ethnia.org   
 

1918-NOV-13

Zones: Timeline

French Republic : FR [French Colonial Empire]
(Paris)

French Republic : FR [French Colonial Empire]

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01*
République française : RF (fr) PCA Member
Emblem or Symbol*

President Raymond Poincare
(ruler of FRANCE since 1913-02-18)
 
 
 
 
Capitals & administrative places*: Paris
(Paris)
Official & national languages: French (fr) .

Mainland:


FRANCE FRENCH Republic  (Paris)

2 Divisions:

BELFORT Arrondissement of the Territory of BELFORT  (Belfort)Local: Territoire de BELFORT (fr)  (Belfort)
METROPOLE Departments of METROPOLE  (Paris)Local: Départements de la MÉTROPOLE (fr)  (Paris)



11 Assisted Entities

AGADEZ Sultanate of AGADEZ [Tuareg Berber Confederation of the Sultanate of Air Vassal of France]  (Agades) Amenokal Ibrahim Ad-Dusuqi bin Ahmad Ar-Raffa
ANDORRA Principality of ANDORRA  (Andorra The Old a + (La Seu d´Urgell) r) Coprince Joan Baptista Benlloch i Vivo
AUSSA Afar Sultanate of AUSSA  (Aussa) Sultan Ali Mirah
GOBAD Afar Sultanate of GOBAD [Tributary of Aussa]  (Debne) Sultan Unda Loitah Anfare
HOGGAR KEL AHAGGAR Tuareg Confederation [under French Suzerainty]  (Abalessa) Amenokal Musa ag Amastan
MONACO Principality of MONACO [French Protectorate]  (Monaco q) Prince Albert I
MONTENEGRO Kingdom of MONTENEGRO [Serbian Military Territory in Adriatic]  (Cetinje) Dragutin Milutinovich
MOROCCO Sharifi Empire of MOROCCO [French and Spanish Protectorates]  (Rabat) Sultan Mulay Yusef
NORTHERN RUSSIA Provisional Temporary Government of THE NORTHERN Region : Government-General of the Northern Region  (Murmansk) Nikolay Chaikovsky
TIBESTI Kingdom of the Teda Confederation of TIBESTI  (Zouar) Derdo Guetty I
TUNISIA Regency of TUNIS [French Protectorate of the Autonomous Tunisian Beylicate under nominal Ottoman Suzerainty]  (Tunis) Muhammad V An-Nasir Bey



31 Territories:

ADELIE LAND French Antarctic Land of ADELIE LAND [French Claim]  ((Paris))Local: TERRE ADÉLIE antarctique française (fr)  ((Paris))
CASABLANCA Province of CASABLANCA  (Casablanca)Local: Province de CASABLANCA (fr) + Muhafazah DAR EL-BEIDA : محافظة البيضاء (ar)  (Casablanca)
EASTERN TOGO French Zone of the Occupied Territories of FORMER TOGO  (Aneho)Local: Zone française des Territoires occupés de l´ANCIEN TOGO (fr)  (Aného)
FRENCH ALGERIA Governorate-General of ALGERIA  (Algiers a)Local: Gouvernorat-général de l´ALGÉRIE (fr)  (Alger)
FRENCH EASTERN FRONT FRENCH EASTERN FRONT Military Territories  (Kilkis)Local: Territoires militaires du FRONT ORIENTAL (fr)  (Kilkis)
FRENCH EQUATORIAL AFRICA Government-General of the FRENCH EQUATORIAL AFRICA Federation  (Brazzaville)Local: Fédération d´AFRIQUE-ÉQUATORIALE FRANÇAISE (fr)  (Brazzaville)
FRENCH GUIANA Colony of FRENCH GUIANA  (Cayenne)Local: Colonie de la GUYANE FRANÇAISE (fr)  (Cayenne)
FRENCH HANKOW French Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow French Concession)Local: Concession française à HANKÉOU (fr)  (Concession Française de Hankéou)
FRENCH SETTLEMENTS IN INDIA Governorate of the FRENCH SETTLEMENTS IN INDIA  (Pondicherry)Local: Gouvernorat des ÉTABLISSEMENTS FRANÇAIS DANS L´INDE (fr)  (Pondichéry)
FRENCH SHAMEEN French Concession of SHAMEEN  (Shameen French Concession)Local: Concession française de SHAMEEN (fr)  (Concession Française de Shameen)
FRENCH SHANGHAI Municipal Council of the FRENCH CONCESSION OF SHANGHAI  (Shanghai French Concession)Local: Conseil municipal de la CONCESSION FRANÇAISE DE CHANGHAÏ (fr) + SHANG-HAI FA TSU-CHIEH Shih Cheng-Chü : 上海法租界市政局 (zh)  (Concession Française de Changhaï)
FRENCH SOMALI COAST French Somaliland Colony : FRENCH SOMALI COAST  (Jibuti)Local: Colonie de la CÔTE FRANÇAISE DES SOMALIS (fr)  (Djibouti)
FRENCH TIENTSIN TIENTSIN French Concession  (Tientsin French Concession)Local: Concession française de TIENTSIN (fr)  (Concession Française de Tientsin)
FRENCH WEST AFRICA Federation of FRENCH WEST AFRICA  (Goree + Dakar)Local: Fédération de l´AFRIQUE OCCIDENTALE FRANÇAISE (fr)  (Gorée + Dakar)
GUADELOUPE AND DEPENDENCIES General Council of GUADELOUPE AND DEPENDENCIES  (Basse-Terre)Local: Conseil général de la GUADELOUPE ET DÉPENDANCES (fr)  (Basse-Terre)
HOLY LAND French Territories in Jerusalem : French National Domain in THE HOLY LAND  (Church of Saint Anne + Eleona Monastery + Tomb of the Kings + Abbaye of Abu Gosh)Local: Domaine national français en TERRE SAINTE (fr)  (Église Sainte-Anne + Monastère d´Eléona + Tombeau des Rois + Abbaye d´Abou Gosh)
JUAN DE NOVA ISLAND French Leased Dependency of JUAN DE NOVA ISLAND  (Saint Christophe)Local: Dépendance française de l´ÎLE JUAN DE NOVA (fr)  (Saint-Christophe)
KASTELLORIZO French Governorate of KASTELLORIZO  (Kastellorizo)Local: Gouvernorat français de CASTELLORIZO (fr)  (Castellorizo)
LEBANON AND COASTAL SYRIA French Military Governorate of LEBANON AND COASTAL SYRIA [Occupied Enemy Territory Administration West - OETA WEST]  (Beirut)Local: Gouvernorat militaire français du Liban et Syrie Côtière : Administration du Territoire Ennemi Occupé Ouest : ATEO OUEST (fr)  (Beyrouth)
MADAGASCAR AND DEPENDENCIES Governorate-General of the FRENCH MADAGASCAR Colony  (Tananarive)Local: Colonie française de MADAGASCAR (fr)  (Tananarive)
MARTINIQUE General Council of MARTINIQUE  (Fort of France)Local: Conseil général de la MARTINIQUE (fr)  (Fort-de-France)
MOSELLE French Military Territory of MOSELLE  (Metz)Local: Territoire militaire français de la MOSELLE (fr)  (Metz)
PACIFIC OCEAN High Commission of the Republic in THE PACIFIC OCEAN  (Numea)Local: Haut-Commissariat de la République dans l´OCÉAN PACIFIQUE (fr)  (Nouméa)
PALACE FARNESE French Embassy in Italy : PALACE FARNESE  (Palace Farnese)Local: Ambassade de France en Italie : PALAIS FARNÈSE (fr) + Ambasciata di Francia in Italia : PALAZZO FARNESE (it)  (Palazzo Farnese)
PETER THE FIRST ISLAND Territory of PETER THE FIRST ISLAND [unclaimed]  ((Paris))Local: Île Pierre Ier : ÎLE PIERRE-PREMIER (fr)  ((Paris))
REUNION French Colony of REUNION  (Saint Denis of the Reunion)Local: Colonie française de la RÉUNION (fr)  (Saint-Denis de la Réunion)
ROME AND LORETO Pious French Establishments in ROME AND LORETO  (Villa Bonaparte)Local: Pieux Établissements français à ROME ET LORETTE (fr) + Pii Stabilimenti francesi a ROMA E LORETO (it)  (Villa Bonaparte)
SAAR SAAR Territory [Allied Occupation]  (Saarbruecken)Local: Territoire de la SARRE (fr) + SAARgebiet (de)  (Saarbrücken)
SAINT HELENA DOMAIN French National Domain on SAINT HELENA ISLAND [Longwood House and Valley of the Tomb]  (Longwood House)Local: Domaine national de SAINTE-HÉLÈNE (fr)  (Longwood House)
SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON French Colony of SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON  (Saint Pierre)Local: Colonie française de SAINT-PIERRE-ET-MIQUELON (fr)  (Saint-Pierre)
VILLA MEDICI French Academy in Rome : French Possession of VILLA MEDICI  (Villa Medici)Local: Académie de France à Rome : Domaine français de la VILLA MÉDICIS (fr)  (Villa Médicis)

27 Condominiums:

CHANTABOR CHANTABOR Circle [French Zone of Influence]  (Chantabor)Local: Monthon CHANTHA BURI : มณฑลจันทบุรี (th)  (Muang Chantha Buri)
CHEFOO Settlement of CHEFOO  (Chefoo)Local: Settlement of CHEFOO (en) + Établissement de TCHÉ-FOU (fr) + CHE-FU : 浙輻 (zh)  (Chefoo)
CHRISTMAS CHRISTMAS Island Propriety  (London Village on Christmas)Local: CHRISTMAS ISLAND Propriety (en) + Propriété de l´ÎLE CHRISTMAS (fr)  (London Village sur Christmas)
CITY OF TANGIER CITY OF TANGIER International Protectorate  (Tangier)Local: CITY OF TANGIER International Protectorate (en) + Protectorado Internacional de la CIUDAD DE TÁNGER (es) + Protectorat international de la VILLE DE TANGER (fr) + MEDINA TANJAH at-Ahmahmah مدينة طنجة الدولية محمية (ar)  (Tanger)
FIUME Italian National Council of the Territory of FIUME  (Fiume)Local: Territorio di FIUME (it)  (Fiume)
FORMER CAMEROON Occupied Military Territories of FORMER CAMEROON  (Duala)Local: Territoires occupés de l´ANCIEN CAMEROUN (fr) + Occupied Territories of FORMER CAMEROON (en)  (Douala)
FRENCH CHUNGKING French Marine Establishment in CHUNGKING  (Wangchiato)Local: Établissement de la Marine française à TCHONG-KING (fr)  (Wang-Chia-T´o)
FRENCH LEVANT French High Commission for Syria and Cilician Armenia : FRENCH LEVANT  (Aleppo)Local: Haut-Commissariat français pour la Syrie et l´Arménie : LEVANT FRANÇAIS (fr)  (Alep)
FRENCH MOROCCO French Protectorate in the Sharifi Empire of MOROCCO  (Rabat)Local: Protectorat français dans l´Empire chérifien : Protectorat français au MAROC (fr) + Himaïet Fransa fi el-MAGHREB : حماية فرنسا للمغرب (ar)  (Rabat)
GOLDEN TRIANGLE GOLDEN TRIANGLE Zone [French Zone of Influence]  (Mae Sai)Local: S̄āmh̄elī̀ym Thxngkhả : SOP RUAK - สามเหลี่ยมทองคำ : สบรวก (th)  (Mae Sai)
GREEN ISLAND GREEN ISLAND Archipelago  (Green Island)Local: GREEN ISLAND Archipelago (en) + Archipel de l´ÎLE VERTE (fr)  (Île Verte)
IMBROS AND TENEDOS ISLANDS Greek Administration of IMBROS AND TENEDOS ISLANDS  (Panagia Palomeni + Tenedos)Local: Greek Administration of IMBROS AND TENEDOS ISLANDS  (Panagia Palomeni + Tenedos)
IONIAN ISLANDS French Allied Occupied IONIAN ISLANDS Department  (Corcyra)Local: Département des ÎLES IONIENNES (fr) + IONIAN ISLANDS Department (en) + Diamerismata IONION NÍSON : Διαμερισματα ΙΟΝΙΩΝ ΝΗΣΩΝ (el)  (Kérkyra)
KHORAT PLATEAU Provinces of the KORAT PLATEAU [French Zone of Influence]  (Khorat)Local: P̣hūmip̣hākh THĪ̀RĀBS̄ŪNG KHORĀCH : ภูมิภาคที่ราบสูงโคราช (th) + PHAKTAUAENOOK Siangneu : ພາກຕາເວັນອອກສຽງເໜືອ (lo)  (Muang Nakhon Ratcha Sima)
KOSOVO Serbian District of KOSOVO [French and Italian Forces]  (Prishtina)Local: District du KOSOVO (fr) + Distretto di KOSSOVO (it) + KOSOSVSKI Okrug : КОСОВСКИ Округ (sr)  (Priština)
KULANGSU INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT Municipal Council of the KULANGSU INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Kulangsu)Local: KULANGSU International Koncession (da) + Internationale Konzession von KULANGSU (de) + KULANGSU International Concession (en) + Concesión Internacional de KULANGSU (es) + Concession internationale de KOULANGSEU (fr) + Concessione internazionale di KULANGSU (it) + KORONSU no Kokusai Sokai : コロンスの国際租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van KULANGSU (nl) + KULANGSU Internasjonale Konsesjon (no) + Concessão Internacional de KULANGSU (pt) + KULANGSU International Koncession (sv) + KU-LANG-YÜ Kuo-Tsì T´e-Hsü Ching-Ying : 鼓浪嶼國際特許經營 (zh)  (Kulangyu)
NEW HEBRIDES Condominium of NEW HEBRIDES  (Port Vila)Local: NEW HEBRIDES Condominium (en) + Condominium des NOUVELLES-HÉBRIDES (fr)  (Port Vila)
PAKHOI Foreign Settlements of PAKHOI  (Pakhoi)Local: Ausländische Siedlungen von PAKHOI (de) + Foreign Settlements of PAKHOI (en) + Établissements étrangers de PAK-HOI (fr) + Insediamenti Stranieri di PAKHOI (it) + Assentamentos Estrangeiros de PAKHOI (pt) + PEI-HAI-te Tìng-Chü Tien : 北海的定居點 (zh)  (Pak-Hoi)
PEKING LEGATION QUARTER Joint Administrative Commission of the Diplomatic Quarter : PEKING LEGATION QUARTER  (Peking Legation Quarter)Local: Administrative Commission of the Diplomatic Quarter : PEKING LEGATION QUARTER (en) + Commission administrative du Quartier Diplomatique à Pékin : QUARTIER DES LÉGATIONS DE PÉKIN (fr) + TUNG CHIAO MIN Hsiang : 東交民巷 (zh)  (Tung Chiao-Min Hsiang)
PHEASANTS´ ISLAND Condominium of PHEASANTS´ ISLAND [Condominium of Conference Island]  (Hospital Island)Local: Condominio de la ISLA DE LOS FAISANES (es) + Condominium de l´ÎLE DES FAISANS (fr)  (Île de l´Hôpital)
PYRENEAN FACERIES Trans-Borders Valleys of PYRENEAN FACERIES  (Baigorri + Baztan)Local: Valles Transfronterizas de las FACERIAS PIRENAICAS (es) + Vallées transfrontalières des FACERIES PYRÉNÉENNES (fr)  (Baigorri + Baztan)
SAINT ADRESSE Extraterritorial Zone of the BELGIAN Government-in-Exile  (Saint Adresse)Local: Zone d´extraterritorialité du Gouvernement BELGE en exil (fr) + Extraterritoriale Zone van de BELGISCHE Regering in ballingschap (nl) + Exterritoriale Zone von der BELGISCHEN Regierung im Exil (de)  (Sainte-Adresse)
SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT International Concession of Shanghai Municipal Council : SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Shanghai International Settlement)Local: SHANGHAI International Settlement (en) + SHANGHAI International Koncession (da) + SCHANGHAI Internationalen Konzessionen (de) + Concesión Internacional de SHANGHÁI (es) + Concession Internationale de CHANGHAÏ (fr) + Concessione Internazionale di SCIANGAI (it) + SHIYANHAI Kiyoudou Sokai : 上海共同租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van SHANGHAI (nl) + Concessão Internacional de XANGAI (pt) + SHANHAYSKIY Mezhdunarodny Settlment : ШАНХАЙСКИЙ международный сеттльмент (ru) + SHANGHAI International Settlement (sv) + SHANG-HAI Kung-Kung Tsu-Chieh : 上海公共租界 (zh)  (Shanghai International Settlement)
SHEIKH SAID French Colony of SHEIKH SAID Territory  (Sheikh Said)Local: Territoire de CHEIKH-SAÏD (fr) + Eradi CHEIK-SAID : أراضي الشيخ سعيد (ar)  (Cheikh Saïd)
STRAITS ZONE ZONE OF THE STRAITS Allied Occupied Demilitarized Area  (Thessalonica + Constantinople)Local: ZONE OF THE STRAITS Demilitarized Area (en) + Aire démilitarisée de la ZONE DES DÉTROITS (fr)  (Thessalonica + Constantinople)
SUEZ CANAL ZONE SUEZ CANAL Zone [Universal Suez Ship Canal Company under British Protection]  (Port Suez)Local: Universal Suez Ship Canal Company : SUEZ CANAL ZONE (en) + Compagnie universelle du Canal maritime de Suez : ZONE DU CANAL DE SUEZ (fr)  (Port Suez)
TRANS-PYRENEAN RAILWAYS Franco-Spanish International Convention on TRANS-PYRENEAN RAILWAYS  (Canfranc)Local: Convención Franco-Española sobre FERROCARRILES TRANSPIRENAICOS (es) + Convention franco-espagnole relative aux CHEMINS DE FERS TRANSPYRÉNÉENS (fr)  (Canfranc)

Dependent Protectorates:

ADRER Emirate of ADRAR [French Protectorate]  (Atar)Local: Emirat ADARAR : إميرات آدرار (ar) + Émirat de l´ADRAR (fr)  (Atar)
ANNAM Empire of ANNAM [French Protectorate]  (Hue)Local: Empire d´ANNAM (fr) + Đế Quốc AN NAM - Trung Kỳ : 中圻 (vi)  (Huê)
ATTOPU ATTOPU Province [French Residency of the Principality of Attopu]  (Attopu)Local: Province d´ATTOPEU (fr) + Khueng ATTOPEU : ແຂວງ ອັດຕະປື (lo)  (Attopeu)
BAGHIRMI BAGHIRMI Sultanate [French Protectorate of the Baghirmi Kingdom]  (Massenya)Local: Sultanat du BAGUIRMI (fr) + Mbang TAR BAGRIMMA (bmi) + Sultanat BAQIRMI : سلطانات باقرمي (ar)  (Massenya)
BASSAC BASSAC Province [French Protectorate of the Principality of Champasack]  (Pakse)Local: Province de BASSAC (fr) + Khoueng PÀːSÁK : ແຂວງ ປາສັກ (lo)  (Paksé)
CAMBODIA Kingdom of CAMBODIA [French Protectorate]  (Phnom Penh)Local: Royaume du CAMBODGE (fr) + Preah Reach Ana Pak KAMPUCHEA : ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា (km)  (Phnom Penh)
CAMMON CAMMON Province [French Residency of the Principality of Khammuan]  (Thakhek)Local: Province de CAMMON (fr) + Khueng KHAMMUAN : ແຂວງ ຄໍາມ່ວນ (lo)  (Thakhek)
DASA Yoruba Kingdom of DASA [French Protectorate]  (Dasa)Local: Royaume de DASSA (fr) + Oba ÌDÀÁSHÀ (idd)  (Dassa)
FRENCH INDOCHINA Government-General of the Indochinese Union : FRENCH INDOCHINA [French Protectorate]  (Hanoi)Local: Union indochinoise : INDO-CHINE FRANÇAISE (fr)  (Hanoï)
GURMA STATES French Protectorate of the GURMA STATES  (Nungu)Local: Protectorat français des ÉTATS GOURMANTCHÉS (fr) + Gulimance : GURMA (gux)  (Noungou)
HUAPHAN HUA-PHAN Province [French Residency of the Principality of Huaphan]  (Samneua)Local: Province du HOUA-PHAN (fr) + Khueng HOUAPHAN : ແຂວງ ຫົວພັນ (lo)  (Sam Neua)
KERGUELEN ARCHIPELAGO French Residency of KERGUELEN ARCHIPELAGO  (Port Couvreux)Local: Résidence française de l´ARCHIPEL DES KERGUELEN (fr)  (Port Couvreux)
KETU Yoruba State of KETU [French Protectorate]  (Ketu)Local: État de KÉTOU (fr) + Oba KETU (nqg) + Alaketu KETU (ijj)  (Kétou)
LAOS French Protectorate of LAOS  (Vientiane)Local: Protectorat français du LAOS (fr) + Falang Pokpong LAO : ຝະລັ່ງ ປົກປ້ອງລາວ (lo)  (Viengchan)
LUANG PRABANG Province of LUANG PRABANG [French Protectorate of the Kingdom of Luang Prabang]  (Luangphrabang)Local: Royaume de LUANG PHRABANG (fr) + Anachak LUANG PHRABANG : ອານາຈັກຫລວງພະບາງ (lo)  (Luangphrabang)
NUNGU Gurma State of NUNGU [French Protectorate]  (Nungu)Local: État gourma de NOUNGOU (fr) + NUNGU Nunbado (gux)  (Noungou)
RAFAI Azande Sultanate of RAFAI [French Protectorate]  (Rafai)Local: Sultanat de RAFAÏ (fr) + Sultanat RAFAI : سلطنة رفاعي (ar) + Sultanat RAFAI : سلطنة رفاعي (zne)  (Rafaï)
RAHAITA Afar Sultanate of RAHAITA [French Protectorate]  (Nouo-Dela + (Rahaita))Local: Sultanat afar de RAHAÏTA (fr) + RAHAYTO Sultanat (aa)  (Nouo-Dela + (Raheita))
SARAVAN SARAVAN Province [French Residency of the Principality of Saravan]  (Saravan)Local: Province de SARAVANE (fr) + Khueng SALAVAN : ແຂວງ ສາລະວັນ (lo)  (Saravane)
SAVANNAKHET SAVANNAKHET Province [French Residency of the Principality of Savannakhet]  (Savannakhet)Local: Province de SAVANNAKHÉT (fr) + Khueng SAVANNAKHÉT : ແຂວງ ສະຫວັນນະເຂດ (lo)  (Savannakhét)
SAVI HWEDA Fon State of SAVI HWEDA [French Protectorate]  (Whydah)Local: État de SAVI HWÉDA (fr) + SAVI HWEDA (sxw) + SAVI HWEDA (fon)  (Ouidah)
SENEGAL SENEGAL Colony and Protectorate  (Saint Louis of Senegal)Local: Protectorat et Colonie du SÉNÉGAL (fr)  (Saint-Louis du Sénégal)
SOUTHERN TERRITORIES French Territory of SOUTHERN TERRITORIES [French Protectorate]  (Fort Laperrine)Local: Territoire français des TERRITOIRES DU SUD (fr)  (Fort Laperrine)
TADJOURA Afar Sultanate of TADJOURA [French Protectorate]  (Tadjoura)Local: Sultanat afar de TADJOURA (fr) + TAGÓRRI Sultanat : سلطنة تاجورا (aa)  (Tadjoura)
TAGANIT Emirate of TAGANIT [French Protectorate]  (Tijikja)Local: Emirat TAGANT : إمرات تكانت (ar) + Confédération du TAGANIT (fr)  (Tidjikdja)
TONQUIN French Protectorate of TONQUIN  (Hanoi)Local: Protectorat du TONKIN (fr) + Bảo hộ BắC Kỳ - Bắc Bộ : 北圻 (vi)  (Hanoï)
TRARZA Emirate of TRARZA [French Protectorate]  (Rosso)Local: Emirat TARARIZA : إمارة الترارزة (ar) + Émirat de TRARZA (fr)  (Rosso)
UPPER MEKONG UPPER MEKONG Province [French Residency of the Principality of Upper Mekong]  (Ban Huaysai)Local: Province du HAUT-MÉKONG (fr) + Khueng NAMTHA : ແຂວງ ນໍ້າທາ (lo)  (Banhouei Sai)
UPPER VOLTA French Protectorate of UPPER VOLTA  (Waghadugu)Local: Protectorat français de la HAUTE-VOLTA (fr)  (Woghodogo)
VIENTIANE VIENTIANE Province [French Residency of the Principality of Vientiane]  (Vientiane)Local: Province de VIENTIANE (fr) + Khueng VIANGCHAN : ແຂວງວຽງຈັນ (lo)  (Viengchan)
WALLIS AND FUTUNA ISLANDS Protectorate of WALLIS AND FUTUNA ISLANDS [French Protectorate]  (Mata-Utu on Uvea)Local: Protectorat des ÎLES WALLIS ET FUTUNA (fr)  (Mata-Utu sur Uvéa)
XIENGKHWANG TRAN NINH Province [French Residency of the Principality of Xiengkhwang]  (Xiengkhwang)Local: Province de TRAN-NINH (fr) + Khueng XIENG-KHOUANG : ແຂວງ ຊຽງຂວາງ (lo)  (Xiangkhouang)
YATENGA Mosi State of YATENGA [French Protectorate]  (Wahiguya)Local: État mossi du YATENGA (fr) + YATENGA Naaba (mos)  (Ouahigouya)
ZEMIO Azande Sultanate of ZEMIO [French Protectorate]  (Zemio)Local: Sultanat de ZÉMIO (fr) + Sultanat ZEMIO : سلطنة زامي (ar) + Sultanat ZEMIO : سلطنة زامي (zne)  (Zémio)



9 Governments or Movements in Exile

ALBANIA-IN-EXILE Provisional Government of ALBANIA-IN-EXILE : Kingdom of Albania-in-Exile  (Berlin + Paris) King William I of Wied-Skanderbeg II
ALBANIA-TOPTANI National Assembly of ALBANIA-in-Exile  (Paris) Esad Pasha Toptani
ARAUCANIA AND PATAGONIA Kingdom of ARAUCANIA AND PATAGONIA-in-Exile  (Paris) King Antoine III
BELGIUM Kingdom of BELGIUM [Central Soldiers´ Council of the Belgian Colonial Empire]  (Brussels a + Saint Adresse rx) King Albert I
MONTENEGRO-IN-EXILE Kingdom of MONTENEGRO-IN-EXILE [Nominally Unified within the Kingdom of Serbia and Montenegro]  (Neuilly on Seine) King Nicholas I Petrovich-Njegosh
POLAND-IN-EXILE POLISH National Committee  (Paris x) Roman Dmowski
SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO Union of SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO [Nominal Unification of the Kingdom of Serbia and Montenegro]  (Corcyra x) King Peter I Karageorgevich
SERBIA-MONTENEGRO Central Executive Committee for the Union of SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO  (Berane) Svetozar Tomich
TRIPOLITANIA-IN-EXILE Vilayet of TRIPOLITANIA in Exile  (Tunis) Osman Fuad Pasha



Military entities abroad, special or locally shared:

AMERICAN FORCES IN EUROPE American Expeditionary Forces in EUROPE  (Chaumont in Bassigny)Local: American Expeditionary Forces in EUROPE (en)  (Chaumont-en-Bassigny)
FRENCH WAR GRAVES FRENCH WAR GRAVES Abroad  (Paris)Local: TOMBES MILITAIRES FRANÇAISES à l´étranger (fr)  (Paris)
SAINT JEAN CAPE FERRAT Belgian Military Cemetery of SAINT JEAN CAPE FERRAT  (Saint Jean Cape Ferrat)Local: Cimetière militaire belge de SAINT-JEAN-CAP-FERRAT (fr) + Belgische militaire begraafplaats van SAINT-JEAN-CAP-FERRAT (nl)  (Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat)


31 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


AFRICAN WILDLIFE Convention for the Preservation of Wild Animals Birds and Fish in Africa : LONDON CONVENTION  (London)
AIR LAW CODE Conference on International AIR LAW CODE  (Paris)
AIR SPORTS World Air Sports Federation : WASF  (Lausanne)
ALLIED POWERS ALLIED Entente Powers : Supreme War Council  (Compiegne)
BRUSSELS CONVENTION Convention relative to the Slave Trade and Importation into Africa of Firearms Ammunition and Spiritous Liquors : BRUSSELS CONVENTION  (Brussels)
DANUBE Command DANUBE Shipping  (Versailles)
ELECTROTECHNICAL International Electrotechnical Commission : IEC  (London)
ENTENTE CORDIALE Agreements of ENTENTE CORDIALE  (London)
FIFA Federation of International Football Association : FIFA  (Paris)
GENEVA CONVENTION GENEVA Convention  (Geneva)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property : UIBPIP  (Berne)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY BUREAU INTER-PARLIAMENTARY BUREAU for Permanent Arbitration  (Christiania)
INTERNATIONAL POLICE International Congress of POLICE  (Monaco)
LATIN UNION Latin Monetary Union : LMU  (Paris)
MARITIME LAW International Maritime Committee : IMC  (Antwerp)
METEOROLOGY International Meteorological Organization : IMO  (Geneva)
NATIONS General Association of NATIONS  (Washington-District of Columbia)
NAVAL CONFERENCE London NAVAL Conference  (London)
NAVIGATION International Congress of Navigation : ICN  (Petrograd)
OLD ALLIANCE Old Alliance : FRANCO-SCOTTISH ALLIANCE  (Saint Germain in Laye)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
OPIUM International Opium Convention : IOC  (The Hague)
PUBLIC HEALTH International Office of Public Health : IOPH  (Paris)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
REFRIGERATION International Association of Refrigeration : IAR  (Paris)
RHINE Central Commission for Navigation on the Rhine : CCNR  (Mannheim)
TELEGRAPH International Telegraph Union : ITU  (Berne)
TRIPLE ENTENTE TRIPLE ENTENTE Agreement  (London)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

ALSACE-LORRAINE Republic of ALSACE-LORRAINE  (Strasbourg)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AMERICAN FORCES IN EUROPE American Expeditionary Forces in EUROPE  (Chaumont in Bassigny)
BRITISH CEMETERIES IN FRANCE Territories of the BRITISH CEMETERIES IN FRANCE  (Thiepval)
CLIPPERTON ISLAND Mexican Dependency of CLIPPERTON ISLAND  (Clipperton)
FERN ISLAND Hunter Island : FERN ISLAND  (-)
GREEN ISLAND GREEN ISLAND Archipelago  (Green Island)
MATTHEW AND HUNTER ISLANDS MATTHEW AND HUNTER ISLANDS Group  (-)
MATTHEW ISLAND Islets of MATTHEW ISLAND  (-)
ROYASQUE COUNTRY Communes of ROYASQUE COUNTRY  (Tenda + Briga)
SAINT ADRESSE Extraterritorial Zone of the BELGIAN Government-in-Exile  (Saint Adresse)
SAINT JEAN CAPE FERRAT Belgian Military Cemetery of SAINT JEAN CAPE FERRAT  (Saint Jean Cape Ferrat)
STRASBOURG STRASBOURG Soviet  (Strasbourg)
TROMELIN ISLAND Leased Territory of TROMELIN ISLAND  (Tromelin)
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.

 




Please feel free to send your own informations or suggestions to .


 Drawn with Inkscape  Written with Notepad++  Powered by Apache  ethnia.org Creative Commons License CC-BY Archived since 2003 by Internet Archives
Thank you.
LAST MODIFICATIONS : ~ 2022-JUN-22 ~ .