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1920-JAN-10

Zones: Timeline

GERMAN Realm [Weimar Republic]
(Weimar a + Berlin b)

GERMAN Realm [Weimar Republic]

Flag or logo since 1919-08-14*
DEUTSCHES Reich (de) SDN Observer
Emblem or Symbol*

Reichpresident Friedrich Ebert
(ruler of GERMANY since 1919-02-11)
 
 
 
 
Capitals & administrative places*: Weimar a + Berlin b
(Weimar + Berlin)
a administrative, national or political capital (also ruler's residence)
b site with government buildings
Official & national languages: German (de) .

Mainland:


WEIMAR WEIMAR Republic  (Weimar + Berlin)

19 Federated Divisions:

ANHALT Free State of ANHALT  (Dessau)Local: Freistaat ANHALT (de)  (Dessau)
BADEN Republic of BADEN  (Carlsruhe)Local: Republik BADEN (de)  (Karlsruhe)
BAVARIA Free State of BAVARIA  (Munich)Local: Freistaat BAYERN (de)  (München)
BREMEN Free Hanseatic City of BREMEN  (Bremen)Local: Freie Hansestadt BREMEN (de)  (Bremen)
BRUNSWICK Free State of BRUNSWICK  (Brunswick)Local: Freistaat BRAUNSCHWEIG (de)  (Braunschweig)
COBURG Free State of COBURG  (Coburg)Local: Freistaat COBURG (de)  (Coburg)
HAMBURG Free and Hanseatic City of HAMBURG  (Hamburg)Local: Freie und Hansestadt HAMBURG (de)  (Hamburg)
HESSE People´s State of HESSE  (Darmstadt)Local: Volksstaates HESSEN (de)  (Darmstadt)
LIPPE-DETMOLD Free State of LIPPE-DETMOLD  (Detmold)Local: Freistaat LIPPE-DETMOLD (de)  (Detmold)
LUBECK Free and Hanseatic City of LUBECK  (Lubeck)Local: Freie und Hansestadt LÜBECK (de)  (Lübeck)
MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN Free State of MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN  (Schwerin in Mecklenburg)Local: Freistaat MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN (de)  (Schwerin im Mecklenburg)
MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ Free State of MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ  (New Strelitz)Local: Freistaat MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ (de)  (Neustrelitz)
OLDENBURG Free State of OLDENBURG  (Oldenburg)Local: Freistaat OLDENBURG (de)  (Oldenburg)
PRUSSIA Free State of PRUSSIA  (Berlin)Local: Freistaat PREUßEN (de)  (Berlin)
SAXONY Free State of SAXONY  (Dresden)Local: Freistaat SACHSEN (de)  (Dresden)
SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE Free State of SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE  (Bueckeburg)Local: Freistaat SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE (de)  (Bückeburg)
THURINGIA THURINGIAN Community  (Weimar)Local: THÜRINGER Gemeinschaft (de)  (Weimar)
WALDECK-PYRMONT Free State of WALDECK-PYRMONT  (Arolsen)Local: Freistaat WALDECK-PYRMONT (de)  (Arolsen)
WURTTEMBERG Free People´s State of WURTTEMBERG  (Stuttgart)Local: Freier Volksstaat WÜRTTEMBERG (de)  (Stuttgart)




2 Territories:

HULTSCHIN HULTSCHIN Territory  (Hultschin)Local: HULTSCHINER Ländchen (de)  (Hultschin)
KAISER WILHELM THE SECOND LAND Unclaimed Zone of KAISER WILHELM THE SECOND LAND  (Gaussberg)Local: KAISER WILHELM DER ZWEITE LAND : Kaisr Wilhelm Der Zweite Küste (de)  (Gaussberg)

7 Condominiums:

ALLENSTEIN Imperial Commissariat of the District of ALLENSTEIN under the Administration and Plebiscite Commission of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers  (Allenstein)Local: Reichskommissariat ALLENSTEIN (de) + Commission de contrôle de contrôle et de plébiscite interallié du Commissariat impérial du District d´ALLENSTEIN (fr) + Inter-Allied Control Commission of Government and Plebiscite of the Imperial Commissariat of ALLENSTEIN District (en)  (Allenstein)
KULANGSU INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT Municipal Council of the KULANGSU INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Kulangsu)Local: KULANGSU International Koncession (da) + Internationale Konzession von KULANGSU (de) + KULANGSU International Concession (en) + Concesión Internacional de KULANGSU (es) + Concession internationale de KOULANGSEU (fr) + Concessione internazionale di KULANGSU (it) + KORONSU no Kokusai Sokai : コロンスの国際租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van KULANGSU (nl) + KULANGSU Internasjonale Konsesjon (no) + Concessão Internacional de KULANGSU (pt) + KULANGSU International Koncession (sv) + KU-LANG-YÜ Kuo-Tsì T´e-Hsü Ching-Ying : 鼓浪嶼國際特許經營 (zh)  (Kulangyu)
MARIENWERDER-KWIDZYN Imperial Commissariat of the District of MARIENWERDER-KWIDZYN under the Administration and Plebiscite Commission of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers  (Marienwerder)Local: Commissariat impérial du District de MARIENWERDER-KWIDZYN administré par la Commission de contrôle et de plébiscite des Principales Puissances Alliées et Associées  (Marienwerder)
MEMEL MEMEL Territory administered by the Principal Allied and Associated Powers  (Memel)Local: Memelgebiet : MEMELLAND (de) + Teritorija KLAIPÉDOJE (lt) + Territoire de MEMEL (fr) + MEMEL Territory (en)  (Memel)
PAKHOI Foreign Settlements of PAKHOI  (Pakhoi)Local: Ausländische Siedlungen von PAKHOI (de) + Foreign Settlements of PAKHOI (en) + Établissements étrangers de PAK-HOI (fr) + Insediamenti Stranieri di PAKHOI (it) + Assentamentos Estrangeiros de PAKHOI (pt) + PEI-HAI-te Tìng-Chü Tien : 北海的定居點 (zh)  (Pak-Hoi)
SCHLESWIG Imperial Commissariat of Schleswig : Inter-Allied Commission of Government and Plebiscite for SCHLESWIG  (Schleswig)Local: Reichskommissar SCHLESWIG (de) + Inter-Allied Commission of Government and Plebiscite for SCHLESWIG (en) + Commission interalliée de Gouvernement et de Plébiscite pour le SCHLESWIG (fr)  (Schleswig)
SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT International Concession of Shanghai Municipal Council : SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Shanghai International Settlement)Local: SHANGHAI International Settlement (en) + SHANGHAI International Koncession (da) + SCHANGHAI Internationalen Konzessionen (de) + Concesión Internacional de SHANGHÁI (es) + Concession Internationale de CHANGHAÏ (fr) + Concessione Internazionale di SCIANGAI (it) + SHIYANHAI Kiyoudou Sokai : 上海共同租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van SHANGHAI (nl) + Concessão Internacional de XANGAI (pt) + SHANHAYSKIY Mezhdunarodny Settlment : ШАНХАЙСКИЙ международный сеттльмент (ru) + SHANGHAI International Settlement (sv) + SHANG-HAI Kung-Kung Tsu-Chieh : 上海公共租界 (zh)  (Shanghai International Settlement)



1 Government or Movement in Exile

ALBANIA-IN-EXILE Provisional Government of ALBANIA-IN-EXILE : Kingdom of Albania-in-Exile  (Berlin + Paris) King William I of Wied-Skanderbeg II



Military entity abroad, special or locally shared:

GERMAN WAR GRAVES German War Graves Commission : GWGC  (Cassel)Local: Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge : VDK (de)  (Cassel)


20 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


AFRICAN WILDLIFE Convention for the Preservation of Wild Animals Birds and Fish in Africa : LONDON CONVENTION  (London)
AIR SPORTS World Air Sports Federation : WASF  (Lausanne)
ELECTROTECHNICAL International Electrotechnical Commission : IEC  (London)
FIFA Federation of International Football Association : FIFA  (Paris)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (London)
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property : UIBPIP  (Berne)
INTERNATIONAL LAW Institute of International Law : IIL  (Ghent)
INTERNATIONAL POLICE International Congress of POLICE  (Monaco)
IOC International Opium Convention : IOC  (The Hague)
MARITIME LAW International Maritime Committee : IMC  (Antwerp)
NAVAL CONFERENCE London NAVAL Conference  (London)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
PUBLIC HEALTH International Office of Public Health : IOPH  (Paris)
REFRIGERATION International Association of Refrigeration : IAR  (Paris)
RHINE Central Commission for Navigation on the Rhine : CCNR  (Mannheim)
TELEGRAPH International Telegraph Union : ITU  (Berne)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)
WORLD BUSINESS International Chamber of Commerce : ICC [The Word Business Organization]  (Paris + Atlantic City)



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.


Other Territories or Entities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AMERICAN ZONE IN GERMANY American Forces in GERMANY  (Coblenz)
BELGIAN RHINE BELGIAN RHINE Military Zone  (Aix-La-Chapelle)
BOTTLENECK Free State BOTTLENECK  (Lorch on the Rhine)
BRITISH RHINE British Military Zone of THE RHINE : British Army of the Rhine  (Cologne)
CENTRAL SCHLESWIG International Commission of CENTRAL SCHLESWIG  (Flensburg)
FRENCH RHINE French Military Zone of THE RHINE  (Mayence)
SAAR SAAR Territory [Allied Occupation]  (Saarbruecken)
SCHLESWIG Imperial Commissariat of Schleswig : Inter-Allied Commission of Government and Plebiscite for SCHLESWIG  (Schleswig)
SCHLOSS HOHENBURG Luxemburgian Residency of SCHLOSS HOHENBURG  (Schloss Hohenburg)
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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