Islamic Republic of MAURITANIA

Islamic Republic of MAURITANIA

Flag or logo since 1959-03-22*
Al-Jumhūriyyah al-Islāmiyyah al-MŪRĪTĀNIYYAH : الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية (ar) + République islamique de MAURITANIE (fr) De facto Independent
Emblem or Symbol*

President Moktar Ould Daddah
(ruler of MAURITANIA since 1958-11-28)
Capitals & administrative places*: Nouakchott
Official & national languages: Arabic (ar) . French (fr) .


MAURITANIA Islamic Republic of MAURITANIA  (Nouakchott)

12 Divisions:

ADRER ADRAR Province  (Atar)Local: Wilayat ADARAR : ولاية آدرار (ar) + Province de l´ADRAR (fr)  (Atar)
ASSABA ASSABA Province  (Kiffa)Local: Wilaya EL-´AÇABA : ولاية العصابة (ar) + Province de l´ASSABA (fr)  (Kîfa)
BRAKNA BRAKNA Province  (Aleg)Local: Wilayat AL-BRAKNA : ولاية البراكنة (ar) + Province de BRAKNA (fr)  (Aleg)
EASTERN HODH EASTERN HODH Province  (Nema)Local: Wilayah EL-HODH ECH-CHARGUI : ولاية الحوض الشرقي (ar) + Province du HODH ECH CHARGUI (fr)  (Néma)
GORGOL GORGOL Province  (Kaedi)Local: Wilayah KARKUL : ولاية كركول (ar) + Province du GORGOL (fr)  (Kaédi)
GUIDIMAKA GUIDIMAKA Province  (Selibaby)Local: Wilayah GUIDIMAKHA : ولاية كيدي ماغة (ar) + Province de GUIDIMAKA (fr)  (Sélibabi)
INCHIRI INCHIRI Province  (Akjoujt)Local: Wilayah INCHIRI : ولاية إينشيري (ar) + Province d´INCHIRI (fr)  (Akjoujt)
LEVRIER BAY LEVRIER BAY Province  (Nouadhibou)Local: Wilayah KHALIJ KALAB : ولاية خليج كلب (ar) + Province de la BAIE DU LÉVRIER (fr)  (Nuwâdhibu)
NOUAKCHOTT NOUAKCHOTT Province  (Nouakchott)Local: Wilayah NUWAKSHUT : ولاية نواكشوط (ar) + Province de NOUAKCHOTT (fr)  (Nuwakshut)
TAGANT TAGANT Province  (Tijikja)Local: Wilayat TAGANT : ولاية تكانت (ar) + Province de TAGANT (fr)  (Tidjikdja)
TRARZA TRARZA Province  (Rosso)Local: Wilayat AT-TARARIZA : ولاية الترارزة (ar) + Province de TRARZA (fr)  (Rosso)
WESTERN HODH WESTERN HODH Province  (Aiun El-Atruss)Local: Wilayah EL-HODH EL-GHARBI : ولاية الحوض الغربي (ar) + Province du HODH EL GHARBI (fr)  (Aïoun El-Atrouss)

4 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

ARAB UNITY Council of Arab Economic Unity : CAEU  (Cairo)
ASECNA Agency for the Safety of Air Navigation in Africa and Madagascar : ASECNA  (Paris)
BRAZZAVILLE GROUP BRAZZAVILLE GROUP of French-Speaking States  (Brazzaville)
SUBSAHARAN AFRICA Commission for Technical Cooperation in Africa South of the Sahara: CTCA  (Westminster)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.


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UPDATED ON: ~ 2023-APR-27 ~ .