w.ethnia.org
 

1943-JUL-14

- Zones:


BELGIUM AND NORTHERN FRANCE (Brussels)  Military Administration of BELGIUM AND NORTHERN FRANCE :
FREE FRANCE (Algiers + London)  SDN MemberRebellionExile FRENCH Comity of the National Liberation : General Charles de Gaulle
ITALIAN SOUTHERN FRANCE (Nice)  Italian Occupation Zone in SOUTHERN FRANCE :
OCCUPIED ZONES (Paris)  German Military Administration for France : OCCUPIED ZONES :
FRENCH STATE (Vichy)  Ex SDN Member German Occupied FRENCH State : Government of Vichy : Marshal Philippe Petain

Other Entities with similar names

FRENCH Comity of the National Liberation
(Algiers + London)

FRENCH Comity of the National Liberation

Flag or logo since 1941-06-05
Comité FRANÇAIS de la Libération nationale (fr) SDN MemberRebellionExile
Emblem or Symbol

General Charles de Gaulle
(ruler of FREE FRANCE since 1940-06-22)
Capital:Algiers + London - (Alger + London)
Official languages: French (fr) .

Mainland:


FIGHTING FRANCE FRENCH Comity of the National Liberation  (London)



6 Assisted Entities

HOGGAR KEL AHAGGAR Tuareg Confederation [under French Suzerainty]  (Abalessa) Amenokal Meslar ag Amayas
LEBANON Free French Protectorate of the LEBANESE Republic  (Beirut) Ayub Thabit
LEVANT STATES Mandate for Syria and Lebanon : LEVANTINE STATES  (Beirut) General Charles de Gaulle
MOROCCO Protectorates in the Sharifi Empire of MOROCCO  (Rabat) Sultan Muhammad V
SYRIA SYRIAN Republic [British Military Administration of the League of Nations Mandate under Free French Protectorate]  (Damascus) Ata Bay al-Ayyubi
TUNISIA Free French Administration of the Protectorate of TUNISIA  (Tunis) Muhammad VIII Al-Amin Bey



10 Territories:

FEZZAN-GHADAMES Free French Military Territory of FEZZAN AND GHADAMES : Territory of Fezzan-Ghadames Protectorate  (Sabha)Local: Territoire militaire français du FEZZAN-GHADAMÈS (fr)  (Sebha)
FIGHTING FRENCH AFRICA FIGHTING FRENCH AFRICA Block : Free French Equatorial Africa  (Brazzaville)Local: Bloc de l''AFRIQUE FRANÇAISE COMBATTANTE : Afrique Équatoriale Française Libre (fr)  (Brazzaville)
FRENCH INDIA Free French Settlements in INDIA  (Pondicherry)Local: Établissements français libres dans l''INDE (fr)  (Pondichéry)
FRENCH TUNISIA Free French Protectorate of FRENCH TUNISIA  (Foum Tatatouine)Local: Protectorat français de TUNISIE (fr) + Al-Ḥimāyah al-Fransiyyah fī TŪNIS : الحماية الفرنسية في تونس (ar)  (Foum Tatahouïne)
FRENCH WEST AFRICA Federation of Free FRENCH WEST AFRICA  (Dakar)Local: Fédération de l''AFRIQUE OCCIDENTALE FRANÇAISE libre (fr)  (Dakar)
HOLY LAND Free French Territories in Jerusalem : French National Domain in THE HOLY LAND  (Church of Saint Anne + Eleona Monastery + Tomb of the Kings + Abbaye of Abu Gosh)Local: Domaine national français libres en TERRE SAINTE (fr)  (Église Sainte-Anne + Monastère d''Eléona + Tombeau des Rois + Abbaye d''Abou Gosh)
PACIFIC AND THE FAR EAST French Territory of THE PACIFIC AND THE FAR EAST  (Papeete)Local: Territoire français du PACIFIQUE ET de l''EXTRÊME-ORIENT (fr)  (Pape''ete)
SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON Free French Colony of SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON  (Saint Pierre)Local: Colonie française libre de SAINT-PIERRE-ET-MIQUELON (fr)  (Saint-Pierre)
SOUTHERN TERRITORIES Free French Protectorate of SOUTHERN TERRITORIES  (Ain Sefra + Ghardaia + Wargla + Tuggurt)Local: Territoire français libre des TERRITOIRES DU SUD (fr)  (Aïn Séfra + Ghardaïa + Ouargla + Touggourt)
THEATER ATLANTIC WEST High Commission of the Republic in the Antilles and French Guiana : French Possessions in The Americas : THEATER ATLANTIC WEST  (Fort of France)Local: Haut-Commissariat de la République dans les Antilles et la Guyane française : THÉÂTRE ATLANTIQUE OUEST (fr)  (Fort-de-France)

13 Condominiums:

BIZERTE-SIDI AHMED BIZERTE Airfield  (Bizerte Sidi Ahmed)Local: BIZERTE Airfield (en) + Aérodrome de BIZERTE (fr)  (Bizerte Sidi Ahmed)
FRENCH ALGERIA Military and Civil Commandment of ALGIERS  (Algiers)Local: Commandement civil et militaire d''ALGER (fr) + Military and Civil Commandment of ALGIERS (en)  (Alger)
FRENCH CHUNGKING French Marine Establishment of Odent in CHUNGKING  (Odent)Local: Établissement de la Marine française d''Odent à TCHONG-KING (fr)  (Odent)
FRENCH MOROCCO French Protectorate in the Sharifi Empire : Free French Protectorate of MOROCCO  (Rabat)Local: Protectorat français dans l''Empire chérifien : Protectorat français au MAROC (fr) + Himaïet Fransa fi el-MAGHREB : حماية فرنسا للمغرب (ar)  (Rabat)
FRENCH SOMALI COAST FRENCH SOMALILAND Colony : Free French Somali Coast  (Jibuti)Local: Colonie de la CÔTE FRANÇAISE DES SOMALIS libre (fr) + Free FRENCH SOMALILAND Colony (en)  (Djibouti)
FRENCH TOGO Free FRENCH TOGO Territory  (Lome)Local: Territoire du TOGO FRANÇAIS libre (fr)  (Lomé)
GREEN ISLAND GREEN ISLAND Archipelago  (Green Island)Local: GREEN ISLAND Archipelago (en) + Archipel de l''ÎLE VERTE (fr)  (Île Verte)
MADAGASCAR AND DEPENDENCIES British Occupied Governorate-General of the Free FRENCH MADAGASCAR  (Tananarive)Local: Gouvernorat-général de MADAGASCAR FRANÇAISE libre (fr) + Governorate-General of Free FRENCH MADAGASCAR (en)  (Tananarive)
NEW CALEDONIA AND DEPENDENCIES Free French Colony of NEW CALEDONIA AND DEPENDENCIES  (Numea)Local: Colonie française libre de NOUVELLE-CALÉDONIE ET DÉPENDANCES (fr)  (Nouméa)
NEW HEBRIDES Anglo-Free French Condominium of NEW HEBRIDES  (Port Vila)Local: Anglo-Free French Condominium of NEW HEBRIDES (en) + Condominium anglo-français libre des NOUVELLES-HÉBRIDES (fr)  (Port Vila)
REUNION Free French Colony of REUNION  (Saint Denis of the Reunion)Local: Colonie française libre de la RÉUNION (fr)  (Saint-Denis de La Réunion)
SAINT HELENA DOMAIN Free French National Domain on SAINT HELENA ISLAND : Longwood House and Valley of the Tomb  (Longwood House)Local: Domaine national de SAINTE-HÉLÈNE (fr)  (Longwood House)
WALLIS AND FUTUNA ISLANDS Free French Colony of WALLIS AND FUTUNA ISLANDS  (Mata-Utu on Uvea)Local: Colonie française libre des ÎLES WALLIS ET FUTUNA (fr)  (Mata-Utu sur Uvéa)

Dependent Protectorates:

BAGHIRMI French Protectorate of BAGHIRMI Sultanate  (Massenya)Local: Sultanat du BAGUIRMI (fr) + Mbang TAR BAGRIMMA (bmi) + Sultanat BAQIRMI : سلطانات باقرمي (ar)  (Massenya)
DASA French Protectorate of the Yoruba Kingdom of DASA  (Dasa)Local: Royaume traditionnel de DASSA (fr) + Oba DASSA (idd)  (Dassa)
KETU French Protectorate of the Yoruba State of KETU  (Ketu)Local: État de KÉTOU (fr) + Oba KETU (nqg) + Alaketu KETU (ijj)  (Kétou)
SAVI HWEDA French Protectorate of SAVI HWEDA  (Whydah)Local: Protectorat français de SAVI HWÉDA (fr) + SAVI HWEDA (sxw) + SAVI HWEDA (fon)  (Ouidah)
SENEGAL Free SENEGAL Colony and Protectorate  (Saint Louis of Senegal)Local: Protectorat et Colonie du SÉNÉGAL libre (fr)  (Saint-Louis du Sénégal)
TAGANIT French Protectorate of the Emirate of TAGANIT  (Tijikja)Local: Emirat TAGANT : إمرات تكانت (ar) + Confédération du TAGANIT (fr)  (Tidjikdja)
TRARZA French Protectorate of the Emirate of TRARZA  (Rosso)Local: Emirat TARARIZA : إمارة الترارزة (ar) + Émirat de TRARZA (fr)  (Rosso)
UPPER IVORY COAST Free French Residency of UPPER IVORY COAST Region  (Wagadugu)Local: Région de la HAUTE-CÔTE D''IVOIRE (fr)  (Ouagadougou)



Military entities abroad or locally shared:

BIZERTE-SIDI AHMED BIZERTE Airfield  (Bizerte Sidi Ahmed)Local: BIZERTE Airfield (en) + Aérodrome de BIZERTE (fr)  (Bizerte Sidi Ahmed)
BORA BORA American Base of BORA BORA  (Vaitape)Local: Base américaine de BORA-BORA (fr)  (Vaïtapé)
JACKSONVILLE STATION Naval Air Station JACKSONVILLE  (Jacksonville Station)Local: Naval Air Station JACKSONVILLE (en)  (Jacksonville Station)


20 Organizations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


AIR SPORTS World Air Sports Federation : WASF  (Lausanne)
ALLIED POWERS Military Defence Pact of THE ALLIED POWERS  (Washington-District of Columbia)
EFO Economic and Financial Organization of the League of Nations : EFO  (Brusells)
ENTENTE CORDIALE Agreements of ENTENTE CORDIALE  (London)
ICAN International Commission for Air Navigation : ICAN  (Paris)
IGCR High Commission for Refugees : Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees : IGCR  (Berne)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property : UIBPIP  (Berne)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION Inter-Parliamentary Union : IPU  (Geneva)
LEAGUE OF NATIONS League of Nations Covenant : LON  (Geneva)
LNHO League of Nations Health Organization : LNHO  (Geneva)
MOROCCO-AMERICA MOROCCAN-AMERICAN Treaty of Friendship  (Rabat + Washington-District of Columbia)
OCT Organization for Communication and Transit : OCT  (Geneva)
OIC Organization of Intellectual Cooperation : OIC  (Geneva)
OLD ALLIANCE Old Alliance : AULD ALLIANCE between France and Scotland  (Saint Germain in Laye)
PAN-AMERICAN HEALTH Pan-American Sanitary Bureau : PASB  (Washington-District of Columbia)
PANEUROPA PANEUROPEAN Movement : Paneuropean Union in Exile  (Washington-District of Columbia)
PCOB Permanent Central Opium Board : PCOB  (Geneva)
STANDARDS International Federation of the National Standardizing Associations : ISA  (New York City + Geneva)
TOURISM International Union of National Tourist Propaganda Organizations : IUNTPO  (The Hague)



Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

FRENCH STATE German Occupied FRENCH State : Government of Vichy  (Vichy)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

ADELIE LAND French Sector of ADELIE LAND  ((Port Couvreux))
ALO Tua Kingdom : Traditional Kingdom of ALO  (Malae)
ALSACE Civil Territory of ALSACE  (Strasbourg)
AMSTERDAM ISLAND French Possession of AMSTERDAM ISLAND  (New Amsterdam)
ATLANTIC WALL Littoral Military Zone : ATLANTIC WALL  (Saint Nazaire)
AUSTRAL AND ANTARCTIC LANDS Territories of AUSTRAL AND ANTARCTIC LANDS  (Port Couvreux)
BASSAS DA INDIA Free French Dependency of BASSAS DA INDIA  (Bassas da India)
BORA BORA American Base of BORA BORA  (Vaitape)
CANAQUIA CANAQUE Chiefdoms  (Noumea)
CHAUSEY ISLANDS Archipelago of CHAUSEY ISLANDS  (Grande Ile)
CHESTERFIELD ISLANDS Dependencies of CHESTERFIELD ISLANDS  (Chesterfield)
CLIPPERTON ISLAND United States Occupied CLIPPERTON ISLAND  (Port Hueneme)
CORSICA Italian Occupied Department of CORSICA  (Ajaccio)
CROZET ISLANDS French Nature Reserve of CROZET ISLANDS  (Crozet)
DREHU DREHU Traditional Area  (We on Lifu)
EUROPA ISLAND Free French Dependency of EUROPA ISLAND  (Europa)
FRANCO-ITALIAN DEMILITARIZED ZONE FRANCO-ITALIAN DEMILITARIZED ZONE Territory  (Rhone)
FRENCH WAR GRAVES FRENCH WAR GRAVES Abroad  (Vichy)
GERMAN CEMETERIES IN FRANCE Territories of the GERMAN CEMETERIES IN FRANCE  (Neuville-Saint-Vaast)
GLORIOSO ISLANDS Free French Dependency of GLORIOSO ISLANDS  (Greater Glorioso)
GREEN ISLAND GREEN ISLAND Archipelago  (Green Island)
HORN ISLANDS HORN ISLANDS Group : Futuna  (Malae + Leava)
HUNTER ISLAND Dependency of HUNTER ISLAND  (-)
HUON AND SURPRISE ISLANDS Dependencies of HUON AND SURPRISE ISLANDS : Atolls of D''Entrecasteaux Reefs  (Huon)
ISLE OF PINES French Possession of ISLE OF PINES : High Chiefdom of Kunie  (Gadji)
ITALIAN SOUTHERN FRANCE Italian Occupation Zone in SOUTHERN FRANCE  (Nice)
JUAN DE NOVA ISLAND Free French Colony of JUAN DE NOVA ISLAND  (Juan de Nova)
KERGUELEN ARCHIPELAGO French Possession of KERGUELEN ARCHIPELAGO  (Port Couvreux)
LORRAINE Civil Territory of LORRAINE  (Metz)
LOYALTY ISLANDS Dependencies of LOYALTY ISLANDS  (We on Lifu)
MATTHEW AND HUNTER ISLANDS MATTHEW AND HUNTER ISLANDS Group  (-)
MATTHEW ISLAND Dependency of MATTHEW ISLAND  (-)
NENGONE NENGONE Traditional Area  (Tadin)
NEW CALEDONIA AND DEPENDENCIES Free French Colony of NEW CALEDONIA AND DEPENDENCIES  (Numea)
NORTHERN FRANCE German Occupied Territory of NORTHERN FRANCE  (Lille)
OCCUPIED ZONES German Military Administration for France : OCCUPIED ZONES  (Paris)
OUEN ISLAND OUEN ISLAND Chiefdom  (Ouara)
REUNION Free French Colony of REUNION  (Saint Denis of the Reunion)
ROYASQUE COUNTRY Communes of ROYASQUE COUNTRY  (Tenda + Briga)
SAINT PAUL AND AMSTERDAM ISLANDS French Colony of SAINT PAUL AND AMSTERDAM ISLANDS  (New Amsterdam)
SAINT PAUL ISLAND French Possession of SAINT PAUL ISLAND  (Saint Paul)
SIGAVE Traditional Kingdom of SIGAVE  (Leava)
TROMELIN ISLAND Leased Territory of TROMELIN ISLAND  (Tromelin)
UVEA Traditional Kingdom of UVEA  (Mata-Utu on Uvea)
WALLIS AND FUTUNA ISLANDS Free French Colony of WALLIS AND FUTUNA ISLANDS  (Mata-Utu on Uvea)
WALLIS ARCHIPELAGO WALLIS ARCHIPELAGO Group  (Mata-Utu on Uvea)
WALPOLE ISLAND Dependency of WALPOLE ISLAND  (Walpole)
WALPOLE MATTHEW AND HUNTER ISLANDS Dependencies of WALPOLE MATTHEW AND HUNTER ISLANDS  (Walpole)
WESTLAND Zone of Intended German Settlement : WESTLAND Forbidden Zone  (Nancy)
YAI YAI Traditional Area  (Fayawe)

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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Martucci Dave, DMA (US). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2020-APR-24.