  (Toulon)
FINANCE Financial Stability Board : FSB  (Basle)
GENEVA CONVENTION GENEVA Convention  (Geneva)
GLOBAL FUND The Global Fund to Fight Aids Tuberculosis and Malaria : GFATM  (Vernier-Geneva)
GROUP OF TWENTY GROUP OF TWENTY Summits  (Buenos Aires + Cancun)
HAGUE CONFERENCE Hague Conference on Private International Law : HCCH  (The Hague)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
HYDROGRAPHY International Hydrographic Organization : IHO  (Monaco)
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency : IAEA Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development : IFAD Specialized Agency  (Rome)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IMF International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)
IMO International Maritime Organization : IMO Specialized Agency  (London)
IMSO International Mobile Satellite Organization : IMSO  (London)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION Inter-Parliamentary Union : IPU  (Grand Saconnex)
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY International Energy Agency : IEA  (Paris)
INTERPOL International Criminal Police Organization : ICPO  (Lyons)
IOM International Organization for Migration : IOM Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IRENA International Renewable Energy Agency : IRENA  (Masdar City)
ISESCO Islamic Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : ISESCO  (Rabat)
ISLAM Organization of Islamic Cooperation : OIC  (Jeddah)
ISLAMIC BANK Islamic Development Bank : IDB  (Jeddah)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
MARITIME LAW International Maritime Committee : IMC  (Antwerp)
MEDITERRANEAN Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean : PAM  (Saint Julian''s)
MEDITERRANEAN UNION Union for the Mediterranean : UFM  (Barcelona)
MIKTA Partnership between Mexico Indonesia Republic of Korea Turkey and Australia : MIKTA  (New York City)
MISSILES Missile Technology Control Regime : MTCR  (Paris)
MOON Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : MOON TREATY  (New York City)
NATO ASSEMBLY North Atlantic Treaty Organization Parliamentary Assembly : NATO-PA  (Brussels)
NATURE CONSERVATION International Union for Conservation of Nature : IUCN  (Gland)
NORTH ATLANTIC ALLIANCE North Atlantic Treaty Organization : NATO  (Brussels)
NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty : NPT  (New York City)
NUCLEAR TEST BAN Provisional Secretariat of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Organization : CTBTO  (Vienna)
OECD Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development : OECD  (Paris)
OHCHR Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights : OHCHR Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies : IFRCS  (Geneva)
REFRIGERATION International Institute of Refrigeration : IIR  (Paris)
SEECP Southeast European Cooperation Process : SEECP  (Skopje)
SESAME International Centre for Synchrotron-Light for Experimental Science Applications in the Middle East : SESAME  (Allan)
SOUTH EASTERN EUROPE Regional Cooperation Council : RCC  (Sarajevo)
SOUTHEAST EUROPE Southeast European Cooperative Initiative : SECI  (Bucharest)
STANDARDIZATION International Organization for Standardization : ISO  (Geneva)
TAKM Organization of the Eurasian Law Enforcement Agencies with Military Status : TAKM  (Ankara)
TELECOMMUNICATIONS SATELLITE International Telecommunications Satellite Organization : ITSO  (Washington-District of Columbia)
TRACECA Basic Multilateral Agreement on International Transport for Development of the Europe-the Caucasus-Asia Corridor : TRACECA  (Baku)
TURKIC STATES Turkic Council : Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking States : CCTS  (Istambul + Alma-Ata + Baku)
UN-HABITAT United Nations Human Settlements Programme : UN-HABITAT Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development : UNCTAD  (Geneva)
UNDP United Nations Development Programme : UNDP Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNEP United Nations Environmental Programme : UNEP Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change : UNFCCC  (New York City)
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR Agency  (Geneva)
UNICEF United Nations International Children''s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization : UNIDO Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
UNITED NATIONS United Nations Organization : UNO  (New York City)
UNODA Conference on Disarmament : United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs : UNODA  (Geneva)
UNODC United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime : UNODC Agency  (Vienna)
UNOOSA Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : OUTER SPACE Treaty  (Vienna)
UNRWA United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East : UNRWA  (Gaza + Amman)
UNWTO World Tourism Organization : UNWTO Specialized Agency  (Madrid)
UPEACE University for Peace : UPEACE  (Ciudad Colon)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)
WASSENAAR ARRANGEMENT The WASSENAAR ARRANGEMENT on Export Controls for Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies  (Vienna)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres + Saint Cloud)
WFP World Food Programme : WFP  (Rome)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization : WIPO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WMO World Meteorological Organization : WMO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WORLD TRADE World Trade Organization : WTO  (Geneva)
WORLD TRADE LAW Advisory Centre on World Trade Organization Law : ACWL  (Geneva)



Other Current States within the 2018's internationaly recognized Country boundaries (listed below in grey, it may contain errors)

TURKISH KURDISTAN Union of Communities in Kurdistan : KCK  (Qandil Mountains)

Other Current Territories within the 2018's internationaly recognized Country boundaries (listed below in grey, it may contain errors)

EAST TURKEY Turkish Kurd Controlled Autonomous Region in EAST TURKEY  (Kurukoy)
INCIRLIK BASE INCIRLIK Air Base  (Incirlik Air Base)
LANDCOM Allied Land Command : LANDCOM  (Izmir Air Station)
NATO TURKEY Nato Rapid Deployable Corps TURKEY  (Ayazaga)

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Notes:


   1900.ethnia.org is an essay which goal is to try to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organizations that have existed during the 20th century. The first version of the website dates back from 1996 and had been put online under ethnia.org in 1999. The current version is from 2009 and now allows to search for an entity for any day of the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [rose: country completed at level 2 (province, county, ...), red: level 3 (district, ...), white: level 1 only (region, federated State, ...)]

   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox




 Base sources:

   * World Statesmen, thanks to Ben Cahoon (US): historical polities and their rulers.
   * Statoids, thanks to Gwillim Law (US): historical administrative divisions.
   * Flags Of The World, thanks to Rob Raeside (CA): flags. (the link given is from my mirror of this site)
   * Heraldry of the World, maintained by Ralf Hartemink (NL): coat of arms.
   * Rulers.org, thanks to Benjamin Schemmel (DE): photos of rulers.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US): historical currencies.
   * World History at KMLA, maintained by Alexander Ganse (DE): historical maps.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US): for Europe, North Africa and Middle East.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, maintained by Jacques Leclerc (CA): linguistical politics by country.
   * Population Statistics, maintained by Jan Lahmeyer (NL): historical evolution of the population.
   * Wikipedia, for general data, maps, pictures ...
   * Google Books, online library.
   * The other sources are given specifically according to the consulted entity, at bottom page.

   Some of the flags and coat of arms of the website are drawn by myself.

 Specific sources:






Any suggestion, correction, addition or collaboration is welcome and can be sent to .


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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2018-NOV-14.