SOMALI (Jijiga)  Regional State of SOMALIA [Ethiopian Somali State] :
SOMALIA COAST (Garaad) Rebellion Somali Pirate Warlordships : SOMALIA COASTS : Ubu Kalid Shandu
SOMALIA (Mogadishu) UNO Member Transitional Federal Government of the Republic of SOMALIA [African Union Mission in Somalia-AMISOM] : President Sheikh Sharif Ahmed
SOMALILAND (Hargeisa) Rebellion Republic of SOMALILAND : President Dahir Riyale Kahin
ISLAMIC SOMALIA (Mogadishu) RebellionDe facto Semi-Independent SHABAB Islamist Emirate of Somalia : Emir Sheikh Moktar Ali Zubeyr Godane
HIZBUL ISLAM (Afgoy) Rebellion Territories of the Islamic Party : HIZBUL ISLAM : Sheikh Hassan Dahir Aweys

Other Entities with similar names

Republic of SOMALILAND

Republic of SOMALILAND

Flag or logo since 1996-10-14*
Jamhuuriyadda SOOMAALILAND (so) + Jumhūrīyat ṢŪMĀLILĀND : جمهورية صوماللاند (ar) + Republic of SOMALILAND (en) RebellionDe facto Independent
Emblem or Symbol*

President Dahir Riyale Kahin
(ruler of SOMALILAND since 2002-05-03)
Capitals & administrative places*: Hargeisa
Official & national languages: Arabic (ar) . English (en) . Somali (so) .


SOMALILAND Republic of SOMALILAND  (Hargeisa)

11 Divisions:

BUHOD BUHOD Region  (Korulugad)Local: Gobolka BUHOD  (Qorulugad)
GABILEY GABILEY Region  (Gebiley)Local: Gobolka GABILEY (so) + Muqateat GHABILI : مقاطعة توغابيلي (ar)  (Gabiley)
GARODI GARODI Region  (Salahlay)Local: Gobolka GAROODI (so) + Muqateat JARUDI : مقاطعة تو جارودي (ar)  (Sallaxley)
HARGEISA HARGEISA Region  (Hargeisa)Local: Gobolka HARGEYSA (so) + Muqateat HARGAYSA : مقاطعة تو هارجاسا (ar)  (Hargeysa)
HAWD HAWD Region  (Bali Gubadle)Local: Gobolka HAWD (so) + Muqateat HAWD : مقاطعة توهَوْد (ar)  (Baligubadle)
ODWEYNE ODWEYNE Region  (Odweyne)Local: Gobolka OODWEYNE (so) + Muqateat OODWAYNE : مقاطعة تواودوين (ar)  (Oodweyne)
SAHIL SAHIL Region  (Berbera)Local: Gobolka SAAXIL (so) + Muqataeat AS-SAHIL : مقاطعة الساحل (ar)  (Berbera)
SANAG SANAG Region  (Erigavo)Local: Gobolka SANAAG (so) + Muqataeat SANAJ : مقاطعة سناج (ar)  (Ceerigaabo)
SARAR SARAR Region  (Aynabo)Local: Gobolka SARAAR (so) + Muqateat SARAR : مقاطعة توسرار (ar)  (Caynabo)
SOL SOL Region  (Las Anod)Local: Gobolka SOOL  (Laascaanood)
TOGDHER TOGDHER Region  (Burao)Local: Gobolka TOGDHEER (so) + Muqataeat TŪGHDAYR : مقاطعة توغدير (ar)  (Burco)

1 Assisted Entity

AWDALLAND Federated Somalian Autonomous Adal State : AWDALLAND State  (Borama) Dir Clan Leader

1 Organisation (or Grouping) of membership (selective)

UNREPRESENTED NATIONS AND PEOPLES Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization : UNPO  (The Hague)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2023's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AWDALLAND Federated Somalian Autonomous Adal State : AWDALLAND State  (Borama)
BAKOL AND GEDO Warlordships of BAKOL AND GEDO [Pro-Ethiopian]  (Garbahare + Huddur)
GALMUDUG Autonomous GALMUDUG State  (South Galkayo)
HIZBUL ISLAM Territories of the Islamic Party : HIZBUL ISLAM  (Afgoy)
ISLAMIC SOMALIA SHABAB Islamist Emirate of Somalia  (Mogadishu)
PUNTLAND Republic of PUNTLAND State of Somalia  (Garoe + Bosaso)
SOMALIA Transitional Federal Government of the Republic of SOMALIA [African Union Mission in Somalia-AMISOM]  (Mogadishu)
SOMALIA COAST Somali Pirate Warlordships : SOMALIA COASTS  (Garaad)
SUNNA AND JAMMA Somali State of SUNNA AND JAMMA  (Dusa Marreb)

Other Territories or Entities within the 2023's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AYN AYN Region  (Buhoodle)
BAKOL BAKOL Region  (Huddur)
EAST SANAG Dulbahante Clan Area of EAST SANAG  (Masegan)
GEDOLAND Autonomous Area of GEDOLAND  (Garbahare)
HIMAN AND HEEB HIMAN AND HEEB Administration  (Adado)
HIZBUL ISLAM Territory of Islamic Party : HIZBUL ISLAM in Jubaland  (Kismayo)
SHABAB Islamist Controlled Territory of SHABAB  (Baidoa)
SOL SOL Region  (Taleh)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.


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UPDATED ON: ~ 2023-JUN-05 ~ .