- Zones:



Flag or logo since 1900-01-01
República PERUANA (es) De facto Independent
Emblem or Symbol

President Eduardo Lopez de Romana
(ruler of PERU since 1900-01-01)
Capital:Lima - (Lima)
Official languages: Spanish (es) .


PERU PERUVIAN Republic  (Lima)

19 Mainland Divisions:

AMAZON AMAZON Department  (San Juan of the Frontier of the Chachapoyas)Local: Departamento del AMAZONAS (es)  (San Juan de la Frontera de los Chachapoyas)
ANCASHS ANCASHS Department  (San Sebastian of Huaraz)Local: Departamento de ÁNCASHS (es)  (San Sebastián de Huaraz)
APURIMAC APURIMAC Department  (Santiago of Abancay)Local: Departamento de APURÍMAC (es)  (Santiago de Abancay)
AREQUIPA AREQUIPA Department  (Arequipa)Local: Departamento de AREQUIPA (es)  (Arequipa)
AYACUCHO AYACUCHO Department  (Ayacucho)Local: Departamento de AYACUCHO (es)  (Ayacucho)
CAJAMARCA CAJAMARCA Department  (San Antonio of Cajamarca)Local: Departamento de CAJAMARCA (es)  (San Antonio de Cajamarca)
CALLAO Constitutional Province of CALLAO  (Callao)Local: Provincia Constitucional del CALLAO (es)  (El Callao)
CUZCO CUZCO Department  (Cuzco)Local: Departamento del CUZCO (es)  (Cuzco)
HUANCAVELICA HUANCAVELICA Department  (Huancavelica)Local: Departamento de HUANCAVELICA (es)  (Huancavelica)
HUANUCO HUANUCO Department  (Huanuco)Local: Departamento de HUÁNUCO (es)  (Caballeros de León de Huánuco)
ICA ICA Department  (Ica)Local: Departamento de ICA (es)  (Ica)
JUNIN JUNIN Department  (Cerro de Pasco)Local: Departamento de JUNÍN (es)  (Cerro de Pasco)
LAMBAYEQUE LAMBAYEQUE Department  (Chiclayo)Local: Departamento de LAMBAYEQUE (es)  (Chiclayo)
LIBERTAD LA LIBERTAD Department : The Liberty  (Trujillo)Local: Departamento de LA LIBERTAD (es)  (Trujillo)
LIMA LIMA Department  (Huacho + Lima)Local: Departamento de LIMA (es)  (Huacho + Lima)
LORETO Contested LORETO Department  (Iquitos)Local: Departamento de LORETO (es)  (Iquitos)
MOQUEGUA MOQUEGUA Department  (Moquegua)Local: Departamento de MOQUEGUA (es)  (Santa Catalina de Guadalcázar del Valle de Moquegua)
PIURA PIURA Department  (Piura)Local: Departamento de PIURA (es)  (Piura)
PUNO PUNO Department  (Puno)Local: Departamento de PUNO (es)  (Puno)

6 Organizations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

AMERICAN UNION International Union of AMERICAN Republics  (Washington-District of Columbia)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
SEA International Marine Conference : IMC  (Washington-District of Columbia)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)

Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

PURUS PURUS Territory  (Puerto Maldonado)
TACNA Disputed Province of TACNA  (San Pedro of Tacna)
TARATA TARATA Province  (Tarata)


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Martucci Dave, DMA (US). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).

Any suggestion or correction is welcome and can be sent to .

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