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1949-OCT-07

Zones: Timeline

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : USSR
(Moscow)

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : USSR

Flag or logo since 1936-12-05*
Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik : SSSR - Союз Советских Социалистических Республик : CCCP (ru) + Sovet Sosialist Respublikaları İttifaqı : SSRİ - Совет Сосиалист Республикалары Иттифагы : ССРИ (az) + Sayuz Savyetskikh Satsyyalistychnykh Respublik : SSSR - Саюз Савецкіх Сацыялістычных Рэспублік : СССР (be) + Nõukogude Sotsialistlike Vabariikide Liit : NSVL (et) + Sosialististen neuvostotasavaltojen liitto : SNTL (fi) + Khor´hr´dayin Soc´ialistakan Hanrapetut´yunner´i Miut´yun : KSHM - Խորհրդային Սոցիալիստական Հանրապետությունների Միություն : ԽՍՀՄ (hy) + Sabch´ota sotsialist´uri resp´ublik´ebis k´avshiri : SSRK - საბჭოთა სოციალისტური რესპუბლიკების კავშირი : სსრკ (ka) + Sovettık Sotsialistık Respublikalar Odağy : SSRO - Советтік Социалистік Республикалар Одағы : ССРО (kk) + Sovettik Sotsialisttik Respublikalar Soyuzu : SSRS - Советтик Социалисттик Республикалар Союзу : ССРС (ky) + Tarybų Socialistinių Respublikų Sąjunga : TSRS (lt) + Padomju Sociālistisko Republiku Savienība : PSRS (lv) + Uniunea Republicilor Sovietice Socialiste : URSC - Униуня Републичилор Советиче Сочиалисте : УРСС (mo) + Ittihodi Çumhurihoji Şūraviji Sosialistī : IÇŞS - Иттиҳоди Ҷумҳуриҳои Шӯравии Сосиалистӣ : ИҶШС (tg) + Sowet Sosialistik Respublikalary Soýuzy : SSRS - Совет Социалистик Республикалары Союзы : ССРС (tk) + Soyuz Radyansʹkykh Sotsialistychnykh Respublik : SRSR - Союз Радянських Соціалістичних Республік : СРСР (uk) + Sovet Sotsialistik Respublikalari Ittifoqi : SSRI - Совет Социалистик Республикалари Иттифоқи : ССРИ (uz) UNO Member
Emblem or Symbol*

Joseph Stalin
(ruler of SOVIET UNION since 1922-04-03)
 
 
 
 
Capitals & administrative places*: Moscow
(Moskva)
Official & national languages: Azeri (az) . Bielorussian (be) . Estonian (et) . Finnish (fi) . Armenian (hy) . Georgian (ka) . Kazakh (kk) . Kirghiz (ky) . Lithuanian (lt) . Latvian (lv) . Moldavian Romanian (mo) . Russian (ru) . Tajik Persian (tg) . Turkmen (tk) . Ukrainian (uk) . Uzbek (uz) .

Mainland:


SOVIET UNION Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : SSSR  (Moscow)


16 Largely Autonomous or Semi-Independent Polities

ARMENIA ARMENIAN Soviet Socialist Republic  (Erevan) Grigory Arutyunyan
AZERBAIDZHAN AZERBAIDZHANI Soviet Socialist Republic  (Baku) Mir Dzhafar Baghirov
BYELORUSSIA BYELORUSSIAN Soviet Socialist Republic  (Minsk) Nikolai Gusarov
ESTONIA ESTONIAN Soviet Socialist Republic  (Tallinn) Nikolai Karotamm
FINNO-KARELIA KARELO-FINNISH Soviet Socialist Republic  (Petrozavodsk) Gennadi Kupriyanov
GEORGIA GEORGIAN Soviet Socialist Republic  (Tbilisi) Candide Charkviani
KAZAKHSTAN KAZAKH Soviet Socialist Republic  (Alma-Ata) Zhumabay Shayakhmetov
KIRGHIZIA KIRGHIZ Soviet Socialist Republic  (Frunze) Nikolay Bogolyubov
LATVIA LATVIAN Soviet Socialist Republic  (Riga) Yan Kalnberzin
LITHUANIA LITHUANIAN Soviet Socialist Republic  (Vilnius) Antanas Snechkuss
MOLDAVIA MOLDAVIAN Soviet Socialist Republic  (Kishinev) Nicolae Covali
RUSSIA Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic : RSFSR  (Moscow) Joseph Stalin
TADZHIKISTAN TADZHIK Soviet Socialist Republic  (Stalinabad) Bobodzhan Gafurov
TURKMENIA TURKMEN Soviet Socialist Republic  (Ashkhabad) Shadzha Batyrov
UKRAINE UKRAINIAN Soviet Socialist Republic  (Kiev) Nikita Khrushchev
UZBEKISTAN UZBEK Soviet Socialist Republic  (Tashkent) Usman Yusupov


4 Assisted Entities

AUSTRIA Allied Control Council of the Republic of AUSTRIA  (Vienna) President Karl Renner
EAST GERMANY German Democratic Republic : GDR  (Berlin-Pankow) Johannes Dieckmann
EAST TURKESTAN Republic of EAST TURKESTAN  (Kulja) Izhak Han
TANGIER TANGIER International Zone  (Tangier) Sultan Muhammad V



2 Territories:

PORKKALA Leased Territory of the Soviet Naval Base of PORKKALA Peninsula  (Porkkala)Local: Voyenno-Morskaya Baza PORKKALA-UDD : Военно-Морская База ПОРККАЛА-УДД (ru)  (Porkkala)
SOVIET ZONE IN GERMANY Soviet Military Administration of the SOVIET OCCUPATION ZONE IN GERMANY [Group of Soviet Forces in Germany]  (Dresden)Local: Sovetskaya Voyennaya Administratsiya v GERMANII : Советская военная администрация в ГЕРМАНИИ (ru)  (Dresden)

5 Condominiums:

CHINESE EASTERN AND SOUTH MANCHURIAN RAILROADS Joint Sino-Soviet Administration of THE CHINESE EASTERN AND SOUTH MANCHURIAN RAILROADS  (Kharbin)Local: TUNG TSING T´IEH-LU Ch´ü : 東清鐵路區 (zh) + Administratsiya KITAYA VOSTOCHNOY ZHELEZNOY DOROGI ZONY : Администрация КИТАЯ ВОСТОЧНОЙ ЖЕЛЕЗНОЙ ДОРОГИ ЗОНЫ (ru)  (Ha´erh-Pin)
RUSSIAN COMPOUND OF JERUSALEM Russian Orthodox Church Complex : RUSSIAN COMPOUND OF JERUSALEM  (Holy Trinity Cathedral of Jerusalem)Local: RUSSKOYE PODVOR´YE v Iyerusalime : РУССКОЕ ПОДВОРЬЕ в Иерусалиме (ru) + Migraš ha-Rusim - MEGRASH HARUSIM : מגרש הרוסים (he) + Al-Maskubiat ´aw al-Mjmme ar-Ruwsiu fi Al-Quds : المسكوبية أو المجمّع الروسي في القدس (ar)  (Cathedral Asseita Amandus)
SOVIET ZONE IN AUSTRIA Soviet Occupation Zone in AUSTRIA  (Vienna-Leopoldstadt)Local: Sovetskaya okkupatsionnaya zona v AVSTRII : Советская оккупационная зона в АВСТРИИ (ru)  (Wien-Leopoldstadt)
SUVOROV MEMORIAL Suvorov Memorial near Teufelsbrucke in Uri : SUVOROV MONUMENT  (Suvorov Monument)Local: SUWOROW-DENKMAL in der Schöllenen-Schlucht (de) + Pamyatnik Suvorov : Памятник Суворов - SUVOROV MEMORIAL : СУВОРОВ МЕМОРИАЛ (ru)  (Suworow-Denkmal)
TALIEN TALIEN Special Municipality [Joint Administration]  (Talien)Local: TA-LIEN Shih : 大連 市 (zh) + DAL´NIY Gorod : ДАЛЬНИЙ Город (ru)  (Ta-Lien)



1 Government or Movement in Exile

COMMUNIST GREECE Communist Party of GREECE in Exile  (Tashkent) Nikos Zachariadis



Military entities abroad, special or locally shared:

CENTRAL ARMY GROUP Soviet CENTRAL ARMY GROUP  (Vienna-Leopoldstadt + Budapest + Prague)Local: Sovet TSENTRALNAYA GRUPPA VOYSK : Совет ЦЕНТРАЛЬНАЯ ГРУППА ВОЙСК (ru)  (Wien-Leopoldstadt + Budapest + Praha)
NORTHERN GROUP Soviet NORTHERN GROUP OF FORCES  (Legnica)Local: Sovetskiy SEVERNAYA GRUPPA VOYSK : Советский СЕВЕРНАЯ ГРУППА ВОЙСК (ru)  (Legnica)
PORKKALA Leased Territory of the Soviet Naval Base of PORKKALA Peninsula  (Porkkala)Local: Voyenno-Morskaya Baza PORKKALA-UDD : Военно-Морская База ПОРККАЛА-УДД (ru)  (Porkkala)
SUVOROV MEMORIAL Suvorov Memorial near Teufelsbrucke in Uri : SUVOROV MONUMENT  (Suvorov Monument)Local: SUWOROW-DENKMAL in der Schöllenen-Schlucht (de) + Pamyatnik Suvorov : Памятник Суворов - SUVOROV MEMORIAL : СУВОРОВ МЕМОРИАЛ (ru)  (Suworow-Denkmal)


23 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


AIR SPORTS World Air Sports Federation : WASF  (Lausanne)
COMECON Council for Mutual Economic Assistance : CMEA  (Moscow)
COMINFORM Information Bureau of the Communist and Workers´ Parties : COMINFORM  (Bucharest)
DANUBE DANUBE Commission  (Galatsi)
FIFA Federation of International Football Association : FIFA  (Zurich)
FRANCO-SOVIET ALLIANCE Treaty of Friendship between France and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : FRANCO-SOVIET Alliance  (Moscow + Paris)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)
INTERNATIONAL LAW Institute of International Law : IIL  (Ghent)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IUPN International Union for the Protection of Nature : IUPN  (Brussels)
LEAGUE OF RED CROSS League of Red Cross Societies : LORCS  (Geneva)
METEOROLOGY International Meteorological Organization : IMO  (Lausanne)
PEACE World Peace Council : WPC  (Paris + Prague)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
REFRIGERATION International Institute of Refrigeration : IIR  (Paris)
STANDARDIZATION International Organization for Standardization : ISO  (Geneva)
UNICEF United Nations International Children´s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Temporary Agency  (New York City)
UNITED NATIONS United Nations Organization : UNO  (Paris)
UNRRA United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration : UNRRA  (Washington-District of Columbia)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)
WHALING International Whaling Commission : IWC  (Impington)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Pregny)



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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