NORTHERN CHAD (Doulaki + Tanoua) RebellionExile Front for Change and Concord in Chad : FCCC : Mahamat Mahdi Ali
CHAD (Ndjamena) UNO Member Republic of CHAD [Transitional Military Council – French Forces of Operation Barkhane] : General Mahamat Idriss Deby Itno Kaka

Other Entities with similar names

(Paris) - (Ndjamena) -

Republic of CHAD
[Transitional Military Council – French Forces of Operation Barkhane]

Flag or logo since 1959-11-06*
Jumhūriyyat TSHĀD : جمهورية تشاد (ar) + République du TCHAD (fr) UNO Member
Emblem or Symbol*

President Emmanuel Macron
(ruler of FRANCE since 2017-05-14)

General Mahamat Idriss Deby Itno Kaka
(ruler of CHAD since 2021-04-20)
Capitals & administrative places*: Ndjamena
Official & national languages: Arabic (ar) . French (fr) .


CHAD Republic of CHAD  (Ndjamena)

23 Regionalized Divisions:

BARH EL GAZEL BARH EL GAZEL Province  (Moussoro)Local: Province du BARH EL GAZEL (fr) + Minṭaqâtu BAḥRI L-ĠAZĀL : منطقة بحر الغزال (ar)  (Moussoro)
BATHA BATHA Province  (Ati)Local: Région du BATHA (fr) + Minṭaqâtu l-BAṭḥÂ : منطقة البطحة (ar)  (Ati)
BORKU BORKU Province  (Faya-Largeau)Local: Province du BOURKOU (fr) + Minṭaqâtu BŪRKŪ : منطقة بوركو (ar)  (Faya-Largeau)
EASTERN LOGONE EASTERN LOGONE Province  (Doba)Local: Province du LOGONE ORIENTAL (fr) + Minṭaqâtu LŪQŪNI Š-ŠARQĪ : منطقة لوقون الشرقي (ar)  (Doba)
ENNEDI EAST ENNEDI EAST Province  (Amdjarass)Local: Province de l´ENNEDI-EST (fr) + Minṭaqâtu INNĪDĪ Š-ŠARQĪ : منطقة إندي الشرقية (ar)  (Am-Djarass)
ENNEDI WEST ENNEDI WEST Province  (Fada)Local: Province de l´ENNEDI-OUEST (fr) + Minṭaqâtu INNĪDĪ L-ĠARBĪ : منطقة إنيدي الغربية (ar)  (Fada)
GUERA GUERA Province  (Mongo)Local: Province du GUÉRA (fr) + Minṭaqâtu QĪRĀ : منطقة قيرا (ar)  (Mongo)
HADJER-LAMIS HADJER-LAMIS Province  (Massakory)Local: Province du HADJER-LAMIS (fr) + Minṭaqâtu ḤAǦǦAR LAMĪS : منطقة حجر لميس (ar)  (Massakory)
KANEM KANEM Province  (Mao)Local: Province du KANEM (fr) + Minṭaqâtu KĀNIM : منطقة كانم (ar)  (Mao)
LAKE LAKE Province  (Bol)Local: Province du LAC (fr) + Minṭaqâtu l-BUḥAYRÂ : منطقة البحيرة (ar)  (Bol)
MANDUL MANDUL Province  (Kumra)Local: Province du MANDOUL (fr) + Minṭaqâtu MĀNDŪL : منطقة ماندول (ar)  (Koumra)
MAYO-KEBBI EAST MAYO-KEBBI EAST Province  (Bongor)Local: Province du MAYO-KEBBI-EST (fr) + Minṭaqâtu MĀYŪ KĪBBĪ Š-ŠARQĪ : منطقة مايو كيبي الشرقي (ar)  (Bongor)
MAYO-KEBBI WEST MAYO-KEBBI WEST Province  (Pala)Local: Province du MAYO-KEBBI OUEST (fr) + Minṭaqâtu MĀYŪ KĪBBĪ L-ĠARBĪ : منطقة مايو كيبي الغربي (ar)  (Pala)
MIDDLE SHARI MIDDLE SHARI Province  (Sarh)Local: Province du MOYEN-CHARI (fr) + Minṭaqâtu ŠĀRĪ L-AWSAṭ : شاري الأوسط (ar)  (Sarh)
NDJAMENA NDJAMENA Province  (Ndjamena)Local: Province de N´DJAMÉNA (fr) + Minṭaqâtu NIJĀMĪNĀ : منطقة نجامينا (ar)  (N´Djaména)
SALAMAT SALAMAT Province  (Am Timan)Local: Province du SALAMAT (fr) + Minṭaqâtu SALĀMĀT : منطقة سلامات (ar)  (Am-Timan)
SHARI-BAGHIRMI SHARI-BAGHIRMI Province  (Massenya)Local: Province du CHARI-BAGUIRMI (fr) + Minṭaqâtu ŠĀRĪ BĀQIRMĪ : منطقة شاري باقرمي (ar)  (Massenya)
SILA SILA Province  (Goz Beida)Local: Province du SILA (fr) + Minṭaqâtu SĪLĀ : منطقة سيلا (ar)  (Goz Beïda)
TANDJILE TANDJILE Province  (Lai)Local: Province de la TANDJILÉ (fr) + Minṭaqâtu TĀNǦILĪ : منطقة تانجلي (ar)  (Laï)
TIBESTI TIBESTI Province  (Bardai)Local: Province du TIBESTI (fr) + Minṭaqâtu TIBASTĪ : منطقة تبستي (ar)  (Bardaï)
WADDAI WADDAI Province  (Abeche)Local: Province du OUADDAÏ (fr) + Minṭaqâtu WADDĀY : منطقة وداي (ar)  (Abéché)
WADI FIRA WADI FIRA Province  (Biltine)Local: Province du WADI FIRA (fr) + Minṭaqâtu WĀDĪ FĪRĀ : منطقة وادي فيرا (ar)  (Biltine)
WESTERN LOGONE WESTERN LOGONE Province  (Mundu)Local: Province du LOGONE OCCIDENTAL (fr) + Minṭaqâtu LŪQŪNI L-ĠARBĪ : منطقة لوقون الغربي (ar)  (Moundou)

1 Assisted Entity

DAR-KUTI Republic of DAR AL-KUTI  (Birao) Nourredine Adam

Military entity abroad, special or locally shared:

BARKHANE-CHAD French Elements in CHAD : Barkhane Operation Bases in Chad  (Sergent Chief Adji Kossei Airbase)Local: Éléments français au TCHAD (fr)  (Base Aérienne Sergent Chef Adji Kosseï)

74 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

AFRICAN BANK African Development Bank : AFDB  (Tunis)
AFRICAN CARIBBEAN AND PACIFIC STATES Organisation of African Caribbean and Pacific States : OACPS  (Brussels)
AFRICAN NATURE African Convention on Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources : CONVENTION ON CONSERVATION  (Maputo)
AFRICAN UNION African Union : AU  (Addis Ababa o + Midrand l + Arusha j + Dar Es Salaam kn)
AIPO African Intellectual Property Organization : AIPO  (Yaounde)
APPA African Petroleum Producers´ Association : APPA  (Brazzaville)
ASECNA Agency for the Safety of Air Navigation in Africa and Madagascar : ASECNA  (Dakar)
CHEMICAL WEAPONS PROHIBITION Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons : OPCW  (The Hague)
COMMON FUND Common Fund for Commodities : CFC  (Geneva)
CUSTOMS World Customs Organization : WCO  (Brussels)
ECCAS Economic Community of Central African States : ECCAS  (Libreville)
EMCCA Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa : EMCCA  (Bangui oe + Malabo l + Yaounde n + Ndjamena j + Brazzaville p + Libreville p)
ENERGY International Energy Charter : IEC  (Woluwe-Saint Lambert)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Rome)
FIFA Federation of International Football Association : FIFA  (Zurich)
FIVE SAHEL STATES Group of the Five States of the Sahel : G5 SAHEL  (Nouakchott)
FRANCOPHONIE International Organization of The Francophonie : OIF  (Paris)
GLOBAL FUND The Global Fund to Fight Aids Tuberculosis and Malaria : GFATM  (Vernier-Geneva)
GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN Coalition of Developing Countries : GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN  (New York City)
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency : IAEA Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development : IFAD Specialized Agency  (Rome)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IMF International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION Inter-Parliamentary Union : IPU  (Grand Saconnex)
INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT International Criminal Court : ICCT  (The Hague)
INTERPOL International Criminal Police Organization : ICPO  (Lyons)
IOM International Organization for Migration : IOM Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IRENA International Renewable Energy Agency : IRENA  (Masdar City)
ISESCO Islamic World Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : ISESCO  (Rabat)
ISLAM Organization of Islamic Cooperation : OIC  (Jeddah)
ISLAMIC BANK Islamic Development Bank : IDB  (Jeddah)
ITSO International Telecommunications Satellite Organization : ITSO  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
LAKE CHAD BASIN Lake Chad Basin Commission : LCBC  (Ndjamena)
NON-ALIGNED Non-Aligned Movement : NAM  (Belgrade + New York City)
NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty : NPT  (New York City)
NUCLEAR TEST BAN Provisional Secretariat of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Organization : CTBTO  (Vienna)
OHADA Organisation for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa : OHADA  (Yaounde)
OHCHR Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights : OHCHR Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
PELINDABA TREATY African Nuclear Weapon Free Zone Treaty : ANWFZ  (Pelindaba)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies : IFRCS  (Geneva)
REFRIGERATION International Institute of Refrigeration : IIR  (Paris)
SAHEL-SAHARAN STATES New Community of Sahel-Saharan States : CEN-SAD  (Tripoli)
SEABED Secretariat of the International Seabed Authority : ISA  (Kingston)
TRANS-SAHARA Trans-Saharan Counterterrorism Partnership : TSCTP  (Dakar)
TRIBUNAL OF THE SEA International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea : ITLOS  (Hamburg)
UN WOMEN United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women : UN WOMEN  (New York City)
UN-HABITAT United Nations Human Settlements Programme : UN-HABITAT Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development : UNCTAD  (Geneva)
UNDP United Nations Development Programme : UNDP Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNEP United Nations Environmental Programme : UNEP Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change : UNFCCC  (New York City)
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR Agency  (Geneva)
UNICEF United Nations International Children´s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNIDIR United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research : UNIDIR Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization : UNIDO Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
UNITED NATIONS United Nations Organization : UNO  (New York City)
UNODC United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime : UNODC Agency  (Vienna)
UNWTO World Tourism Organization : UNWTO Specialized Agency  (Madrid)
UPEACE University for Peace : UPEACE  (Ciudad Colon)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)
WFP World Food Programme : WFP  (Rome)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Pregny-Chambesy)
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization : WIPO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WMO World Meteorological Organization : WMO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WORLD TRADE World Trade Organization : WTO  (Geneva)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2023's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

NORTHERN CHAD Front for Change and Concord in Chad : FCCC  (Doulaki + Tanoua)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.


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