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2022-JUN-22

Zones: Timeline

International Organization AFGHANISTAN  ALBANIA  ARMENIA  AUSTRIA  BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA  BANGLADESH  BELGIUM  BURKINA FASO  BULGARIA  BURUNDI  BENIN  BOTSWANA  BELARUS  SWITZERLAND  CHILE  CHINA  COLOMBIA  CYPRUS  CZECHIA  GERMANY  DENMARK  ESTONIA  SPAIN  EUROPEAN UNION  FINLAND  FRANCE  GEORGIA  GREECE  CROATIA  HUNGARY  IRELAND  ISRAEL  IRAN  ITALY  JORDAN  JAPAN  KYRGYZSTAN  CAMBODIA  SOUTH KOREA  KAZAKHSTAN  LEBANON  LIECHTENSTEIN  LITHUANIA  LUXEMBOURG  LATVIA  MOROCCO  MOLDOVA  MONTENEGRO  MADAGASCAR  NORTH MACEDONIA  MAURITANIA  MALTA  NIGER  NETHERLANDS  NORWAY  PHILIPPINES  PAKISTAN  POLAND  PALESTINE  PORTUGAL  ROMANIA  SERBIA  SWEDEN  SLOVENIA  SLOVAKIA  ESWATINI  CHAD  TAJIKISTAN  TURKMENISTAN  TURKIYE  TANZANIA  UKRAINE  UGANDA  UNITED KINGDOM  AMERICA  UZBEKISTAN  WEST AFRICAN STATES  YEMEN 

International Energy Charter : IEC

Flag or logo since 2015-05-20*
International Energy Charter : IEC (en) + Energeticheskaya Khartiya : EK - Энергетическая хартия : ЭX (ru) OrganisationUNO Observer
Emblem or Symbol*

SG Urban Rusnak (sk)
(since 2011-11-29)
 
 
 
 
Capitals & administrative places*: Woluwe-Saint Lambert
(Sint-Lambrechts-Woluwe)
Official & national languages: English (en) . Russian (ru) .






78 Members (excluding the associate or suspended members but including the countries represented on their behalf)   [The rulers are not necessarily the representatives in the organisation. ] :

AFGHANISTAN (Dushanbe x) Amrullah Saleh
ALBANIA (Tirana) President Ilir Meta
ARMENIA (Erevan) President Vahagn Khachaturyan
AUSTRIA (Vienna) President Alexander Van der Bellen
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA (Sarajevo) President Shefik Dzaferovich
BANGLADESH (Dhaka) President Abdul Hamid
BELGIUM (Brussels) King Philippe
BURKINA FASO (Ouagadougou) Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba
BULGARIA (Sofia) President Rumen Radev
BURUNDI (Gitega a + Bujumbura dnq) President Evariste Ndayishimiye
BENIN (Porto Novo a + Cotonou lnq) President Patrice Talon
BOTSWANA (Gaborone) President Mokgweetsi Masisi
BELARUS (Minsk) President Alexander Lukashenko
SWITZERLAND (Berne q + Lausanne j) President Ignazio Cassis
CHILE (Santiago of Chile a + Valparaiso l + Vina del Mar s) President Gabriel Boric
CHINA (Beijing) Xi Jinping
COLOMBIA (Bogota) President Ivan Duque Marquez
CYPRUS (Nicosia) President Nicos Anastasiades
CZECHIA (Prague elr + Brno dj + Lany r) President Milos Zeman
GERMANY (Berlin ar + Bonn lr + Carlsruhe d) Bundespresident Frank-Walter Steinmeier
DENMARK (Copenhagen) Queen Margaret II
ESTONIA (Tallinn a + Tartu b) President Alar Karis
SPAIN (Madrid) King Philip VI
EUROPEAN UNION (Brussels a + Luxembourg City j + Strasbourg l) President Charles Michel
FINLAND (Helsinki a + Kultaranta s) President Sauli Niinisto
FRANCE (Paris) President Emmanuel Macron
GEORGIA (Tbilisi a + Batumi d) President Salome Zurabishvili
GREECE (Athens a) President Ekaterini Sakellaropoulou
CROATIA (Zagreb) President Zoran Milanovich
HUNGARY (Budapest) President Katalin Novak
IRELAND (Dublin) President Michael Daniel Higgins
ISRAEL (Jerusalem aru + Tel Aviv-Jaffa i) President Isaac Herzog
IRAN (Tehran) Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei
ITALY (Rome) President Sergio Mattarella
JORDAN (Amman) King Abdullah II
JAPAN (Tokyo) Emperor Naruhito
KYRGYZSTAN (Bishkek) President Sadyr Zhaparov
CAMBODIA (Phnom Penh) King Norodom Sihamoni
SOUTH KOREA (Seoul adknr + Sejong b) President Yoon Suk-Yeol
KAZAKHSTAN (Nur-Sultan) President Kasym-Zhomart Tokayev
LEBANON (Beirut a + Hadeth d) President Michel Aoun
LIECHTENSTEIN (Vaduz) Prince Hans-Adam II
LITHUANIA (Vilnius) President Gitanas Nauseda
LUXEMBOURG (Luxembourg City) Grand Duke Henri
LATVIA (Riga) President Egils Levits
MOROCCO (Rabat a) King Muhammad VI
MOLDOVA (Chisinau) President Maia Sandu
MONTENEGRO (Podgoritsa a + Cetinje hr) President Milo Djukanovich
MADAGASCAR (Tananarive) President Andry Rajoelina
NORTH MACEDONIA (Skopje) President Stevo Pendarovski
MAURITANIA (Nouakchott) President Mohamed Ould Ghazouani
MALTA (Valletta a + Attard r + Siggiewi s) President George Vella
NIGER (Niamey) President Mohamed Bazoum
NETHERLANDS (Amsterdam a + The Hague jlr + Wassenaar r) King Willem-Alexander
NORWAY (Oslo) King Harald V
PHILIPPINES (Manila acr + Quezon City b + Pasay City b) President Rodrigo Duterte
PAKISTAN (Islamabad) President Arif Alvi
POLAND (Warsaw) President Andrzej Duda
PALESTINE (Ramallah qr + (East Jerusalem)) President Mahmoud Abbas
PORTUGAL (Lisbon) President Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
ROMANIA (Bucharest) President Klaus Iohannis
SERBIA (Belgrade) President Alexandar Vuchich
SWEDEN (Stockholm) King Charles XVI Gustav
SLOVENIA (Ljubljana) President Borut Pahor
SLOVAKIA (Bratislava a + Kosice d) President Zuzana Caputova
ESWATINI (Mbabane aj + Lobamba lr) King Mswati III
CHAD (Ndjamena) General Mahamat Idriss Deby Itno Kaka
TAJIKISTAN (Dushanbe) President Emomali Rakhmonov
TURKMENISTAN (Ashgabat) President Serdar Berdymukhammedov
TURKIYE (Ankara a + Marmaris s) President Recep Tayyip Erdogan
TANZANIA (Dodoma City al + Dar Es Salaam jnqr) President Samia Suluhu
UKRAINE (Kiev) President Volodymyr Zelensky
UGANDA (Kampala a + Entebbe r) President Yoweri Museveni
UNITED KINGDOM (London a + Westminster lr + Edinburgh s + Windsor r) Queen Elizabeth II
AMERICA (Washington-District of Columbia) President Joe Biden
UZBEKISTAN (Tashkent) Shavkat Mirziyayev
WEST AFRICAN STATES (Abuja) President Jean-Claude Kassi Brou (ci)
YEMEN (Riyadh x) Rashad al-Alimi



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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