Zones: Timeline

Republic of NICARAGUA

Republic of NICARAGUA

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01*
República de NICARAGUA (es) De facto Independent
Emblem or Symbol*

President Jose Santos Zelaya
(ruler of NICARAGUA since 1900-01-01)
Capitals & administrative places*: Managua
(Santiago de Managua)
Official & national languages: Spanish (es) .


NICARAGUA Departments of NICARAGUA  (Managua)

12 Divisions:

CARAZO Department of CARAZO  (Jinotepe)Local: Departamento de CARAZO (es)  (Jinotepe)
CHINANDEGA Department of CHINANDEGA  (Chinandega)Local: Departamento de CHINANDEGA (es)  (Chinandega)
CHONTALES Department of CHONTALES  (Juigalpa)Local: Departamento de CHONTALES (es)  (Juigalpa)
ESTELI Department of ESTELI  (Esteli)Local: Departamento de ESTELÍ (es)  (Estelí)
GRANADA Department of GRANADA  (Granada)Local: Departamento de GRANADA (es)  (Granada)
JINOTEGA Department of JINOTEGA  (Jinotega)Local: Departamento de JINOTEGA (es)  (Jinotega)
LEON Department of LEON  (Leon)Local: Departamento de LEÓN (es)  (León)
MANAGUA Department of MANAGUA  (Managua)Local: Departamento de MANAGUA (es)  (Santiago de Managua)
MASAYA Department of MASAYA  (Masaya)Local: Departamento de MASAYA (es)  (Masaya)
MATAGALPA Department of MATAGALPA  (Matagalpa)Local: Departamento de MATAGALPA (es)  (Matagalpa)
RIVAS Department of RIVAS  (Rivas)Local: Departamento de RIVAS (es)  (Rivas)
SEGOVIA Department of SEGOVIA  (Ocotal)Local: Departamento de SEGOVIA (es)  (Ocotal)

1 Assisted Entity

HONDURAS Republic of HONDURAS [Provisional Government Junta - American and Nicaraguan Occupation]  (Tegucigalpa) Miguel Oqueli Bustillo

5 Territories:

CAPE GRACIAS A DIOS District of CAPE GRACIAS A DIOS : District of Cape Thank God  (Rosita)Local: Distrito del CABO GRACIAS A DIOS (es)  (Rosita)
PRINZAPOLKA District of PRINZAPOLKA  (Prinzapolka)Local: Distrito de PRINZAPOLKA (es)  (Prinzapolka)
RIO GRANDE District of RIO GRANDE  (The Cross of Rio Grande)Local: Distrito de RÍO GRANDE (es)  (La Cruz de Río Grande)
SIQUIA District of SIQUIA  (Siquia)Local: Distrito de SIQUIA (es)  (Siquia)
ZELAYA Mosquito Reservation of the Department of ZELAYA  (Bluefields)Local: Departamento de ZELAYA (es)  (Bluefields)

3 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

AMERICAN UNION International Union of AMERICAN Republics  (Washington-District of Columbia)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.


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