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Kingdom of SIAM : Rattanakosin Empire

Kingdom of SIAM : Rattanakosin Empire

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01
Anachak SAYAM : Anachak Rattanakosin - จักรวรรดิสยาม : อาณาจักรรัตนโกสินทร์ (th) PCA Member
Emblem or Symbol

King Rama V Chulalongkorn the Great
(ruler of SIAM since 1900-01-01)
Capital:Bankok(Krung Thep)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()


SIAM Kingdom of SIAM  (Bankok)

9 Mainland Divisions:

BANKOK BANKOK Circle  (Bankok)Local: Monthon KRUNG THEB : มณฑล กรุงเทพ (th)  (Krung Thep)
KRUNG KAO KRUNG KAO Circle  (Angthong)Local: Monthon KRUNG KAO : มณฑล กรุงเขา (th)  (Ang Thong)
NAKHON CHAISI NAKHON CHAISI Circle  (Nakhon Chaisi)Local: Monthon NAKHON CHAI SI : มณฑล นครชัยศรี (th)  (Nakhon Chai Si)
NAKHON SAWAN NAKHON SAWAN Circle  (Nakhon Sawan)Local: Monthon NAKHON SAWAN : มณฑล นครสวรรค์ (th)  (Mueang Nakhon Sawan)
NORTH-WESTERN NORTH-WESTERN Circle  (Chiangmai)Local: Monthon fai TAWAN-TOK CHIANG NUA : มณฑล ตะวันตกเฉียงเหนือ (th)  (Chiang Mai)
PHETCHABUN PHETCHABUN Circle  (Phetchabun-Sadiang)Local: Monthon PHETCHA BUN : มณฑลเพชรบูรณ์ (th)  (Mueang Phetcha Bun-Sadiang)
PHITSANULOK PHITSANULOK Circle  (Phitsanulok)Local: Monthon PHITSANULOK : มณฑล พิษณุโลก (th)  (Muang Phitsanulok)
PRACHINBURI PRACHINBURI Circle  (Prachinburi)Local: Monthon PRACHIN BURI : มณฑล ปราจีนบุรี (th)  (Prachin Buri)
RATCHABURI RATCHABURI Circle  (Ratchaburi)Local: Monthon RATCHA BURI : มณฑล ราชบุรี (th)  (Ratcha Buri)

1 Assisted Entity

CHAMPASACK Kingdom of CHAMPASACK [Vassal State of Siam]  (Bassac) Prince Kham-Suk

4 Condominiums:

GOLDEN TRIANGLE French Sphere of Influence in GOLDEN TRIANGLE  (Mae Sai)Local: S̄āmh̄elī̀ym Thxngkhả : SOP RUAK - สามเหลี่ยมทองคำ : สบรวก (th)  (Mae Sai)
KHORAT PLATEAU French Sphere of Influence of KORAT PLATEAU  (Khorat)Local: P̣hūmip̣hākh THĪ̀RĀBS̄ŪNG KHORĀCH : ภูมิภาคที่ราบสูงโคราช (th) + PHAKTAUAENOOK Siangneu : ພາກຕາເວັນອອກສຽງເໜືອ (lo)  (Muang Nakhon Ratcha Sima)
MAERONGSON British Sphere of Influence in the Principality of MAE RONG SON : Province of Maerongson in Northwest Circle  (Maehongson)Local: Mueang MAE HONG SORN : มืองแม่ฮ่องสอน (th)  (Mae Hong Son)
MALAY PENINSULA British Sphere of Influence of THE MALAY PENINSULA  (Nakhon Si Thammarat)Local: P̣hūmip̣hākh KHAPSAMUT MALAYU : ภูมิภาคคาบสมุทรมลายู (th)  (Muang Nakhon Si Thammarat)

5 Organizations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

HAGUE CONVENTION Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes : Hague Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
SEA International Marine Conference : IMC  (Washington-District of Columbia)
TELEGRAPH International Telegraph Convention : International Telegraph Union : ITU  (Berne)
THERAVADA BUDDHISM Teaching of Little Vehicle Buddhism : THERAVADA Buddhism  (Sarnath)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)

Note: REF*000039

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

PATANI DARUSSALAM Kingdom of Pattanee : Sultanate of PATANI DARUSSALAM  (Tani)

Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

CHANTABOON French Occupied Province of Chantabor : Province of CHANTABOON  (Chantaboon)
CHUMPHON CHUMPHON Circle  (Chumphon)
DANSAI DANSAI District  (Dansai)
GOLDEN TRIANGLE French Sphere of Influence in GOLDEN TRIANGLE  (Mae Sai)
KHORAT KHORAT Circle : Nakhon Ratchasima Circle : Lao Klang  (Khorat)
KHORAT PLATEAU French Sphere of Influence of KORAT PLATEAU  (Khorat)
MAERONGSON British Sphere of Influence in the Principality of MAE RONG SON : Province of Maerongson in Northwest Circle  (Maehongson)
MALAY PENINSULA British Sphere of Influence of THE MALAY PENINSULA  (Nakhon Si Thammarat)
NONGKHAI NONG KHAI District  (Nongkhai)
PHUKET PHUKET Circle  (Phuket)
SONGKHLA Principality of SONGKHLA Province  (Songkhla)
UDON UDON Circle : Northern Circle of Lao Phuan  (Udon Thani)


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ).
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).

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