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INNER MONGOLIAN People''s Party in Exile : Southern Mongolia : SOUTHERN MONGOLIA (New York City)  Temtsiltu Shobtsood
State of MONGOLIA : MONGOLIA (Ulan-Bator)  President Khaltmaa Battulga
INNER MONGOLIA Autonomous Region : INNER MONGOLIA (Huhehot) 

Alternate Entities with similar names



Flag or logo since 1992-02-12
MONGGOL Ulus : МОНГОЛ Улс : ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ (mn)
Emblem or Symbol

President Khaltmaa Battulga
(ruler of MONGOLIA since 2017-07-10)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()


MONGOLIA State of MONGOLIA  (Ulan-Bator)

22 Metropolitan Divisions:

BAYAN-KHONGOR BAYAN-KHONGOR Province  (Bayan-Khongor)Local: BAYANHONGOR Aymag  (Bayanhongor)
BAYAN-OLGII BAYAN-OLGII Province  (Olgii)Local: BAYAN-ÖLGII Aymag  (Ölgii)
BULGAN BULGAN Province  (Bulgan)Local: BULGAN Aymag  (Bulgan)
DARKHAN MOUNT DARKHAN MOUNT Province  (Darkhan)Local: DARHAN UUL Aymag  (Darhan)
DORNOD EASTERN Province : Dornod Province  (Choybalsan)Local: DORNOD Aymag  (Choibalsan)
DZAVKHAN DZAVKHAN Province  (Uliastay)Local: ZAVHAN Aymag  (Uliastai)
EASTERN GOBI EASTERN GOBI Province  (Saynshand)Local: DORNOGOVI Aymag  (Sainshand)
GOBI-ALTAY GOBI-ALTAY Province  (Altay)Local: GOVI-ALTAI Aymag  (Altai)
GOBI-SUMBER GOBI-SUMBER Province  (Choyr)Local: GOVISÜMBER Aymag  (Choir)
KHENTEY KHENTEY Province  (Undur-Khan)Local: HENTIY Aymag  (Öndörkhaan)
KOBDO KOBDO Province  (Kobdo)Local: HÖVD Aymag  (Dund-Uus)
KOSSOGOL KOSSOGOL Province  (Murun)Local: HÖVSGÖL Aymag  (Mörön)
MIDDLE GOBI MIDDLE GOBI Province  (Mandalgobi)Local: DUNDGOVI Aymag  (Mandalgovi)
NORTHERN KHANGAY NORTHERN KHANGAY Province  (Tsetserleg)Local: ARHANGAY Aymag  (Tsetserleg)
ORKHON ORKHON Province  (Erdenet)Local: ORHON Aymag  (Erdenet)
SELENGA SELENGA Province  (Sukhe-Bator)Local: SELENGE Aymag  (Sükhbaatar)
SOUTHERN GOBI SOUTHERN GOBI Province  (Dalandzadgad)Local: ÖMNÖGOVI Aymag  (Dalandzadgad)
SOUTHERN KHANGAY SOUTHERN KHANGAY Province  (Arvaykheer)Local: ÖVÖRHANGAY Aymag  (Arvayheer)
SUKHE-BATOR SUKHE-BATOR Province  (Baruun-Urt)Local: SÜHBAATAR Aymag  (Baruun-Urt)
TOV CENTRAL Province : Tov Province  (Dzuun Mod)Local: TÖV Aymag  (Zuunmod)
UBSANOR UBSANOR Province  (Ulangom)Local: UVS Aymag  (Ulaangom)
ULAN-BATOR ULAN-BATOR City  (Ulan-Bator)Local: ULAANBAATAR Khot  (Ulaanbaatar)

67 Organizations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

ANTARCTICA Antarctic Treaty System : ATS  (Buenos Aires)
ASIA Asia Cooperation Dialogue : ACD  (Islamabad)
ASIA-AFRICA Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization : AALCO  (New Delhi)
ASIA-EUROPE Asia-Europe Meeting : ASEM  (Brussels + Singapore)
ASIAN BANK Asian Development Bank : ADB  (Mandaluyong City)
ASIAN INFRASTRUCTURE BANK Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank : AIIB  (Beijing)
ASIAN STATES Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia : CICA  (Alma-Ata)
CHEMICAL WEAPONS PROHIBITION Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons : OPCW  (The Hague)
COLOMBO PLAN Colombo Plan for Co-operative Economic and Social Development in Asia and the Pacific : CESDAP  (Colombo)
CUSTOMS World Customs Organization : WCO  (Brussels)
EAST-WEST Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe : OSCE  (Vienna)
EUROPEAN BANK European Bank for Reconstruction and Development : EBRD  (London)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Rome)
GLOBAL FUND The Global Fund to Fight Aids Tuberculosis and Malaria : GFATM  (Vernier-Geneva)
GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN Coalition of Developing Countries : GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN  (New York City)
HUMANITARIAN LAW International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission : IHFFC  (Berne)
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency : IAEA Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development : IFAD Specialized Agency  (Rome)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IMF International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)
IMO International Maritime Organization : IMO Specialized Agency  (London)
IMSO International Mobile Satellite Organization : IMSO  (London)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION Inter-Parliamentary Union : IPU  (Grand Saconnex)
INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT International Criminal Court : ICCT  (The Hague)
INTERPOL International Criminal Police Organization : ICPO  (Lyons)
INTERSPUTNIK International Organization of Space Communications INTERSPUTNIK  (Moscow)
IOM International Organization for Migration : IOM Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IRENA International Renewable Energy Agency : IRENA  (Masdar City)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
MONGOLIAN NUCLEAR FREE ZONE Mongolian Nuclear-Weapons-Free Zone : MNWFS  (Ulan-Bator)
NON-ALIGNED Non-Aligned Movement : NAM - Advancing South South Cooperation  (Jakarta + New York City)
NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty : NPT  (New York City)
NUCLEAR TEST BAN Provisional Secretariat of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Organization : CTBTO  (Vienna)
OHCHR Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights : OHCHR Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies : IFRCS  (Geneva)
SEABED Secretariat of the International Seabed Authority : ISA  (Kingston)
STANDARDIZATION International Organization for Standardization : ISO  (Geneva)
TELECOMMUNICATIONS SATELLITE International Telecommunications Satellite Organization : ITSO  (Washington-District of Columbia)
TRIBUNAL OF THE SEA International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea : ITLOS  (Hamburg)
UN-HABITAT United Nations Human Settlements Programme : UN-HABITAT Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development : UNCTAD  (Geneva)
UNDP United Nations Development Programme : UNDP Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNEP United Nations Environmental Programme : UNEP Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change : UNFCCC  (New York City)
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR Agency  (Geneva)
UNICEF United Nations International Children''s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization : UNIDO Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
UNITED NATIONS United Nations Organization : UNO  (New York City)
UNODA Conference on Disarmament : United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs : UNODA  (Geneva)
UNODC United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime : UNODC Agency  (Vienna)
UNOOSA Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : OUTER SPACE Treaty  (Vienna)
UNWTO World Tourism Organization : UNWTO Specialized Agency  (Madrid)
UPEACE University for Peace : UPEACE  (Ciudad Colon)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)
WFP World Food Programme : WFP  (Rome)
WHALING International Whaling Commission : IWC  (Impington)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization : WIPO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WMO World Meteorological Organization : WMO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WORLD TRADE World Trade Organization : WTO  (Geneva)


   1900.ethnia.org is an essay which goal is to try to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organizations that have existed during the 20th century. The first version of the website dates back from 1996 and had been put online under ethnia.org in 1999. The current version is from 2009 and now allows to search for an entity for any day of the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [rose: country completed at level 2 (province, county, ...), red: level 3 (district, ...), white: level 1 only (region, federated State, ...)]

   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 Base sources:

   * World Statesmen, thanks to Ben Cahoon (US): historical polities and their rulers.
   * Statoids, thanks to Gwillim Law (US): historical administrative divisions.
   * Flags Of The World, thanks to Rob Raeside (CA): flags. (the link given is from my mirror of this site)
   * Heraldry of the World, maintained by Ralf Hartemink (NL): coat of arms.
   * Rulers.org, thanks to Benjamin Schemmel (DE): photos of rulers.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US): historical currencies.
   * World History at KMLA, maintained by Alexander Ganse (DE): historical maps.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US): for Europe, North Africa and Middle East.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, maintained by Jacques Leclerc (CA): linguistical politics by country.
   * Population Statistics, maintained by Jan Lahmeyer (NL): historical evolution of the population.
   * Wikipedia, for general data, maps, pictures ...
   * Google Books, online library.
   * The other sources are given specifically according to the consulted entity, at bottom page.

   Some of the flags and coat of arms of the website are drawn by myself.

 Specific sources:

Any suggestion, correction, addition or collaboration is welcome and can be sent to .

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License