Kingdom of ITALY
(Rome a)

Kingdom of ITALY

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01*
Regno d´ITALIA (it) PCA Member
Emblem or Symbol*

King Victor Emmanuel III
(ruler of ITALY since 1900-07-29)
Capitals & administrative places*: Rome a
a administrative, national or political capital (also ruler's residence)
Official & national languages: Italian (it) .


ITALY Kingdom of ITALY  (Rome)

16 Divisions:

ABRUZZES AND MOLISE Compartment of ABRUZES AND MOLISE  (Aquila of Abruzzes)Local: Compartimento degli ABRUZZI E MOLISE (it)  (Aquila degli Abruzzi)
APULIA Compartment of APULIA  (Bari of Apulia)Local: Compartimento delle PUGLIE (it)  (Bari delle Puglie)
BASILICATA Compartment of BASILICATA  (Potenza)Local: Compartimento della BASILICATA (it)  (Potenza)
CALABRIA Compartment of CALABRIA  (Reggio Calabria)Local: Compartimento di CALABRIA (it)  (Reggio di Calabria)
CAMPANIA Compartment of CAMPANIA  (Naples)Local: Compartimento della CAMPANIA (it)  (Napoli)
EMILIA Compartment of EMILIA  (Bologna)Local: Compartimento dell´EMILIA (it)  (Bologna)
LATIUM Compartment of LATIUM  (Rome)Local: Compartimento di LAZIO (it)  (Roma)
LIGURIA Compartment of LIGURIA  (Genoa)Local: Compartimento della LIGURIA (it)  (Genova)
LOMBARDY Compartment of LOMBARDY  (Milan)Local: Compartimento della LOMBARDIA (it)  (Milano)
MARCHES Compartment of THE MARCHES  (Ancona)Local: Compartimento delle MARCHE (it)  (Ancona)
PIEDMONT Compartment of PIEDMONT  (Turin)Local: Compartimento del PIEMONTE (it)  (Torino)
SARDINIA Compartment of SARDINIA  (Cagliari)Local: Compartimento della SARDEGNA (it)  (Cagliari)
SICILY Compartment of SICILY  (Palermo)Local: Compartimento della SICILIA (it)  (Palermo)
TUSCANY Compartment of TUSCANY  (Florence)Local: Compartimento della TOSCANA (it)  (Firenze)
UMBRIA Compartment of UMBRIA  (Perugia)Local: Compartimento dell´UMBRIA (it)  (Perugia)
VENETIA Compartment of VENETIA  (Venice)Local: Compartimento del VENETO (it)  (Venezia)

8 Assisted Entities

BIMAL BIMAL Tribe Resistance of the Benadir Coast  (Merere + (Merca)) Sheikh Abdi Abikar Gafle
CRETAN STATE International Council of the CRETAN STATE [Supreme Plenipotentiary Commission of the Powers of the Principality of Crete under Ottoman Suzerainty]  (Chania) King George I
HOLY SEE States of the Church : HOLY SEE  (Vatican Palace) Pope Leo XIII
MAJERTEENIA Harti Sultanate of MAJERTEEN [Italian Protectorate]  (Bargal + Alula) Sultan Uthman III bin Mahamud
MOGADISHU MOGADISHU Sultanate [Italian Leased Territory under Zanzibari Suzerainty]  (Mogadishu) Sultan Ahmad III
OBBIA Sultanate of OBBIA [Italian Protectorate]  (Obbia + Gallacaio) Sultan Yusuf Ali Kenadid
SAN MARINO Republic of SAN MARINO [Italian Protectorate]  (San Marino) Captains Regent
TAVOLARA Kingdom of TAVOLARA  (The Point of the Canon) King Carlo I Bertoleoni

2 Territories:

ERITREA Italian Colony of ERITREA  (Mitsiwa)Local: Colonia italiana dell´ERITREA (it)  (Massaua)
ITALIAN SOMALILAND Governorate of ITALIAN SOMALILAND  (Mogadishu)Local: Governatorato di SOMALIA ITALIANA (it)  (Mogadiscio)

4 Condominiums:

PACKOI Foreign Settlements of PACKOI  (Packhoi)Local: Ausländische Siedlungen von PAKHOI (de) + Foreign Settlements of PACKOI (en) + Établissements étrangers de PACKOI (fr) + Insediamenti Stranieri di PAKHOI (it) Assentamentos Estrangeiros de PAKHOI (pt) + PEI-HAI-te Tìng-Chü Tien : 北海的定居點 (zh)  (Packhoi)
PEICHIHLI PEICHIHLI Territories [Eight Powers Occupation]  (Paoting)Local: PEI-CHIH-LI Sheng : 北直隶省 (zh) + PEICHIHLI Territories (en) + Territoires du PÉTCHÉLI (fr)  (Pao-T´ing)
PEKING LEGATIONS PEKING LEGATION Quarter [Boxer Rebelion]  (Peking Legation Quarter)Local: PEKING LEGATION Quarter (en) + Quartier des LÉGATIONS DE PÉKIN (fr) + TUNG CHIAO MIN Hsiang : 東交民巷 (zh)  (Tung Chiao-Min Hsiang)
SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT International Concession of Shanghai Municipal Council : SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Shanghai International Settlement)Local: SHANGHAI International Settlement (en) + SHANGHAI International Koncession (da) + SCHANGHAI Internationalen Konzessionen (de) + Concesión Internacional de SHANGHÁI (es) + Concession Internationale de CHANGHAÏ (fr) + Concessione Internazionale di SCIANGAI (it) + SHIYANHAI Kiyoudou Sokai : 上海共同租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van SHANGHAI (nl) + SHANGHAI International Settlement (no) + Concessão Internacional de XANGAI (pt) + SHANHAYSKIY Mezhdunarodny Settlment : ШАНХАЙСКИЙ международный сеттльмент (ru) + SHANGHAI International Settlement (sv) + SHANG-HAI Kung-Kung Tsu-Chieh : 上海公共租界 (zh)  (Shanghai International Settlement)

Dependent Protectorate:

BENADIR COAST BENADIR COAST Italian Protectorate  (Mogadishu)Local: Protettorato italiano della COSTA DI BENADIR (it) + BANAADIR (so) + BANĀDIR : بنادير (ar)  (Mogadiscio)

1 Government or Movement in Exile

SAINT JOHN OF JERUSALEM Order of the Knights Hospitaller of SAINT JOHN OF JERUSALEM  (Palace of Malta x + Via Condotti b) Grandmaster Johann Baptist Ceschi a Santa Croce

18 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

AFRICAN WILDLIFE Convention for the Preservation of Wild Animals Birds and Fish in Africa : LONDON CONVENTION  (London)
BRUSSELS CONVENTION Convention relative to the Slave Trade and Importation into Africa of Firearms Ammunition and Spiritous Liquors : BRUSSELS CONVENTION  (Brussels)
DANUBE European Commission of the Danube-ECD and International Danube Commission-IDB : DANUBE Commissions  (Galatz)
GREAT POWERS Treaty of MADRID  (Madrid)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property : UIBPIP  (Berne)
INTERNATIONAL LAW Institute of International Law : IIL  (Ghent)
LATIN UNION Latin Monetary Union : LMU  (Paris)
MARITIME LAW International Maritime Committee : IMC  (Antwerp)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
SANITARY International SANITARY Confererence  (Paris)
TELEGRAPH International Telegraph Union : ITU [International Telegraph Convention]  (Berne)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2023's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

TAVOLARA Kingdom of TAVOLARA  (The Point of the Canon)

Other Territories or Entities within the 2023's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AUSTRIAN LITTORAL AUSTRIAN LITTORAL Crownland [Austrian Coastland]  (Trieste)
FRENCH ESTABLISHMENT IN LORETO Pious French Establishment in Loreto : National Chaplaincy of France in LORETO  (National Chaplaincy of France in Loreto)
GORITZ AND GRADISCA Autonomous Princely County of GORITZ AND GRADISCA  (Goritz)
GRADISCA District of GRADISCA  (Gradisca)
TARVIS TARVIS Region  (Tarvis)
TRIESTE Imperial Free City and Territory of TRIESTE  (Trieste)
VILLA CARLOTTA VILLA CARLOTTA Residency of Saxe-Meiningen  (Villa Carlotta)
VILLA MEDICI French Possession of VILLA MEDICI [French Academy in Rome]  (Villa Medici)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.


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