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1937-DEC-14

Zones: Timeline


COMMUNIST CHINA (Yenan gRebellion Communist Party of CHINA [Liberated Zones of the Chinese Red Army in Second United Front Alliance with Kuomintang] : Chang Wen-Tien
CHINA-PEKING (Peking) De facto Semi-Independent Provisional National Government of the Republic of CHINA : Wang Ko-Min
CHINA (Chungking t + Kweichow b + Hankow qSDN Member National Government of the Republic of CHINA [Kuomintang Government] : Lin Sen

Other Entities with similar names

JAPAN  CHINA-PEKING 
  
(Tokyo) - (Peking) -

Provisional National Government of the Republic of CHINA

Flag or logo since 1935-11-15*
CHUNG-KUA Min-Kuo Lin-Shih Cheng-Fu : 中華民国臨時政府 + CHŪKA Minkoku Rinji Seifu : ちゅうかみんこくりんじせいふ (ja) De facto Semi-Independent
Emblem or Symbol*

Emperor Hirohito
(ruler of JAPAN since 1926-12-25)

Wang Ko-Min
(ruler of CHINA-PEKING since 1937-12-14)
 
 
 
 
Capitals & administrative places*: Peking
(Pei-Ching)
Official & national languages: Japanese (ja) .

Mainland:


CHINA-PEKING Provisional National Government of the Republic of CHINA  (Peking)

2 Regionalized Divisions:

NORTHERN CHINA NORTHERN CHINA AREA Military Territory  (Paoting)Local: KAHOKU Chiiki : 華北地域 (ja) + HUA-PEI Ti-Ch´ü : 華北地區 (zh)  (Pao-T´ing)
TSINGTAO TSINGTAO Special Municipality  (Tsingtao)Local: CH´ING-TAO Shih : 青岛市 (zh) + CHINTAO-Shi : 青島市 (ja)  (Ch´ing-Tao)




1 Territory:

CENTRAL CHINA CENTRAL CHINA AREA Military Territory [Japanese Occupation]  (Nanking)Local: KACHIYUU Chiiki : 華中地域 (ja) + CHUNG-KUO CHUNG-PU Ti-Tsu : 中國中部地區 (zh)  (Nan-Ching)

1 Condominium:

PEKING LEGATION QUARTER Joint Administrative Commission of the Diplomatic Quarter : PEKING LEGATION QUARTER [Chinese Control]  (Peking Legation Quarter)Local: TUNG CHIAO MIN Hsiang : 東交民巷 (zh)  (Tung Chiao-Min Hsiang)



1 Organisation (or Grouping) of membership (selective)


SINO-GERMAN ALLIANCE SINO-GERMAN Cooperation  (Nanking)



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

CHANAN Autonomous Government of SOUTH CHAHAR Province : Chanan Province  (Kalgan)
CHINA National Government of the Republic of CHINA [Kuomintang Government]  (Chungking t + Kweichow b + Hankow q)
COMMUNIST CHINA Communist Party of CHINA [Liberated Zones of the Chinese Red Army in Second United Front Alliance with Kuomintang]  (Yenan g)
INNER MONGOLIA Independent Principality of MENGKUKUO : Inner Mongolia Federation  (Suiyuan + Changpei)
MA THREE MAS OF THE NORTHWEST Sultanates [Warlordships of the Ma Clique]  (Lanchow)
MANCHURIA Great Empire of Manchuria : MANCHUKUO  (Hsinking)
SHANGHAI Great Way Municipal Government of SHANGHAI  (Putung)
SHANTUNG SHANTUNG Province [Autonomous Warlordship of the Shantung Clique]  (Tsinan)
SINKIANG Autonomous Province of SINKIANG [Pro-Soviet Warlordship]  (Tihwa)
SZECHWAN SZECHWAN Province [Autonomous Warlordship of the Szechwan Clique]  (Chengtu)
TIBET Kingdom of TIBET  (Lhasa)
TSINPEI TSINPEI Government [Pro-Japanese North Shansi Government]  (Tatung)
WEIHAIWEI WEIHAIWEI Special Administrative Region  (Weihaiwei)
YUNNAN YUNNAN Province [Autonomous Warlordship of the Yunnan Clique]  (Kunming)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AIGUN Soviet Union Concession of AIGUN  (Aigun)
AMERICAN TIENTSIN American Permanent Base of TIENTSIN  (Tientsin American Base)
ANHWEI AN-HWEI Province  (Hwaining)
BAYAN-NUR BAYAN NUR League  (Linho)
BAYAN-TALA BAYANTALA League  (Linho)
BERI BERI State  (Beri)
BRITISH FOOCHOW British Concession at FOOCHOW  (Foochow British Concession)
BRITISH SHAMEEN British Concession of SHAMEEN  (Shameen)
BRITISH TIENTSIN TIENTSIN British Concession  (Tientsin British Concession)
CHAHAR CHAHAR Province  (Changpeh)
CHANGSHA Japanese Concession at CHANGSHA  (Changsha Concession)
CHAOHSUN CHAOHSUN Administrative Circuit  (Chaoan)
CHEKIANG Province of CHEKIANG  (Wenchow)
CHINA EASTERN RAILWAY ZONE China Eastern Railroad Zone : CER [Manchurian Administration]  (Kharbin)
CHUNGKING CHUNGKING Special Municipality  (Chungking)
CHWANPIEN CHWANPIEN Special Administrative District  (Dardo)
DAIREN DAIREN Special Municipality  (Port Arthur)
DRANGO DRANGO State  (Hsintu)
FRENCH CHUNGKING French Marine Establishment of Odent in CHUNGKING  (Odent)
FRENCH HANKOW French Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow French Concession)
FRENCH SHAMEEN French Concession of SHAMEEN  (Shameen French Concession)
FRENCH SHANGHAI Municipal Council of the FRENCH CONCESSION OF SHANGHAI  (Shanghai French Concession)
FRENCH TIENTSIN TIENTSIN French Concession  (Tientsin French Concession)
FUKIEN FUKIEN Province  (Foochow)
GOLOK GOLOK Prefecture [Ngolok Tribal Region in Rebellion]  (Machin)
HAINAN Hainan Soviet : CHIUNGYA Soviet  (Haikou)
HANKOW FIRST AREA HANKOW First Special Area  (Hankow)
HANKOW SECOND AREA HANKOW Second Special Area  (Kianghan)
HANKOW THIRD AREA HANKOW Third Special Area  (Kiaokow)
HONAN HONAN Province  (Kaifeng)
HONG KONG British Crown Colony of HONG KONG  (Victoria City)
HONGKEW Japanese District of HONGKEW  (Hongkew)
HORPA STATES Hor States : HORPA STATES  (Dardo)
HSIKING HSIKING Special Municipality  (Hsiking)
HSINGAN HSINGAN Province [Japanese Residency]  (Khailar)
HSINKING HSINKING Special Municipality : New Capital  (Hsinking)
HUNAN HUNAN Province  (Changsha)
HUPEH HUPEH Province  (Wuchang)
ITALIAN TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Italian Concession  (Tientsin Italian Concession)
JAPANESE FOOCHOW Japanese Concession at FOOCHOW  (Foochow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE HANGCHOW Japanese Concession in HANGCHOW  (Hangchow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE HANKOW Japanese Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE KHARBIN Japanese Concession of KHARBIN  (Kharbin Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE SOOCHOW Japanese Concession at SOOCHOW  (Soochow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Japanese Concession  (Amatsu)
JEHOL JEHOL Province  (Jehol)
JERIM JERIM League  (Tungliao)
JOSUTU Tumed JOSUTU League  (Chaoyang)
JUU UDA JUU UDA League  (Chihfeng)
KANSU KANSU Province  (Lanchow)
KHANGSAR KHANGSAR State  (Khangsar)
KHARBIN KHARBIN Special Municipality  (Kharbin)
KHINGAN KHINGAN League  (Wangyehmiao)
KIANGSI KIANGSI Province  (Nanchang)
KULANGSU INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT Municipal Council of the KULANGSU INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Kulangsu)
KWANGCHOW KWANGCHOW Special Municipality  (Canton)
KWANGCHOWAN Leased Territory of KWANGCHOWAN  (Fort Bayard)
KWANGSI KWANGSI Province  (Kweichow)
KWANGTUNG KWANGTUNG Province  (Chenkiang)
KWANTUNG KWANTUNG Territory [Chinese Leased Territory to Japan]  (Port Arthur)
KWEICHOW KWEICHOW Province  (Kweiyang)
MACAO Portuguese Overseas Colony of MACAO  (Macao)
MAZUR MAZUR State  (Mazur)
MUKDEN MUKDEN Special Municipality [Shenyang]  (Mukden)
NANKING SAFETY ZONE International Committee for the NANKING SAFETY ZONE  (Nanking Safety Zone)
NINGSIA NINGSIA Province  (Yinchuan)
ORDOS ORDOS League : Yikochao Autonomous Banner  (Ordos)
PAKHOI Foreign Settlements of PAKHOI  (Pakhoi)
PARACEL ISLANDS PARACEL ISLANDS Group  (Woody Island)
PEKING LEGATION QUARTER Joint Administrative Commission of the Diplomatic Quarter : PEKING LEGATION QUARTER [Chinese Control]  (Peking Legation Quarter)
QUEMOY ISLANDS QUEMOY ISLANDS Group  (Chinsheng)
SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT International Concession of Shanghai Municipal Council : SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Shanghai International Settlement)
SHANSI SHANSI Province [Japanese Occupation of the Shansi Clique Territories]  (Taiyuan-Yangchu)
SHENSI SHENSI Province  (Paoki)
SILINGOL SILINGOL League  (Silinhot)
SUIYUAN CITY Special Municipality of SUIYUAN  (Suiyuan)
TACHEN ISLANDS TACHEN ISLANDS Archipelago  (Tachen)
TAIWAN Government-General of TAIWAN [Colonial Government of Formosa]  (Taipeh)
TEHUNG TEHUNG Region  (Kanfang)
TREHOR TREHOR State  (Dardo)
TSIHSI Japanese Colony of TSIHSI  (Tsikuan)
TSINGHAI Sultanate of TSINGHAI Province  (Sining)
ULANCHAB ULANCHAB League  (Wulanhua)
WUHAN Hankow Special Municipality : WUHAN City  (Hankow)
YUYANG YUYANG Special District : Eighth Administrative Region of Szechwan  (Yuyang)
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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