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1943-SEP-23

Zones: Timeline


ITALY (Rome c + Salo q + Gargnano b + Verona bDe facto Semi-Independent National Republican State of ITALY [Salo Republic] : Duce Benito Mussolini
SOUTHERN ITALY (Brindisi t + (Rome) cPCA Member Allied Military Government of Occupied Territories in Italy : Kingdom of ITALY [Provisional Military Government] : King Victor Emmanuel III

Other Entities with similar names

GREATER GERMANY  ITALY 
  
(Berlin a + Berchtesgaden r) - (Rome c + Salo q + Gargnano b + Verona b) -

National Republican State of ITALY [Salo Republic]

Flag or logo since 1943-09-23*
Stato Nazionale Repubblicano d´ITALIA (it) De facto Semi-Independent
Emblem or Symbol*

Reichpresident Fuhrer Adolf Hitler
(ruler of GREATER GERMANY since 1934-08-02)

Duce Benito Mussolini
(ruler of ITALY since 1943-09-23)
 
 
 
 
Capitals & administrative places*: Rome c + Salo q + Gargnano b + Verona b
(Roma + Saló + Gargnano + Verona)
b site with government buildings
c constitutional, official or de jure capital
q de facto capital
Official & national languages: Italian (it) .

Mainland:


SALO National Republican State of ITALY  (Rome + Salo + Gargnano + Verona)

11 Divisions:

ABRUZZES AND MOLISE Region of ABRUZZES AND MOLISE  (Aquila)Local: Regione degli ABRUZZI E MOLISE (it)  (L´Aquila)
EMILIA Region of EMILIA  (Bologna)Local: Regione dell´EMILIA (it)  (Bologna)
EUGANEAN VENETIA Region of EUGANEAN VENETIA  (Venice)Local: Regione della VENEZIA EUGANEA (it)  (Venezia)
FOGGIA Province of FOGGIA  (Foggia)Local: Provincia di FOGGIA (it)  (Foggia)
LATIUM Region of LATIUM  (Rome)Local: Regione di LAZIO (it)  (Roma)
LIGURIA Region of LIGURIA  (Genoa)Local: Regione della LIGURIA (it)  (Genova)
LOMBARDY Region of LOMBARDY  (Milan)Local: Regione della LOMBARDIA (it)  (Milano)
MARCHES Region of THE MARCHES  (Ancona)Local: Regione delle MARCHE (it)  (Ancona)
PIEDMONT Region of PIEDMONT  (Turin)Local: Regione del PIEMONTE (it)  (Torino)
TUSCANY Region of TUSCANY  (Florence)Local: Regione della TOSCANA (it)  (Firenze)
UMBRIA Region of UMBRIA  (Perugia)Local: Regione dell´UMBRIA (it)  (Perugia)



1 Assisted Entity

HOLY SEE State of Vatican City : HOLY SEE  (Vatican City) Pope Pius XII



3 Territories:

AEGEAN SEA ISLANDS Italian Possessions of AEGEAN SEA ISLANDS  (Rhodes)Local: Possedimenti italiani delle ISOLE DELL´EGEO (it) + Italienische ÄGÄISCHEN INSELN (de)  (Rodi)
PREALPS PREALPINE Special Commission : Prealpine Operation Zone  (Trent)Local: Operationszone ALPENVORLAND (de) + Zona d´operazioni delle PREALPI (it)  (Trient)
ZARA Province of ZARA  (Zara)Local: Provincia di ZARA (it) + Provinz ZARA (de)  (Zara)

6 Condominiums:

ADRIATIC COAST Operational Zone ADRIATIC COAST  (Trieste)Local: Operationszone ADRIATISCHES KÜSTENLAND (de) + Zona d´operazioni del LITORALE ADRIATICO (it) + Operativna Zona JADRANSKO PRIMORJE (hr)  (Trieste)
ITALIAN TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Italian Concession [Japanese Occupation]  (Tientsin Italian Concession)Local: Concessione di TIENTSIN (it) + AMATSU Itaria-no Jiyouho : 天津イタリアの譲歩 (ja)  (Tien-Tsin)
KOTOR German Military Administration of KOTOR  (Kotor)Local: Deutsch-Militärverwaltung KOTOR (de) + Provincia di CÀTTARO (it)  (Kotor)
PALACE FARNESE French Embassy in Italy : PALACE FARNESE  (Palace Farnese)Local: Ambassade de France en Italie : PALAIS FARNÈSE (fr) + Ambasciata di Francia in Italia : PALAZZO FARNESE (it)  (Palazzo Farnese)
ROME AND LORETO Neutralized Foundations of ROME AND LORETO  (Villa Bonaparte)Local: Pii Stabilimenti francesi a ROMA E LORETO (it) + Pieux Établissements français à ROME ET LORETTE (fr)  (Villa Bonaparte)
VILLA MEDICI French Academy in Rome : Italian Occupation of VILLA MEDICI  (Villa Medici)Local: Accademia di Francia a Roma : VILLA MEDICI (it) + Académie de France à Rome : Domaine français de la VILLA MÉDICIS (fr)  (Villa Medici)



1 Government or Movement in Exile

SAINT JOHN OF JERUSALEM Order of the Knights Hospitaller of SAINT JOHN OF JERUSALEM  (Palace of Malta x + Via Condotti b) Grandmaster Ludovico Chigi Albani Della Rovere



2 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


ANTI-COMINTERN Revised ANTI-COMINTERN Pact  (Berlin)
AXIS POWERS Axis Countries : AXIS PACT  (Berlin + Tokyo)



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

FREE LOMBARDY LOMBARD Committee of National Liberation  (Maschito)
SOUTHERN ITALY Allied Military Government of Occupied Territories in Italy : Kingdom of ITALY [Provisional Military Government]  (Brindisi t + (Rome) c)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

ADRIATIC COAST Operational Zone ADRIATIC COAST  (Trieste)
APULIA Region of APULIA  (Bari of Apulia)
CALABRIA Region of CALABRIA  (Reggio Calabria)
CAMPANIA British Occupied Region of CAMPANIA  (Naples)
CAMPIONE United States Occupied Commune of CAMPIONE  (Campione)
FRENCH ESTABLISHMENT IN LORETO Pious French Establishment in Loreto : National Chaplaincy of France in LORETO  (National Chaplaincy of France in Loreto)
INNER CARNIOLA Traditional Region of INNER CARNIOLA  (Postumia)
LUCANIA Region of LUCANIA  (Potenza)
MASCHITO Partisan Republic of MASCHITO  (Maschito)
PALACE FARNESE French Embassy in Italy : PALACE FARNESE  (Palace Farnese)
PELAGIAN ISLANDS Commune of Lampedusa and Linosa : PELAGIAN ISLANDS Archipelago  (Lampedusa + Linosa)
SAINT ROSARY OF POMPEII Pontifical Basilica of the Major Sanctuary of the Holy Virgin of the SAINT ROSARY OF POMPEII  (Saint Rosary of Pompeii)
SARDINIA Military Governorate of SARDINIA  (Cagliari)
SICILY High Commission of SICILY [Sicilian Government in rebellion]  (Palermo)
TAVOLARA Kingdom of TAVOLARA  (The Point of the Canon)
VILLA MEDICI French Academy in Rome : Italian Occupation of VILLA MEDICI  (Villa Medici)
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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