Zones: Timeline

AFRICAN UNION  SOMALIA  Federal Republic of SOMALIA [African Union Mission in Somalia-AMISOM]
(Addis Ababa o + Midrand l + Arusha j + Dar Es Salaam kn) - (Mogadishu-Hamar Weyne) - (Mogadishu-Hamar Weyne)

BENADIR Regional State of Somalia

Flag or logo since 2017-04-14*
BANAADIR Goboleedka Soomaaliya (so) + Dawlat BANĀDIR al-Iqlimiat as-Sumaliya : دولة بينادير الإقليمية الصومالية (ar)
Emblem or Symbol*

Moussa Faki Mahamat (td)
(ruler of AFRICAN UNION since 2017-03-14)

President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud
(ruler of SOMALIA since 2022-05-23)
Capitals & administrative places*: Mogadishu-Hamar Weyne
Official & national languages: Arabic (ar) . Somali (so) .

1 Territory:

MOGADISHU MOGADISHU District  (Mogadishu-Hamar Weyne)Local: Degmada MUQDISHO  (Muqdisho-Xamarweyne)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

GALMUDUG GALMUDUG State  (South Galkayo + Dusa Marreb)
ISLAMIC SOMALIA Emirate of SOMALIA [Movement of Shabab Mujahideen]  (Buale)
KHATUMO KHATUMO State of Somalia  (Buhoodle)
PUNTLAND PUNTLAND State of Somalia  (Garoe)
SOMALIA Federal Republic of SOMALIA [African Union Mission in Somalia-AMISOM]  (Mogadishu-Hamar Weyne)
SOMALILAND Republic of SOMALILAND  (Hargeisa)

Other Territories or Entities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AWDALLAND Autonomous State of ADAL : Awdalland  (Borama)
AZANIA AZANIA Regional State  (Garbahare)
BADHADHE Enclave of BADHADHE District  (Badhadhe)
BERBERA PORT BERBERA Naval Airbase  (Berbera Port)
CENTRAL STATE Central Regions State : CENTRAL STATE  (Dusa Marreb)
EAST ERIGAVO EAST ERIGAVO Clans [rebellion]  (Yube + Karin)
EUTM SOMALIA European Union Training Mission in Somalia : EUTM SOMALIA  (Jazeera Camp in Mogadishu)
HIRAN HIRAN Region  (Bulobarde)
HIRSHABELE HIRAN AND SHABELE Administration : Hirshabelle State  (Johar)
JUBA Interim Administration of JUBA  (Kismayo)
JUBA VALLEY JUBA VALLEY Regional State  (Kismayo)
KANSAH DHERE Enclave of KANSAH DHERE District  (Kansah Dhere)
MAKHIR MAKHIR Region [Disputed]  (Barran)
MIDDLE SHABELE MIDDLE SHABELE Region : Central Shabele Region  (Johar)
RABDHURE Enclave of RAB DHURE District  (Rab Dhure)
SANAG Disputed SANAG Region  (Erigavo)
SARAR Disputed SARAR Region  (Aynabo)
SOL Disputed SOL Region  (Las Anod)
SOMAL Islamic Province of SOMALIA : Islamic State in Somalia : ISS  (Dasan + Timirshe)
TURKSOM Camp TURKSOM  (Camp Turksom)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.


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