ethnia.org   
 

1971-APR-11

Zones: Timeline

Republic of INDIA
(New Delhi a + Simla s + Bolarum w)

Republic of INDIA

Flag or logo since 1947-07-22*
Republic of INDIA (en) + BHĀRAT Gaṇarājya : भारत गणराज्य (hi) UNO Member
Emblem or Symbol*

President Varahagiri Venkata Giri
(ruler of INDIA since 1969-08-24)
 
 
 
 
Capitals & administrative places*: New Delhi a + Simla s + Bolarum w
(Naī Dillī + Simla + Bolloram)
a administrative, national or political capital (also ruler's residence)
r summer capital
w winter capital
Official & national languages: English (en) . Hindi (hi) .

Mainland:


INDIA States of INDIA  (New Delhi + Simla + Bolarum)

17 Federated Divisions:

ANDHRA PRADESH ANDHRA PRADESH State  (Hyderabad)Local: ANDHRA PRADESH Rashtram : ఆంధ్రప్రదేశ్ రాష్ట్రం (te)  (Haydarabad)
ASSAM State of ASSAM  (Gauhati)Local: ASOM Raashtra : অসম ৰাষ্ট্ৰ (as) + ASAMA Rajya : আসাম রাজ্য (bn) + ASOM (brx) + State of ASSAM (en)  (Gauhati)
BIHAR BIHAR State  (Patna)Local: BIHAR Rajy : बिहार राज्य (hi) + BIHAR Raajy : بہار ریاست (ur)  (Patna)
GUJARAT GUJARAT State  (Gandhinagar)Local: GUJARATA Rajya : ગુજરાત રાજ્ય (gu) + GUJARAAT Raajy : गुजरात राज्य (hi)  (Gandhinagar)
HARYANA HARYANA State  ((Chandigarh))Local: HARIYANA Rajy : हरियाणा राज्य (hi) + HARI´ANA Raja : ਹਰਿਆਣਾ ਰਾਜ (pa)  ((Chandigarh))
HIMACHAL PRADESH HIMACHAL PRADESH State  (Simla + Dharamsala)Local: HIMACHAL PRADESH Rajy : हिमाचल प्रदेश राज्य (hi) + HIMACHAL PRADESH State (en)  (Simla + Dharamshala)
KERALA KERALA State  (Trivandrum)Local: Kēraḷa Sansthānaṁ : KERALAM - കേരള സംസ്ഥാനം : കേരളം (ml)  (Thrivandrum)
MADHYA PRADESH MADHYA PRADESH State  (Bhopal)Local: MADHIYA PRADESH Rajy : मध्य प्रदेश राज्य (hi) + MADHIYA PRADESH Rajy : मध्य प्रदेश राज्य (bns)  (Bhopal)
MAHARASHTRA MAHARASHTRA State  (Bombay)Local: MAHARASHTRA Rajya : महाराष्ट्र राज्य (mr)  (Bombay)
MYSORE MYSORE State  (Bangalore)Local: MAHISURU Rajya : ಮೈಸೂರು ರಾಜ್ಯ (kn) + MAHISUR State (en)  (Bangalore)
NAGALAND NAGALAND State  (Kohima)Local: NAGALAND State (en)  (Kohima)
ORISSA ORISSA State  (Bhubaneswar)Local: ORISHA Rajya : ଓଡ଼ିଶା ରାଜ୍ୟ (or)  (Bhubaneshwar)
PANJAB PUNJAB State  ((Chandigarh))Local: PANJABA Raja : ਪੰਜਾਬ ਰਾਜ (pa)  ((Chandigarh))
RAJASTHAN RAJASTHAN State  (Jaipur)Local: RAJASTHAN Rajy : राजस्थान राज्य (raj) + RAJASTHAN Rajy : राजस्थान राज्य (hi) + RAJASTHAN State (en)  (Jaipur)
TAMIL NADU State of TAMIL NADU : Tamil State  (Madras)Local: Tamiḻ Nāṭu : TAMIL NADU - தமிழ் நாடு (ta)  (Madras)
UTTAR PRADESH UTTAR PRADESH State  (Lucknow)Local: UTTAR PRADESH Rajy : उत्तर प्रदेश राज्य (hi) + UTTAR PRADESH Raajy : اتر پردیش ریاست (ur)  (Lakhnau)
WEST BENGAL WEST BENGAL State  (Calcutta)Local: Pashcima Banga Rajya : POSHCHIM BÔNGGO - পশ্চিমবঙ্গ রাজ্য (bn)  (Calcutta)



2 Assisted Entities

BHUTAN Kingdom of BHUTAN [Indian Protectorate]  (Thimphu a + Paro s) King Jigme Dorji Wangchuk
SIKKIM Kingdom of SIKKIM [Indian Protectorate]  (Gangtok) King Palden Thondup Namgyal



9 Territories:

ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR ISLANDS Union Territory of ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR ISLANDS  (Port Blair)Local: Union Territory of ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR ISLANDS (en) + ANDAMAAN AUR NIKOBAAR DVEEPASAMOOH Kendrashaasit Pradesh : अंडमान और निकोबार द्वीपसमूह केंद्र शासित प्रदेश (hi)  (Port Blair)
CHANDIGARH Union Territory of CHANDIGARH  (Chandigarh)Local: CAḍĪGAṛHA Kēndarī Śāsata Pradēśa : ਚੰਡੀਗੜ੍ਹ ਕੇਂਦਰੀ ਸ਼ਾਸਤ ਪ੍ਰਦੇਸ਼ (pa) + CHANDEEGADH Kendr Shaasit Pradesh : चंडीगढ़ केंद्र शासित प्रदेश (hi) + CHANDIGARH Union Territory (en)  (Chandigarh)
DADRA AND NAGAR HAVELI Union Territory of DADRA AND NAGAR HAVELI  (Silvassa)Local: Union Territory of DADRA AND NAGAR-HAVELI (en) + DADRA AUR NAGAR HAVELI Kendra Shasit Pradesh : दादरा आणि नगर हवेली केंद्र शासित प्रदेश (hi) + DADRA ANI NAGAR HAVELI Kēndraśāsita Pradēśa : दादरा आणि नगर हवेली केंद्रशासित प्रदेश (mr) + DADARA ANE NAGARA HAVELI Kēndraśāsita Pradēśa : દાદરા અને નગર હવેલી કેન્દ્રશાસિત પ્રદેશ (gu)  (Silvassa)
DELHI DELHI Union Territory  (Delhi)Local: DELHI Union Territory (en) + DILLĪ Kendrashaasit Pradesh : दिल्ली केंद्रशासित प्रदेश (hi)  (Dillī)
GOA DAMAO AND DIU GOA DAMAO AND DIU Union Territory [Indian Annexion]  (Panjim)Local: Território da União de GOA DAMÃO E DIU (pt) + GOVA DAMANV ANEE DEEV : गोंय दामांव आनी दीव ज़िला (kok) + GŌDĀMA DĀMANA ĀṇI ḍI´Ō Kēndraśāsita Pradēśa : गोदाम दामन आणि डिओ केंद्रशासित प्रदेश (mr) + GOVA DAMAN AUR DEEAEEYOO Kendrashaasit Pradesh : गोदाम और डीआईयू केंद्रशासित प्रदेश (hi) + GOA DAMAN AND DIU Union Territory (en)  (Panjim)
LACCADIVE AMINDIVE AND MINICOY ISLANDS LACCADIVE AMINDIVE AND MINICOY ISLANDS Union Territory  (Kavaratti)Local: LACCADIVE AMINDIVI AND MINICOY ISLANDS Union Territory (en) + LAKSHADVEEP Kendrashaasit Pradesh : लक्षद्वीप केंद्रशासित प्रदेश (hi)  (Kawaratti)
MANIPUR Union Territory of MANIPUR  (Imphal)Local: Union Territory of MANIPUR (en) + MANIPUR Kendrashasit Pradesh : मनीपुर केंद्रशासित प्रदेश (hi)  (Imphal)
PONDICHERRY Union Territory of PONDICHERRY  (Pondicherry)Local: PUTUCCĒRI Yūṉiyaṉ Piratēcam : புதுச்சேரி யூனியன் பிரதேசம் (ta) + PONDICHERRY Union Territory (en) + PUTUCCĒRI Yūṇiyan Teṟiṭṭaṟi : പുതുച്ചേരി യൂണിയൻ ടെറിട്ടറി (ml) + PUDUCCĒRI Kēndra Pālita : పుదుచ్చేరి కేంద్ర పాలిత (te) + Territoire de l´Union de PONDICHÉRY (fr)  (Pondichéry)
TRIPURA TRIPURA Union Territory  (Agartala)Local: TRIPURA Union Territory (en)  (Agartala)

2 Condominiums:

JAMMU AND KASHMIR State of JAMMU AND KASHMIR [United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan-UNMOGIP at Srinagar]  (Jammu w + Srinagar s)Local: State of JAMMU AND KASHMIR (en) + JAMMU O-KASHMIR : مقبوضہ کشمیر (ur) + JAMMU O KAHSMIR : جۄم تٕ کٔشېر (ks)  (Jammu + Srinagar)
UNMOGIP United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan : UNMOGIP  (Muzaffarabad + Srinagar)Local: United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan : UNMOGIP (en) + Groupe d´observateurs militaires des Nations-Unies pour l´Inde et le Pakistan : GOMNUIP (fr)  (Muzaffarabad + Srinagar)



2 Governments or Movements in Exile

BENGLADESH Government-in-Exile of the People´s Republic of BENGLADESH  (Mujibnagar x) President Syed Nazrul Islam
TIBET-IN-EXILE Government of TIBET in Exile [Central Tibetan Administration of His Holiness the Dalai Lama]  (Dharamsala) Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso



48 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


AIR SPORTS World Air Sports Federation : WASF  (Lausanne)
ASIA-AFRICA Asian-African Legal Consultative Committee : AALCC  (New Delhi)
ASIAN BANK Asian Development Bank : ADB  (Mandaluyong City)
CCD Conference of the Committee on Disarmament : CCD  (Geneva)
COLOMBO PLAN COLOMBO PLAN for Co-operative Economic Development in South and South-East Asia  (Colombo)
COMMON FUND Common Fund for Commodities : CFC  (Geneva)
COMMONWEALTH THE COMMONWEATH Secretariat  (Westminster)
CUSTOMS Customs Cooperation Council : CCC  (Brussels)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Rome)
FIFA Federation of International Football Association : FIFA  (Zurich)
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade : GATT  (Villa Bocage)
GENEVA CONVENTION GENEVA Convention  (Geneva)
GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN Coalition of Developing Countries : GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN  (Algiers)
GROUP OF TWENTY-FOUR Intergovernmental Group of Twenty-Four on International Monetary Affairs and Development : GROUP OF TWENTY-FOUR  (Washington-District of Columbia)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
HYDROGRAPHY International Hydrographic Organization : IHO  (Monaco)
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency : IAEA Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IMCO Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization : IMCO Specialized Agency  (London)
IMF International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION Inter-Parliamentary Union : IPU  (Geneva)
INTERPOL International Criminal Police Organization : ICPO  (Saint Cloud)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature : IUCN  (Brussels)
LEAGUE OF RED CROSS League of Red Cross Societies : LORCS  (Geneva)
NON-ALIGNED Non-Aligned Movement : NAM  (Lusaka + New York City)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
PEACE World Peace Council : WPC  (Helsinki)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
REFRIGERATION International Institute of Refrigeration : IIR  (Paris)
STANDARDIZATION International Organization for Standardization : ISO  (Geneva)
TELECOMMUNICATIONS SATELLITE International Telecommunications Satellite Consortium : ITSC  (Washington-District of Columbia)
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development : UNCTAD  (Geneva)
UNDP United Nations Development Programme : UNDP Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR Agency  (Geneva)
UNICEF United Nations International Children´s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNITED NATIONS United Nations Organization : UNO  (New York City)
UNOOSA Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : OUTER SPACE Treaty  (London + Moscow + Washington-District of Columbia)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres + Saint Cloud)
WFP World Food Programme : WFP  (Rome)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Pregny-Chambesy)
WMO World Meteorological Organization : WMO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WORLD BUSINESS International Chamber of Commerce : ICC [The Word Business Organization]  (Paris)



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

SIKKIM Kingdom of SIKKIM [Indian Protectorate]  (Gangtok)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AKSAI CHIN Chinese administered Region of AKSAI CHIN  (Aksai Chin)
DEMCHOK Chinese Territory of DEMCHOK  (Demchok)
JAMMU JAMMU Division  (Jammu)
JAMMU AND KASHMIR State of JAMMU AND KASHMIR [United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan-UNMOGIP at Srinagar]  (Jammu w + Srinagar s)
KASHMIR VALLEY KASHMIR VALLEY Division  (Srinagar)
LADAKH LADAKH Division  (Leh)
UNMOGIP United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan : UNMOGIP  (Muzaffarabad + Srinagar)
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.

 




Please feel free to send your own informations or suggestions to .


 Drawn with Inkscape  Written with Notepad++  Powered by Apache  ethnia.org Creative Commons License CC-BY Archived since 2003 by Internet Archives
Thank you.
LAST MODIFICATIONS : ~ 2022-JUN-22 ~ .