w.ethnia.org
 

1994-AUG-13

- Zones:

International Organization BELGIUM  CANADA  GERMANY  DENMARK  SPAIN  GREECE  ICELAND  ITALY  LUXEMBOURG  NETHERLANDS  NORWAY  PORTUGAL  TURKEY  UNITED KINGDOM  AMERICA 

North Atlantic Treaty Organization : NATO Alliance

Flag or logo since 1953-11-09
North Atlantic Treaty Organization : NATO (en) + Organisation du Traité de l''Atlantique-Nord : OTAN (fr) Organisation
Emblem or Symbol

Sergio Balanzino (it)
(since 1994-08-13)
Capital:Brussels - (Bruxelles)
Official languages: English (en) . French (fr) .

Organization:


NORTH ATLANTIC ALLIANCE North Atlantic Treaty Organization : NATO Alliance  (Brussels)






Military entities abroad or locally shared:

AFCENT Alled Forces Central Europe : AFCENT  (Brunssum)Local: Alled Forces Central Europe : AFCENT (en) + Forces Alliées en Europe Centrale : AFCENT (fr)  (Brunssum)
AFNORTHWEST Allied Forces Northwestern Europe : AFNORTHWEST  (High Wycombe)Local: Allied Forces Northwestern Europe : AFNORTHWEST (en)  (High Wycombe)
AFSOUTH Allied Forces Southern Europe : AFSOUTH  (Naples)Local: Allied Forces Southern Europe : AFSOUTH (en) + Forces Alliées en Europe Méridionale : AFSOUTH (fr)  (Napoli)
AIRCENT Allied Air Forces Central Europe : AIRCENT  (Ramstein)Local: Allied Air Forces Central Europe : AIRCENT (en) + Forces Aériennes Alliées de l''Europe Centrale : AIRCENT (fr)  (Ramstein)
ARRC Headquarters Allied Rapid Reaction Corps : ARRC  (Rheindalen)Local: Headquarters Allied Rapid Reaction Corps : ARRC (en)  (Rheindalen)
BALTAP Allied Forces Baltic Approaches : BALTAP  (Karup)Local: Allied Forces Baltic Approaches : BALTAP (en)  (Karup)
BASE LAHR Canadian Forces BASE LAHR  (Lahr)Local: Canadian Forces BASE LAHR (en) + Forces canadiennes de la BASE LAHR (fr)  (Lahr)
CINCIBERLANT Nato Bases in Portugal : CINCIBERLANT  (Oeiras)Local: Nato Bases in Portugal : CINCIBERLANT (en)  (Oeiras)
GERMAN-NETHERLANDS CORPS GERMAN-NETHERLANDS Corps Treaty  (Muenster)Local: GERMAN-NETHERLANDS Corps Treaty (en) + DEUTSCH-NIEDERLÄNDISCHES Korps (de) + DUITS-NEDERLANDSE Legerkorps (nl)  (Münster)
KLEINE-BOGEL KLEINE-BOGEL Air Base  (Kleine-Bogel)Local: KLEINE BOGEL Air Base (en) + Base aérienne de KLEINE-BOGEL (fr)  (Kleine Bogel)
LAJES FIELD American-Portuguese Lajes Air Base : LAJES FIELD  (Lajes Field)Local: LAJES Field (en) + Base Aérea das LAJES (pt)  (Lajes Field)
LANDCENT Allied Land Forces Central Europe : LANDCENT  (Campbell Barracks in Heidelberg)Local: Allied Land Forces Central Europe : LANDCENT (en)  (Campbell Barracks in Heidelberg)
LANDSOUTHEAST Allied Land Forces Southeastern Europe : LANDSOUTHEAST  (Izmir Air Station)Local: Allied Land Forces Southeastern Europe : LANDSOUTHEAST (en)  (İzmir Hava İstasyonu)
NASKEF United States Naval Air Station Keflavik : NASKEF  (Keflavik Base)Local: United States Naval Air Station Keflavik : NASKEF (en)  (Keflavik Base)
NATO IN NORWAY Allied Forces in NORWAY  (Oslo + Bodo)Local: Allied Forces in NORWAY (en)  (Oslo + Bodø)
NATO SCHOOL NATO School-Oberammergau  (Oberammergau)Local: NATO School-Oberammergau (en) + École de l''OTAN-Oberammergau (fr)  (Oberammergau)
SHAPE Allied Command Europe : Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe : SHAPE  (Casteau)Local: Allied Command Europe : Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe : SHAPE (en) + Commandement Allié de l''Europe : Grand Quartier Général des Puissances Alliées en Europe : SHAPE (fr)  (Casteau)
SHEPPARD SHEPPARD Air Force Base  (Sheppard)Local: SHEPPARD Air Force Base (en)  (Sheppard)
THULE THULE Air Base  (Pituffik)Local: THULE Air Base (en)  (Pituffik)
VAERNES VAERNES Air Station  (Vaernes)Local: VÆRNES Flystasjon (nb) + VÆRNES Flystasjon (nn)  (Værnes)


3 Organizations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


EUROCORPS European Corps : EUROCORPS  (Strasbourg)
NATO-PEACE Partnership for Peace : PFP  (Brussels)
NORTH ATLANTIC North Atlantic Cooperation Council : NACC  (Brussels)

15 Members (excluding the associate or suspended members but including the countries represented on their behalf)   [The rulers are not necessarily the representatives in the organization. ] :

BELGIUM (Brussels) King Albert II
CANADA (Ottawa) Queen Elizabeth II
GERMANY (Berlin + Bonn + Karlsruhe) Bundespresident Roman Herzog
DENMARK (Copenhagen) Queen Margaret II
SPAIN (Madrid) King Juan Carlos I
GREECE (Athens) President Constantine Karamanlis
ICELAND (Reykjavik) President Vigdis Finnbogadottir
ITALY (Rome) President Oscar Luigi Scalfaro
LUXEMBOURG (Luxembourg) Grand Duke Jean
NETHERLANDS (Amsterdam + The Hague) Queen Beatrix
NORWAY (Oslo) King Harald V
PORTUGAL (Lisbon) President Mario Soares
TURKEY (Ankara) President Suleyman Demirel
UNITED KINGDOM (London + Westminster) Queen Elizabeth II
AMERICA (Washington-District of Columbia) President Bill Clinton



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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Martucci Dave, DMA (US). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2020-APR-24.