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Republic of PANAMA
(Panama City)

Republic of PANAMA

Flag or logo since 1949-12-15
República de PANAMÁ (es)
Emblem or Symbol

President Juan Carlos Varela
(ruler of PANAMA since 2014-07-01)
Capital:Panama City(Ciudad de Panamá)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()


PANAMA Republic of PANAMA  (Panama City)

10 Metropolitan Divisions:

CHIRIQUI CHIRIQUI Province  (San Jose of David)Local: Provincia de CHIRIQUÍ (es)  (San José de David)
COCLE COCLE Province  (Penonome)Local: Provincia de COCLÉ (es)  (Penonomé)
COLON COLON Province  (Colon City)Local: Provincia de COLÓN (es)  (Ciudad de Colón)
DARIEN DARIEN Province  (La Palma)Local: Provincia de DARIÉN (es)  (La Palma)
HERRERA HERRERA Province  (Chitre)Local: Provincia de HERRERA (es)  (Chitré)
MOUTHS OF THE TORO MOUTHS OF THE TORO Province  (Bocas del Toro)Local: Provincia de BOCAS DEL TORO (es)  (Bocas del Toro)
PANAMA PANAMA Province  (Panama City)Local: Provincia de PANAMÁ (es)  (Ciudad de Panamá)
SAINTS LOS SANTOS Province : The Saints Province  (The Tables)Local: Provincia de LOS SANTOS (es)  (Las Tablas)
VERAGUAS VERAGUAS Province  (Santiago of Veraguas)Local: Provincia de VERAGUAS (es)  (Santiago de Veraguas)
WEST PANAMA WEST PANAMA Province  (La Chorrera)Local: Provincia de PANAMÁ OESTE (es)  (La Chorrera)

4 Territories in Americas:

EMBERA-WOUNAAN Comarca EMBERA-WOUNAAN  (Union Choco + Cirilo Guainora)Local: Comarca EMBERÁ-WOUNAAN (es) + Comarca EMBERÁ-WOUNAAN (sai)  (Unión Chocó + Cirilo Guainora)
KUNA YALA Comarca KUNA YALA  (El Porvenir + Nargana)Local: Comarca KUNA YALA (es) + Comarca GUNA YALA (cuk)  (El Porvenir + Narganá-Yandup)
NGOBE-BUGLE Comarca NGOBE-BUGLE  (Llano Tugri-Buabidi)Local: Comarca NGÄBE-BUGLÉ (es) + Comarca NGÄBE-BUGLÉ (gym)  (Llano Tugrí-Buäbti)
PANAMA CANAL PANAMA CANAL Authority  (Balboa)Local: Autoridad del CANAL DE PANAMÁ (es)  (Balboa)

Other notable Territories in Americas:

CARIBBEAN SIDE OF PANAMA Districts of Chagres and Donoso : CARIBBEAN SIDE OF PANAMA  (New Chagres + San Miguel de la Borda)Local: Distritos de Chagres y Donoso : COSTA CARIBE DE PANAMÁ (es)  (Nuevo Chagres + San Miguel de la Borda)
CHIRIQUI CHIRIQUI Province  (San Jose of David)Local: Provincia de CHIRIQUÍ (es)  (San José de David)
COCLE COCLE Province  (Penonome)Local: Provincia de COCLÉ (es)  (Penonomé)
COLON FREE ZONE Colon Free Trade Zone : COLON FREE ZONE  (Colon Free Zone)Local: Zona Libre de Colón : ZOLICOL (es) + Colon Free Trade Zone : COLON FREE ZONE (en)  (Zona Libre de Colón)
HERRERA HERRERA Province  (Chitre)Local: Provincia de HERRERA (es)  (Chitré)
KUNA OF MADUGANDI Sub-Provincial Comarca KUNA OF MADUGANDI  (Akua Yala)Local: Comarca KUNA DE MADUGANDÍ (es) + Comarca KUNA MADUNGANDÍ (kvn)  (Akua Yala)
KUNA OF WARGANDI Sub-Provincial Comarca KUNA OF WARGANDI  (Nurra + Morti + Wala)Local: Comarca KUNA DE WARGANDÍ (es) + Comarca KUNA WARGANDÍ (kvn)  (Nurra + Mortí + Walla)
MOUTHS OF THE TORO MOUTHS OF THE TORO Province  (Bocas del Toro)Local: Provincia de BOCAS DEL TORO (es)  (Bocas del Toro)
PANAMA PACIFICO PANAMA PACIFICO Special Economic Area  (Veracruz)Local: PANAMA PACIFICO Special Economic Area (en) + Área Económica Especial PANAMÁ PACÍFICO (es)  (Veracruz)
SAINTS LOS SANTOS Province : The Saints Province  (The Tables)Local: Provincia de LOS SANTOS (es)  (Las Tablas)
SAN BLAS ARCHIPELAGO Islands of SAN BLAS ARCHIPELAGO  (Nargana)Local: Islas del ARCHIPIÉLAGO DE SAN BLAS (es) + GUNA YALA (cuk)  (Narganá-Yandup)
VERAGUAS VERAGUAS Province  (Santiago of Veraguas)Local: Provincia de VERAGUAS (es)  (Santiago de Veraguas)
WEST PANAMA WEST PANAMA Province  (La Chorrera)Local: Provincia de PANAMÁ OESTE (es)  (La Chorrera)

77 Organizations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

AMERICAN STATES Organization of American States : OAS  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ATLANTIC TUNA International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas : ICCAT  (Madrid)
CARIBBEAN STATES Association of Caribbean States : ACS  (Port of Spain)
CENTRAL AMERICA Central American Integration System : CAIS  (Antiguo Cuscatlan)
CHEMICAL WEAPONS PROHIBITION Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons : OPCW  (The Hague)
CUSTOMS World Customs Organization : WCO  (Brussels)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Rome)
GLOBAL FUND The Global Fund to Fight Aids Tuberculosis and Malaria : GFATM  (Vernier-Geneva)
GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN Coalition of Developing Countries : GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN  (New York City)
HAGUE CONFERENCE Hague Conference on Private International Law : HCCH  (The Hague)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
HUMANITARIAN LAW International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission : IHFFC  (Berne)
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency : IAEA Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
IBERO-AMERICAN STATES Organization of Ibero-American States for Education Science and Culture : OIS  (Madrid)
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development : IFAD Specialized Agency  (Rome)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IMF International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)
IMO International Maritime Organization : IMO Specialized Agency  (London)
IMSO International Mobile Satellite Organization : IMSO  (London)
INTER-AMERICAN BANK Inter-American Development Bank : IADB  (Washington-District of Columbia)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION Inter-Parliamentary Union : IPU  (Grand Saconnex)
INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT International Criminal Court : ICCT  (The Hague)
INTERPOL International Criminal Police Organization : ICPO  (Lyons)
IOM International Organization for Migration : IOM Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IRENA International Renewable Energy Agency : IRENA  (Masdar City)
ITALY-LATIN AMERICA Italian-Latin American Institute : ILAI  (Rome)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
LATIN AMERICA Latin American Integration Association : LAIA  (Montevideo)
LATIN AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN Latin American and Caribbean Economic System : Latin American Economic System : LAES  (Caracas)
LATIN AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN STATES Community of Latin American and Caribbean States : CLACS  (Havana)
LATIN AMERICAN BANK Andean Development Corporation-Development Bank of Latin America : ADC  (Caracas)
MARITIME LAW International Maritime Committee : IMC  (Antwerp)
NATURE CONSERVATION International Union for Conservation of Nature : IUCN  (Gland)
NON-ALIGNED Non-Aligned Movement : NAM - Advancing South South Cooperation  (Jakarta + New York City)
NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty : NPT  (New York City)
NUCLEAR TEST BAN Provisional Secretariat of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Organization : CTBTO  (Vienna)
OHCHR Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights : OHCHR Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
OPANAL Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean : OPANAL  (Tlatelolco)
PAHO Pan-American Health Organization : PAHO  (Washington-District of Columbia)
PARLACEN Central American Parliament of the Central American Integration System : PARLACEN  (Guatemala City)
PARLATINO Latin American Parliament : PARLATINO  (Panama City)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies : IFRCS  (Geneva)
RIO PACT Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance : IATRA  (Rio of Janeiro)
SEABED Secretariat of the International Seabed Authority : ISA  (Kingston)
SOUTH CENTRE SOUTH CENTRE Organization  (Geneva)
STANDARDIZATION International Organization for Standardization : ISO  (Geneva)
TELECOMMUNICATIONS SATELLITE International Telecommunications Satellite Organization : ITSO  (Washington-District of Columbia)
TRIBUNAL OF THE SEA International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea : ITLOS  (Hamburg)
TROPICAL TUNA Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission : IATTC  (San Diego-La Jolla)
UN-HABITAT United Nations Human Settlements Programme : UN-HABITAT Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development : UNCTAD  (Geneva)
UNDP United Nations Development Programme : UNDP Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNEP United Nations Environmental Programme : UNEP Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change : UNFCCC  (New York City)
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR Agency  (Geneva)
UNICEF United Nations International Children''s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization : UNIDO Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
UNITED NATIONS United Nations Organization : UNO  (New York City)
UNODC United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime : UNODC Agency  (Vienna)
UNOOSA Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : OUTER SPACE Treaty  (Vienna)
UNWTO World Tourism Organization : UNWTO Specialized Agency  (Madrid)
UPEACE University for Peace : UPEACE  (Ciudad Colon)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)
WFP World Food Programme : WFP  (Rome)
WHALING International Whaling Commission : IWC  (Impington)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization : WIPO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WMO World Meteorological Organization : WMO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WORLD TRADE World Trade Organization : WTO  (Geneva)
WORLD TRADE LAW Advisory Centre on World Trade Organization Law : ACWL  (Geneva)


   1900.ethnia.org is an essay which goal is to try to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organizations that have existed during the 20th century. The first version of the website dates back from 1996 and had been put online under ethnia.org in 1999. The current version is from 2009 and now allows to search for an entity for any day of the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [rose: country completed at level 2 (province, county, ...), red: level 3 (district, ...), white: level 1 only (region, federated State, ...)]

   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 Base sources:

   * World Statesmen, thanks to Ben Cahoon (US): historical polities and their rulers.
   * Statoids, thanks to Gwillim Law (US): historical administrative divisions.
   * Flags Of The World, thanks to Rob Raeside (CA): flags. (the link given is from my mirror of this site)
   * Heraldry of the World, maintained by Ralf Hartemink (NL): coat of arms.
   * Rulers.org, thanks to Benjamin Schemmel (DE): photos of rulers.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US): historical currencies.
   * World History at KMLA, maintained by Alexander Ganse (DE): historical maps.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US): for Europe, North Africa and Middle East.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, maintained by Jacques Leclerc (CA): linguistical politics by country.
   * Population Statistics, maintained by Jan Lahmeyer (NL): historical evolution of the population.
   * Wikipedia, for general data, maps, pictures ...
   * Google Books, online library.
   * The other sources are given specifically according to the consulted entity, at bottom page.

   Some of the flags and coat of arms of the website are drawn by myself.

 Specific sources:

Any suggestion, correction, addition or collaboration is welcome and can be sent to .

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