Zones: Timeline



Flag or logo since 1900-01-01*
República PERUANA (es) De facto Independent
Emblem or Symbol*

President Jose Pardo y Barreda
(ruler of PERU since 1904-09-24)
Capitals & administrative places*: Lima
Official & national languages: Spanish (es) .


PERU PERUVIAN Republic  (Lima)

20 Divisions:

AMAZON AMAZON Department  (San Juan of the Frontier of the Chachapoyas)Local: Departamento del AMAZONAS (es)  (San Juan de la Frontera de los Chachapoyas)
ANCASHS ANCASHS Department  (San Sebastian of Huaraz)Local: Departamento de ÁNCASHS (es)  (San Sebastián de Huaraz)
APURIMAC APURIMAC Department  (Santiago of Abancay)Local: Departamento de APURÍMAC (es)  (Santiago de Abancay)
AREQUIPA AREQUIPA Department  (Arequipa)Local: Departamento de AREQUIPA (es)  (Arequipa)
AYACUCHO AYACUCHO Department  (Ayacucho)Local: Departamento de AYACUCHO (es)  (Ayacucho)
CAJAMARCA CAJAMARCA Department  (San Antonio of Cajamarca)Local: Departamento de CAJAMARCA (es)  (San Antonio de Cajamarca)
CALLAO Constitutional Province of CALLAO  (Callao)Local: Provincia Constitucional del CALLAO (es)  (El Callao)
CUZCO CUZCO Department  (Cuzco)Local: Departamento del CUZCO (es)  (Cuzco)
HUANCAVELICA HUANCAVELICA Department  (Huancavelica)Local: Departamento de HUANCAVELICA (es)  (Huancavelica)
HUANUCO HUANUCO Department  (Huanuco)Local: Departamento de HUÁNUCO (es)  (Caballeros de León de Huánuco)
ICA ICA Department  (Ica)Local: Departamento de ICA (es)  (Ica)
JUNIN JUNIN Department  (Cerro de Pasco)Local: Departamento de JUNÍN (es)  (Cerro de Pasco)
LAMBAYEQUE LAMBAYEQUE Department  (Chiclayo)Local: Departamento de LAMBAYEQUE (es)  (Chiclayo)
LIBERTAD LA LIBERTAD Department : The Liberty  (Trujillo)Local: Departamento de LA LIBERTAD (es)  (Trujillo)
LIMA LIMA Department  (Huacho + Lima)Local: Departamento de LIMA (es)  (Huacho + Lima)
LORETO LORETO Department  (Iquitos)Local: Departamento de LORETO (es)  (Iquitos)
MOQUEGUA MOQUEGUA Department  (Moquegua)Local: Departamento de MOQUEGUA (es)  (Santa Catalina de Guadalcázar del Valle de Moquegua)
PIURA PIURA Department  (Piura)Local: Departamento de PIURA (es)  (Piura)
PUNO PUNO Department  (Puno)Local: Departamento de PUNO (es)  (Puno)
SAN MARTIN SAN MARTIN Department  (Moyobamba)Local: Departamento de SAN MARTÍN (es)  (Santiago de los Ocho Valles de Moyobamba)

7 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

AMERICAN UNION International Union of AMERICAN Republics  (Washington-District of Columbia)
INTER-AMERICAN SANITARY Inter-American Sanitary Convention : International Santitary Bureau : ISB  (Washington-District of Columbia)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
SEA International Marine Conference : IMC  (Washington-District of Columbia)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Territories or Entities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

TACNA TACNA Province [dispute]  (San Pedro of Tacna)
TARATA TARATA Province  (Tarata)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.


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