Republic of IRAQ

Republic of IRAQ

Flag or logo since 1924-08-02*
Jumhūriyat AL-´IRĀQ : جمهورية ألعراق (ar) UNO Member
Emblem or Symbol*

Muhammad Najib Al-Rubai
(ruler of IRAQ since 1958-07-14)
Capitals & administrative places*: Baghdad
Official & national languages: Arabic (ar) .


IRAQ Republic of IRAQ  (Baghdad)

14 Divisions:

AMARA AMARA Province  (Amara)Local: Mintaqah AL-´AMARÂH : منطقة العمارة (ar)  (Al-´Amarâh)
ARBEL ARBEL Province  (Arbel)Local: Mintaqah IRBIL : اربيل ليوا (ar)  (Arbil)
BAGHDAD BAGHDAD Province  (Baghdad)Local: Mintaqah BAGHDAD : منطقة بغداد (ar)  (Baghdad)
BASSORAH BASSORAH Province  (Bassorah)Local: Mintaqah AL-BASRAH : مِنْطَقَة‎ البصرة (ar)  (Al-Basrah)
DIWANIYAH DIWANIYAH Province  (Diwaniyah)Local: Mintaqah AD-DIWANIYAH  (Ad-Dīwānīyah)
DIYALA DIYALA Province  (Bakuba)Local: Mintaqah DIYÂLÂ : المنطقة ديالى (ar)  (Ba‘qūbah)
DULAIM DULAIM Province  (Ramadi)Local: Mintaqah AD-DULAYM  (Ar-Ramādī)
HILLAH HILLAH Province  (Hillah)Local: Mintaqah AL-HILLAH  (Al-Hillah)
KERBALA KERBALA Province  (Kerbala)Local: Mintaqah AL-KARBALĀ´  (Karbalā´ Al-Muqaddasah)
KIRKUK KIRKUK Province  (Kirkuk)Local: Mintaqah KIRKUK  (Karkuk)
KUT KUT Province  (Kut El Amara)Local: Mintaqah AL-KÛT  (Kût Al-Imara)
MOSUL MOSUL Province  (Mosul)Local: Mintaqah AL-MAWSIL  (Al-Mawsil)
MUNTAFIQ MUNTAFIQ Province  (Nasiriyah)Local: Mintaqah AL-MUNTAFIQ : المنطقة المنتفق (ar)  (An-Nasiriyah)
SULEIMANIA SULEIMANIA Province  (Suleimania)Local: Mintaqah AS-SULAYMANIYAH : منطقة السليمانية (ar)  (As-Sulaymaniyah)

1 Condominium:

SAUDI-IRAQI NEUTRAL ZONE Co-Administration of the SAUDI-IRAQI NEUTRAL ZONE  ((Uqayr))Local: HUDUD SAUDI-IRAQI : المنطقة المحايدة السعودية العراقية (ar)  ((Al-´Uqair))

24 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

ARAB LEAGUE League of Arab States : ARAB LEAGUE  (Cairo)
ARAB UNITY Council of Arab Economic Unity : CAEU  (Cairo)
ASIA Asian Legal Consultative Committee : ALCC  (New Delhi)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Rome)
FIFA Federation of International Football Association : FIFA  (Zurich)
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IMF International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION Inter-Parliamentary Union : IPU  (Geneva)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
LEAGUE OF RED CROSS League of Red Cross Societies : LORCS  (Geneva)
MIDDLE EAST Middle East Treaty Organization : METO  (Baghdad)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR Agency  (Geneva)
UNICEF United Nations International Children´s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNITED NATIONS United Nations Organization : UNO  (New York City)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Pregny-Chambesy)
WMO World Meteorological Organization : WMO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Territories or Entities within the 2023's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

HABBANIYA British Sovereign Base of the Royal Air Force Station HABBANIYA  (Habbaniya)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.


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UPDATED ON: ~ 2023-APR-27 ~ .