Turkish Empire : OTTOMAN STATE [Allied Occupation]

Turkish Empire : OTTOMAN STATE
[Allied Occupation]

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01*
Devlet-i Âliye-i OSMÂNIYYE : دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه (ota) PCA Member
Emblem or Symbol*

Sultan Mehmet VI Vahidettin
(ruler of OTTOMAN TURKEY since 1918-07-03)
Capitals & administrative places*: (Constantinople)
() capital or HQ de facto partially ou totally outside of the territory
Official & national languages: Ottoman Turkish (ota) .


OTTOMAN TURKEY TURKISH Empire  ((Constantinople))

4 Divisions:

ASIA MINOR Region of ASIA MINOR  (Cotyaeum)Local: KÜÇÜK ASYA Bölgesi : منطقه کوچک آسیا (ota)  (Kütahya)
DAHUK DAHUK District  (Dahuk)Local: DOHUK  (Dohuk)
RUMELIA Region of RUMELIA [European Turkey]  (Kirk Kilise)Local: RUMELIA Bölgesi : منطقه رومالیا (ota)  (Kirkkilise)
TURKISH ARMENIA Region of TURKISH ARMENIA  (Erzerum)Local: Vilâyat-ı Sitte : TÜRK ERMENISTAN – فيلايات-ı سيت (ota)  (Erzurum)

4 Assisted Entities

ASSYRIA ASSYRIAN Independent State  (Qodchanis) Catholicos Shimun XXII Paulos
KARS KARS National Council : South-Western Caucasus  (Kars) Cihangirzade Ibrahim Bey
PONTUS Hellenic Autonomous State of PONTUS  ((Trebizond)) Metropolitan Chrysanthus
TUNISIA Regency of TUNIS [French Protectorate of the Autonomous Tunisian Beylicate under nominal Ottoman Suzerainty]  (Tunis) Muhammad V An-Nasir Bey

6 Territories:

DER-AZZOR Sanjak of ZOR [Mutesarifate of Zor]  (Deir Ez-Zor)Local: Sanjak-i DEYR-I-ZOR : Mutasarrıflığı ZOR : متصرفية الزور (ota) + Mutasarifiya Es-Sor : Senjak ED-DEIR-ES-SOR : دير الزور-سور سنجق (ar)  (Der-Ez Zor)
HANISH ISLANDS HANISH ISLANDS Group  (Hanish Al-Kebir)Local: HANIŞ Adaları (ota)  (Haniş Al-Kebir)
IZMIDT Autonomous Sanjak of IZMIDT  (Izmidt)Local: Sancağ-ı İZMID : سانجاك إزميت (ota)  (İzmid)
LOWER YEMEN Ottoman Vilayet of YEMEN  (Sana)Local: Vilâyet-i YEMEN : ولايت یمن (ota) + Wilayat AL-YAMAN : ولاية اليمن (ar)  (Sana)
MEDINA THE RADIANT Independent Sanjak of MEDINA THE RADIANT [Enclave]  (Medina The Radiant)Local: Sanjak-i MEDINE-I-MÜNEVVERE : سانجاكي مديني-مونفيفيري (ota) + Sanjaq AL-MADINAH AL-MUNAWWARAH : سنجق المدينة المنورة (ar)  (Medine-i-Münevvere)
MOCHA Ottoman Enclave of MOCHA District  (Mocha)Local: MOCHA  (Mocha)

10 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

BRUSSELS CONVENTION Convention relative to the Slave Trade and Importation into Africa of Firearms Ammunition and Spiritous Liquors : BRUSSELS CONVENTION  (Brussels)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
PUBLIC HEALTH International Office of Public Health : IOPH  (Paris)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
REFRIGERATION International Association of Refrigeration : IAR  (Paris)
TELEGRAPH International Telegraph Union : ITU  (Berne)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2023's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

KARS KARS National Council : South-Western Caucasus  (Kars)
PONTUS Hellenic Autonomous State of PONTUS  ((Trebizond))

Other Territories or Entities within the 2023's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

ADRIANOPLE Vilayet of ADRIANOPLE [Allied Occupation]  (Adrianople)
CHATALJA Autonomous Sanjak of CHATALJA  (Chatalja)
CILICIAN ARMENIA CILICIA AND UPPER MESOPOTOMIA Region [British and French Occupation of Cilician Armenia]  (Adana)
CONSTANTINOPLE Vilayet of CONSTANTINOPLE [Allied Occupation]  (Constantinople)
DARDANELLES Autonomous Sanjak of DARDANELLES  (Hellespont)
HAKKIARI Sanjak of HAKKIARI  (Qodchanis)
IMBROS AND TENEDOS ISLANDS Greek Administration of IMBROS AND TENEDOS ISLANDS  (Panagia Palomeni + Tenedos)
MARASH Autonomous Sanjak of MARASH  (Marash)
SAMSUN British Occupied Zone of SAMSUN  (Amisos)
SKUTARI SKUTARI District  (Skutari)
SMYRNA British Occupied Sanjak of SMYRNA  (Smyrna)
STRAITS ZONE ZONE OF THE STRAITS Allied Occupied Demilitarized Area  (Thessalonica + Constantinople)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.


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UPDATED ON: ~ 2023-APR-27 ~ .