Zones: Timeline

(Moscow a + Saint Petersburg d) - (Damascus) - (New York City) -

United Nations Disengagement Observer Force : UNDOF ZONE

Flag or logo since 1981-12-14*
United Nations Disengagement Observer Force : UNDOF ZONE (en) + Force des Nations-Unies chargée d´Observer le Désengagement : ZONE FNUOD (fr) + Quat al-´Umam al-Mutahidat li Muraqabat fadi al-Aishtibak : UNDOF - قوة الأمم المتحدة لمراقبة فض الاشتباك : أندوف (ar)
Emblem or Symbol*

President Vladimir Putin
(ruler of RUSSIA since 2012-05-07)

President Bashar Al-Assad
(ruler of SYRIA since 2000-07-17)

SG Antonio Guterres (pt)
(ruler of UNITED NATIONS since 2017-01-01)
Capitals & administrative places*: Quneitra
Official & national languages: Arabic (ar) . English (en) . French (fr) .

1 Territory:

QUNEITRA Governorate of QUNEITRA  (Quneitra)Local: Muhafazah AL-QUNAYTIRAH´ : مُحافظة القنيطرة (ar)  (Al-Qunaytirah´)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

FREE SYRIA National Coalition of Syrian Revolution and Opposition Forces : SYRIAN Interim Government of the Syrian Arab Republic  (Istanbul x + Jerablus g + Idlib g)
ISLAMIC STATE Caliphate of the ISLAMIC STATE  (Dubayat)
NORTH AND EAST SYRIA Self-Administration of North and East Syria : SANES  (Kamishli)
PALESTINIAN FRONT Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command : PFLP-GC  (Al-Rihanen + Deir Znun)
SYRIA SYRIAN Arab Republic [Russian Military Assistance]  (Damascus)
SYRIA-IDLIB SYRIAN Salvation Government  (Idlib)
SYRIAN TURKMENS SYRIAN TURKMEN Assembly-in-Exile  (Al-Rai-Cobanbey + Istanbul)

Other Territories or Entities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

ABUKAMAL BASE Iranian Military Base of ABUKAMAL  (Abukamal Base)
AFRIN AFRIN Region [Syro-Kurd Control]  (Tell Rifaat)
ALEPPO Governorate of ALEPPO  (Aleppo)
ATARIB ATARIB District  (Atarib)
CHAMMAL-SYRIA French Forces of the Chammal Operation in SYRIA  (Ayn Al-Arab-Kobane + Sarrin + Ayn Issa)
DAMASCUS CITY Governorate of DAMASCUS CITY  (Damascus)
DEIR EZ-ZOR Governorate of DEIR EZ-ZOR  (Deir Ez-Zor)
DEIR-EZZOR DEIR EZ-ZOR Region  (Busayrah)
DERA Governorate of DERA  (Dera)
EUPHRATES Syro-Kurd Controlled EUPHRATES Region  (Ayn Al-Arab-Kobane)
FREE IDLIB National Front for Liberation of SYRIA : Liberated Governorate of Idlib  (Ariha)
FREE LEVANT Organization for the Liberation of the Levant : Levant Liberation Committee : HETESH  (Idlib)
GADOT GADOT Zone part of Upper Galilee Region  (Gadot)
GOLAN GOLAN Sub-District [Israeli Annexion]  (Katzrin)
HAMA Governorate of HAMA  (Hama)
HASEKE Governorate of HASEKE [Enclave]  (Kamishli-South)
HIMS Islamic Province of HOMS  (Dubayat)
HOMS Governorate of HOMS  (Homs)
HOULA PLAIN Syrian Turkmens of HOULA PLAIN Region : Taldou District  (Taldou)
IDLIB Governorate of IDLIB  (Maarat Al-Numaan)
ISLAM ARMY Army of Islam : JAYSH AL-ISLAM  (Jerablus)
JAZIRA Syro-Kurd Controlled JAZIRA Region  (Kamishli)
KAMISHLI Enclave of KAMISHLI District  (Kamishli-South)
KAMISHLI BASE KAMISHLI Base  (Kamishli Airport)
KHMEIMIM Russian Leased Military Base of Latakia : KHMEIMIM Air Base  (Khmeimim)
KISWA BASE KISWA Iranian Military Base  (Kiswa Base)
LATAKIA Governorate of LATAKIA  (Latakia)
MANBIJ Syro-Kurd Controlled MANBIJ Region  (Manbij)
NORTH SYRIA NORTH SYRIA Safe Zone : Syrian Turkmen Council  (Azaz)
NORTHEAST SYRIA BASES American Bases in NORTHEAST SYRIA  (Northeast Syrian Bases)
PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN SYRIA PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN SYRIA : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Dera Camp)
RAKKA Syro-Kurd Controlled RAKKA Region  (Rakka)
RAKKA Governorate of RAKKA  (Maadan)
RAS AL-AYN RAS AL-AYN District  (Ras Al-Ayn)
SENIR Israeli Occupied SENIR Demilitarized Zone part of Upper Galilee Region  (Senir)
SHADDADI SHADDADI Sub-District : Jazira Region  (Shaddadi)
SHAYRAT Syro-Russian Airbase of AL-SHAYRAT  (Al-Shayrat)
SOUTH MOUNT SIMEON SOUTH MOUNT SIMEON District  ((Aleppo) + Mount Simeon Central)
SULEYMAN SHAH TOMB Enclave of the Territory of the Turk´s Tomb in Manbij District : TOMB OF SULEYMAN SHAH  (Tomb of Suleyman Shah)
SUWEIDA Governorate of SUWEIDA  (Suweida)
SYRIA-KURDISTAN Syro-Kurd Joint Control Areas of NORTHERN SYRIA  (Rakka)
SYRIAN DESERT Revolutionary Commando Army : SYRIAN DESERT Area  (Al-Tanf)
TABQA TABQA Region [Enclave]  (Tabqah)
TAFAS Enclave of TAFAS [Rebels and Syrian Government Control]  (Tafas)
TARTUS Governorate of TARTUS  (Tartus)
TARTUS BASE Russian Naval Facility of TARTUS  (Tartus Base)
TELL ABYAD TELL ABYAD District  (Tell Abyad)
TIYAS TIYAS Military Airbase  (Tiyas)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.


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