ethnia.org
 

1958-NOV-28

Zones:

FRANCE  MAURITANIA 
  
(Paris) - (Nouakchott) -

Autonomous Islamic Republic of MAURITANIA

Flag or logo since 1944-08-25
République islamique de MAURITANIE (fr) + Al-Jumhūriyyah al-Islāmiyyah al-MŪRĪTĀNIYYAH : الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية (ar) De facto Semi-Independent
Emblem or Symbol

President Rene Coty
(ruler of FRANCE since 1954-01-16)

Moktar Ould Daddah
(ruler of MAURITANIA since 1958-11-28)
Capital:Nouakchott - (Nouakchott)
Official languages: Arabic (ar) . French (fr) .

Mainland:


MAURITANIA Autonomous Islamic Republic of MAURITANIA  (Nouakchott)

11 Mainland Divisions:

ADRAR ADRAR Circle  (Atar)Local: Cercle de l''ADRAR (fr) + Daira ADARAR : دائرة أدرار (ar)  (Atar)
ASSABA ASSABA Circle  (Kiffa)Local: Cercle de l''ASSABA (fr) + Daira EL-''AÇABA : دائرة العصابة (ar)  (Kiffa)
BRAKNA BRAKNA Circle  (Aleg)Local: Cercle de BRAKNA (fr) + Dairat BRAKNA : الدايرة براكنة (ar)  (Aleg)
GORGOL GORGOL Circle  (Kaedi)Local: Cercle du GORGOL (fr) + Dairat KARKUL : دائرة كركول (ar)  (Kaédi)
GUIDIMAKA GUIDIMAKA Circle  (Selibaby)Local: Cercle de GUIDIMAKA (fr) + Daira GUIDIMAKHA : دائرة كيدي ماغة (ar)  (Sélibaby)
HODH HODH Circle  (Nema)Local: Cercle du HODH (fr) + Dairat EL-HODH : دائرة الحوض (ar)  (Néma)
INCHIRI INCHIRI Circle  (Akjoujt)Local: Cercle d''INCHIRI (fr) + Dairat INCHIRI : دائرة إينشيري (ar)  (Akjoujt)
NOUAKCHOTT NOUAKCHOTT Capital District  (Nouakchott)Local: District de la Capitale NOUAKCHOTT (fr) + Mintaqat al-Asimat NAWAKSHUT : منطقة العاصمة نواكشوط (ar)  (Nouakchott)
PORT ETIENNE PORT ETIENNE Circle  (Port Etienne)Local: Cercle de PORT ÉTIENNE (fr) + Dairat MINA ITYAN : دائرة مينا إتيان (ar)  (Port-Étienne)
TAGANIT TAGANIT Circle  (Tijikja)Local: Cercle de TAGANIT (fr) + Dairat TAGANT : دائرة تاجانت (ar)  (Tidjikdja)
TRARZA TRARZA Circle  (Rosso)Local: Cercle de TRARZA (fr) + Dairat AT-TARARIZA : دائرة ترارزا (ar)  (Rosso)




Dependent Protectorates:

TAGANIT Emirate of TAGANIT  (Tijikja)Local: Emirat TAGANT : إمرات تكانت (ar) + Émirat du TAGANIT (fr)  (Tidjikdja)
TRARZA Emirate of TRARZA  (Rosso)Local: Emirat TARARIZA : إمارة الترارزة (ar) + Émirat de TRARZA (fr)  (Rosso)



1 Organisation (or Grouping) of membership (selective)


ARAB UNITY Council of Arab Economic Unity : CAEU  (Cairo)


- ethnia.org -
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2020-SEP-24.