Zones: Timeline

Republic of PANAMA
(Panama City)


Flag or logo since 1968-01-01*
Provincia de CHIRIQUÍ (es)
Emblem or Symbol*

President Laurentino Cortizo Cohen
(ruler of PANAMA since 2019-07-01)
Capitals & administrative places*: San Jose of David
(San José de David)
Official & national languages: Spanish (es) .


CHIRIQUI CHIRIQUI Province  (San Jose of David)

14 Divisions:

ALANJE ALANJE District  (Alanje)Local: Distrito de ALANJE (es)  (Alanje)
BARU BARU District  (Puerto Armuelles)Local: Distrito de BARÚ (es)  (Puerto Armuelles)
BOQUERON BOQUERON District  (Boqueron)Local: Distrito de BOQUERÓN (es)  (Boquerón)
BOQUETE BOQUETE District  (Lower Boquete)Local: Distrito de BOQUETE (es)  (Bajo Boquete)
BUGABA BUGABA District  (La Concepcion)Local: Distrito de BUGABA (es)  (La Concepción)
DAVID DAVID District  (San Jose of David)Local: Distrito de DAVID (es)  (San José de David)
DOLEGA DOLEGA District  (Dolega)Local: Distrito de DOLEGA (es)  (Dolega)
GUALACA GUALACA District  (Gualaca)Local: Distrito de GUALACA (es)  (Gualaca)
REMEDIOS REMEDIOS District  (Remedios)Local: Distrito de REMEDIOS (es)  (Remedios)
RENACIMIENTO RENACIMIENTO District  (Rio Sereno)Local: Distrito de RENACIMIENTO (es)  (Río Sereno)
SAN FELIX SAN FELIX District  (Las Lajas)Local: Distrito de SAN FÉLIX (es)  (Las Lajas)
SAN LORENZO SAN LORENZO District  (Horconcitos)Local: Distrito de SAN LORENZO (es)  (Horconcitos)
TIERRAS ALTAS TIERRAS ALTAS District [Highlands]  (Volcan)Local: Distrito de TIERRAS ALTAS (es)  (Volcán)
TOLE TOLE District  (Tole)Local: Distrito de TOLÉ (es)  (Tolé)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

PANAMA Republic of PANAMA  (Panama City)

Other Territories or Entities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

BOCAS DEL TORO BOCAS DEL TORO Province [Mouths of the Bull]  (Bocas Town)
CARIBBEAN SIDE OF PANAMA Districts of Chagres and Donoso : CARIBBEAN SIDE OF PANAMA  (New Chagres + San Miguel de la Borda)
COCLE COCLE Province  (Penonome)
COLON COLON Province  (Colon City)
COLON FREE ZONE Colon Free Trade Zone : COLON FREE ZONE  (Colon Free Zone)
DARIEN DARIEN Province  (La Palma)
EMBERA-WOUNAAN Comarca EMBERA-WOUNAAN  (Union Choco + Cirilo Guainora)
HERRERA HERRERA Province  (Chitre)
KUNA OF MADUGANDI Sub-Provincial Comarca KUNA OF MADUGANDI  (Akua Yala)
KUNA OF WARGANDI Sub-Provincial Comarca KUNA OF WARGANDI  (Nurra + Morti + Wala)
KUNA YALA Comarca KUNA YALA  (El Porvenir + Nargana)
KUSAPIN KUSAPIN District  (Kusapin)
LOS SANTOS LOS SANTOS Province [The Saints Province]  (Las Tablas)
NGOBE-BUGLE Comarca NGOBE-BUGLE  (Llanotugri-Buabidi)
PANAMA PANAMA Province  (Panama City)
PANAMA PACIFICO PANAMA PACIFICO Special Economic Area  (Veracruz)
VERAGUAS VERAGUAS Province  (Santiago of Veraguas)
WEST PANAMA WEST PANAMA Province  (La Chorrera)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.


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