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Republic of IRAQ

Republic of IRAQ

Flag or logo since 2008-01-22
Jumhūriyat AL-''IRĀQ : جمهورية ألعراق (ar) + Komar-i ''ÊRAQ : كۆماری عێراق (ku)
Emblem or Symbol

President Fuad Masum
(ruler of IRAQ since 2014-07-24)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()


IRAQ Republic of IRAQ  (Baghdad)

15 Federated or Constituent Metropolitan Divisions:

ANBAR ANBAR Governorate  (Ramadi)Local: Muhafazah AL-''ANBÂR : محافظة الأنبار (ar)  (Ar-Ramādī)
BABEL BABEL Governorate : Babylon Governorate  (Hillah)Local: Muhafazah BÂBIL : محافظة بابل (ar)  (Al-Hillah)
BAGHDAD BAGHDAD Governorate  (Baghdad)Local: Muhafazah BAGHDAD : محافظة بغداد (ar)  (Baghdad)
BASSORAH BASSORAH Governorate  (Bassorah)Local: Muhafazah AL-BASRAH : محافظة البصرة (ar)  (Al-Basrah)
DHI QAR DHI QAR Governorate  (Nasiriyah)Local: Muhafazah DHI QAR : محافظة ذي قار (ar)  (An-Nasiriyah)
DIYALA Semi-Autonomous Region of DIYALA Governorate  (Bakuba)Local: Muhafazah DIYÂLÂ : محافظة ديالى (ar) + Parêzgeha DIYALE : ديالى (ku)  (Ba‘qūbah)
KADISIYAH KADISIYAH Governorate  (Diwaniyah)Local: Muhafazah AL-QĀDISIYYAH : محافظة القادسية (ar)  (Ad-Dīwānīyah)
KERBALA KERBALA Governorate  (Kerbala)Local: Muhafazah AL-KARBALĀ’ : محافظة كربلاء (ar)  (Karbalā'' Al-Muqaddasah)
KIRKUK KIRKUK Governorate  (Kirkuk)Local: Muhafazah KIRKUK : محافظة كركوك (ar) + Parêzgeha KERKUKÊ : پارێزگای کەرکووک (ku)  (Karkuk)
MAYSAN MAYSAN Governorate  (Amara)Local: Muhafazah MAYSAN : محافظة ميسان (ar)  (Al-''Amarâh)
MUTHANNA MUTHANNA Governorate  (Samawah)Local: Muhafazah AL-MUTHANNA : المثنى محافظة (ar)  (As-Samawah)
NAJAF NAJAF Governorate  (Najaf)Local: Muhafazah AN-NAJAF : محافظة النجف (ar)  (An-Najaf)
NINEVEH NINEVEH Governorate  (Mosul)Local: Muhafazah NINAWA : محافظة نينوى (ar) + Parêzgeha NEYNEWA : نینوى‎‎ (ku) + Daŝta D''NINWĔ : ܕܫܬܐ ܕܢܝܢܘܐ (syc)  (Al-Mawsil)
SALADIN Semi-Autonomous Region of SALADIN Governorate  (Tikrit)Local: Muhafazah SALÂH-AD-DÎN : محافظة صلاح الدين (ar) + Parêzgeh SELAHEDÎN : صلاح الدين (ku)  (Tikrît)
WASIT WASIT Governorate  (Kut El Amara)Local: Muhafazah WASIT : محافظة واسط (ar)  (Kût Al-Imara)

1 Largely Autonomous or Semi-Independant Territory

KURDISTAN KURDISTAN Regional Government  (Arbel) PM Nechirvan Barzani

1 Assisted Entity

TURKMENELI Iraqi National Turkmen Party : IRAQI TURKMEN  (Maasla) Sadettin Arkej

4 Condominiums, co-administered or disputed territories in Asia:

AMERICAN-BASES-IN-IRAQ American Bases in IRAQ  (Habbaniyah Station + Al-Taqadoum)Local: American Bases in IRAQ (en)  (Habbaniyah Station + Al-Taqadoum)
CAMP LIBERTY United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq : UNAMI  (Camp Liberty)Local: United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq : UNAMI (en)  (Camp Hurriya)
KUWAIT-IRAQ BARRIER KUWAIT-IRAQ BARRIER Zone  (Um-Qasir)Local: Mintaqah HUDUD AL-''IRĀQ-AL-KUWAYT : حدود العراق-الكويت (ar)  (Umm Qasr)
ZLICAN Turkish Camp ZLICAN  (Zlican)Local: ZLICAN Türk Kampı (tr) + Mukhayam ZLIJAN : مخيم زليجان (ar)  (Zlican)

Other notable Territories in Asia:

DIYALA Semi-Autonomous Region of DIYALA Governorate  (Bakuba)Local: Muhafazah DIYÂLÂ : محافظة ديالى (ar) + Parêzgeha DIYALE : ديالى (ku)  (Ba‘qūbah)
SALADIN Semi-Autonomous Region of SALADIN Governorate  (Tikrit)Local: Muhafazah SALÂH-AD-DÎN : محافظة صلاح الدين (ar) + Parêzgeh SELAHEDÎN : صلاح الدين (ku)  (Tikrît)

63 Organizations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

ARAB LEAGUE League of Arab States : ARAB LEAGUE  (Cairo)
ASIA-AFRICA Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization : AALCO  (New Delhi)
ASIAN STATES Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia : CICA  (Alma-Ata)
CHEMICAL WEAPONS PROHIBITION Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons : OPCW  (The Hague)
COMMON FUND Common Fund for Commodities : CFC  (Geneva)
CUSTOMS World Customs Organization : WCO  (Brussels)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Rome)
GLOBAL FUND The Global Fund to Fight Aids Tuberculosis and Malaria : GFATM  (Vernier-Geneva)
GREATER ARABIA Greater Arab Free Trade Area : GAFTA  (Cairo)
GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN Coalition of Developing Countries : GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN  (New York City)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency : IAEA Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development : IFAD Specialized Agency  (Rome)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IMF International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)
IMO International Maritime Organization : IMO Specialized Agency  (London)
IMSO International Mobile Satellite Organization : IMSO  (London)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION Inter-Parliamentary Union : IPU  (Grand Saconnex)
INTERPOL International Criminal Police Organization : ICPO  (Lyons)
IRENA International Renewable Energy Agency : IRENA  (Masdar City)
ISESCO Islamic Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : ISESCO  (Rabat)
ISLAM Organization of Islamic Cooperation : OIC  (Jeddah)
ISLAMIC BANK Islamic Development Bank : IDB  (Jeddah)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
NON-ALIGNED Non-Aligned Movement : NAM - Advancing South South Cooperation  (Jakarta + New York City)
NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty : NPT  (New York City)
NUCLEAR TEST BAN Provisional Secretariat of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Organization : CTBTO  (Vienna)
OHCHR Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights : OHCHR Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries : OPEC  (Vienna)
OPEC FUND Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries Fund for International Development : OFID  (Vienna)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies : IFRCS  (Geneva)
SEABED Secretariat of the International Seabed Authority : ISA  (Kingston)
SOUTH CENTRE SOUTH CENTRE Organization  (Geneva)
STANDARDIZATION International Organization for Standardization : ISO  (Geneva)
TELECOMMUNICATIONS SATELLITE International Telecommunications Satellite Organization : ITSO  (Washington-District of Columbia)
TRIBUNAL OF THE SEA International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea : ITLOS  (Hamburg)
UN-HABITAT United Nations Human Settlements Programme : UN-HABITAT Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development : UNCTAD  (Geneva)
UNDP United Nations Development Programme : UNDP Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNEP United Nations Environmental Programme : UNEP Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change : UNFCCC  (New York City)
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR Agency  (Geneva)
UNICEF United Nations International Children''s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization : UNIDO Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
UNITED NATIONS United Nations Organization : UNO  (New York City)
UNODA Conference on Disarmament : United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs : UNODA  (Geneva)
UNODC United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime : UNODC Agency  (Vienna)
UNOOSA Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : OUTER SPACE Treaty  (Vienna)
UNWTO World Tourism Organization : UNWTO Specialized Agency  (Madrid)
UPEACE University for Peace : UPEACE  (Ciudad Colon)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres + Saint Cloud)
WFP World Food Programme : WFP  (Rome)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization : WIPO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WMO World Meteorological Organization : WMO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)

Other Current States within the 2018's internationaly recognized Country boundaries (listed below in grey, it may contain errors)

ISLAMIC STATE Caliphate of the ISLAMIC STATE  (Hajeen)
KURDISTAN KURDISTAN Regional Government  (Arbel)
TURKMENELI Iraqi National Turkmen Party : IRAQI TURKMEN  (Maasla)

Other Current Territories within the 2018's internationaly recognized Country boundaries (listed below in grey, it may contain errors)

AMERICAN-BASES-IN-IRAQ American Bases in IRAQ  (Habbaniyah Station + Al-Taqadoum)
ARBEL ARBEL Governorate  (Arbel)
BASHIQA BASHIQA District : Shabaki Region  (Bashiqa)
CAMP LIBERTY United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq : UNAMI  (Camp Liberty)
DAHUK DAHUK Governorate  (Dahuk)
HALABJA HALABJA Governorate  (Halabja)
SINJAR SINJAR District  (Sinjar)
SULEIMANIA SULEIMANIA Governorate  (Suleimania)
ZLICAN Turkish Camp ZLICAN  (Zlican)


   1900.ethnia.org is an essay which goal is to try to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organizations that have existed during the 20th century. The first version of the website dates back from 1996 and had been put online under ethnia.org in 1999. The current version is from 2009 and now allows to search for an entity for any day of the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [rose: country completed at level 2 (province, county, ...), red: level 3 (district, ...), white: level 1 only (region, federated State, ...)]

   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 Base sources:

   * World Statesmen, thanks to Ben Cahoon (US): historical polities and their rulers.
   * Statoids, thanks to Gwillim Law (US): historical administrative divisions.
   * Flags Of The World, thanks to Rob Raeside (CA): flags. (the link given is from my mirror of this site)
   * Heraldry of the World, maintained by Ralf Hartemink (NL): coat of arms.
   * Rulers.org, thanks to Benjamin Schemmel (DE): photos of rulers.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US): historical currencies.
   * World History at KMLA, maintained by Alexander Ganse (DE): historical maps.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US): for Europe, North Africa and Middle East.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, maintained by Jacques Leclerc (CA): linguistical politics by country.
   * Population Statistics, maintained by Jan Lahmeyer (NL): historical evolution of the population.
   * Wikipedia, for general data, maps, pictures ...
   * Google Books, online library.
   * The other sources are given specifically according to the consulted entity, at bottom page.

   Some of the flags and coat of arms of the website are drawn by myself.

 Specific sources:

Any suggestion, correction, addition or collaboration is welcome and can be sent to .

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License