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1995-MAR-01

Zones: Timeline


TUPAC AMARU (Tupac Amaru) Rebellion TUPAC AMARU Revolutionary Movement : Comandante Evaristo-Nestor Cerpa Cartolini
PERU (Lima a + Arequipa d + Cusco hUNO Member Republic of PERU : President Alberto Fujimori
COMMUNIST PERU (Huallaga Valley) Rebellion Communist Party of Peru-SHINING PATH : Comrade Feliciano

Other Entities with similar names

Republic of PERU
(Lima a + Arequipa d + Cusco h)

Republic of PERU

Flag or logo since 1950-03-31*
República del PERÚ (es) + PIRUW Hapan Llaqta (qu) UNO Member
Emblem or Symbol*

President Alberto Fujimori
(ruler of PERU since 1990-07-28)
 
 
 
 
Capitals & administrative places*: Lima a + Arequipa d + Cusco h
(Lima + Arequipa + Cusco)
a administrative, national or political capital (also ruler's residence)
d constitutional court seat
h historical or honorary capital
Official & national languages: Spanish (es) . Quechua (qu) .

Mainland:


PERU Republic of PERU  (Lima + Arequipa + Cusco)

12 Regionalized Divisions:

ANDRES AVELINO CACERES Autonomous ANDRES AVELINO CACERES Region  (Cerro de Pasco)Local: Región de ANDRÉS AVELINO CÁCERES (es) + ANDRÉS AVELINO CÁCERES Suyu (qu)  (Cerro de Pasco)
AREQUIPA Autonomous AREQUIPA Region  (Arequipa)Local: Región de AREQUIPA (es) + ARIQIPA Suyu (qu)  (Arequipa)
GRAU Autonomous GRAU Region  (Piura)Local: Región de GRAU (es) + GRAU Suyu (qu)  (Piura)
GREATER CHAVIN Autonomous GREATER CHAVIN Region  (San Sebastian of Huaraz)Local: Región de GRAN CHAVÍN (es) + CHAWIN Suyu (qu)  (San Sebastián de Huaraz)
INCA Autonomous INCA Region : Inka  (Cusco)Local: Región INKA (es) + INKA Suyu (qu)  (Cusco)
JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI Autonomous JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI Region  (Puno)Local: Región de JOSÉ CARLOS MARIÁTEGUI (es) + JOSÉ CARLOS MARIÁTEGUI Suyu (qu)  (Puno)
LIBERTADORES-WARI Autonomous THE LIBERTADORES-WARI Region  (Ayacucho)Local: Región de LOS LIBERTADORES-WARI (es) + ATINIÑAPTAYIRI-WARI Suyu (qu)  (Ayacucho)
LIMA AND CALLAO Region of LIMA AND CALLAO  (Lima)Local: Región de LIMA Y CALLAO (es) + LIMAQ-QALLAW Suyu (qu)  (Lima)
LORETO Autonomous LORETO Region  (Iquitos)Local: Región de LORETO (es) + LURITU Suyu (qu)  (Iquitos)
RENOM Autonomous Region North Eastern of Maranon : RENOM  (Chiclayo)Local: Región Nor Oriental del Marañón : RENOM (es) + MARAÑUN Suyu (qu)  (Chiclayo)
SAN MARTIN-LA LIBERTAD Autonomous SAN MARTIN-LA LIBERTAD Region : San Martin-The Liberty  (Trujillo)Local: Región de SAN MARTÍN-LA LIBERTAD (es) + SAN MARTIN-QISPIQAY Suyu (qu)  (Trujillo)
UCUYALI Autonomous UCUYALI Region  (Pucallpa)Local: Región del UCUYALI (es) + UKAYALI Suyu (qu)  (Pucallpa)




1 Condominium:

CENEPA Disputed Area of CENEPA District  (Huampami)Local: Distrito de EL CENEPA (es)  (Huampami)



77 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


AIR SPORTS World Air Sports Federation : WASF  (Lausanne)
AMAZON Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization : ACTO  (Brasilia)
AMERICAN STATES Organization of American States : OAS  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ANDEAN BANK Andean Development Corporation : ADC  (Caracas)
ANDES ANDEAN Parliament : Andean Pact  (Santafe of Bogota)
ANTARCTICA Antarctic Treaty System : ATS  ((Washington-District of Columbia))
BAMBOO AND RATTAN International Network for Bamboo and Rattan : INBAR Organization  (Ottawa)
COMMON FUND Common Fund for Commodities : CFC  (Geneva)
CUSTOMS World Customs Organization : WCO  (Brussels)
CWC Convention on the Prohibition of the Development Production Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction : CWC  (Paris)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Rome)
FIFA Federation of International Football Association : FIFA  (Zurich)
GENEVA CONVENTION GENEVA Convention  (Geneva)
GROUP OF FIFTEEN GROUP OF FIFTEEN Summits  (Geneva)
GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN Coalition of Developing Countries : GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN  (New York City)
GROUP OF TWENTY-FOUR Intergovernmental Group of Twenty-Four on International Monetary Affairs and Development : GROUP OF TWENTY-FOUR  (Washington-District of Columbia)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
HYDROGRAPHY International Hydrographic Organization : IHO  (Monaco)
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency : IAEA Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
IBERO-AMERICAN STATES Organization of Ibero-American States for Education Science and Culture : OIS  (Madrid)
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development : IFAD Specialized Agency  (Rome)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IMF International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)
IMO International Maritime Organization : IMO Specialized Agency  (London)
INMARSAT International Mobile Satellite Organization : INMARSAT  (London)
INTELSAT International Telecommunications Satellite Organization : INTELSAT  (Washington-District of Columbia)
INTER-AMERICAN BANK Inter-American Development Bank : IADB  (Washington-District of Columbia)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION Inter-Parliamentary Union : IPU  (Geneva)
INTERPOL International Criminal Police Organization : ICPO  (Lyons)
ITALY-LATIN AMERICA Italian-Latin American Institute : ILAI  (Rome)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
LATIN AMERICA Latin American Integration Association : LAIA  (Montevideo)
LATIN AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN Latin American and Caribbean Economic System : LAES  (Caracas)
LATIN UNION Latin Union : LU  (Paris)
MARITIME LAW International Maritime Committee : IMC  (Antwerp)
MIGRATION International Organization for Migration : IOM  (Geneva)
MOON Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : MOON TREATY  (New York City)
NON-ALIGNED Non-Aligned Movement : NAM  (Jakarta + New York City)
NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty : NPT  (New York City)
OHCHR Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights : OHCHR Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
OPANAL Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean : OPANAL  (Mexico City)
PAHO Pan-American Health Organization : PAHO  (Washington-District of Columbia)
PARLATINO Latin American Parliament : PARLATINO  (Sao Paulo)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies : IFRCS  (Geneva)
RIO GROUP RIO GROUP International Organization  (San Francisco of Quito)
RIO PACT Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance : IATRA  (Rio of Janeiro)
TOURISM World Tourism Organization : WTOO  (Madrid)
TROPICAL TUNA Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission : IATTC  (San Diego-La Jolla)
UN-HABITAT United Nations Human Settlements Programme : UN-HABITAT Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNCDA Conference on Disarmament : United Nations Centre for Disarmament Affairs : UNCDA  (Geneva)
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development : UNCTAD  (Geneva)
UNDP United Nations Development Programme : UNDP Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNEP United Nations Environmental Programme : UNEP Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change : UNFCCC  (New York City)
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR Agency  (Geneva)
UNICEF United Nations International Children´s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNIDIR United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research : UNIDIR Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization : UNIDO Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
UNIFEM United Nations Development Fund for Women : UNIFEM  (New York City)
UNITED NATIONS United Nations Organization : UNO  (New York City)
UNOOSA Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : OUTER SPACE Treaty  (Vienna)
UPEACE University for Peace : UPEACE  (Ciudad Colon)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres + Saint Cloud)
WFP World Food Programme : WFP  (Rome)
WHALING International Whaling Commission : IWC  (Impington)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Pregny-Chambesy)
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization : WIPO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WMO World Meteorological Organization : WMO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WORLD BUSINESS International Chamber of Commerce : ICC [The Word Business Organization]  (Paris)
WORLD TRADE World Trade Organization : WTO  (Geneva)



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

COMMUNIST PERU Communist Party of Peru-SHINING PATH  (Huallaga Valley)
TUPAC AMARU TUPAC AMARU Revolutionary Movement  (Tupac Amaru)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

CENEPA Disputed Area of CENEPA District  (Huampami)
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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