Zones: Timeline

Great Empire of JAPAN

Great Empire of JAPAN

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01*
Dai Nippon Teikoku : NIHON - 大日本帝國 (ja) PCA Member
Emblem or Symbol*

Emperor Mutsuhito
(ruler of JAPAN since 1900-01-01)
Capitals & administrative places*: Tokyo
Official & national languages: Japanese (ja) .


JAPAN Home Islands of the Greater Empire of JAPAN  (Tokyo)

8 Divisions:

CHUBU CHUBU Region  (Nagoya)Local: CHŪBU-Chihō : 中部地方 (ja)  (Nagoya)
CHUGOKU CHUGOKU Region  (Hiroshima)Local: CHŪGOKU-Chihō : 中国地方 (ja)  (Hirosima)
KANSAI KANSAI Region : Kinki Region  (Osaka)Local: KINKI-Chihō : Kansai-Chihō - 関西地方 : 近畿地方 (ja)  (Osaka)
KANTO KANTO Region  (Tokyo)Local: KANTŌ-Chihō : 関東地方 (ja)  (Tōkyō)
KARAFUTO KARAFUTO Prefecture : South Sakhalin  (Toyohara)Local: KARAFUTO-Ken : 樺太犬 (ja)  (Toyohara)
KYUSHU KYUSHU Region  (Fukuoka)Local: KYŪSHŪ-Chihō : 九州地方 (ja)  (Hukuoka)
SHIKOKU SHIKOKU Region  (Matsuyama)Local: SHIKOKU-Chihō : 四国地方 (ja)  (Matsuyama)
TOHOKU TOHOKU Region  (Sendai)Local: TŌHOKU-Chihō : 東北地方 (ja)  (Sendai)

11 Territories:

CHOSEN Japanese Territory of Korea : CHOSEN  (Seoul a)Local: CHŎSEN-Sōtoku : 朝鮮総督 (ja)  (Keijō)
FORMOSA ISLAND Dependency of FORMOSA [Taiwan]  (Taipeh)Local: TAKASAGO Koku : 高砂国 (ja)  (Taihoku)
HOKKAIDO HOKKAIDO Agency  (Sapporo)Local: HOKKAIDŌ-Chō : 北海道庁 (ja)  (Sapporo)
JAPANESE CHUNGKING Japanese Concession at CHUNGKING  (Chungking Japanese Concession)Local: JŪKEI-SHI no-Sokai : 重慶市の 租界 (ja)  (Jūkeishi)
JAPANESE FOOCHOW Japanese Concession at FOOCHOW  (Foochow Japanese Concession)Local: FŪTSUO-no Sokai : 福州の 租界 (ja)  (Fūtsuo)
JAPANESE HANGCHOW Japanese Concession in HANGCHOW  (Hangchow Japanese Concession)Local: KŌSHŪ-no Sokai : 杭州の 租界 (ja)  (Kōshū)
JAPANESE HANKOW Japanese Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow Japanese Concession)Local: KAN KUCHI-no Sokai : 漢口の 租界 (ja)  (Kankuchi)
JAPANESE SOOCHOW Japanese Concession at SOOCHOW  (Soochow Japanese Concession)Local: SOSHŪ-no Sokai : 蘇州の 租界 (ja)  (Soshū)
JAPANESE TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Japanese Concession  (Amatsu)Local: AMATSU-no Sokai : 天津の 租界 (ja)  (Amatsu)
KWANTUNG Territory of KWANTUNG [Japanese Military Administration of the Chinese Leased Territory to Japan]  (Port Arthur)Local: KANTO Shiyuu : 関東州 (ja)  (Ryojun)
SOUTH MANCHURIAN RAILWAY ZONE South Manchuria Railway Company : SMR  (Dairen)Local: Minami Manshu Tetsudo Kabushiki-gaisha : MANTETSU : みなみ まんしゅ てつど かぶしきーがいしゃ - まんてつ (ja)  (Dairen)

9 Condominiums:

CHOUTSUN CHOUTSUN Foreign Settlement  (Choutsun)Local: Auslands Siedlung CHOUTSUN (de) + SHŪSON-ku : しゅうそん-く (ja) + CHOU-TS´UN C´hü : 周村区 (zh)  (Chou-Ts´un)
FUKIEN FUKIEN Region [Japanese Sphere of Influence part of Minche Viceroyalty]  (Foochow)Local: FU-CHIEN Ti-Ch´ü : 福建地區 (zh)  (Fu-Chou)
KULANGSU INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT Municipal Council of the KULANGSU INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Kulangsu)Local: KULANGSU International Koncession (da) + Internationale Konzession von KULANGSU (de) + KULANGSU International Concession (en) + Concesión Internacional de KULANGSU (es) + Concession internationale de KOULANGSEU (fr) + Concessione internazionale di KULANGSU (it) + KORONSU no Kokusai Sokai : コロンスの国際租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van KULANGSU (nl) + KULANGSU Internasjonale Konsesjon (no) + Concessão Internacional de KULANGSU (pt) + KULANGSU International Koncession (sv) + KU-LANG-YÜ Kuo-Tsì T´e-Hsü Ching-Ying : 鼓浪嶼國際特許經營 (zh)  (Kulangyu)
MANCHULI MANCHURIA Settlement  (Manchuria)Local: MANCHZURIYA Poseleniye : МАНЬЧЖУРИЯ Поселение (ru) + MAN-CHOU-LI Ts´un : 滿洲里村 (zh)  (Manchzhuriya)
PEKING LEGATIONS PEKING LEGATION Quarter  (Peking Legation Quarter)Local: PEKING LEGATION Quarter (en) + Quartier des LÉGATIONS DE PÉKIN (fr) + TUNG CHIAO MIN Hsiang : 東交民巷 (zh)  (Tung Chiao-Min Hsiang)
SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT International Concession of Shanghai Municipal Council : SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Shanghai International Settlement)Local: SHANGHAI International Settlement (en) + SHANGHAI International Koncession (da) + SCHANGHAI Internationalen Konzessionen (de) + Concesión Internacional de SHANGHÁI (es) + Concession Internationale de CHANGHAÏ (fr) + Concessione Internazionale di SCIANGAI (it) + SHIYANHAI Kiyoudou Sokai : 上海共同租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van SHANGHAI (nl) + Concessão Internacional de XANGAI (pt) + SHANHAYSKIY Mezhdunarodny Settlment : ШАНХАЙСКИЙ международный сеттльмент (ru) + SHANGHAI International Settlement (sv) + SHANG-HAI Kung-Kung Tsu-Chieh : 上海公共租界 (zh)  (Shanghai International Settlement)
SOUTHERN MANCHURIA Japanese Sphere of Influence the Viceroyalty of the Three Northeast Provinces of Fengtien : Viceroyalty of TUNGSANSHENG  (Mukden)Local: TOHOKU Chiiki : 東北地域 (ja) + TUNG-SAN-SHENG Tsung-Tu : 東三省總督 (zh)  (Feng-Tien-Fu)
TSINANFU TSINANFU Foreign Settlement  (Tsinan-Fu)Local: Auslands Siedlung TSINANFU (de) + SAINANSHI Gaikokujinkyoryūchi : 済南市外国人居留地 (ja) + CHI-NAN-FU Wai-Kuo Ting-Chü : 濟南福一般外國定居 (zh)  (Tsinan-Fu)
WEIHSIEN WEIHSIEN Foreign Settlement  (Weihsien)Local: Auslands Siedlung WEIHSIEN (de) + GIKEN Gaikokujinkyoryūchi : 魏県外国人居留地 (ja) + WEI-HSIEN Wai-Kuo Ting-Chü : 潍县外國定居 (zh)  (Wei-Hsien)

2 Governments or Movements in Exile

CHINESE LEAGUE Chinese Revolutionary Alliance : TUNG MENG HUEI  (Tokyo x) Sun Yat-Sen
VIET-NAM Reformation Society for VIET-NAM  (Tokyo + Victoria) Prince Cuong De

14 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
MARITIME LAW International Maritime Committee : IMC  (Antwerp)
NAVAL CONFERENCE London NAVAL Conference  (London)
NAVIGATION International Congress of Navigation : ICN  (Saint Petersburg)
OPIUM International Opium Commission : IOC  (Shanghai International Settlement)
PUBLIC HEALTH International Office of Public Health : IOPH  (Paris)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
REFRIGERATION International Association of Refrigeration : IAR  (Paris)
SHINTOISM Way of Gods : SHINTOISM  (Ujiyamada)
TELEGRAPH International Telegraph Union : ITU  (Berne)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.


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