Zones: Timeline

PERU (Lima a + Arequipa d + Cusco hUNO Member Republic of PERU : President Pedro Castillo
COMMUNIST PERU (Apurimac Valley) Rebellion Communist Party of Peru-SHINING PATH : Comrade Jose

Other Entities with similar names

Republic of PERU
(Lima a + Arequipa d + Cusco h)

Republic of PERU

Flag or logo since 1950-03-31*
República del PERÚ (es) + PIRUW Ripuwlika (qu) + PIRUWXA Ripuwlika (ay) UNO Member
Emblem or Symbol*

President Pedro Castillo
(ruler of PERU since 2021-07-28)
Capitals & administrative places*: Lima a + Arequipa d + Cusco h
(Lima + Arequipa + Cusco)
a administrative, national or political capital (also ruler's residence)
d constitutional court seat
h historical or honorary capital
Official & national languages: Aymara (ay) . Spanish (es) . Quechua (qu) .


PERU Republic of PERU  (Lima + Arequipa + Cusco)

26 Regionalized Divisions:

AMAZON REGION AMAZON Region  (San Juan of the Frontier of the Chachapoyas)Local: Región del AMAZONAS (es) + Awqaqsipas Suyu : AMARUMAYU (qu) + AUCASIRI Tawaqu Jach´a Suyu (ay) + AMARUMAYU (agr) + AMARUMAYU (hub)  (San Juan de la Frontera de los Chachapoyas)
ANCASH ANCASH Region  (San Sebastian of Huaraz)Local: Región de ÁNCASH (es) + ANQHAS Suyu (qwh) + Ankash Suyu : ANQASH (qu) + Ankashu Jach´a Suyu : ANKASH (ay)  (San Sebastián de Huaraz)
APURIMAC APURIMAC Region  (Santiago of Abancay)Local: Región de APURÍMAC (es) + APURIMAQ Suyu (que) + APURIMAQ Suyu (qve) + APURIMAQ Suyu (qu) + APURIMAQ Jach´a Suyu (ay)  (Santiago de Abancay)
AREQUIPA AREQUIPA Region  (Arequipa)Local: Región de AREQUIPA (es) + ARIQIPA Suyu (qxu) + ARIQIPA Suyu (qu) + ARIQIPA Jach´a Suyu (ay)  (Arequipa)
AYACUCHO AYACUCHO Region  (Ayacucho)Local: Región de AYACUCHO (es) + AYAKUCHU Suyu (quy) + AYAKUCHU Suyu (qu) + AYAKUCHU Jach´a Suyu (ay)  (Ayacucho)
CAJAMARCA CAJAMARCA Region  (San Antonio of Cajamarca)Local: Región de CAJAMARCA (es) + Qasamarka Suyu : KASHAMARKA (qu) + CAJAMARCA (agr) + QAJAMARKA Jach´a Suyu (ay)  (San Antonio de Cajamarca)
CALLAO CALLAO Region  (Callao)Local: Región del CALLAO (es) + QALLAW Hatun Kamachiy Wamani (qu) + KALLAO Jach´a Kamachi Jisk´a Suyu (ay)  (El Callao)
CUSCO CUSCO Region  (Cusco)Local: Región de CUSCO (es) + QUSQU Suyu (quz) + QUSQU Suyu (qu) + CUSCO (mcb) + CUSCO (cox) + CUSCO (cni) + CUSCO (pib) + CUSCO (hug) + CUSCO (mts) + CUSCO (not) + QUSQU Jach´a Suyu (ay)  (Cusco)
HUANCAVELICA HUANCAVELICA Region  (Huancavelica)Local: Región de HUANCAVELICA (es) + WANK´A WILLKA Suyu (quy) + WANK´A WILLKA Suyu (qux) + WANK´A WILLKA Suyu (qvw) + WANKAWILLKA Suyu (qu) + WANKAWILLKA Jach´a Suyu (ay)  (Huancavelica)
HUANUCO HUANUCO Region  (Huanuco)Local: Región de HUÁNUCO (es) + WANUKU Suyu (qwh) + WANUKU Suyu (qu) + WANUKU Jach´a Suyu (ay)  (Caballeros de León de Huánuco)
ICA ICA Region  (Ica)Local: Región de ICA (es) + IKA Suyu (qu) + IKA Jach´a Suyu (ay)  (Ica)
JUNIN JUNIN Region  (Holy Trinity of Huancayo)Local: Región de JUNÍN (es) + SUNIN Suyu (qu) + SUNIN Suyu (qvw) + SUNIN Suyu (quec) + JUNIN (cni) + JUNIN (cot) + JUNIN (mcb) + JUNIN (ame) + JUNIN (not) + SUNIN Jach´a Suyu (ay)  (Santísima Trinidad de Huancayo)
LAMBAYEQUE LAMBAYEQUE Region  (Chiclayo)Local: Región de LAMBAYEQUE (es) + LAMPALLIQI Suyu (qu) + LAMPALLIQI Jach´a Suyu (ay)  (Chiclayo)
LIBERTAD LA LIBERTAD Region : The Liberty  (Trujillo)Local: Región de LA LIBERTAD (es) + Qispi Kay Suyu : QISPIQAY (qu) + LA LIBERTAD Jach´a Suyu (ay)  (Trujillo)
LIMA LIMA Region  (Huacho)Local: Región de LIMA (es) + Limaq Suyu : RIMAQ (qu) + LIMA Jach´a Suyu (ay)  (Huacho)
LORETO LORETO Region  (Iquitos)Local: Región de LORETO (es) + LURITU Suyu (qu) + LURITU Jach´a Suyu (ay)  (Iquitos)
MADRE DE DIOS MADRE DE DIOS Region [Mother of God]  (Puerto Maldonado)Local: Región de MADRE DE DIOS (es) + APUYAYAYPA MAMAYNIN Suyu (que) + MAYUTATA (amr) + MAYUTATA (hug) + MAYUTATA (mcb) + MAYUTATA (cuj) + MAYUTATA (yaa) + MAYUTATA (mcd) + MAYUTATA (ese) + AMARU Suyu (qu) + MAYUTATA Jach´a Suyu (ay)  (Puerto Maldonado)
MOQUEGUA MOQUEGUA Region  (Moquegua)Local: Región de MOQUEGUA (es) + MUKIWA Jach´a Suyu (ay) + MUQIWA Suyu (que) + MUQIWA Suyu (qu)  (Santa Catalina de Guadalcázar del Valle de Moquegua)
PASCO PASCO Region  (Cerro de Pasco)Local: Región de PASCO (es) + PASQU Suyu (qu) + Region PASCO (de) + PASQU Jach´a Suyu (ay)  (Cerro de Pasco)
PIURA PIURA Region  (Piura)Local: Región de PIURA (es) + PIWRA Suyu (qu) + PIWRA Jach´a Suyu (ay)  (Piura)
PUNO PUNO Region  (Puno)Local: Región de PUNO (es) + PUNU Suyu (qxp) + PUNU Jach´a Suyu (ay) + PUNU Suyu (qu)  (Puno)
SAN MARTIN SAN MARTIN Region  (Moyobamba)Local: Región de SAN MARTÍN (es) + SAN MARTIN Suyu (qvs) + SAN MARTIN (cbt) + SAN MARTIN (agr) + SAN MARTIN Suyu (qu) + SAN MARTÍN Jach´a Suyu (ay)  (Santiago de los Ocho Valles de Moyobamba)
TACNA TACNA Region  (San Pedro of Tacna)Local: Región de TACNA (es) + TAQNA Jach´a Suyu (ay) + TAQNA Suyu (qu)  (San Pedro de Tacna)
TUMBES TUMBES Region  (Tumbes)Local: Región de TUMBES (es) + TUNPIS Suyu (qu) + TUMPIS Jach´a Suyu (ay)  (Tumbes)
UCUYALI UCUYALI Region  (Pucallpa)Local: Región del UCUYALI (es) + UKAYALI Suyu (qu) + UKAYALI (shp) + UKAYALI (amc) + UKAYALI (cni) + UKAYALI (mcd) + UKAYALI (yaa) + UKAYALI (isc) + UKAYALI (cul) + UKAYALI Jach´a Suyu (ay)  (Pucallpa)

Military entity abroad, special or locally shared:

AYACUCHO BASE American Airfield of AYACUCHO  (Ayacucho Airfield)Local: AYACUCHO Airfield (en)  (Ayacucho Airfield)

94 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

AIR SPORTS World Air Sports Federation : WASF  (Lausanne)
AMAZON Secretariat of Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization : ACTO  (Brasilia)
AMERICAN STATES Organization of American States : OAS  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ANDES Andean System of Integration : ASI  (Lima + Bogota)
ANTARCTICA Antarctic Treaty System : ATS  ((Buenos Aires))
ASIA-PACIFIC Secretariat of Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation : APEC  (Singapore)
ASIAN INFRASTRUCTURE BANK Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank : AIIB  (Beijing)
BAMBOO AND RATTAN International Bamboo and Rattan Organisation : INBAR  (Beijing)
CAIRNS GROUP THE CAIRNS GROUP of Fair Trading Nations  (Cairns)
CENTRAL BANK Bank for International Settlements : BIS  (Basle)
CHEMICAL WEAPONS PROHIBITION Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons : OPCW  (The Hague)
COMMON FUND Common Fund for Commodities : CFC  (Geneva)
CUSTOMS World Customs Organization : WCO  (Brussels)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Rome)
FIFA Federation of International Football Association : FIFA  (Zurich)
GLOBAL FUND The Global Fund to Fight Aids Tuberculosis and Malaria : GFATM  (Vernier-Geneva)
GREEN GROWTH Global Green Growth Institute : GGGI Organization  (Seoul)
GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN Coalition of Developing Countries : GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN  (New York City)
GROUP OF TWENTY-FOUR Intergovernmental Group of Twenty-Four on International Monetary Affairs and Development : GROUP OF TWENTY-FOUR  (Washington-District of Columbia)
HAGUE CONFERENCE Hague Conference on Private International Law : HCCH  (The Hague)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
HYDROGRAPHY International Hydrographic Organization : IHO  (Monaco)
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency : IAEA Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
IBERO-AMERICAN STATES Organization of Ibero-American States for Education Science and Culture : OIS  (Madrid)
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development : IFAD Specialized Agency  (Rome)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IMF International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)
IMO International Maritime Organization : IMO Specialized Agency  (London)
IMSO International Mobile Satellite Organization : IMSO  (London)
INTER-AMERICAN BANK Inter-American Development Bank : IADB  (Washington-District of Columbia)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION Inter-Parliamentary Union : IPU  (Grand Saconnex)
INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT International Criminal Court : ICCT  (The Hague)
INTERNATIONAL IDEA International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance : INTERNATIONAL IDEA  (Stockholm)
INTERPOL International Criminal Police Organization : ICPO  (Lyons)
IOM International Organization for Migration : IOM Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IRENA International Renewable Energy Agency : IRENA  (Masdar City)
ITALY-LATIN AMERICA Italian-Latin American Institute : ILAI  (Rome)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
LATIN AMERICA Latin American Integration Association : LAIA  (Montevideo)
LATIN AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN Latin American and Caribbean Economic System : LAES  (Caracas)
LATIN AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN STATES Community of Latin American and Caribbean States : CLACS  (San Salvador)
LATIN AMERICAN BANK Andean Development Corporation-Development Bank of Latin America : ADC  (Caracas)
MARITIME LAW International Maritime Committee : IMC  (Antwerp)
MOON Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : MOON TREATY  (New York City)
NATURE CONSERVATION International Union for Conservation of Nature : IUCN  (Gland)
NON-ALIGNED Non-Aligned Movement : NAM  (Belgrade + New York City)
NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty : NPT  (New York City)
NUCLEAR TEST BAN Provisional Secretariat of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Organization : CTBTO  (Vienna)
OHCHR Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights : OHCHR Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
OPANAL Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean : OPANAL  (Mexico City)
PACIFIC ALLIANCE Pacific Alliance : PA  (Cartagena of the Indies)
PAHO Pan-American Health Organization : PAHO  (Washington-District of Columbia)
PARLATINO Latin American Parliament : PARLATINO  (Panama City)
PEACE World Peace Council : WPC  (Athens)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies : IFRCS  (Geneva)
RIO PACT Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance : IATRA  (Rio of Janeiro)
STANDARDIZATION International Organization for Standardization : ISO  (Geneva)
TELECOMMUNICATIONS SATELLITE International Telecommunications Satellite Organization : ITSO  (Washington-District of Columbia)
TRANS-PACIFIC ZONE Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership : CPTPP  (Santiago of Chile)
TROPICAL TUNA Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission : IATTC  (San Diego-La Jolla)
UN WOMEN United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women : UN WOMEN  (New York City)
UN-HABITAT United Nations Human Settlements Programme : UN-HABITAT Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development : UNCTAD  (Geneva)
UNDP United Nations Development Programme : UNDP Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNEP United Nations Environmental Programme : UNEP Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change : UNFCCC  (New York City)
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR Agency  (Geneva)
UNICEF United Nations International Children´s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNIDIR United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research : UNIDIR Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization : UNIDO Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
UNITED NATIONS United Nations Organization : UNO  (New York City)
UNODA Conference on Disarmament : United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs : UNODA  (Geneva)
UNODC United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime : UNODC Agency  (Vienna)
UNOOSA Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : OUTER SPACE Treaty  (Vienna)
UNWTO World Tourism Organization : UNWTO Specialized Agency  (Madrid)
UPEACE University for Peace : UPEACE  (Ciudad Colon)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres + Saint Cloud)
WFP World Food Programme : WFP  (Rome)
WHALING International Whaling Commission : IWC  (Impington)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Pregny-Chambesy)
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization : WIPO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WMO World Meteorological Organization : WMO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WORLD BUSINESS International Chamber of Commerce : ICC [The Word Business Organization]  (Paris)
WORLD TRADE World Trade Organization : WTO  (Geneva)
WORLD TRADE LAW Advisory Centre on World Trade Organization Law : ACWL  (Geneva)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

COMMUNIST PERU Communist Party of Peru-SHINING PATH  (Apurimac Valley)

Other Territories or Entities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AYACUCHO BASE American Airfield of AYACUCHO  (Ayacucho Airfield)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.


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