ethnia.org   
 

2003-FEB-04

Zones: Timeline

French Republic : FR
(Paris)

French Republic : FR

Flag or logo since 1976-06-01*
République française : RF (fr) UNO Member
Emblem or Symbol*

President Jacques Chirac
(ruler of FRANCE since 1995-05-17)
 
 
 
 
Capitals & administrative places*: Paris
(Paris)
Official & national languages: French (fr) .

Mainland:


FRANCE FRENCH Republic  (Paris)


2 Largely Autonomous or Semi-Independent Polities

EUROPEAN FRANCE French Republic : FR  (Paris) President Jacques Chirac
NEW CALEDONIA Collectivity of NEW CALEDONIA  (Noumea) President Pierre Frogier


7 Assisted Entities

ANDORRA Principality of ANDORRA  (Andorra The Old a + (La Seu d´Urgell) r) Coprince Joan Marti Alanis
CENTRAL-AFRICA Central African Republic : CAR [Multinational Force in Central Africa-FOMUC]  (Bangui) President Ange-Felix Patasse
CHAD Republic of CHAD  (Ndjamena) President Idriss Deby
COTE D´IVOIRE Republic of COTE D´IVOIRE [French-Ecowas Occupation]  (Yamoussoukro a + Abidjan dln) President Laurent Gbagbo
GABON GABONESE Republic  (Libreville) President Omar Bongo
JIBUTI Republic of JIBUTI  (Jibuti) President Ismail Omar Guelleh
MONACO Principality of MONACO  (Monaco q) Prince Rainier III



10 Territories:

CLIPPERTON ISLAND French Possession of CLIPPERTON ISLAND  (Camp Bougainville)Local: Possession française de ÎLE DE CLIPPERTON (fr)  (Camp Bougainville)
FRENCH POLYNESIA French Overseas Territory of FRENCH POLYNESIA [Autonomous Government]  (Papeete)Local: Territoire d´outre-mer français de la POLYNÉSIE FRANÇAISE (fr) + E Vaataata na te Moana ´o PŌRĪNETIA FARĀNI (ty)r  (Pape´ete)
FRENCH SOUTHERN AND ANTARCTIC LANDS Overseas Territory of FRENCH SOUTHERN AND ANTARCTIC LANDS  ((Saint Denis of the Reunion) + Port Aux Francais v)Local: Territoire d´outre-mer des TERRES AUSTRALES ET ANTARCTIQUES FRANÇAISES (fr)  ((Saint-Denis de la Réunion) + Port-aux-Français)
HOLY LAND French Territories in Jerusalem : French National Domain in THE HOLY LAND  (Church of Saint Anne + Eleona Monastery + Tomb of the Kings + Abbaye Saint Mary of the Resurrection of Abu Gosh)Local: Domaine national français en TERRE SAINTE (fr)  (Église Sainte-Anne + Monastère d´Eléona + Tombeau des Rois + Abbaye Sainte-Marie de la Résurrection d´Abou Gosh)
MAYOTTE Departmental Collectivity of MAYOTTE  (Dzaoudzi-Labattoir + Mamoutzou)Local: Collectivité départementale de MAYOTTE (fr)  (Dzaoudzi-Labattoir + Mamoudzou)
MURUROA AND FANGATAUFA State Domain of MURUROA AND FANGATAUFA  (Mururoa + Fangataufa)Local: Domaine de l´État de MORUROA ET FANGATAUFA (fr)  (Moruroa + Fangataufa)
SAINT HELENA DOMAINS French National Domains on SAINT HELENA  (Longwood House)Local: Domaines nationaux de SAINTE-HÉLÈNE (fr)  (Longwood House)
SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON French Territorial Collectivity of SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON  (Saint Pierre)Local: Collectivité territoriale française de SAINT-PIERRE-ET-MIQUELON (fr)  (Saint-Pierre)
VILLA MEDICI French Academy in Rome : French Possession of VILLA MEDICI  (Villa Medici)Local: Académie de France à Rome : Domaine français de la VILLA MÉDICIS (fr)  (Villa Médicis)
WALLIS AND FUTUNA ISLANDS French Overseas Territory of the WALLIS AND FUTUNA ISLANDS  (Mata-Utu on Uvea a + Leava b)Local: Territoire d´outre-mer français des ÎLES WALLIS ET FUTUNA (fr)  (Mata-Utu sur Uvéa + Leava)

13 Condominiums:

ADELIE LAND French Antarctic Sector of ADELIE LAND  (Dumont D´Urville Station)Local: Secteur antarctique français de la TERRE ADÉLIE (fr)  (Base Antarctique Dumont d´Urville)
CANFRANC RAILWAY STATION Franco-Spanish International Convention on Trans-Pyrenean Railways : CANFRANC INTERNATIONAL RAILWAY STATION  (Canfranc International Railway Station)Local: Convención Franco-Española sobre Ferrocarriles Transpirenaicos : ESTACIÓN INTERNACIONAL DE CANFRANC (es) + Convention franco-espagnole relative aux Chemins de Fer Transpyrénéens : GARE INTERNATIONALE DE CANFRANC (fr)  (Estación Internacional de Canfranc)
EUROAIRPORT International Airport of Basel Mulhouse Freiburg : EUROAIRPORT  (Euroairport)Local: Aéroport international de Bâle-Mulhouse-Fribourg : EUROAIRPORT (fr) + Flughafen Basel-Mülhausen-Freiburg : EUROAIRPORT (de) + EUROAIRPORT Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg (en)  (Euroairport)
GREEN ISLAND GREEN ISLAND Archipelago  (Green Island)Local: GREEN ISLAND Archipelago (en) + Archipel de l´ÎLE VERTE (fr)  (Île Verte)
KOSOVO Republic of KOSOVO [United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo-UNMIK]  (Prishtina)Local: Republika e KOSOVËS (sq) + Republika KOSOVO : Република КОСОВО (sr)  (Prishtine)
PALACE FARNESE French Embassy in Italy : PALACE FARNESE  (Palace Farnese)Local: Ambassade de France en Italie : PALAIS FARNÈSE (fr) + Ambasciata di Francia in Italia : PALAZZO FARNESE (it)  (Palazzo Farnese)
PHEASANTS´ ISLAND Condominium of PHEASANTS´ ISLAND [Condominium of Conference Island]  (Hospital Island)Local: Condominio de la ISLA DE LOS FAISANES (es) + Condominium de l´ÎLE DES FAISANS (fr) + FAISAIEN Uhartea o Konpantzia (eu)  (Konpantzia)
PYRENEAN FACERIES Trans-Borders Valleys of PYRENEAN FACERIES  (Baigorri + Baztan)Local: Valles Transfronterizas de las FACERIAS PIRENAICAS (es) + Vallées transfrontalières des FACERIES PYRÉNÉENNES (fr)  (Baigorri + Baztan)
ROME AND LORETO Pious French Establishments in ROME AND LORETO  (Villa Bonaparte)Local: Pieux Établissements français à ROME ET LORETTE (fr) + Pii Stabilimenti francesi a ROMA E LORETO (it)  (Villa Bonaparte)
SINAI PENINSULA Multinational Force and Observers in SINAI PENINSULA Peacekeeping Zones  (Rome + El Gorah + Sharm El-Sheikh)Local: Multinational Force and Observers : MFO (en) + Al-Quat Mutaeadidat al-Jinsiat wal Muraqibun fi SINA´ : القوة متعددة الجنسيات والمراقبون (ar)  (Roma + El Gorah + Sharm Ash-Shaykh)
SINAI ZONE D Sinai Peacekeeping ZONE D  (Zone D)Local: Sinai Peacekeeping ZONE D (en) + Azor SINAI D : אזור סיני ד´ (he) + Mintaqah SINA´ D : منطقة سيناء د (ar)  (Zone D)
UNITED NATIONS MEMORIAL CEMETERY Commission for the United Nations Memorial Cemetery in Korea : CUNMCK  (Tanggok)Local: Commission for the United Nations Memorial Cemetery in Korea : CUNMCK (en) + Jaehahn Yuen Ginyeomgongwon : JYG - 재한유엔기념공원 (ko) + Birleşmiş Milletler Anıt Mezarlığı Komisyonu : BMAMK (tr)  (Tanggok)
UPPER MUNDAT Enclave of UPPER MUNDAT : Obermundat Enclave  (Reisdorf)Local: Enclave de la FORÊT DE L´OBERMUNDAT (fr) + OBERE MUNDATWALD Gebiet (de)  (Reisdorf)



8 Governments or Movements in Exile

ARAUCANIA AND PATAGONIA Kingdom of ARAUCANIA AND PATAGONIA-in-Exile  (Paris) Prince Philippe
ENCLAVE OF CABINDA Federal Republic of CABINDA [Cabinda Governments-in-Exile]  (Pointe Noire + Paris + Cabinda Rebel Zones) Commandant Antonio Luis Lopes
FREE CUNANI Free State of CUNANI-in-Exile  (Paris) Interregnum
FREE IRAN Democratic Republic of IRAN-IN-EXILE [National Council of Resistance of Iran]  (Auvers on Oise + Ashraf City) President Maryam Rajavi
HARATIN African Liberation Forces of Mauritania : ALFM  (Dakar + New York City + Paris) President Samba Thiam
NGUYEN NGUYEN Dynasty-in-Exile  (Paris) Crown Prince Nguyen Phuc Bao Long
ROYAL-LAOS Royal Lao Government-in-Exile : Monarchy of LAOS  (Paris) Crown Prince Soulivong Savang
TAMAZGHA World AMAZIGH Congress : World Organization of the Berber People  (Paris) Belkacem Lounes



Military entities abroad, special or locally shared:

AIRNORTH Allied Air Forces North Europe : AIRNORTH  (Ramstein)Local: Allied Air Forces North Europe : AIRNORTH (en) + Forces Aériennes Alliées de l´Europe du Nord : AIRNORTH (fr)  (Ramstein)
AL-DHAFRA Military Base of AL DHAFRA  (Al Dhafra)Local: Military Base of AL DHAFRA (en) + Base militaire d´AL DHAFRA (fr) + AL-DHAFRA : الظفرة قاعدة عسكرية (ar)  (Al-Dhafra)
AYNI AYNI Air Base  (Ayni)Local: Pojgohi Havoii AJNI : Пойгоҳи Ҳавоии АЙНИ (tg) + Aviabaza AYNI : Авиабаза АЙНИ (ru) + AYNI Air Base (en)  (Ayni)
CAMP DE GAULLE French Troops in GABON  (Camp De Gaulle)Local: Troupes françaises au GABON (fr)  (Camp De Gaulle)
CAPE VERD PENINSULA French Forces in CAPE VERD  (Dakar Ouakam Colonel Frederic Geille)Local: Forces françaises au CAP-VERT (fr)  (Dakar Ouakam Colonel Frédéric Geille)
EPERVIER French Elements in CHAD : Epervier Operation Bases  (Sergent Chief Adji Kossei Airbase)Local: Éléments français au TCHAD (fr)  (Base Aérienne Sergent Chef Adji Kosseï)
FRANCO-GERMAN BRIGADE FRANCO-GERMAN Brigade  (Muellheim)Local: DEUTSCH-FRANZÖSICHE Brigade (de) + Brigade FRANCO-ALLEMANDE (fr)  (Müllheim)
FRENCH PACIFIC French Troops in THE PACIFIC  (Noumea + Plum)Local: Troupes françaises dans le PACIFIQUE (fr)  (Nouméa + Plum)
FRENCH WAR GRAVES FRENCH WAR GRAVES Abroad  (Paris)Local: TOMBES MILITAIRES FRANÇAISES à l´étranger (fr)  (Paris)
JIBUTI BASE French Forces Stationned at JIBUTI  (Quarter Briere de l´Isle)Local: Forces françaises stationnées à DJIBOUTI (fr)  (Quartier Brière de l´Isle)
NATO BRUNSSUM Regional Head Quarters of Allied Forces Northern Europe : RHQ AFNORTH  (Brunssum)Local: Regional Head Quarters of Allied Forces Northern Europe : RHQ AFNORTH (en) + Quartier Général Régional des Forces Alliées en Europe du Nord : RHQ AFNORTH (fr)  (Brunssum)
NATO-HEIDELBERG Joint Headquarters Centre : JHQ CENT  (Campbell Barracks in Heidelberg)Local: Joint Headquarters Centre : JHQ CENT (en)  (Campbell Barracks in Heidelberg)
PRINCE SULTAN PRINCE SULTAN Air Base : Joint Task Force Southwest Asia  (Prince Sultan)Local: Qaeidat al-´AMIR SULTAN al-Jawwia : قاعدة الأمير سلطان الجوية (ar)  (Amir Sultan)
SAINT JEAN CAPE FERRAT Belgian Military Cemetery of SAINT JEAN CAPE FERRAT  (Saint Jean Cape Ferrat)Local: Cimetière militaire belge de SAINT-JEAN-CAP-FERRAT (fr) + Belgische militaire begraafplaats van SAINT-JEAN-CAP-FERRAT (nl)  (Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat)
UNICORN FORCE French Troops in Ivory Coast : UNICORN FORCE  (Port-Bouet)Local: Troupes françaises en Côte d´Ivoire : FORCE LICORNE (fr)  (Port-Bouët)
UNITED NATIONS MEMORIAL CEMETERY Commission for the United Nations Memorial Cemetery in Korea : CUNMCK  (Tanggok)Local: Commission for the United Nations Memorial Cemetery in Korea : CUNMCK (en) + Jaehahn Yuen Ginyeomgongwon : JYG - 재한유엔기념공원 (ko) + Birleşmiş Milletler Anıt Mezarlığı Komisyonu : BMAMK (tr)  (Tanggok)


120 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


AFRICAN BANK African Development Bank : AFDB  (Tunis)
AIR SPORTS World Air Sports Federation : WASF  (Lausanne)
ANTARCTICA Antarctic Treaty System : ATS  ((Washington-District of Columbia))
ASECNA Agency for the Safety of Air Navigation in Africa and Madagascar : ASECNA  (Dakar)
ASIA-EUROPE Asia-Europe Meeting : ASEM  (Copenhagen + Singapore)
ASIAN BANK Asian Development Bank : ADB  (Mandaluyong City)
ATLANTIC TUNA International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas : ICCAT  (Madrid)
CENTRAL BANK Bank for International Settlements : BIS  (Basle)
CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research : CERN  (Meyrin)
CHEMICAL WEAPONS PROHIBITION Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons : OPCW  (The Hague)
CIVIL STATUS International Commission of Civil Status : ICCS  (Strasbourg)
CUSTOMS World Customs Organization : WCO  (Brussels)
DEVELOPMENT LAW International Development Law Organization : IDLO  (Rome)
ENERGY Energy Charter Treaty : ECT  (Lisbon)
ENTENTE CORDIALE Treaty of Alliance and Mutual Assistance : TREATY OF DUNKIRK  (Dunkirk)
ESA European Space Agency : ESA  (Paris)
EUMETSAT European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites : EUMETSAT  (Darmstadt)
EURATOM European Atomic Energy Community : EAEC  (Brussels)
EUROCONTROL European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation : EUROCONTROL  (Brussels-Haren)
EUROCORPS European Corps : EUROCORPS  (Strasbourg)
EUROPE Council of Europe : CE  (Strasbourg)
EUROPEAN BANK European Bank for Reconstruction and Development : EBRD  (London)
EUROPEAN PATENT European Patent Organisation : EPORG  (Munich)
EUROPEAN SCIENCE European Science Foundation : ESF  (Strasbourg)
EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY European Southern Observatory : ESO  (Garching near Munich)
EUROSYSTEM European Central Bank : ECB  (Frankfort on the Main)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Rome)
FIEP Association of the European and Mediterranean Police Forces and Gendarmeries with Military Status : FIEP  (Toulon)
FIFA Federation of International Football Association : FIFA  (Zurich)
FINANCE Financial Stability Forum : FSF  (Basle)
FRANCE-AFRICA Conference of Heads of State of Africa and France : FRANCE-AFRICA Summit  (Yaounde)
FRANCO-GERMAN TREATY Treaty between the French Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany on French-German Cooperation : ELYSEE TREATY  (Paris)
FRANCOPHONIE International Organization of The Francophonie : OIF  (Paris)
GENEVA CONVENTION GENEVA Convention  (Geneva)
GLOBAL FUND The Global Fund to Fight Aids Tuberculosis and Malaria : GFATM  (Vernier-Geneva)
GROUP OF EIGHT GROUP OF EIGHT Industrialized Nations  (Kananaskis)
GROUP OF TWENTY GROUP OF TWENTY Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors  (New Delhi)
HAGUE CONFERENCE Hague Conference on Private International Law : HCCH  (The Hague)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
HYDROGRAPHY International Hydrographic Organization : IHO  (Monaco)
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency : IAEA Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development : IFAD Specialized Agency  (Rome)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IMF International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)
IMO International Maritime Organization : IMO Specialized Agency  (London)
IMSO International Mobile Satellite Organization : IMSO  (London)
INDIAN OCEAN Secretariat of Indian Ocean Commission : IOC  (Port Louis)
INTER-AMERICAN BANK Inter-American Development Bank : IADB  (Washington-District of Columbia)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION Inter-Parliamentary Union : IPU  (Grand Saconnex)
INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT International Criminal Court : ICCT  (The Hague)
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY International Energy Agency : IEA  (Paris)
INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION International Space Station : ISS  (Baikonur + Merritt Island)
INTERPOL International Criminal Police Organization : ICPO  (Lyons)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
LATIN UNION Latin Union : LU  (Paris)
MARITIME LAW International Maritime Committee : IMC  (Antwerp)
MIGRATION International Organization for Migration : IOM  (Geneva)
MISSILES Missile Technology Control Regime : MTCR  (Paris)
MOON Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : MOON TREATY  (New York City)
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization : NATO Alliance  (Brussels)
NORTH-EAST ATLANTIC Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic : OSPAR Convention  (Sintra)
NORTHWEST ATLANTIC FISHERIES Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization : NAFO  (Dartmouth)
NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty : NPT  (New York City)
NUCLEAR TEST BAN Provisional Secretariat of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Organization : CTBTO  (Vienna)
OCCAR Organisation for Joint Armament Cooperation : OCCAR  (Bonn)
OECD Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development : OECD  (Paris)
OHCHR Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights : OHCHR Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
OLD ALLIANCE Old Alliance : AULD ALLIANCE between France and Scotland  (Saint Germain in Laye)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
OPEN SKIES Treaty on Open Skies : OS  (Helsinki)
OSCE Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe : OSCE  (Vienna)
PACIFIC COMMUNITY Secretariat of the Pacific Community : SPC  (Noumea)
PAHO Pan-American Health Organization : PAHO  (Washington-District of Columbia)
PANEUROPA International Paneuropean Union : IPU  (Vienna)
PEACE World Peace Council : WPC  (Athens)
PELINDABA TREATY African Nuclear Weapon Free Zone Treaty : ANWFZ  (Pelindaba)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies : IFRCS  (Geneva)
REFRIGERATION International Institute of Refrigeration : IIR  (Paris)
RHINE Central Commission for Navigation on the Rhine : CCNR  (Strasbourg)
ROMS International Romani Union : IRU  (Prague)
SEABED Secretariat of the International Seabed Authority : ISA  (Kingston)
SOUTH PACIFIC REGION South Pacific Regional Environment Programme : SPREP  (Apia)
STANDARDIZATION International Organization for Standardization : ISO  (Geneva)
TELECOMMUNICATIONS SATELLITE International Telecommunications Satellite Organization : ITSO  (Washington-District of Columbia)
TOURISM World Tourism Organization : WTOO  (Madrid)
TRIBUNAL OF THE SEA International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea : ITLOS  (Hamburg)
TROPICAL TUNA Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission : IATTC  (San Diego-La Jolla)
UN-HABITAT United Nations Human Settlements Programme : UN-HABITAT Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development : UNCTAD  (Geneva)
UNDP United Nations Development Programme : UNDP Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNEP United Nations Environmental Programme : UNEP Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change : UNFCCC  (New York City)
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR Agency  (Geneva)
UNICEF United Nations International Children´s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNIDIR United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research : UNIDIR Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization : UNIDO Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
UNIFEM United Nations Development Fund for Women : UNIFEM  (New York City)
UNITED NATIONS United Nations Organization : UNO  (New York City)
UNODA Conference on Disarmament : United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs : UNODA  (Geneva)
UNODC United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime : UNODC Agency  (Vienna)
UNOOSA Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : OUTER SPACE Treaty  (Vienna)
UNRWA United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East : UNRWA  (Gaza + Amman)
UPEACE University for Peace : UPEACE  (Ciudad Colon)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)
WASSENAAR ARRANGEMENT The WASSENAAR ARRANGEMENT on Export Controls for Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies  (Vienna)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres + Saint Cloud)
WESTERN EUROPEAN UNION Western European Union Assembly : WEU  (Brussels + Paris)
WFP World Food Programme : WFP  (Rome)
WHALING International Whaling Commission : IWC  (Impington)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Pregny-Chambesy)
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization : WIPO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WMO World Meteorological Organization : WMO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WORLD BUSINESS International Chamber of Commerce : ICC [The Word Business Organization]  (Paris)
WORLD CONSERVATION UNION World Conservation Union : International Union for Conservation of Nature : IUCN  (Gland)
WORLD TRADE World Trade Organization : WTO  (Geneva)



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

EUROPEAN FRANCE French Republic : FR  (Paris)
NEW CALEDONIA Collectivity of NEW CALEDONIA  (Noumea)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

ADELIE LAND French Antarctic Sector of ADELIE LAND  (Dumont D´Urville Station)
AJIE-ARO AJIE-ARO Traditional Area  (Wailu)
ALSACE Region ALSACE  (Strasbourg)
AMERICAN CEMETERIES IN FRANCE Territories of the AMERICAN CEMETERIES IN FRANCE  (Colleville + Vierville)
AQUITAINE Region AQUITAINE  (Bordeaux)
AUVERGNE Region AUVERGNE  (Clermont-Ferrand)
BASSAS DA INDIA French Possession of BASSAS DA INDIA  (Bassas da India)
BRITTANY Region BRITTANY  (Rennes)
BURGUNDY Region BURGUNDY  (Dijon)
CENTRE Region CENTRE  (Orleans)
CHAMPAGNE-ARDENNE Region CHAMPAGNE-ARDENNE  (Chalons in Champagne)
CHAUSEY ISLANDS Archipelago of CHAUSEY ISLANDS  (Grande Ile)
CHESTERFIELD ISLANDS Dependency of CHESTERFIELD ISLANDS  (Chesterfield)
COMMONWEALTH CEMETERIES IN FRANCE Territories of the COMMONWEALTH CEMETERIES IN FRANCE  (Bayeux)
CORSICA Territorial Collectivity of CORSICA Region  (Ajaccio)
DESIRADE DESIRADE Commune  (Beausejour)
DREHU DREHU Traditional Area  (We on Lifu)
EASTERN PYRENEES Department of EASTERN PYRENEES  (Perpignan)
EUROAIRPORT International Airport of Basel Mulhouse Freiburg : EUROAIRPORT  (Euroairport)
EUROPA ISLAND French Possession of EUROPA ISLAND  (Rosier Station)
FREE COUNTY Region FREE COUNTY  (Besancon)
FRENCH BASQUE COUNTRY FRENCH BASQUE COUNTRY Area  (Bayonne)
FRENCH GUIANA Region of GUIANA  (Cayenne)
GERMAN CEMETERIES IN FRANCE Territories of the GERMAN CEMETERIES IN FRANCE  (Neuville-Saint-Vaast + Andilly)
GEYSIR BANK Madagascar annexed GEYSIR BANK Zone  ((Tamatave))
GLORIOSO ISLANDS French Possession of GLORIOSO ISLANDS  (Glorioso)
GREEN ISLAND GREEN ISLAND Archipelago  (Green Island)
GUADELOUPE Region of GUADELOUPE  (Basse-Terre)
HUNTER ISLAND Dependency of HUNTER ISLAND  (Hunter Island)
HUON ISLANDS Dependency of HUON ISLANDS : Atolls of D´Entrecasteaux Reefs  (Huon)
ISLE OF PINES Commune of ISLE OF PINES : High Chiefdom of Kunie  (Vao)
ISLE-OF-FRANCE Region ISLE-OF-FRANCE  (Paris)
ISLES OF THE SAINTS Communes of THE ISLES OF THE SAINTS  (Terre de Haut + Terre de Bas)
JUAN DE NOVA ISLAND French Possession of JUAN DE NOVA ISLAND  (Juan de Nova Station)
LANGUEDOC-ROUSSILLON Region LANGUEDOC-ROUSSILLON  (Montpellier)
LIMOUSIN Region LIMOUSIN  (Limoges)
LOIRE COUNTRIES Region LOIRE COUNTRIES  (Nantes)
LORRAINE Region LORRAINE  (Metz)
LOWER NORMANDY Region LOWER NORMANDY  (Caen)
LOYALTY ISLANDS Province of LOYALTY ISLANDS  (We on Lifu)
MARIE-GALANTE Communes of MARIE-GALANTE  (Grand-Bourg)
MARTINIQUE Region of MARTINIQUE  (Fort of France)
MATTHEW AND HUNTER ISLANDS Dependencies of MATTHEW AND HUNTER ISLANDS  (Matthew Island)
MATTHEW ISLAND Dependency of MATTHEW ISLAND  (Matthew Island)
MIDI-PYRENEES Region MIDI-PYRENEES  (Toulouse)
MOSELLE Department of MOSELLE  (Metz)
NATIONALIST CORSICA National Liberation Front of Corsica : NLFC  (Corsican Maquis)
NENGONE NENGONE Traditional Area  (Tadin)
NEW CALEDONIA-KANAKY Socialist and Kanak National Liberation Front : FLNKS  (Noumea)
NORD-PASS OF CALAIS Region NORD-PASS OF CALAIS  (Lille)
NORTH Province NORTH  (Kone)
OUEN ISLAND OUEN ISLAND Chiefdom  (Ouara)
PAICI-CAMUKI PAICI-CAMUKI Traditional Area  (Touho)
PETITE TERRE ISLANDS PETITE TERRE ISLANDS Archipelago  (Terre de Bas)
PICARDY Region PICARDY  (Amiens)
POITOU-CHARENTES Region POITOU-CHARENTES  (Poitiers)
PROVENCE-ALPS-AZUR COAST Region PROVENCE-ALPS-AZUR COAST  (Marseilles)
REUNION French Overseas Region of REUNION  (Saint Denis of the Reunion)
RHONE-ALPS Region RHONE-ALPS  (Lyons)
SAINT BARTHOLOMEW Canton of SAINT BARTHOLOMEW  (Gustavia)
SAINT JEAN CAPE FERRAT Belgian Military Cemetery of SAINT JEAN CAPE FERRAT  (Saint Jean Cape Ferrat)
SAINT MARTIN Cantons of SAINT MARTIN  (Marigot)
SAINT MARTIN AND SAINT BARTHOLOMEW Arrondissement of SAINT MARTIN AND SAINT BARTHOLOMEW  (Marigot)
SARRAZINE TOWER Luxemburgian Residency of SARRAZINE TOWER  (Sarrazine Tower)
SAUGEAIS Free Republic of SAUGEAIS  (Montbenoit)
SAVOYAN LEAGUE SAVOYAN League  (Ugine)
SCATTERED ISLANDS French Possessions of SCATTERED ISLANDS  ((Saint Pierre of the Reunion))
SOUTH Province SOUTH  (Noumea)
TAHITI Communes of TAHITI  (Papeete)
TROMELIN ISLAND French Possession of TROMELIN ISLAND  (Station Serge Frolow)
UPPER NORMANDY Region UPPER NORMANDY  (Rouen)
VIMY MEMORIAL Canadian National VIMY MEMORIAL  (Vimy)
WALPOLE Dependency of WALPOLE  (Walpole)
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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