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GERMAN-AUSTRIA (Vienna) SDN Observer Republic of GERMAN-AUSTRIA : Directory
GERMANY (Berlin a + Weimar lPCA Member GERMAN Realm [German Colonial Empire] : President Robert Leinert

Other Entities with similar names

GERMAN Realm [German Colonial Empire]
(Berlin a + Weimar l)

GERMAN Realm [German Colonial Empire]

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01*
DEUTSCHES Reich (de) PCA Member
Emblem or Symbol*

President Robert Leinert
(ruler of GERMANY since 1918-12-20)
Capitals & administrative places*: Berlin a + Weimar l
(Berlin + Weimar)
a administrative, national or political capital (also ruler's residence)
l legislative or parliamentary capital, seat of government
Official & national languages: German (de) .


WEIMAR WEIMAR Republic  (Berlin + Weimar)

24 Federated Divisions:

ANHALT Free State of ANHALT  (Dessau)Local: Freistaat ANHALT (de)  (Dessau)
BADEN Republic of BADEN  (Carlsruhe)Local: Republik BADEN (de)  (Karlsruhe)
BAVARIA People´s State of BAVARIA  (Munich)Local: Volksstaat BAYERN (de)  (München)
BREMEN Free Hanseatic City of BREMEN  (Bremen)Local: Freie Hansestadt BREMEN (de)  (Bremen)
BRUNSWICK Free State of BRUNSWICK  (Brunswick)Local: Freistaat BRAUNSCHWEIG (de)  (Braunschweig)
HESSE State of HESSE  (Darmstadt)Local: Land HESSEN (de)  (Darmstadt)
LIPPE-DETMOLD Free State of LIPPE-DETMOLD  (Detmold)Local: Freistaat LIPPE-DETMOLD (de)  (Detmold)
LUBECK Free and Hanseatic City of LUBECK  (Lubeck)Local: Freie und Hansestadt LÜBECK (de)  (Lübeck)
MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN Free State of MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN  (Schwerin in Mecklenburg)Local: Freistaat MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN (de)  (Schwerin im Mecklenburg)
MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ Free State of MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ  (New Strelitz)Local: Freistaat MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ (de)  (Neustrelitz)
OLDENBURG Free State of OLDENBURG  (Oldenburg)Local: Freistaat OLDENBURG (de)  (Oldenburg)
PRUSSIA Free State of PRUSSIA  (Berlin)Local: Freistaat PREUßEN (de)  (Berlin)
REUSS-GREIZ Free State of REUSS ELDER LINE  (Greiz)Local: Fürstentum REUß ÄLTERE LINIE (de)  (Greiz)
REUSS-SCHLEIZ-GERA Free State of REUSS YOUNGER LINE  (Gera)Local: Freistaat REUß JÜNGERER LINIE (de)  (Gera)
SAXE-ALTENBURG Free State of SAXE-ALTENBURG  (Altenburg)Local: Freistaat SACHSEN-ALTENBURG (de)  (Altenburg)
SAXE-COBURG Republic of SAXE-COBURG  (Coburg)Local: Republik SACHSEN-COBURG (de)  (Coburg)
SAXE-GOTHA Republic of SAXE-GOTHA  (Gotha)Local: Republik SACHSEN-GOTHA (de)  (Gotha)
SAXE-MEININGEN People´s Free State of SAXE-MEININGEN  (Meiningen)Local: Freie Volksstaat SACHSEN-MEININGEN (de)  (Meiningen)
SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE Free State of SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE  (Bueckeburg)Local: Freistaat SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE (de)  (Bückeburg)
WALDECK-PYRMONT Free State of WALDECK-PYRMONT  (Arolsen)Local: Freistaat WALDECK-PYRMONT (de)  (Arolsen)
WURTTEMBERG Free People´s State of WURTTEMBERG  (Stuttgart)Local: Freier Volksstaat WÜRTTEMBERG (de)  (Stuttgart)

3 Assisted Entities

DON COSSACKS Independent DON Cossack Republic [Don Republic]  (New Cherkassk) Peter Krasnov
LATVIA Republic of LATVIA  (Wolmar) President Janis Cakste
SAXONY SAXON Soviet  (Dresden) Georg Gradnauer

3 Territories:

GERMAN BALTIC LANDS German Military Administrations in THE EAST  (Mariampol)Local: Deutsch militärischen Behörden in OSTEN (de)  (Mariampol)
HAMBURG Workers and Soldiers Council of HAMBURG  (Hamburg)Local: Arbeiter-und Soldatenräte Rat HAMBURG (de)  (Hamburg)
KAISER WILHELM THE SECOND LAND Unclaimed Zone of KAISER WILHELM THE SECOND LAND  (Gaussberg)Local: KAISER WILHELM DER ZWEITE LAND : Kaisr Wilhelm Der Zweite Küste (de)  (Gaussberg)

5 Condominiums:

GERMAN TIENTSIN Chinese Administration of TIENTSIN German Concession  (German Tientsin Concession)Local: Deutsch Konzession in TIENTSIN (de) + TIEN-CHIN TE-KUO Te-Hsü-Ch´üan : 天津德國特許權 (zh)  (Tien-Chin Te-Kuo Te-Hsü-Ch´üan)
KULANGSU INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT Municipal Council of the KULANGSU INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Kulangsu)Local: KULANGSU International Koncession (da) + Internationale Konzession von KULANGSU (de) + KULANGSU International Concession (en) + Concesión Internacional de KULANGSU (es) + Concession internationale de KOULANGSEU (fr) + Concessione internazionale di KULANGSU (it) + KORONSU no Kokusai Sokai : コロンスの国際租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van KULANGSU (nl) + KULANGSU Internasjonale Konsesjon (no) + Concessão Internacional de KULANGSU (pt) + KULANGSU International Koncession (sv) + KU-LANG-YÜ Kuo-Tsì T´e-Hsü Ching-Ying : 鼓浪嶼國際特許經營 (zh)  (Kulangyu)
PAKHOI Foreign Settlements of PAKHOI  (Pakhoi)Local: Ausländische Siedlungen von PAKHOI (de) + Foreign Settlements of PAKHOI (en) + Établissements étrangers de PAK-HOI (fr) + Insediamenti Stranieri di PAKHOI (it) + Assentamentos Estrangeiros de PAKHOI (pt) + PEI-HAI-te Tìng-Chü Tien : 北海的定居點 (zh)  (Pak-Hoi)
SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT International Concession of Shanghai Municipal Council : SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Shanghai International Settlement)Local: SHANGHAI International Settlement (en) + SHANGHAI International Koncession (da) + SCHANGHAI Internationalen Konzessionen (de) + Concesión Internacional de SHANGHÁI (es) + Concession Internationale de CHANGHAÏ (fr) + Concessione Internazionale di SCIANGAI (it) + SHIYANHAI Kiyoudou Sokai : 上海共同租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van SHANGHAI (nl) + Concessão Internacional de XANGAI (pt) + SHANHAYSKIY Mezhdunarodny Settlment : ШАНХАЙСКИЙ международный сеттльмент (ru) + SHANGHAI International Settlement (sv) + SHANG-HAI Kung-Kung Tsu-Chieh : 上海公共租界 (zh)  (Shanghai International Settlement)
SUVALKIA Temporary Council of the SUVALKIA Region  (Suwalki)Local: SUWAŁKI  (Suwałki)

1 Government or Movement in Exile

ALBANIA-IN-EXILE Provisional Government of ALBANIA-IN-EXILE : Kingdom of Albania-in-Exile  (Berlin + Paris) King William I of Wied-Skanderbeg II

21 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

AFRICAN WILDLIFE Convention for the Preservation of Wild Animals Birds and Fish in Africa : LONDON CONVENTION  (London)
AIR LAW CODE Conference on International AIR LAW CODE  (Paris)
AIR SPORTS World Air Sports Federation : WASF  (Lausanne)
BRUSSELS CONVENTION Convention relative to the Slave Trade and Importation into Africa of Firearms Ammunition and Spiritous Liquors : BRUSSELS CONVENTION  (Brussels)
ELECTROTECHNICAL International Electrotechnical Commission : IEC  (London)
FIFA Federation of International Football Association : FIFA  (Paris)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property : UIBPIP  (Berne)
INTERNATIONAL LAW Institute of International Law : IIL  (Ghent)
INTERNATIONAL POLICE International Congress of POLICE  (Monaco)
MARITIME LAW International Maritime Committee : IMC  (Antwerp)
NAVAL CONFERENCE London NAVAL Conference  (London)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
OPIUM International Opium Convention : IOC  (The Hague)
PUBLIC HEALTH International Office of Public Health : IOPH  (Paris)
REFRIGERATION International Association of Refrigeration : IAR  (Paris)
RHINE Central Commission for Navigation on the Rhine : CCNR  (Mannheim)
TELEGRAPH International Telegraph Union : ITU  (Berne)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)
WORLD BUSINESS International Chamber of Commerce : ICC [The Word Business Organization]  (Paris + Atlantic City)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

SAXONY SAXON Soviet  (Dresden)

Other Territories or Entities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AMERICAN ZONE IN GERMANY American Allied Expeditionary Force in GERMANY  (Coblenz)
BELGIAN RHINE BELGIAN RHINE Military Zone  (Aix-La-Chapelle)
BIRKENFELD Provincial Government of BIRKENFELD  (Birkenfeld)
BOTTLENECK Free State BOTTLENECK  (Lorch on the Rhine)
BRITISH RHINE British Military Zone of THE RHINE  (Cologne)
FRENCH RHINE French Military Zone of THE RHINE  (Mayence)
SAAR SAAR Territory [Allied Occupation]  (Saarbruecken)
SCHLOSS HOHENBURG Luxemburgian Residency of SCHLOSS HOHENBURG  (Schloss Hohenburg)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.


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