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1900-JAN-01

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Kingdom of ITALY
(Rome)

Kingdom of ITALY

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01
Regno d''ITALIA (it) PCA Member
Emblem or Symbol

King Humbert I
(ruler of ITALY since 1900-01-01)
Capital:Rome - (Roma)
Official languages: Italian (it) .

Mainland:


ITALY Kingdom of ITALY  (Rome)

16 Mainland Divisions:

ABRUZZES AND MOLISE Compartment of ABRUZES AND MOLISE  (Aquila of Abruzzes)Local: Compartimento degli ABRUZZI E MOLISE (it)  (Aquila degli Abruzzi)
APULIA Compartment of APULIA  (Bari of Apulia)Local: Compartimento delle PUGLIE (it)  (Bari delle Puglie)
BASILICATA Compartment of BASILICATA  (Potenza)Local: Compartimento della BASILICATA (it)  (Potenza)
CALABRIA Compartment of CALABRIA  (Reggio Calabria)Local: Compartimento di CALABRIA (it)  (Reggio di Calabria)
CAMPANIA Compartment of CAMPANIA  (Naples)Local: Compartimento della CAMPANIA (it)  (Napoli)
EMILIA Compartment of EMILIA  (Bologna)Local: Compartimento dell''EMILIA (it)  (Bologna)
LATIUM Compartment of LATIUM  (Rome)Local: Compartimento di LAZIO (it)  (Roma)
LIGURIA Compartment of LIGURIA  (Genoa)Local: Compartimento della LIGURIA (it)  (Genova)
LOMBARDY Compartment of LOMBARDY  (Milan)Local: Compartimento della LOMBARDIA (it)  (Milano)
MARCHES Compartment of THE MARCHES  (Ancona)Local: Compartimento delle MARCHE (it)  (Ancona)
PIEDMONT Compartment of PIEDMONT  (Turin)Local: Compartimento del PIEMONTE (it)  (Torino)
SARDINIA Compartment of SARDINIA  (Cagliari)Local: Compartimento della SARDEGNA (it)  (Cagliari)
SICILY Compartment of SICILY  (Palermo)Local: Compartimento della SICILIA (it)  (Palermo)
TUSCANY Compartment of TUSCANY  (Florence)Local: Compartimento della TOSCANA (it)  (Firenze)
UMBRIA Compartment of UMBRIA  (Perugia)Local: Compartimento dell''UMBRIA (it)  (Perugia)
VENETIA Compartment of VENETIA  (Venice)Local: Compartimento del VENETO (it)  (Venezia)


1 Largely Autonomous or Semi-Independent Polity

HOLY SEE Roman Catholic Church : HOLY SEE  (Vatican) Pope Leo XIII


5 Assisted Entities

CRETE Cretan State : International Council of the Principality of CRETE under Ottoman Suzerainty  (Chania) King George I
MAJERTEENIA Italian Protectorate of the Harti Sultanate of MAJERTEEN  (Bargal + Alula) Sultan Uthman III bin Mahamud
MOGADISHU Italian Leased Territory of MOGADISHU Sultanate under Suzerainty of Zanzibar  (Mogadishu) Sultan Ahmad III
OBBIA Italian Protectorate of the Sultanate of OBBIA  (Obbia) Sultan Yusuf Ali Kenadid
SAN MARINO Republic of SAN MARINO [Italian Protectorate]  (San Marino) Captains-Regent



2 Territories:

ERITREA Italian Colony of ERITREA  (Mitsiwa)Local: Colonia italiana dell''ERITREA (it)  (Massaua)
ITALIAN SOMALILAND Governorate of ITALIAN SOMALILAND  (Mogadishu)Local: Governatorato di SOMALIA ITALIANA (it)  (Mogadiscio)

4 Condominiums:

KULANGSU ISLAND International Concession of KULANGSU ISLAND  (Kulangsu)Local: Internationale Konzession von KULANGSU-INSEL (de) + International Concession of KULANGSU ISLAND (en) + Concesión Internacional de ISLA KULANGSU (es) + Concession internationale de l''ÎLE KOULANGSEU (fr) + Concessione internazionale dell''iSOLA KULANGSU (it) + KORONSU-JIMA no Kokusai Sokai : コロンス島の国際租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van KULANGSU EILAND (nl) + Concessão Internacional da ILHA KULANGSU (pt) + Kulan : Mezhdunarodnyy Kontsessiya KULANGYU OSTROVA : Международный Концессия КУЛАНГЮ ОСТРОВА (ru) + KU-LANG-YÜ Kuo-Tsì T''e-Hsü Ching-Ying : 鼓浪嶼國際特許經營 (zh)  (Kulangyu)
PACKHOI Concessions of PACKHOI  (Packhoi)Local: Concessions de PACKHOI  (Packhoi)
PEKING LEGATIONS Boxer Rebelion in PEKING LEGATION Quarter  (Peking Legation Quarter)Local: PEKING LEGATION Quarter (en) + Quartier des LÉGATIONS DE PÉKIN (fr) + TUNG CHIAO MIN Hsiang : 東交民巷 (zh)  (Tung Chiao-Min Hsiang)
SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT International Concession of Shanghai Municipal Council : SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Shanghai International Settlement)Local: SHANGHAI International Settlement (en) + SHANGHAI International Koncession (da) + SCHANGHAI Internationalen Konzessionen (de) + Concesión Internacional de SHANGHÁI (es) + Concession Internationale de CHANGHAÏ (fr) + Concessione Internazionale di SCIANGAI (it) + SHIYANHAI Kiyoudou Sokai : 上海共同租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van SHANGHAI (nl) + SHANGHAI International Settlement (no) + Concessão Internacional de XANGAI (pt) + SHANHAYSKIY Mezhdunarodny Settlment : ШАНХАЙСКИЙ международный сеттльмент (ru) + SHANGHAI International Settlement (sv) + SHANG-HAI Kung-Kung Tsu-Chieh : 上海公共租界 (zh)  (Shanghai International Settlement)

Dependent Protectorate:

BENADIR COAST BENADIR COAST Italian Protectorate  (Mogadishu)Local: Protettorato italiano della COSTA DI BENADIR (it) + BANAADIR (so) + BANĀDIR : بنادير (ar)  (Mogadiscio)



1 Government in Exile

SAINT JOHN OF JERUSALEM Order of the Knights Hospitaller of SAINT JOHN OF JERUSALEM  (Palace of Malta + Via Condotti) Grandmaster Johann Baptist Ceschi a Santa Croce



15 Organizations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


BRUSSELS CONVENTION Convention relative to the Slave Trade and Importation into Africa of Firearms Ammunition and Spiritous Liquors : BRUSSELS CONVENTION  (Brussels)
DANUBE European Commission of the Danube-ECD and International Danube Commission-IDB : DANUBE Commissions  (Galatz)
GENEVA CONVENTION GENEVA Convention  (Geneva)
HAGUE CONVENTION Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes : Hague Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property : UIBPIP  (Berne)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY BUREAU INTER-PARLIAMENTARY BUREAU for Permanent Arbitration  (Berne)
INTERNATIONAL LAW Institute of International Law : IIL  (Ghent)
LATIN UNION Latin Monetary Union : LMU  (Paris)
MARITIME LAW International Maritime Committee : IMC  (Antwerp)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
ROMAN CATHOLICISM ROMAN CATHOLIC Church  (Vatican)
SANITARY International SANITARY Confererence  (Paris)
TELEGRAPH International Telegraph Convention : International Telegraph Union : ITU  (Berne)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)



Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AUSTRIAN LITTORAL AUSTRIAN LITTORAL Crownland : Austrian Coastland Crownland  (Trieste)
FRENCH ESTABLISHMENT IN LORETO Pious French Establishment in Loreto : National Chaplaincy of France in LORETO  (National Chaplaincy of France in Loreto)
GORITZ AND GRADISCA Autonomous Princely County of GORITZ AND GRADISCA  (Goritz)
GRADISCA District of GRADISCA  (Gradisca)
SOUTH TYROL SOUTH TYROL Region  (Trent)
TAVOLARA Kingdom of TAVOLARA  (The Point of the Canon)
TRIESTE Imperial Free City and Territory of TRIESTE  (Trieste)
VILLA MEDICI French Academy in Rome : French Possession of VILLA MEDICI  (Villa Medici)

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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Martucci Dave, DMA (US). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2020-FEB-20.